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From "Runping Qi (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (HADOOP-372) should allow to specify different inputformat classes for different input dirs for Map/Reduce jobs
Date Wed, 19 Jul 2006 18:03:15 GMT
should allow to specify different inputformat classes for different input dirs for Map/Reduce

                 Key: HADOOP-372
                 URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-372
             Project: Hadoop
          Issue Type: New Feature
          Components: mapred
    Affects Versions: 0.4.0
         Environment: all
            Reporter: Runping Qi

Right now, the user can specify multiple input directories for a map reduce job. 
However, the files under all the directories are assumed to be in the same format, 
with the same key/value classes. This proves to be  a serious limit in many situations. 
Here is an example. Suppose I have three simple tables: 
one has URLs and their rank values (page ranks), 
another has URLs and their classification values, 
and the third one has the URL meta data such as crawl status, last crawl time, etc. 
Suppose now I need a job to generate a list of URLs to be crawled next. 
The decision depends on the info in all the three tables.
Right now, there is no easy way to accomplish this.

However, this job can be done if the framework allows to specify different inputformats for
different input dirs.
Suppose my three tables are in the following directory respectively: rankTable, classificationTable.
and metaDataTable. 
If we extend JobConf class with the following method (as Owen suggested to me):
    addInputPath(aPath, anInputFormatClass, anInputKeyClass, anInputValueClass)
Then I can specify my job as follows:
    addInputPath(rankTable, SequenceFileInputFormat.class, UTF8.class, DoubleWritable.class)
    addInputPath(classificationTable, TextInputFormat.class, UTF8,class, UTF8.class)
    addInputPath(metaDataTable, SequenceFileInputFormat.class, UTF8.class, MyRecord.class)
If an input directory is added through the current API, it will have the same meaning as it
is now. 
Thus this extension will not affect any applications that do not need this new feature.

It is relatively easy for the M/R framework to create an appropriate record reader for a map
task based on the above information.
And that is the only change needed for supporting this extension.

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