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From s..@apache.org
Subject [16/50] [abbrv] hadoop git commit: Fix potential FSImage corruption. Contributed by Daryn Sharp.
Date Tue, 16 Oct 2018 23:38:00 GMT
Fix potential FSImage corruption. Contributed by Daryn Sharp.


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/commit/b60ca379
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/tree/b60ca379
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/diff/b60ca379

Branch: refs/heads/HDFS-12943
Commit: b60ca37914b22550e3630fa02742d40697decb31
Parents: 8e5365e
Author: Vinayakumar B <vinayakumarb@apache.org>
Authored: Mon Oct 15 15:48:26 2018 +0530
Committer: Vinayakumar B <vinayakumarb@apache.org>
Committed: Mon Oct 15 15:48:26 2018 +0530

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 .../apache/hadoop/hdfs/util/LongBitFormat.java  |   8 +
 .../server/namenode/AclEntryStatusFormat.java   | 109 ++++++-------
 .../server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java   | 101 ++++--------
 .../server/namenode/FSImageFormatProtobuf.java  |  26 ++--
 .../namenode/INodeWithAdditionalFields.java     |  36 ++++-
 .../server/namenode/NameNodeLayoutVersion.java  |   3 +-
 .../server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java    | 152 +++++++++++++++++--
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java   |  43 +++++-
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java       |  95 +++++++-----
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java      |  11 --
 .../tools/offlineImageViewer/FSImageLoader.java |  18 ++-
 .../offlineImageViewer/PBImageTextWriter.java   |   3 +-
 .../offlineImageViewer/PBImageXmlWriter.java    |  22 +--
 .../hadoop-hdfs/src/main/proto/fsimage.proto    |   1 +
 .../TestCommitBlockSynchronization.java         |   6 +-
 15 files changed, 383 insertions(+), 251 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/util/LongBitFormat.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/util/LongBitFormat.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/util/LongBitFormat.java
index 51ad08f..195fd8c 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/util/LongBitFormat.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/util/LongBitFormat.java
@@ -26,6 +26,10 @@ import java.io.Serializable;
 public class LongBitFormat implements Serializable {
   private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 
+  public interface Enum {
+    int getLength();
+  }
+
   private final String NAME;
   /** Bit offset */
   private final int OFFSET;
@@ -69,4 +73,8 @@ public class LongBitFormat implements Serializable {
   public long getMin() {
     return MIN;
   }
+
+  public int getLength() {
+    return LENGTH;
+  }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/AclEntryStatusFormat.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/AclEntryStatusFormat.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/AclEntryStatusFormat.java
index 2c5b23b..e9e3e59 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/AclEntryStatusFormat.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/AclEntryStatusFormat.java
@@ -31,25 +31,23 @@ import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableList;
 /**
  * Class to pack an AclEntry into an integer. <br>
  * An ACL entry is represented by a 32-bit integer in Big Endian format. <br>
- * The bits can be divided in four segments: <br>
- * [0:1) || [1:3) || [3:6) || [6:7) || [7:32) <br>
- * <br>
- * [0:1) -- the scope of the entry (AclEntryScope) <br>
- * [1:3) -- the type of the entry (AclEntryType) <br>
- * [3:6) -- the permission of the entry (FsAction) <br>
- * [6:7) -- A flag to indicate whether Named entry or not <br>
- * [7:8) -- Reserved <br>
- * [8:32) -- the name of the entry, which is an ID that points to a <br>
- * string in the StringTableSection. <br>
+ *
+ * Note:  this format is used both in-memory and on-disk.  Changes will be
+ * incompatible.
+ *
  */
-public enum AclEntryStatusFormat {
+public enum AclEntryStatusFormat implements LongBitFormat.Enum {
+
+  PERMISSION(null, 3),
+  TYPE(PERMISSION.BITS, 2),
+  SCOPE(TYPE.BITS, 1),
+  NAME(SCOPE.BITS, 24);
 
-  SCOPE(null, 1),
-  TYPE(SCOPE.BITS, 2),
-  PERMISSION(TYPE.BITS, 3),
-  NAMED_ENTRY_CHECK(PERMISSION.BITS, 1),
-  RESERVED(NAMED_ENTRY_CHECK.BITS, 1),
-  NAME(RESERVED.BITS, 24);
+  private static final FsAction[] FSACTION_VALUES = FsAction.values();
+  private static final AclEntryScope[] ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_VALUES =
+      AclEntryScope.values();
+  private static final AclEntryType[] ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_VALUES =
+      AclEntryType.values();
 
   private final LongBitFormat BITS;
 
@@ -59,30 +57,29 @@ public enum AclEntryStatusFormat {
 
   static AclEntryScope getScope(int aclEntry) {
     int ordinal = (int) SCOPE.BITS.retrieve(aclEntry);
-    return AclEntryScope.values()[ordinal];
+    return ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_VALUES[ordinal];
   }
 
   static AclEntryType getType(int aclEntry) {
     int ordinal = (int) TYPE.BITS.retrieve(aclEntry);
-    return AclEntryType.values()[ordinal];
+    return ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_VALUES[ordinal];
   }
 
   static FsAction getPermission(int aclEntry) {
     int ordinal = (int) PERMISSION.BITS.retrieve(aclEntry);
-    return FsAction.values()[ordinal];
+    return FSACTION_VALUES[ordinal];
   }
 
