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From "eric baldeschwieler (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (HADOOP-38) default splitter should incorporate fs block size
Date Wed, 15 Feb 2006 01:31:15 GMT
    [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-38?page=comments#action_12366421 ] 

eric baldeschwieler commented on HADOOP-38:
-------------------------------------------

some thoughts:

1) Eventually you are going to want raid / erasure coding style things.  The simplest way
to do this without breaking reads is to batch several blocks, keeping them linear and then
generate parity once all blocks are full.  This gets more expensive as block size increases.
 At current sizes, this can all be buffered in RAM in some cases.  1GB blocks rule that out.

2) Currently you can trivially keep a block in RAM for a MAP task.  Depending on scaling factor,
you can probably keep the output in ram for sorting, reduction, etc.  too.  This is nice.
 As block size increases you loose this property.

3) When you loose a node, the finer grained the lost data, the fewer hotspots you have in
the system.  Today in a large cluster you can easily have choke points with ~33mbit aggregate
all to all.  We've seen problems with larger data sizes slowing recovery times to a real problem.
 1GB blocks take 10x as long to transmit, and this turns into minutes, which will require
more sophisticated management.

---

None of these are show stoppers, but one of the main reasons we are interested in hadoop is
in getting off of our current very large storage chunk system, so I'd hate to see the default
move quickly to something as large as 1GB.

I can see the advantages of pushing the block size up to manage task tracker RAM size, but
I doubt that alone will prove a compelling reason for us to change our default block size.
 On the other hand, I also don't think we'll be pumping 1 peta byte through a single m/r in
the near term, so we can assume the zero code solution, change block size, until we have more
data to support some other approach.

Of course at 1M tasks, you will want to be careful about linear scans anyway...

I've no concern with the proposal in this bug.  Probably can take this discussion elsewhere

> default splitter should incorporate fs block size
> -------------------------------------------------
>
>          Key: HADOOP-38
>          URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-38
>      Project: Hadoop
>         Type: Improvement
>   Components: mapred
>     Reporter: Doug Cutting

>
> By default, the file splitting code should operate as follows.
>   inputs are <file>*, numMapTasks, minSplitSize, fsBlockSize
>   output is <file,start,length>*
>   totalSize = sum of all file sizes;
>   desiredSplitSize = totalSize / numMapTasks;
>   if (desiredSplitSize > fsBlockSize)             /* new */
>     desiredSplitSize = fsBlockSize;
>   if (desiredSplitSize < minSplitSize)
>     desiredSplitSize = minSplitSize;
>   chop input files into desiredSplitSize chunks & return them
> In other words, the numMapTasks is a desired minimum.  We'll try to chop input into at
least numMapTasks chunks, each ideally a single fs block.
> If there's not enough input data to create numMapTasks tasks, each with an entire block,
then we'll permit tasks whose input is smaller than a filesystem block, down to a minimum
split size.
> This handles cases where:
>   - each input record takes a lot of time to process.  In this case we want to make sure
we use all of the cluster.  Thus it is important to permit splits smaller than the fs block
size.
>   - input i/o dominates.  In this case we want to permit the placement of tasks on hosts
where their data is local.  This is only possible if splits are fs block size or smaller.
> Are there other common cases that this algorithm does not handle well?
> The part marked 'new' above is not currently implemented, but I'd like to add it.
> Does this sound reasonble?

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