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From aengin...@apache.org
Subject [30/50] [abbrv] hadoop git commit: HADOOP-13208. S3A listFiles(recursive=true) to do a bulk listObjects instead of walking the pseudo-tree of directories. Contributed by Steve Loughran.
Date Fri, 19 Aug 2016 20:33:45 GMT
HADOOP-13208. S3A listFiles(recursive=true) to do a bulk listObjects instead of walking the pseudo-tree of directories. Contributed by Steve Loughran.


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/commit/822d661b
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/tree/822d661b
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/diff/822d661b

Branch: refs/heads/HDFS-7240
Commit: 822d661b8fcc42bec6eea958d9fd02ef1aaa4b6c
Parents: 8693936
Author: Chris Nauroth <cnauroth@apache.org>
Authored: Wed Aug 17 14:54:54 2016 -0700
Committer: Chris Nauroth <cnauroth@apache.org>
Committed: Wed Aug 17 14:54:54 2016 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 .../java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Listing.java  | 594 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AFileSystem.java | 372 +++++++-----
 .../hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInstrumentation.java       |   1 +
 .../java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AUtils.java |  12 +
 .../org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Statistic.java     |   2 +
 .../s3a/TestS3AContractGetFileStatus.java       |  16 +
 .../org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3ATestUtils.java  |   8 +-
 .../s3a/scale/TestS3ADirectoryPerformance.java  |  58 +-
 8 files changed, 897 insertions(+), 166 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Listing.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Listing.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Listing.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4120b20
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Listing.java
@@ -0,0 +1,594 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a;
+
+import com.amazonaws.AmazonClientException;
+import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.ListObjectsRequest;
+import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.ObjectListing;
+import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.S3ObjectSummary;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileStatus;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.LocatedFileStatus;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.PathFilter;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.RemoteIterator;
+import org.slf4j.Logger;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.ListIterator;
+import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
+
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.Constants.S3N_FOLDER_SUFFIX;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3AUtils.createFileStatus;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3AUtils.objectRepresentsDirectory;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3AUtils.stringify;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3AUtils.translateException;
+
+/**
+ * Place for the S3A listing classes; keeps all the small classes under control.
+ */
+public class Listing {
+
+  private final S3AFileSystem owner;
+  private static final Logger LOG = S3AFileSystem.LOG;
+
+  public Listing(S3AFileSystem owner) {
+    this.owner = owner;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Create a FileStatus iterator against a path, with a given
+   * list object request.
+   * @param listPath path of the listing
+   * @param request initial request to make
+   * @param filter the filter on which paths to accept
+   * @param acceptor the class/predicate to decide which entries to accept
+   * in the listing based on the full file status.
+   * @return the iterator
+   * @throws IOException IO Problems
+   */
+  FileStatusListingIterator createFileStatusListingIterator(
+      Path listPath,
+      ListObjectsRequest request,
+      PathFilter filter,
+      Listing.FileStatusAcceptor acceptor) throws IOException {
+    return new FileStatusListingIterator(
+        new ObjectListingIterator(listPath, request),
+        filter,
+        acceptor);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Create a located status iterator over a file status iterator.
+   * @param statusIterator an iterator over the remote status entries
+   * @return a new remote iterator
+   */
+  LocatedFileStatusIterator createLocatedFileStatusIterator(
+      RemoteIterator<FileStatus> statusIterator) {
+    return new LocatedFileStatusIterator(statusIterator);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Interface to implement by the logic deciding whether to accept a summary
+   * entry or path as a valid file or directory.
+   */
+  interface FileStatusAcceptor {
+
+    /**
+     * Predicate to decide whether or not to accept a summary entry.
+     * @param keyPath qualified path to the entry
+     * @param summary summary entry
+     * @return true if the entry is accepted (i.e. that a status entry
+     * should be generated.
+     */
+    boolean accept(Path keyPath, S3ObjectSummary summary);
+
+    /**
+     * Predicate to decide whether or not to accept a prefix.
+     * @param keyPath qualified path to the entry
+     * @param commonPrefix the prefix
+     * @return true if the entry is accepted (i.e. that a status entry
+     * should be generated.)
+     */
+    boolean accept(Path keyPath, String commonPrefix);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * A remote iterator which only iterates over a single `LocatedFileStatus`
+   * value.
+   *
+   * If the status value is null, the iterator declares that it has no data.
+   * This iterator is used to handle {@link listStatus()} calls where the path