   static String getName(int aclEntry) {
-    int nameExists = (int) NAMED_ENTRY_CHECK.BITS.retrieve(aclEntry);
-    if (nameExists == 0) {
-      return null;
-    }
-    int id = (int) NAME.BITS.retrieve(aclEntry);
-    AclEntryType type = getType(aclEntry);
-    if (type == AclEntryType.USER) {
-      return SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getUser(id);
-    } else if (type == AclEntryType.GROUP) {
-      return SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getGroup(id);
+    return getName(aclEntry, null);
+  }
+
+  static String getName(int aclEntry,
+                        SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable) {
+    SerialNumberManager snm = getSerialNumberManager(getType(aclEntry));
+    if (snm != null) {
+      int nid = (int)NAME.BITS.retrieve(aclEntry);
+      return snm.getString(nid, stringTable);
     }
     return null;
   }
@@ -94,29 +91,26 @@ public enum AclEntryStatusFormat {
     aclEntryInt = TYPE.BITS.combine(aclEntry.getType().ordinal(), aclEntryInt);
     aclEntryInt = PERMISSION.BITS.combine(aclEntry.getPermission().ordinal(),
         aclEntryInt);
-    if (aclEntry.getName() != null) {
-      aclEntryInt = NAMED_ENTRY_CHECK.BITS.combine(1, aclEntryInt);
-      if (aclEntry.getType() == AclEntryType.USER) {
-        int userId = SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getUserSerialNumber(aclEntry
-            .getName());
-        aclEntryInt = NAME.BITS.combine(userId, aclEntryInt);
-      } else if (aclEntry.getType() == AclEntryType.GROUP) {
-        int groupId = SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE
-            .getGroupSerialNumber(aclEntry.getName());
-        aclEntryInt = NAME.BITS.combine(groupId, aclEntryInt);
-      }
+    SerialNumberManager snm = getSerialNumberManager(aclEntry.getType());
+    if (snm != null) {
+      int nid = snm.getSerialNumber(aclEntry.getName());
+      aclEntryInt = NAME.BITS.combine(nid, aclEntryInt);
     }
     return (int) aclEntryInt;
   }
 
   static AclEntry toAclEntry(int aclEntry) {
-    AclEntry.Builder builder = new AclEntry.Builder();
-    builder.setScope(getScope(aclEntry)).setType(getType(aclEntry))
-        .setPermission(getPermission(aclEntry));
-    if (getName(aclEntry) != null) {
-      builder.setName(getName(aclEntry));
-    }
-    return builder.build();
+    return toAclEntry(aclEntry, null);
+  }
+
+  static AclEntry toAclEntry(int aclEntry,
+                             SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable) {
+    return new AclEntry.Builder()
+        .setScope(getScope(aclEntry))
+        .setType(getType(aclEntry))
+        .setPermission(getPermission(aclEntry))
+        .setName(getName(aclEntry, stringTable))
+        .build();
   }
 
   public static int[] toInt(List<AclEntry> aclEntries) {
@@ -127,12 +121,19 @@ public enum AclEntryStatusFormat {
     return entries;
   }
 
-  public static ImmutableList<AclEntry> toAclEntries(int[] entries) {
-    ImmutableList.Builder<AclEntry> b = new ImmutableList.Builder<AclEntry>();
-    for (int entry : entries) {
-      AclEntry aclEntry = toAclEntry(entry);
-      b.add(aclEntry);
+  private static SerialNumberManager getSerialNumberManager(AclEntryType type) {
+    switch (type) {
+      case USER:
+        return SerialNumberManager.USER;
+      case GROUP:
+        return SerialNumberManager.GROUP;
+      default:
+        return null;
     }
-    return b.build();
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  public int getLength() {
+    return BITS.getLength();
   }
 }
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
index 1571d57..7c4f21e 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
@@ -31,10 +31,6 @@ import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
 import org.apache.hadoop.HadoopIllegalArgumentException;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.AclEntry;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.AclEntryScope;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.AclEntryType;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.FsAction;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.FsPermission;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.permission.PermissionStatus;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.StorageType;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.XAttr;
@@ -60,6 +56,8 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection.XAttrCom
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection.XAttrFeatureProto;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection.QuotaByStorageTypeEntryProto;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection.QuotaByStorageTypeFeatureProto;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeWithAdditionalFields.PermissionStatusFormat;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SerialNumberManager.StringTable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.snapshot.Snapshot;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.startupprogress.Phase;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.startupprogress.StartupProgress;
@@ -74,22 +72,11 @@ import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
 
 @InterfaceAudience.Private
 public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
-  private final static long USER_GROUP_STRID_MASK = (1 << 24) - 1;
-  private final static int USER_STRID_OFFSET = 40;
-  private final static int GROUP_STRID_OFFSET = 16;
-
   public static final int ACL_ENTRY_NAME_MASK = (1 << 24) - 1;
   public static final int ACL_ENTRY_NAME_OFFSET = 6;
   public static final int ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_OFFSET = 3;
   public static final int ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_OFFSET = 5;
   public static final int ACL_ENTRY_PERM_MASK = 7;
-  private static final int ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_MASK = 3;
-  private static final int ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_MASK = 1;
-  private static final FsAction[] FSACTION_VALUES = FsAction.values();
-  private static final AclEntryScope[] ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_VALUES = AclEntryScope
-      .values();
-  private static final AclEntryType[] ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_VALUES = AclEntryType
-      .values();
   
   public static final int XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK = 3;
   public static final int XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET = 30;
@@ -100,56 +87,36 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
   public static final int XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_OFFSET = 5;
   public static final int XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_MASK = 1;
 
-  private static final XAttr.NameSpace[] XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES =
-      XAttr.NameSpace.values();
-  
-
   private static final Logger LOG =
       LoggerFactory.getLogger(FSImageFormatPBINode.class);
 
