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From "Doug Cutting (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (HADOOP-4952) Improved files system interface for the application writer.
Date Wed, 18 Mar 2009 19:41:50 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-4952?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12683142#action_12683142
] 

Doug Cutting commented on HADOOP-4952:
--------------------------------------

> Is the meaning of a working directory different in HDFS from that in the local file system?

Yes.  The local filesystem's working directory is global to the JVM and read-only, while Hadoop
FileSystem instances each have a working directory that may be changed.  For LocalFileSystem,
the working directory is initially the JVM's working directory.  For HDFS, the working directory
is initially the user's home directory in that filesystem (/user/${username}).

Relative paths are resolved against the working directory.  So, "foo" refers to a file in
the working directory of the default filesystem while "file:foo" refers to a file in the working
directory of the local filesystem.  The default filesystem is determined from the Configuration
in effect.


> Improved files system interface for the application writer.
> -----------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: HADOOP-4952
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-4952
>             Project: Hadoop Core
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>    Affects Versions: 0.21.0
>            Reporter: Sanjay Radia
>            Assignee: Sanjay Radia
>         Attachments: Files.java
>
>
> Currently the FIleSystem interface serves two purposes:
> - an application writer's interface for using the Hadoop file system
> - a file system implementer's interface (e.g. hdfs, local file system, kfs, etc)
> This Jira proposes that we provide a simpler interfaces for the application writer and
leave the FilsSystem  interface for the implementer of a filesystem.
> - Filesystem interface  has a  confusing set of methods for the application writer
> - We could make it easier to take advantage of the URI file naming
> ** Current approach is to get FileSystem instance by supplying the URI and then access
that name space. It is consistent for the FileSystem instance to not accept URIs for other
schemes, but we can do better.
> ** The special copyFromLocalFIle can be generalized as a  copyFile where the src or target
can be generalized to any URI, including the local one.
> ** The proposed scheme (below) simplifies this.
> -	The client side config can be simplified. 
> ** New config() by default uses the default config. Since this is the common usage pattern,
one should not need to always pass the config as a parameter when accessing the file system.
 
> -	
> ** It does not handle multiple file systems too well. Today a site.xml is derived from
a single Hadoop cluster. This does not make sense for multiple Hadoop clusters which may have
different defaults.
> ** Further one should need very little to configure the client side:
> *** Default files system.
> *** Block size 
> *** Replication factor
> *** Scheme to class mapping
> ** It should be possible to take Blocksize and replication factors defaults from the
target file system, rather then the client size config.  I am not suggesting we don't allow
setting client side defaults, but most clients do not care and would find it simpler to take
the defaults for their systems  from the target file system. 

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