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From "Owen O'Malley (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (HADOOP-253) we need speculative execution for reduces
Date Thu, 25 May 2006 06:17:29 GMT
we need speculative execution for reduces
-----------------------------------------

         Key: HADOOP-253
         URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-253
     Project: Hadoop
        Type: Improvement

  Components: mapred  
    Versions: 0.2.1    
    Reporter: Owen O'Malley
 Assigned to: Owen O'Malley 


With my new http-based shuffle (on top of the svn head including sameer's parallel fetch),
I just finished sorting 2010 g on 200 nodes in 8:49 with 9 reduce failures. However, the amusing
part is that the replacement reduces were _not_ the slow ones. 8 of the original reduces were
the only things running for the last hour. The job timings looked like:

Job 0001
  Total:
    Tasks: 16551
    Total: 10056104 secs
    Average: 607 secs
    Worst: task_0001_r_000291_0
    Worst time: 31050 secs
    Best: task_0001_m_013597_0
    Best time: 20 secs
  Maps:
    Tasks: 16151
    Total: 2762635 secs
    Average: 171 secs
    Worst: task_0001_m_002290_0
    Worst time: 2663 secs
    Best: task_0001_m_013597_0
    Best time: 20 secs
  Reduces:
    Tasks: 400
    Total: 7293469 secs
    Average: 18233 secs
    Worst: task_0001_r_000291_0
    Worst time: 31050 secs
    Best: task_0001_r_000263_1
    Best time: 5591 secs

And the number of tasks run per a node was very uneven:

#tasks node
124 node1161
117 node1307
117 node1124
116 node1253
114 node1310
111 node1302
111 node1299
111 node1298
111 node1249
111 node1221
110 node1288
110 node1286
110 node1211
109 node1268
108 node1292
108 node1202
108 node1200
107 node1313
107 node1277
107 node1246
107 node1242
107 node1231
107 node1214
106 node1243
105 node1251
105 node1212
105 node1205
104 node1272
104 node1269
104 node1210
104 node1203
104 node1193
104 node1128
103 node1300
103 node1285
103 node1279
103 node1209
103 node1173
103 node1165
102 node1276
102 node1239
102 node1228
102 node1204
102 node1188
101 node1314
101 node1303
100 node1301
100 node1252
99 node1287
99 node1213
99 node1206
98 node1295
98 node1186
97 node1293
97 node1265
97 node1262
97 node1260
97 node1258
97 node1235
97 node1229
97 node1226
97 node1215
97 node1208
97 node1187
97 node1175
97 node1171
96 node1291
96 node1248
96 node1224
96 node1216
95 node1305
95 node1280
95 node1263
95 node1254
95 node1153
95 node1115
94 node1271
94 node1261
94 node1234
94 node1233
94 node1227
94 node1225
94 node1217
94 node1142
93 node1275
93 node1198
93 node1107
92 node1266
92 node1220
92 node1219
91 node1309
91 node1289
91 node1270
91 node1259
91 node1256
91 node1232
91 node1179
89 node1290
89 node1255
89 node1247
89 node1207
89 node1201
89 node1190
89 node1154
89 node1141
88 node1306
88 node1282
88 node1250
88 node1222
88 node1184
88 node1149
88 node1117
87 node1278
87 node1257
87 node1191
87 node1185
87 node1180
86 node1297
86 node1178
85 node1195
85 node1143
85 node1112
84 node1281
84 node1274
84 node1264
83 node1296
83 node1148
82 node1218
82 node1168
82 node1167
81 node1311
81 node1240
81 node1223
81 node1196
81 node1164
81 node1116
80 node1267
80 node1230
80 node1177
80 node1119
79 node1294
79 node1199
79 node1181
79 node1170
79 node1166
79 node1103
78 node1244
78 node1189
78 node1157
77 node1304
77 node1172
74 node1182
71 node1160
71 node1147
68 node1236
68 node1183
67 node1245
59 node1139
58 node1312
57 node1162
56 node1308
56 node1197
55 node1146
54 node1106
53 node1111
53 node1105
49 node1145
49 node1123
48 node1176
46 node1136
44 node1132
44 node1125
44 node1122
44 node1108
43 node1192
43 node1121
42 node1194
42 node1138
42 node1104
41 node1155
41 node1126
41 node1114
40 node1158
40 node1151
40 node1137
40 node1110
40 node1100
39 node1156
38 node1140
38 node1135
38 node1109
37 node1144
37 node1120
36 node1118
34 node1133
34 node1113
31 node1134
26 node1127
23 node1101
20 node1131

And it should not surprise us that the last 8 reduces were running on nodes 1134, 1127,1101,
and 1131. This really demonstrates the need to run speculative reduce runs. 

I propose that when the list of reduce jobs running is down to 1/2 the cluster size that we
start running speculative reduces. I estimate that it would have saved around an hour on this
run. Does that sound like a reasonable heuristic?

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