+  // the loader must decode all fields referencing serial number based fields
+  // via to<Item> methods with the string table.
   public final static class Loader {
     public static PermissionStatus loadPermission(long id,
-        final String[] stringTable) {
-      short perm = (short) (id & ((1 << GROUP_STRID_OFFSET) - 1));
-      int gsid = (int) ((id >> GROUP_STRID_OFFSET) & USER_GROUP_STRID_MASK);
-      int usid = (int) ((id >> USER_STRID_OFFSET) & USER_GROUP_STRID_MASK);
-      return new PermissionStatus(stringTable[usid], stringTable[gsid],
-          new FsPermission(perm));
+        final StringTable stringTable) {
+      return PermissionStatusFormat.toPermissionStatus(id, stringTable);
     }
 
     public static ImmutableList<AclEntry> loadAclEntries(
-        AclFeatureProto proto, final String[] stringTable) {
+        AclFeatureProto proto, final StringTable stringTable) {
       ImmutableList.Builder<AclEntry> b = ImmutableList.builder();
       for (int v : proto.getEntriesList()) {
-        int p = v & ACL_ENTRY_PERM_MASK;
-        int t = (v >> ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_OFFSET) & ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_MASK;
-        int s = (v >> ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_OFFSET) & ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_MASK;
-        int nid = (v >> ACL_ENTRY_NAME_OFFSET) & ACL_ENTRY_NAME_MASK;
-        String name = stringTable[nid];
-        b.add(new AclEntry.Builder().setName(name)
-            .setPermission(FSACTION_VALUES[p])
-            .setScope(ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_VALUES[s])
-            .setType(ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_VALUES[t]).build());
+        b.add(AclEntryStatusFormat.toAclEntry(v, stringTable));
       }
       return b.build();
     }
     
     public static List<XAttr> loadXAttrs(
-        XAttrFeatureProto proto, final String[] stringTable) {
+        XAttrFeatureProto proto, final StringTable stringTable) {
       List<XAttr> b = new ArrayList<>();
       for (XAttrCompactProto xAttrCompactProto : proto.getXAttrsList()) {
         int v = xAttrCompactProto.getName();
-        int nid = (v >> XATTR_NAME_OFFSET) & XATTR_NAME_MASK;
-        int ns = (v >> XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET) & XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK;
-        ns |=
-            ((v >> XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_OFFSET) & XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_MASK) << 2;
-        String name = stringTable[nid];
         byte[] value = null;
         if (xAttrCompactProto.getValue() != null) {
           value = xAttrCompactProto.getValue().toByteArray();
         }
-        b.add(new XAttr.Builder().setNameSpace(XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES[ns])
-            .setName(name).setValue(value).build());
+        b.add(XAttrFormat.toXAttr(v, value, stringTable));
       }
       
       return b;
@@ -439,46 +406,30 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
     }
   }
 
+  // the saver can directly write out fields referencing serial numbers.
+  // the serial number maps will be compacted when loading.
   public final static class Saver {
     private long numImageErrors;
 
-    private static long buildPermissionStatus(INodeAttributes n,
-        final SaverContext.DeduplicationMap<String> stringMap) {
-      long userId = stringMap.getId(n.getUserName());
-      long groupId = stringMap.getId(n.getGroupName());
-      return ((userId & USER_GROUP_STRID_MASK) << USER_STRID_OFFSET)
-          | ((groupId & USER_GROUP_STRID_MASK) << GROUP_STRID_OFFSET)
-          | n.getFsPermissionShort();
+    private static long buildPermissionStatus(INodeAttributes n) {
+      return n.getPermissionLong();
     }
 
-    private static AclFeatureProto.Builder buildAclEntries(AclFeature f,
-        final SaverContext.DeduplicationMap<String> map) {
+    private static AclFeatureProto.Builder buildAclEntries(AclFeature f) {
       AclFeatureProto.Builder b = AclFeatureProto.newBuilder();
       for (int pos = 0, e; pos < f.getEntriesSize(); pos++) {
         e = f.getEntryAt(pos);
-        int nameId = map.getId(AclEntryStatusFormat.getName(e));
-        int v = ((nameId & ACL_ENTRY_NAME_MASK) << ACL_ENTRY_NAME_OFFSET)
-            | (AclEntryStatusFormat.getType(e).ordinal() << ACL_ENTRY_TYPE_OFFSET)
-            | (AclEntryStatusFormat.getScope(e).ordinal() << ACL_ENTRY_SCOPE_OFFSET)
-            | (AclEntryStatusFormat.getPermission(e).ordinal());
-        b.addEntries(v);
+        b.addEntries(e);
       }
       return b;
     }
-    
-    private static XAttrFeatureProto.Builder buildXAttrs(XAttrFeature f,
-        final SaverContext.DeduplicationMap<String> stringMap) {
+
+    private static XAttrFeatureProto.Builder buildXAttrs(XAttrFeature f) {
       XAttrFeatureProto.Builder b = XAttrFeatureProto.newBuilder();
       for (XAttr a : f.getXAttrs()) {
         XAttrCompactProto.Builder xAttrCompactBuilder = XAttrCompactProto.
             newBuilder();
-        int nsOrd = a.getNameSpace().ordinal();
-        Preconditions.checkArgument(nsOrd < 8, "Too many namespaces.");
-        int v = ((nsOrd & XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK) << XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET)
-            | ((stringMap.getId(a.getName()) & XATTR_NAME_MASK) <<
-                XATTR_NAME_OFFSET);
-        v |= (((nsOrd >> 2) & XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_MASK) <<
-            XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_OFFSET);
+        int v = XAttrFormat.toInt(a);
         xAttrCompactBuilder.setName(v);
         if (a.getValue() != null) {
           xAttrCompactBuilder.setValue(PBHelperClient.getByteString(a.getValue()));
@@ -510,7 +461,7 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
       INodeSection.INodeFile.Builder b = INodeSection.INodeFile.newBuilder()
           .setAccessTime(file.getAccessTime())
           .setModificationTime(file.getModificationTime())
-          .setPermission(buildPermissionStatus(file, state.getStringMap()))
+          .setPermission(buildPermissionStatus(file))
           .setPreferredBlockSize(file.getPreferredBlockSize())
           .setStoragePolicyID(file.getLocalStoragePolicyID())
           .setBlockType(PBHelperClient.convert(file.getBlockType()));
@@ -523,11 +474,11 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
 