+   * handed in refers to a file, not a directory: this is the iterator
+   * returned.
+   */
+  static final class SingleStatusRemoteIterator
+      implements RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> {
+
+    /**
+     * The status to return; set to null after the first iteration.
+     */
+    private LocatedFileStatus status;
+
+    /**
+     * Constructor.
+     * @param status status value: may be null, in which case
+     * the iterator is empty.
+     */
+    public SingleStatusRemoteIterator(LocatedFileStatus status) {
+      this.status = status;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * {@inheritDoc}
+     * @return true if there is a file status to return: this is always false
+     * for the second iteration, and may be false for the first.
+     * @throws IOException never
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean hasNext() throws IOException {
+      return status != null;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * {@inheritDoc}
+     * @return the non-null status element passed in when the instance was
+     * constructed, if it ha not already been retrieved.
+     * @throws IOException never
+     * @throws NoSuchElementException if this is the second call, or it is
+     * the first call and a null {@link LocatedFileStatus} entry was passed
+     * to the constructor.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public LocatedFileStatus next() throws IOException {
+      if (hasNext()) {
+        LocatedFileStatus s = this.status;
+        status = null;
+        return s;
+      } else {
+        throw new NoSuchElementException();
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Wraps up object listing into a remote iterator which will ask for more
+   * listing data if needed.
+   *
+   * This is a complex operation, especially the process to determine
+   * if there are more entries remaining. If there are no more results
+   * remaining in the (filtered) results of the current listing request, then
+   * another request is made <i>and those results filtered</i> before the
+   * iterator can declare that there is more data available.
+   *
+   * The need to filter the results precludes the iterator from simply
+   * declaring that if the {@link S3AFileSystem.ObjectListingIterator#hasNext()}
+   * is true then there are more results. Instead the next batch of results must
+   * be retrieved and filtered.
+   *
+   * What does this mean? It means that remote requests to retrieve new
+   * batches of object listings are made in the {@link #hasNext()} call;
+   * the {@link #next()} call simply returns the filtered results of the last
+   * listing processed. However, do note that {@link #next()} calls
+   * {@link #hasNext()} during its operation. This is critical to ensure
+   * that a listing obtained through a sequence of {@link #next()} will
+   * complete with the same set of results as a classic
+   * {@code while(it.hasNext()} loop.
+   *
+   * Thread safety: None.
+   */
+  class FileStatusListingIterator
+      implements RemoteIterator<FileStatus> {
+
+    /** Source of objects. */
+    private final ObjectListingIterator source;
+    /** Filter of paths from API call. */
+    private final PathFilter filter;
+    /** Filter of entries from file status. */
+    private final FileStatusAcceptor acceptor;
+    /** request batch size. */
+    private int batchSize;
+    /** Iterator over the current set of results. */
+    private ListIterator<FileStatus> statusBatchIterator;
+
+    /**
+     * Create an iterator over file status entries.
+     * @param source the listing iterator from a listObjects call.
+     * @param filter the filter on which paths to accept
+     * @param acceptor the class/predicate to decide which entries to accept
+     * in the listing based on the full file status.
+     * @throws IOException IO Problems
+     */
+    FileStatusListingIterator(ObjectListingIterator source,
+        PathFilter filter,
+        FileStatusAcceptor acceptor) throws IOException {
+      this.source = source;
+      this.filter = filter;
+      this.acceptor = acceptor;
+      // build the first set of results. This will not trigger any
+      // remote IO, assuming the source iterator is in its initial
+      // iteration
+      requestNextBatch();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Report whether or not there is new data available.
+     * If there is data in the local filtered list, return true.
+     * Else: request more data util that condition is met, or there
+     * is no more remote listing data.
+     * @return true if a call to {@link #next()} will succeed.
+     * @throws IOException
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean hasNext() throws IOException {
+      return statusBatchIterator.hasNext() || requestNextBatch();
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public FileStatus next() throws IOException {
+      if (!hasNext()) {
+        throw new NoSuchElementException();
+      }
+      return statusBatchIterator.next();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Try to retrieve another batch.
+     * Note that for the initial batch,
+     * {@link S3AFileSystem.ObjectListingIterator} does not generate a request;
+     * it simply returns the initial set.
+     *
+     * @return true if a new batch was created.
+     * @throws IOException IO problems
+     */
+    private boolean requestNextBatch() throws IOException {
+      // look for more object listing batches being available
+      while (source.hasNext()) {
+        // if available, retrieve it and build the next status
+        if (buildNextStatusBatch(source.next())) {
+          // this batch successfully generated entries matching the filters/
+          // acceptors; declare that the request was successful
