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From "Bryan Pendleton (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (HADOOP-38) default splitter should incorporate fs block size
Date Tue, 14 Feb 2006 20:49:08 GMT
    [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-38?page=comments#action_12366381 ] 

Bryan Pendleton commented on HADOOP-38:
---------------------------------------

The idea sounds sound, but is blocksize the best unit? There's a certain overhead for each
additional task added to a job - for jobs with really large input, this could cause really
large task lists. Is there going to be any code for pre-replicating blocks? Maybe sequences,
so there'd be a natural "first choice" node for many chunkings of larger than one block? Obviously,
as datanodes come and go this might not always work ideally, but it could help in the 80%
case.

> default splitter should incorporate fs block size
> -------------------------------------------------
>
>          Key: HADOOP-38
>          URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-38
>      Project: Hadoop
>         Type: Improvement
>   Components: mapred
>     Reporter: Doug Cutting

>
> By default, the file splitting code should operate as follows.
>   inputs are <file>*, numMapTasks, minSplitSize, fsBlockSize
>   output is <file,start,length>*
>   totalSize = sum of all file sizes;
>   desiredSplitSize = totalSize / numMapTasks;
>   if (desiredSplitSize > fsBlockSize)             /* new */
>     desiredSplitSize = fsBlockSize;
>   if (desiredSplitSize < minSplitSize)
>     desiredSplitSize = minSplitSize;
>   chop input files into desiredSplitSize chunks & return them
> In other words, the numMapTasks is a desired minimum.  We'll try to chop input into at
least numMapTasks chunks, each ideally a single fs block.
> If there's not enough input data to create numMapTasks tasks, each with an entire block,
then we'll permit tasks whose input is smaller than a filesystem block, down to a minimum
split size.
> This handles cases where:
>   - each input record takes a lot of time to process.  In this case we want to make sure
we use all of the cluster.  Thus it is important to permit splits smaller than the fs block
size.
>   - input i/o dominates.  In this case we want to permit the placement of tasks on hosts
where their data is local.  This is only possible if splits are fs block size or smaller.
> Are there other common cases that this algorithm does not handle well?
> The part marked 'new' above is not currently implemented, but I'd like to add it.
> Does this sound reasonble?

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