       AclFeature f = file.getAclFeature();
       if (f != null) {
-        b.setAcl(buildAclEntries(f, state.getStringMap()));
+        b.setAcl(buildAclEntries(f));
       }
       XAttrFeature xAttrFeature = file.getXAttrFeature();
       if (xAttrFeature != null) {
-        b.setXAttrs(buildXAttrs(xAttrFeature, state.getStringMap()));
+        b.setXAttrs(buildXAttrs(xAttrFeature));
       }
       return b;
     }
@@ -539,7 +490,7 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
           .newBuilder().setModificationTime(dir.getModificationTime())
           .setNsQuota(quota.getNameSpace())
           .setDsQuota(quota.getStorageSpace())
-          .setPermission(buildPermissionStatus(dir, state.getStringMap()));
+          .setPermission(buildPermissionStatus(dir));
 
       if (quota.getTypeSpaces().anyGreaterOrEqual(0)) {
         b.setTypeQuotas(buildQuotaByStorageTypeEntries(quota));
@@ -547,11 +498,11 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
 
       AclFeature f = dir.getAclFeature();
       if (f != null) {
-        b.setAcl(buildAclEntries(f, state.getStringMap()));
+        b.setAcl(buildAclEntries(f));
       }
       XAttrFeature xAttrFeature = dir.getXAttrFeature();
       if (xAttrFeature != null) {
-        b.setXAttrs(buildXAttrs(xAttrFeature, state.getStringMap()));
+        b.setXAttrs(buildXAttrs(xAttrFeature));
       }
       return b;
     }
@@ -712,7 +663,7 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
       SaverContext state = parent.getSaverContext();
       INodeSection.INodeSymlink.Builder b = INodeSection.INodeSymlink
           .newBuilder()
-          .setPermission(buildPermissionStatus(n, state.getStringMap()))
+          .setPermission(buildPermissionStatus(n))
           .setTarget(ByteString.copyFrom(n.getSymlink()))
           .setModificationTime(n.getModificationTime())
           .setAccessTime(n.getAccessTime());

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatProtobuf.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatProtobuf.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatProtobuf.java
index 9752733..95eade9 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatProtobuf.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatProtobuf.java
@@ -85,10 +85,10 @@ public final class FSImageFormatProtobuf {
       .getLogger(FSImageFormatProtobuf.class);
 
   public static final class LoaderContext {
-    private String[] stringTable;
+    private SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable;
     private final ArrayList<INodeReference> refList = Lists.newArrayList();
 
-    public String[] getStringTable() {
+    public SerialNumberManager.StringTable getStringTable() {
       return stringTable;
     }
 
@@ -129,13 +129,6 @@ public final class FSImageFormatProtobuf {
     }
     private final ArrayList<INodeReference> refList = Lists.newArrayList();
 
-    private final DeduplicationMap<String> stringMap = DeduplicationMap
-        .newMap();
-
-    public DeduplicationMap<String> getStringMap() {
-      return stringMap;
-    }
-
     public ArrayList<INodeReference> getRefList() {
       return refList;
     }
@@ -327,11 +320,12 @@ public final class FSImageFormatProtobuf {
 
     private void loadStringTableSection(InputStream in) throws IOException {
       StringTableSection s = StringTableSection.parseDelimitedFrom(in);
-      ctx.stringTable = new String[s.getNumEntry() + 1];
+      ctx.stringTable =
+          SerialNumberManager.newStringTable(s.getNumEntry(), s.getMaskBits());
       for (int i = 0; i < s.getNumEntry(); ++i) {
         StringTableSection.Entry e = StringTableSection.Entry
             .parseDelimitedFrom(in);
-        ctx.stringTable[e.getId()] = e.getStr();
+        ctx.stringTable.put(e.getId(), e.getStr());
       }
     }
 
@@ -651,12 +645,16 @@ public final class FSImageFormatProtobuf {
     private void saveStringTableSection(FileSummary.Builder summary)
         throws IOException {
       OutputStream out = sectionOutputStream;
+
+      SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable =
+          SerialNumberManager.getStringTable();
       StringTableSection.Builder b = StringTableSection.newBuilder()
-          .setNumEntry(saverContext.stringMap.size());
+          .setNumEntry(stringTable.size())
+          .setMaskBits(stringTable.getMaskBits());
       b.build().writeDelimitedTo(out);
-      for (Entry<String, Integer> e : saverContext.stringMap.entrySet()) {
+      for (Entry<Integer, String> e : stringTable) {
         StringTableSection.Entry.Builder eb = StringTableSection.Entry
-            .newBuilder().setId(e.getValue()).setStr(e.getKey());
+            .newBuilder().setId(e.getKey()).setStr(e.getValue());
         eb.build().writeDelimitedTo(out);
       }
       commitSection(summary, SectionName.STRING_TABLE);

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeWithAdditionalFields.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeWithAdditionalFields.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeWithAdditionalFields.java
index 84d99e4..b7d2f2c 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeWithAdditionalFields.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeWithAdditionalFields.java
@@ -33,7 +33,9 @@ import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
 @InterfaceAudience.Private
 public abstract class INodeWithAdditionalFields extends INode
     implements LinkedElement {
-  enum PermissionStatusFormat {
+  // Note: this format is used both in-memory and on-disk.  Changes will be
+  // incompatible.
+  enum PermissionStatusFormat implements LongBitFormat.Enum {
     MODE(null, 16),
     GROUP(MODE.BITS, 24),
     USER(GROUP.BITS, 24);
@@ -46,12 +48,14 @@ public abstract class INodeWithAdditionalFields extends INode
 
     static String getUser(long permission) {
       final int n = (int)USER.BITS.retrieve(permission);
-      return SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getUser(n);
+      String s = SerialNumberManager.USER.getString(n);
+      assert s != null;
+      return s;
     }
 
     static String getGroup(long permission) {
       final int n = (int)GROUP.BITS.retrieve(permission);
-      return SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getGroup(n);
+      return SerialNumberManager.GROUP.getString(n);
     }
     
     static short getMode(long permission) {
@@ -61,16 +65,34 @@ public abstract class INodeWithAdditionalFields extends INode
     /** Encode the {@link PermissionStatus} to a long. */
     static long toLong(PermissionStatus ps) {
       long permission = 0L;
-      final int user = SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getUserSerialNumber(
+      final int user = SerialNumberManager.USER.getSerialNumber(
           ps.getUserName());
+      assert user != 0;
       permission = USER.BITS.combine(user, permission);
-      final int group = SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getGroupSerialNumber(
+      // ideally should assert on group but inodes are created with null
+      // group and then updated only when added to a directory.
+      final int group = SerialNumberManager.GROUP.getSerialNumber(
           ps.getGroupName());
       permission = GROUP.BITS.combine(group, permission);
       final int mode = ps.getPermission().toShort();
       permission = MODE.BITS.combine(mode, permission);
       return permission;
     }
+
+    static PermissionStatus toPermissionStatus(long id,
+        SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable) {
+      int uid = (int)USER.BITS.retrieve(id);
+      int gid = (int)GROUP.BITS.retrieve(id);
+      return new PermissionStatus(
+          SerialNumberManager.USER.getString(uid, stringTable),
+          SerialNumberManager.GROUP.getString(gid, stringTable),
+          new FsPermission(getMode(id)));
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public int getLength() {
+      return BITS.getLength();
+    }
   }
 