+          return true;
+        } else {
+          LOG.debug("All entries in batch were filtered...continuing");
+        }
+      }
+      // if this code is reached, it means that all remaining
+      // object lists have been retrieved, and there are no new entries
+      // to return.
+      return false;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Build the next status batch from a listing.
+     * @param objects the next object listing
+     * @return true if this added any entries after filtering
+     */
+    private boolean buildNextStatusBatch(ObjectListing objects) {
+      // counters for debug logs
+      int added = 0, ignored = 0;
+      // list to fill in with results. Initial size will be list maximum.
+      List<FileStatus> stats = new ArrayList<>(
+          objects.getObjectSummaries().size() +
+              objects.getCommonPrefixes().size());
+      // objects
+      for (S3ObjectSummary summary : objects.getObjectSummaries()) {
+        String key = summary.getKey();
+        Path keyPath = owner.keyToQualifiedPath(key);
+        if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
+          LOG.debug("{}: {}", keyPath, stringify(summary));
+        }
+        // Skip over keys that are ourselves and old S3N _$folder$ files
+        if (acceptor.accept(keyPath, summary) && filter.accept(keyPath)) {
+          FileStatus status = createFileStatus(keyPath, summary,
+              owner.getDefaultBlockSize(keyPath));
+          LOG.debug("Adding: {}", status);
+          stats.add(status);
+          added++;
+        } else {
+          LOG.debug("Ignoring: {}", keyPath);
+          ignored++;
+        }
+      }
+
+      // prefixes: always directories
+      for (String prefix : objects.getCommonPrefixes()) {
+        Path keyPath = owner.keyToQualifiedPath(prefix);
+        if (acceptor.accept(keyPath, prefix) && filter.accept(keyPath)) {
+          FileStatus status = new S3AFileStatus(true, false, keyPath);
+          LOG.debug("Adding directory: {}", status);
+          added++;
+          stats.add(status);
+        } else {
+          LOG.debug("Ignoring directory: {}", keyPath);
+          ignored++;
+        }
+      }
+
+      // finish up
+      batchSize = stats.size();
+      statusBatchIterator = stats.listIterator();
+      boolean hasNext = statusBatchIterator.hasNext();
+      LOG.debug("Added {} entries; ignored {}; hasNext={}; hasMoreObjects={}",
+          added, ignored, hasNext, objects.isTruncated());
+      return hasNext;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get the number of entries in the current batch.
+     * @return a number, possibly zero.
+     */
+    public int getBatchSize() {
+      return batchSize;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Wraps up AWS `ListObjects` requests in a remote iterator
+   * which will ask for more listing data if needed.
+   *
+   * That is:
+   *
+   * 1. The first invocation of the {@link #next()} call will return the results
+   * of the first request, the one created during the construction of the
+   * instance.
+   *
+   * 2. Second and later invocations will continue the ongoing listing,
+   * calling {@link #continueListObjects(ObjectListing)} to request the next
+   * batch of results.
+   *
+   * 3. The {@link #hasNext()} predicate returns true for the initial call,
+   * where {@link #next()} will return the initial results. It declares
+   * that it has future results iff the last executed request was truncated.
+   *
+   * Thread safety: none.
+   */
+  class ObjectListingIterator implements RemoteIterator<ObjectListing> {
+
+    /** The path listed. */
+    private final Path listPath;
+
+    /** The most recent listing results. */
+    private ObjectListing objects;
+
+    /** Indicator that this is the first listing. */
+    private boolean firstListing = true;
+
+    /**
+     * Count of how many listings have been requested
+     * (including initial result).
+     */
+    private int listingCount = 1;
+
+    /**
+     * Maximum keys in a request.
+     */
+    private int maxKeys;
+
+    /**
+     * Constructor -calls `listObjects()` on the request to populate the
+     * initial set of results/fail if there was a problem talking to the bucket.
+     * @param listPath path of the listing
+     * @param request initial request to make
+     * */
+    ObjectListingIterator(
+        Path listPath,
+        ListObjectsRequest request) {
+      this.listPath = listPath;
+      this.maxKeys = owner.getMaxKeys();
+      this.objects = owner.listObjects(request);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Declare that the iterator has data if it is either is the initial
+     * iteration or it is a later one and the last listing obtained was
+     * incomplete.
+     * @throws IOException never: there is no IO in this operation.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean hasNext() throws IOException {
+      return firstListing || objects.isTruncated();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Ask for the next listing.
+     * For the first invocation, this returns the initial set, with no
+     * remote IO. For later requests, S3 will be queried, hence the calls
+     * may block or fail.
+     * @return the next object listing.
+     * @throws IOException if a query made of S3 fails.
+     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no more data to list.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public ObjectListing next() throws IOException {
+      if (firstListing) {
+        // on the first listing, don't request more data.
+        // Instead just clear the firstListing flag so that it future calls
+        // will request new data.
+        firstListing = false;
+      } else {
+        try {
+          if (!objects.isTruncated()) {
