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From "Ben Maurer (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (HADOOP-5318) Poor IO Performance due to AtomicLong operations
Date Tue, 24 Feb 2009 04:30:02 GMT
Poor IO Performance due to AtomicLong operations
------------------------------------------------

                 Key: HADOOP-5318
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-5318
             Project: Hadoop Core
          Issue Type: Bug
    Affects Versions: 0.19.0
         Environment: 2x quad core xeon linux 64 bit
            Reporter: Ben Maurer


The AtomicLong operations in counting file system statistics can cause high levels of contention
with multiple threads. This test demonstrates having multiple threads writing to different
sequence files:

{code:java}
import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.ByteWritable;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.SequenceFile;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.SequenceFile.Writer;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.SequenceFile.CompressionType;


public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
		final Configuration c = new Configuration();
		final FileSystem fs = FileSystem.get(c);
		
		final int NUM = 1000*1000;
		for (int i = 0; i < Integer.valueOf(args[0]); i ++) {
			final int ii = i;
			new Thread(new Runnable() {
				@Override
				public void run() {
					
					try {
						Writer f = SequenceFile.createWriter(fs, c, new Path("/test/" + ii ), ByteWritable.class,
ByteWritable.class, CompressionType.NONE);
						ByteWritable v = new ByteWritable();
						
						long time = System.currentTimeMillis();
						for (int i = 0; i < NUM; i ++)
							f.append(v, v);
						f.close();
						long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
						
						System.out.printf("%d opartions in %d msec. %f/second\n", NUM, end - time, (float)(1000
* NUM)/(end - time));
						
					} catch (Exception e) {
						// TODO Auto-generated catch block
						e.printStackTrace();
					}
					
				}
			}).start();
		}
	}
}
{code}

The results of this benchmark are
{code}
==== 1 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 1431 msec. 698812.000000/second
==== 2 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 3001 msec. 333222.250000/second
1000000 opartions in 2985 msec. 335008.375000/second
==== 3 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 4923 msec. 203128.171875/second
1000000 opartions in 4924 msec. 203086.921875/second
1000000 opartions in 4981 msec. 200762.906250/second
==== 4 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 6716 msec. 148898.156250/second
1000000 opartions in 7048 msec. 141884.218750/second
1000000 opartions in 7342 msec. 136202.671875/second
1000000 opartions in 7344 msec. 136165.578125/second
==== 5 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 10366 msec. 96469.226563/second
1000000 opartions in 11085 msec. 90212.000000/second
1000000 opartions in 11121 msec. 89919.968750/second
1000000 opartions in 11464 msec. 87229.585938/second
1000000 opartions in 11538 msec. 86670.132813/second
==== 6 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 16513 msec. 60558.347656/second
1000000 opartions in 17704 msec. 56484.410156/second
1000000 opartions in 18219 msec. 54887.753906/second
1000000 opartions in 18550 msec. 53908.355469/second
1000000 opartions in 18605 msec. 53748.992188/second
1000000 opartions in 18663 msec. 53581.953125/second
==== 7 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 22207 msec. 45030.847656/second
1000000 opartions in 23275 msec. 42964.554688/second
1000000 opartions in 23484 msec. 42582.183594/second
1000000 opartions in 24378 msec. 41020.593750/second
1000000 opartions in 24425 msec. 40941.656250/second
1000000 opartions in 24533 msec. 40761.421875/second
1000000 opartions in 24645 msec. 40576.183594/second
==== 8 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 26375 msec. 37914.691406/second
1000000 opartions in 26420 msec. 37850.113281/second
1000000 opartions in 26532 msec. 37690.335938/second
1000000 opartions in 26670 msec. 37495.312500/second
1000000 opartions in 29772 msec. 33588.605469/second
1000000 opartions in 29859 msec. 33490.738281/second
1000000 opartions in 30098 msec. 33224.800781/second
1000000 opartions in 30082 msec. 33242.468750/second
{code}

However, if I comment out the file system statistics increments, the benchmark improves to:

{code}
==== 1 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 1194 msec. 837520.937500/second
==== 2 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 1433 msec. 697836.687500/second
1000000 opartions in 1433 msec. 697836.687500/second
==== 3 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 1643 msec. 608642.750000/second
1000000 opartions in 1643 msec. 608642.750000/second
1000000 opartions in 1639 msec. 610128.125000/second
==== 4 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 1886 msec. 530222.687500/second
1000000 opartions in 1886 msec. 530222.687500/second
1000000 opartions in 1886 msec. 530222.687500/second
1000000 opartions in 1899 msec. 526592.937500/second
==== 5 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 2065 msec. 484261.500000/second
1000000 opartions in 2066 msec. 484027.093750/second
1000000 opartions in 2067 msec. 483792.937500/second
1000000 opartions in 2066 msec. 484027.093750/second
1000000 opartions in 2066 msec. 484027.093750/second
==== 6 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 2151 msec. 464900.031250/second
1000000 opartions in 2111 msec. 473709.156250/second
1000000 opartions in 2153 msec. 464468.187500/second
1000000 opartions in 2114 msec. 473036.906250/second
1000000 opartions in 2113 msec. 473260.781250/second
1000000 opartions in 2112 msec. 473484.843750/second
==== 7 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 2368 msec. 422297.312500/second
1000000 opartions in 2334 msec. 428449.000000/second
1000000 opartions in 2332 msec. 428816.468750/second
1000000 opartions in 2330 msec. 429184.562500/second
1000000 opartions in 2332 msec. 428816.468750/second
1000000 opartions in 2375 msec. 421052.625000/second
1000000 opartions in 2394 msec. 417710.937500/second
==== 8 threads ====
1000000 opartions in 2517 msec. 397298.375000/second
1000000 opartions in 2538 msec. 394011.031250/second
1000000 opartions in 2538 msec. 394011.031250/second
1000000 opartions in 2538 msec. 394011.031250/second
1000000 opartions in 2539 msec. 393855.843750/second
1000000 opartions in 2614 msec. 382555.468750/second
1000000 opartions in 2666 msec. 375093.781250/second
1000000 opartions in 2701 msec. 370233.250000/second
{code}

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