   /** The inode id. */
@@ -175,7 +197,7 @@ public abstract class INodeWithAdditionalFields extends INode
 
   @Override
   final void setUser(String user) {
-    int n = SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getUserSerialNumber(user);
+    int n = SerialNumberManager.USER.getSerialNumber(user);
     updatePermissionStatus(PermissionStatusFormat.USER, n);
   }
 
@@ -189,7 +211,7 @@ public abstract class INodeWithAdditionalFields extends INode
 
   @Override
   final void setGroup(String group) {
-    int n = SerialNumberManager.INSTANCE.getGroupSerialNumber(group);
+    int n = SerialNumberManager.GROUP.getSerialNumber(group);
     updatePermissionStatus(PermissionStatusFormat.GROUP, n);
   }
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNodeLayoutVersion.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNodeLayoutVersion.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNodeLayoutVersion.java
index 182cc08..297ca74 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNodeLayoutVersion.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNodeLayoutVersion.java
@@ -88,7 +88,8 @@ public class NameNodeLayoutVersion {
     TRUNCATE(-61, -61, "Truncate"),
     APPEND_NEW_BLOCK(-62, -61, "Support appending to new block"),
     QUOTA_BY_STORAGE_TYPE(-63, -61, "Support quota for specific storage types"),
-    ERASURE_CODING(-64, -61, "Support erasure coding");
+    ERASURE_CODING(-64, -61, "Support erasure coding"),
+    EXPANDED_STRING_TABLE(-65, -61, "Support expanded string table in fsimage");
 
     private final FeatureInfo info;
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
index eb497ab..61fdd7d 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
@@ -17,23 +17,147 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
 
-/** Manage name-to-serial-number maps for users and groups. */
-class SerialNumberManager {
-  /** This is the only instance of {@link SerialNumberManager}.*/
-  static final SerialNumberManager INSTANCE = new SerialNumberManager();
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeWithAdditionalFields.PermissionStatusFormat;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.util.LongBitFormat;
 
-  private final SerialNumberMap<String> usermap = new SerialNumberMap<String>();
-  private final SerialNumberMap<String> groupmap = new SerialNumberMap<String>();
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Map.Entry;
 
-  private SerialNumberManager() {}
+/** Manage name-to-serial-number maps for various string tables. */
+public enum SerialNumberManager {
+  GLOBAL(),
+  USER(PermissionStatusFormat.USER, AclEntryStatusFormat.NAME),
+  GROUP(PermissionStatusFormat.GROUP, AclEntryStatusFormat.NAME),
+  XATTR(XAttrFormat.NAME);
 
-  int getUserSerialNumber(String u) {return usermap.get(u);}
-  int getGroupSerialNumber(String g) {return groupmap.get(g);}
-  String getUser(int n) {return usermap.get(n);}
-  String getGroup(int n) {return groupmap.get(n);}
+  private static final SerialNumberManager[] values = values();
+  private static final int maxEntryBits;
+  private static final int maxEntryNumber;
+  private static final int maskBits;
 
-  {
-    getUserSerialNumber(null);
-    getGroupSerialNumber(null);
+  private SerialNumberMap<String> serialMap;
+  private int bitLength = Integer.SIZE;
+
+  static {
+    maxEntryBits = Integer.numberOfLeadingZeros(values.length);
+    maxEntryNumber = (1 << maxEntryBits) - 1;
+    maskBits = Integer.SIZE - maxEntryBits;
+    for (SerialNumberManager snm : values) {
+      // account for string table mask bits.
+      snm.updateLength(maxEntryBits);
+      snm.serialMap = new SerialNumberMap<String>(snm);
+      FSDirectory.LOG.info(snm + " serial map: bits=" + snm.getLength() +
+          " maxEntries=" + snm.serialMap.getMax());
+    }
+  }
+
+  SerialNumberManager(LongBitFormat.Enum... elements) {
+    // compute the smallest bit length registered with the serial manager.
+    for (LongBitFormat.Enum element : elements) {
+      updateLength(element.getLength());
+    }
+  }
+
+  int getLength() {
+    return bitLength;
+  }
+
+  private void updateLength(int maxLength) {
+    bitLength = Math.min(bitLength, maxLength);
+  }
+
+  public int getSerialNumber(String u) {
+    return serialMap.get(u);
+  }
+
+  public String getString(int id) {
+    return serialMap.get(id);
+  }
+
+  public String getString(int id, StringTable stringTable) {
+    return (stringTable != null)
+        ? stringTable.get(this, id) : getString(id);
+  }
+
+  private int getMask(int bits) {
+    return ordinal() << (Integer.SIZE - bits);
+  }
+
+  private static int getMaskBits() {
+    return maskBits;
+  }
+
+  private int size() {
+    return serialMap.size();
+  }
+
+  private Iterable<Entry<Integer, String>> entrySet() {
+    return serialMap.entrySet();
+  }
+
+  // returns snapshot of current values for a save.
+  public static StringTable getStringTable() {
+    // approximate size for capacity.
+    int size = 0;
+    for (final SerialNumberManager snm : values) {
+      size += snm.size();
+    }
+    int tableMaskBits = getMaskBits();
+    StringTable map = new StringTable(size, tableMaskBits);
+    for (final SerialNumberManager snm : values) {
+      final int mask = snm.getMask(tableMaskBits);
+      for (Entry<Integer, String> entry : snm.entrySet()) {
+        map.put(entry.getKey() | mask, entry.getValue());
+      }
+    }
+    return map;
+  }
+
+  // returns an empty table for load.
+  public static StringTable newStringTable(int size, int bits) {
+    if (bits > maskBits) {
+      throw new IllegalArgumentException(
+        "String table bits " + bits + " > " + maskBits);
+    }
+    return new StringTable(size, bits);
+  }
+
+  public static class StringTable implements Iterable<Entry<Integer, String>> {
+    private final int tableMaskBits;
+    private final Map<Integer,String> map;
+
+    private StringTable(int size, int loadingMaskBits) {
+      this.tableMaskBits = loadingMaskBits;
+      this.map = new HashMap<>(size);
+    }
+
+    private String get(SerialNumberManager snm, int id) {
+      if (tableMaskBits != 0) {
+        if (id > maxEntryNumber) {
+          throw new IllegalStateException(
+              "serial id " + id + " > " + maxEntryNumber);
+        }
+        id |= snm.getMask(tableMaskBits);
+      }
+      return map.get(id);
+    }
+
+    public void put(int id, String str) {
+      map.put(id, str);
+    }
+
+    public Iterator<Entry<Integer, String>> iterator() {
+      return map.entrySet().iterator();
+    }
+
+    public int size() {
+      return map.size();
+    }
+
+    public int getMaskBits() {
+      return tableMaskBits;
+    }
   }
 }
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
index 2965837..ee6b8eb 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
@@ -17,6 +17,10 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
 