+            // nothing more to request: fail.
+            throw new NoSuchElementException("No more results in listing of "
+                + listPath);
+          }
+          // need to request a new set of objects.
+          LOG.debug("[{}], Requesting next {} objects under {}",
+              listingCount, maxKeys, listPath);
+          objects = owner.continueListObjects(objects);
+          listingCount++;
+          LOG.debug("New listing status: {}", this);
+        } catch (AmazonClientException e) {
+          throw translateException("listObjects()", listPath, e);
+        }
+      }
+      return objects;
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public String toString() {
+      return "Object listing iterator against " + listPath
+          + "; listing count "+ listingCount
+          + "; isTruncated=" + objects.isTruncated();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get the path listed.
+     * @return the path used in this listing.
+     */
+    public Path getListPath() {
+      return listPath;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get the count of listing requests.
+     * @return the counter of requests made (including the initial lookup).
+     */
+    public int getListingCount() {
+      return listingCount;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Accept all entries except the base path and those which map to S3N
+   * pseudo directory markers.
+   */
+  static class AcceptFilesOnly implements FileStatusAcceptor {
+    private final Path qualifiedPath;
+
+    public AcceptFilesOnly(Path qualifiedPath) {
+      this.qualifiedPath = qualifiedPath;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Reject a summary entry if the key path is the qualified Path, or
+     * it ends with {@code "_$folder$"}.
+     * @param keyPath key path of the entry
+     * @param summary summary entry
+     * @return true if the entry is accepted (i.e. that a status entry
+     * should be generated.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean accept(Path keyPath, S3ObjectSummary summary) {
+      return !keyPath.equals(qualifiedPath)
+          && !summary.getKey().endsWith(S3N_FOLDER_SUFFIX)
+          && !objectRepresentsDirectory(summary.getKey(), summary.getSize());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Accept no directory paths.
+     * @param keyPath qualified path to the entry
+     * @param prefix common prefix in listing.
+     * @return false, always.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean accept(Path keyPath, String prefix) {
+      return false;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Take a remote iterator over a set of {@link FileStatus} instances and
+   * return a remote iterator of {@link LocatedFileStatus} instances.
+   */
+  class LocatedFileStatusIterator
+      implements RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> {
+    private final RemoteIterator<FileStatus> statusIterator;
+
+    /**
+     * Constructor.
+     * @param statusIterator an iterator over the remote status entries
+     */
+    LocatedFileStatusIterator(RemoteIterator<FileStatus> statusIterator) {
+      this.statusIterator = statusIterator;
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public boolean hasNext() throws IOException {
+      return statusIterator.hasNext();
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public LocatedFileStatus next() throws IOException {
+      return owner.toLocatedFileStatus(statusIterator.next());
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Accept all entries except the base path and those which map to S3N
+   * pseudo directory markers.
+   */
+  static class AcceptAllButSelfAndS3nDirs implements FileStatusAcceptor {
+
+    /** Base path. */
+    private final Path qualifiedPath;
+
+    /**
+     * Constructor.
+     * @param qualifiedPath an already-qualified path.
+     */
+    public AcceptAllButSelfAndS3nDirs(Path qualifiedPath) {
+      this.qualifiedPath = qualifiedPath;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Reject a summary entry if the key path is the qualified Path, or
+     * it ends with {@code "_$folder$"}.
+     * @param keyPath key path of the entry
+     * @param summary summary entry
+     * @return true if the entry is accepted (i.e. that a status entry
+     * should be generated.)
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean accept(Path keyPath, S3ObjectSummary summary) {
+      return !keyPath.equals(qualifiedPath) &&
+          !summary.getKey().endsWith(S3N_FOLDER_SUFFIX);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Accept all prefixes except the one for the base path, "self".
+     * @param keyPath qualified path to the entry
+     * @param prefix common prefix in listing.
+     * @return true if the entry is accepted (i.e. that a status entry
+     * should be generated.
+     */
+    @Override
+    public boolean accept(Path keyPath, String prefix) {
+      return !keyPath.equals(qualifiedPath);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * A Path filter which accepts all filenames.
+   */
+  static final PathFilter ACCEPT_ALL = new PathFilter() {
+    @Override
+    public boolean accept(Path file) {
+      return true;
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public String toString() {
+      return "ACCEPT_ALL";
+    }
+  };
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AFileSystem.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AFileSystem.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AFileSystem.java
index 902f73a..1cf2631 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AFileSystem.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AFileSystem.java
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.Progressable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.VersionInfo;
 