+import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Set;
 import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
 import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;
 import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;
@@ -35,21 +39,33 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
  */
 @InterfaceAudience.Private
 public class SerialNumberMap<T> {
-  private final AtomicInteger max = new AtomicInteger(1);
+  private String name;
+  private final int max;
+  private final AtomicInteger current = new AtomicInteger(1);
   private final ConcurrentMap<T, Integer> t2i =
       new ConcurrentHashMap<T, Integer>();
   private final ConcurrentMap<Integer, T> i2t =
       new ConcurrentHashMap<Integer, T>();
 
+  SerialNumberMap(SerialNumberManager snm) {
+    this(snm.name(), snm.getLength());
+  }
+
+  SerialNumberMap(String name, int bitLength) {
+    this.name = name;
+    this.max = (1 << bitLength) - 1;
+  }
+
   public int get(T t) {
     if (t == null) {
       return 0;
     }
     Integer sn = t2i.get(t);
     if (sn == null) {
-      sn = max.getAndIncrement();
-      if (sn < 0) {
-        throw new IllegalStateException("Too many elements!");
+      sn = current.getAndIncrement();
+      if (sn > max) {
+        current.getAndDecrement();
+        throw new IllegalStateException(name + ": serial number map is full");
       }
       Integer old = t2i.putIfAbsent(t, sn);
       if (old != null) {
@@ -66,14 +82,27 @@ public class SerialNumberMap<T> {
     }
     T t = i2t.get(i);
     if (t == null) {
-      throw new IllegalStateException("!i2t.containsKey(" + i
-          + "), this=" + this);
+      throw new IllegalStateException(
+          name + ": serial number " + i + " does not exist");
     }
     return t;
   }
 
+  int getMax() {
+    return max;
+  }
+
+  Set<Map.Entry<Integer, T>> entrySet() {
+    return new HashSet<>(i2t.entrySet());
+  }
+
+  public int size() {
+    return i2t.size();
+  }
+
   @Override
   public String toString() {
-    return "max=" + max + ",\n  t2i=" + t2i + ",\n  i2t=" + i2t;
+    return "current=" + current + ",\n" +
+           "max=" + max + ",\n  t2i=" + t2i + ",\n  i2t=" + i2t;
   }
 }
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
index f9f06db..5b5992c 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
@@ -31,52 +31,66 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.util.LongBitFormat;
 
 /**
  * Class to pack XAttrs into byte[].<br>
- * For each XAttr:<br>
- *   The first 4 bytes represents XAttr namespace and name<br>
- *     [0:3)  - XAttr namespace<br>
- *     [3:8) - Reserved<br>
- *     [8:32) - The name of the entry, which is an ID that points to a
- *              string in map<br>
- *   The following two bytes represents the length of XAttr value<br>
- *   The remaining bytes is the XAttr value<br>
+ *
+ * Note:  this format is used both in-memory and on-disk.  Changes will be
+ * incompatible.
+ *
  */
-class XAttrFormat {
-  private enum XAttrStatusFormat {
 
-    NAMESPACE(null, 3),
-    RESERVED(NAMESPACE.BITS, 5),
-    NAME(RESERVED.BITS, 24);
+public enum XAttrFormat implements LongBitFormat.Enum {
+  RESERVED(null, 5),
+  NS_EXT(RESERVED.BITS, 1),
+  NAME(NS_EXT.BITS, 24),
+  NS(NAME.BITS, 2);
 
-    private final LongBitFormat BITS;
+  private static final int NS_EXT_SHIFT = NS.BITS.getLength();
+  private static final int NS_MASK = (1 << NS_EXT_SHIFT) - 1;
 
-    XAttrStatusFormat(LongBitFormat previous, int length) {
-      BITS = new LongBitFormat(name(), previous, length, 0);
-    }
+  private static final int XATTR_VALUE_LEN_MAX = 1 << 16;
+  private static final XAttr.NameSpace[] XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES =
+      XAttr.NameSpace.values();
 
-    static XAttr.NameSpace getNamespace(int xattrStatus) {
-      int ordinal = (int) NAMESPACE.BITS.retrieve(xattrStatus);
-      return XAttr.NameSpace.values()[ordinal];
-    }
+  private final LongBitFormat BITS;
 
-    static String getName(int xattrStatus) {
-      int id = (int) NAME.BITS.retrieve(xattrStatus);
-      return XAttrStorage.getName(id);
-    }
+  XAttrFormat(LongBitFormat previous, int length) {
+    BITS = new LongBitFormat(name(), previous, length, 0);
+  }
 
-    static int toInt(XAttr.NameSpace namespace, String name) {
-      long xattrStatusInt = 0;
+  @Override
+  public int getLength() {
+    return BITS.getLength();
+  }
 
-      xattrStatusInt = NAMESPACE.BITS
-          .combine(namespace.ordinal(), xattrStatusInt);
-      int nid = XAttrStorage.getNameSerialNumber(name);
-      xattrStatusInt = NAME.BITS
-          .combine(nid, xattrStatusInt);
+  static XAttr.NameSpace getNamespace(int record) {
+    long nid = NS.BITS.retrieve(record);
+    nid |= NS_EXT.BITS.retrieve(record) << NS_EXT_SHIFT;
+    return XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES[(int) nid];
+  }
 
-      return (int) xattrStatusInt;
-    }
+  public static String getName(int record) {
+    int nid = (int)NAME.BITS.retrieve(record);
+    return SerialNumberManager.XATTR.getString(nid);
   }
 
-  private static final int XATTR_VALUE_LEN_MAX = 1 << 16;
+  static int toInt(XAttr a) {
+    int nid = SerialNumberManager.XATTR.getSerialNumber(a.getName());
+    int nsOrd = a.getNameSpace().ordinal();
+    long value = NS.BITS.combine(nsOrd & NS_MASK, 0L);
+    value = NS_EXT.BITS.combine(nsOrd >>> NS_EXT_SHIFT, value);
+    value = NAME.BITS.combine(nid, value);
+    return (int)value;
+  }
+
+  static XAttr toXAttr(int record, byte[] value,
+                       SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable) {
+    int nid = (int)NAME.BITS.retrieve(record);
+    String name = SerialNumberManager.XATTR.getString(nid, stringTable);
+    return new XAttr.Builder()
+        .setNameSpace(getNamespace(record))
+        .setName(name)
+        .setValue(value)
+        .build();
+  }
 
   /**
    * Unpack byte[] to XAttrs.
@@ -95,8 +109,8 @@ class XAttrFormat {
       int v = Ints.fromBytes(attrs[i], attrs[i + 1],
           attrs[i + 2], attrs[i + 3]);
       i += 4;
-      builder.setNameSpace(XAttrStatusFormat.getNamespace(v));
-      builder.setName(XAttrStatusFormat.getName(v));
+      builder.setNameSpace(XAttrFormat.getNamespace(v));
+      builder.setName(XAttrFormat.getName(v));
       int vlen = ((0xff & attrs[i]) << 8) | (0xff & attrs[i + 1]);
       i += 2;
       if (vlen > 0) {
@@ -129,8 +143,8 @@ class XAttrFormat {
       int v = Ints.fromBytes(attrs[i], attrs[i + 1],
           attrs[i + 2], attrs[i + 3]);
       i += 4;
-      XAttr.NameSpace namespace = XAttrStatusFormat.getNamespace(v);
-      String name = XAttrStatusFormat.getName(v);
+      XAttr.NameSpace namespace = XAttrFormat.getNamespace(v);
+      String name = XAttrFormat.getName(v);
       int vlen = ((0xff & attrs[i]) << 8) | (0xff & attrs[i + 1]);
       i += 2;
       if (xAttr.getNameSpace() == namespace &&
@@ -161,7 +175,8 @@ class XAttrFormat {
     ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
     try {
       for (XAttr a : xAttrs) {
-        int v = XAttrStatusFormat.toInt(a.getNameSpace(), a.getName());
+        // big-endian
+        int v = XAttrFormat.toInt(a);
         out.write(Ints.toByteArray(v));
         int vlen = a.getValue() == null ? 0 : a.getValue().length;
         Preconditions.checkArgument(vlen < XATTR_VALUE_LEN_MAX,

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
index 3b3747b..1dab69c 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
@@ -31,17 +31,6 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.QuotaExceededException;
 @InterfaceAudience.Private
 public class XAttrStorage {
 
-  private static final SerialNumberMap<String> NAME_MAP =
-      new SerialNumberMap<>();
-
-  public static int getNameSerialNumber(String name) {
-    return NAME_MAP.get(name);
-  }
-
-  public static String getName(int n) {
-    return NAME_MAP.get(n);
-  }
-
   /**
    * Reads the extended attribute of an inode by name with prefix.
    * <p/>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/FSImageLoader.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/FSImageLoader.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/FSImageLoader.java
index 380f35a..7152c88 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/FSImageLoader.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/FSImageLoader.java
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection.INode;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeFile;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeId;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SerialNumberManager;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.web.JsonUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.web.resources.XAttrEncodingParam;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;
@@ -68,7 +69,7 @@ class FSImageLoader {
   public static final Logger LOG =
       LoggerFactory.getLogger(FSImageHandler.class);
 
-  private final String[] stringTable;
+  private final SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable;
   // byte representation of inodes, sorted by id
   private final byte[][] inodes;
   private final Map<Long, long[]> dirmap;
@@ -94,8 +95,8 @@ class FSImageLoader {
     }
   };
 
-  private FSImageLoader(String[] stringTable, byte[][] inodes,
-                        Map<Long, long[]> dirmap) {
+  private FSImageLoader(SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable,
+                        byte[][] inodes, Map<Long, long[]> dirmap) {
     this.stringTable = stringTable;
     this.inodes = inodes;
     this.dirmap = dirmap;
@@ -120,7 +121,7 @@ class FSImageLoader {
     try (FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(file.getFD())) {
       // Map to record INodeReference to the referred id
       ImmutableList<Long> refIdList = null;
-      String[] stringTable = null;
+      SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable = null;
       byte[][] inodes = null;
       Map<Long, long[]> dirmap = null;
 
@@ -243,16 +244,17 @@ class FSImageLoader {
     return inodes;
   }
 
-  static String[] loadStringTable(InputStream in) throws
-  IOException {
+  static SerialNumberManager.StringTable loadStringTable(InputStream in)
+        throws IOException {
     FsImageProto.StringTableSection s = FsImageProto.StringTableSection
         .parseDelimitedFrom(in);
     LOG.info("Loading " + s.getNumEntry() + " strings");
-    String[] stringTable = new String[s.getNumEntry() + 1];
+    SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable =
+        SerialNumberManager.newStringTable(s.getNumEntry(), s.getMaskBits());
     for (int i = 0; i < s.getNumEntry(); ++i) {
       FsImageProto.StringTableSection.Entry e = FsImageProto
           .StringTableSection.Entry.parseDelimitedFrom(in);
-      stringTable[e.getId()] = e.getStr();
+      stringTable.put(e.getId(), e.getStr());
     }
     return stringTable;
   }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageTextWriter.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageTextWriter.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageTextWriter.java
index ae1cd79..5a1644c 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageTextWriter.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageTextWriter.java
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.FileSummary;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.INodeSection.INode;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeId;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SerialNumberManager;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.LimitInputStream;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
@@ -391,7 +392,7 @@ abstract class PBImageTextWriter implements Closeable {
     }
   }
 
-  private String[] stringTable;
+  private SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable;
   private PrintStream out;
   private MetadataMap metadataMap = null;
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageXmlWriter.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageXmlWriter.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageXmlWriter.java
index fb32400..7a5ef31 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageXmlWriter.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/tools/offlineImageViewer/PBImageXmlWriter.java
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.NameSystemSection;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.SecretManagerSection;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.SnapshotDiffSection;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.SnapshotSection;
-import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FsImageProto.StringTableSection;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SerialNumberManager;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INodeFile;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.util.XMLUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.erasurecode.ECSchema;
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ public final class PBImageXmlWriter {
   private final Configuration conf;
   private final PrintStream out;
   private final SimpleDateFormat isoDateFormat;
-  private String[] stringTable;
+  private SerialNumberManager.StringTable stringTable;
 
   public static SimpleDateFormat createSimpleDateFormat() {
     SimpleDateFormat format =
@@ -430,8 +430,9 @@ public final class PBImageXmlWriter {
           ((XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_MASK & (encodedName >> XATTR_NAMESPACE_EXT_OFFSET)) << 2);
       o(INODE_SECTION_NS, XAttrProtos.XAttrProto.
           XAttrNamespaceProto.valueOf(ns).toString());
-      o(SECTION_NAME,
-          stringTable[XATTR_NAME_MASK & (encodedName >> XATTR_NAME_OFFSET)]);
+      o(SECTION_NAME, SerialNumberManager.XATTR.getString(
+          XATTR_NAME_MASK & (encodedName >> XATTR_NAME_OFFSET),
+          stringTable));
       ByteString val = xattr.getValue();
       if (val.isValidUtf8()) {
         o(INODE_SECTION_VAL, val.toStringUtf8());
@@ -784,10 +785,9 @@ public final class PBImageXmlWriter {
               .o(SNAPSHOT_DIFF_SECTION_CHILDREN_SIZE, d.getChildrenSize())
               .o(SNAPSHOT_DIFF_SECTION_IS_SNAPSHOT_ROOT, d.getIsSnapshotRoot())
               .o(SECTION_NAME, d.getName().toStringUtf8());
-          INodeDirectory snapshotCopy = d.getSnapshotCopy();
-          if (snapshotCopy != null) {
+          if (d.hasSnapshotCopy()) {
             out.print("<" + SNAPSHOT_DIFF_SECTION_SNAPSHOT_COPY + ">");
-            dumpINodeDirectory(snapshotCopy);
+            dumpINodeDirectory(d.getSnapshotCopy());
             out.print("</" + SNAPSHOT_DIFF_SECTION_SNAPSHOT_COPY + ">\n");
           }
           o(SNAPSHOT_DIFF_SECTION_CREATED_LIST_SIZE, d.getCreatedListSize());
@@ -851,13 +851,7 @@ public final class PBImageXmlWriter {
   }
 
   private void loadStringTable(InputStream in) throws IOException {
-    StringTableSection s = StringTableSection.parseDelimitedFrom(in);
-    stringTable = new String[s.getNumEntry() + 1];
-    for (int i = 0; i < s.getNumEntry(); ++i) {
-      StringTableSection.Entry e = StringTableSection.Entry
-          .parseDelimitedFrom(in);
-      stringTable[e.getId()] = e.getStr();
-    }
+    stringTable = FSImageLoader.loadStringTable(in);
   }
 
   private PBImageXmlWriter o(final String e, final Object v) {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/proto/fsimage.proto
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/proto/fsimage.proto b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/proto/fsimage.proto
index 101a060..d943dbc 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/proto/fsimage.proto
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/proto/fsimage.proto
@@ -311,6 +311,7 @@ message StringTableSection {
     optional string str = 2;
   }
   optional uint32 numEntry = 1;
+  optional uint32 maskBits = 2 [default = 0];
   // repeated Entry
 }
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/b60ca379/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestCommitBlockSynchronization.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestCommitBlockSynchronization.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestCommitBlockSynchronization.java
index af15a93..844dab5 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestCommitBlockSynchronization.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestCommitBlockSynchronization.java
@@ -57,12 +57,8 @@ public class TestCommitBlockSynchronization {
     // set file's parent as root and put the file to inodeMap, so
     // FSNamesystem's isFileDeleted() method will return false on this file
     if (file.getParent() == null) {
-      INodeDirectory mparent = mock(INodeDirectory.class);
-      INodeDirectory parent = new INodeDirectory(mparent.getId(), new byte[0],
-          mparent.getPermissionStatus(), mparent.getAccessTime());
-      parent.setLocalName(new byte[0]);
+      INodeDirectory parent = namesystem.getFSDirectory().getRoot();
       parent.addChild(file);
-      file.setParent(parent);
     }
     namesystem.dir.getINodeMap().put(file);
 


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