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.Constants.*;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.Listing.ACCEPT_ALL;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3AUtils.*;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.Statistic.*;
 
@@ -115,6 +116,7 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
   private AmazonS3Client s3;
   private String bucket;
   private int maxKeys;
+  private Listing listing;
   private long partSize;
   private boolean enableMultiObjectsDelete;
   private TransferManager transfers;
@@ -181,6 +183,7 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
       initAmazonS3Client(conf, credentials, awsConf);
 
       maxKeys = intOption(conf, MAX_PAGING_KEYS, DEFAULT_MAX_PAGING_KEYS, 1);
+      listing = new Listing(this);
       partSize = conf.getLong(MULTIPART_SIZE, DEFAULT_MULTIPART_SIZE);
       if (partSize < 5 * 1024 * 1024) {
         LOG.error(MULTIPART_SIZE + " must be at least 5 MB");
@@ -514,7 +517,11 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
     super();
   }
 
-  /* Turns a path (relative or otherwise) into an S3 key
+  /**
+   * Turns a path (relative or otherwise) into an S3 key.
+   *
+   * @param path input path, may be relative to the working dir
+   * @return a key excluding the leading "/", or, if it is the root path, ""
    */
   private String pathToKey(Path path) {
     if (!path.isAbsolute()) {
@@ -528,11 +535,50 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
     return path.toUri().getPath().substring(1);
   }
 
+  /**
+   * Turns a path (relative or otherwise) into an S3 key, adding a trailing
+   * "/" if the path is not the root <i>and</i> does not already have a "/"
+   * at the end.
+   *
+   * @param key s3 key or ""
+   * @return the with a trailing "/", or, if it is the root key, "",
+   */
+  private String maybeAddTrailingSlash(String key) {
+    if (!key.isEmpty() && !key.endsWith("/")) {
+      return key + '/';
+    } else {
+      return key;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Convert a path back to a key.
+   * @param key input key
+   * @return the path from this key
+   */
   private Path keyToPath(String key) {
     return new Path("/" + key);
   }
 
   /**
+   * Convert a key to a fully qualified path.
+   * @param key input key
+   * @return the fully qualified path including URI scheme and bucket name.
+   */
+  Path keyToQualifiedPath(String key) {
+    return qualify(keyToPath(key));
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Qualify a path.
+   * @param path path to qualify
+   * @return a qualified path.
+   */
+  Path qualify(Path path) {
+    return path.makeQualified(uri, workingDir);
+  }
+
+  /**
    * Check that a Path belongs to this FileSystem.
    * Unlike the superclass, this version does not look at authority,
    * only hostnames.
@@ -550,10 +596,10 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
   }
 
   /**
-     * Opens an FSDataInputStream at the indicated Path.
-     * @param f the file name to open
-     * @param bufferSize the size of the buffer to be used.
-     */
+   * Opens an FSDataInputStream at the indicated Path.
+   * @param f the file name to open
+   * @param bufferSize the size of the buffer to be used.
+   */
   public FSDataInputStream open(Path f, int bufferSize)
       throws IOException {
 
@@ -875,7 +921,7 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
    * @return the next result object
    */
   protected ObjectListing continueListObjects(ObjectListing objects) {
-    incrementStatistic(OBJECT_LIST_REQUESTS);
+    incrementStatistic(OBJECT_CONTINUE_LIST_REQUESTS);
     incrementReadOperations();
     return s3.listNextBatchOfObjects(objects);
   }
@@ -1132,12 +1178,7 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
       } else {
         LOG.debug("Getting objects for directory prefix {} to delete", key);
 
-        ListObjectsRequest request = new ListObjectsRequest();
-        request.setBucketName(bucket);
-        request.setPrefix(key);
-        // Hopefully not setting a delimiter will cause this to find everything
-        //request.setDelimiter("/");
-        request.setMaxKeys(maxKeys);
+        ListObjectsRequest request = createListObjectsRequest(key, null);
 
         ObjectListing objects = listObjects(request);
         List<DeleteObjectsRequest.KeyVersion> keys =
@@ -1211,66 +1252,57 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
    */
   public FileStatus[] innerListStatus(Path f) throws FileNotFoundException,
       IOException, AmazonClientException {
-    String key = pathToKey(f);
-    LOG.debug("List status for path: {}", f);
+    Path path = qualify(f);
+    String key = pathToKey(path);
+    LOG.debug("List status for path: {}", path);
     incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_LIST_STATUS);
 
-    final List<FileStatus> result = new ArrayList<FileStatus>();
-    final FileStatus fileStatus =  getFileStatus(f);
+    List<FileStatus> result;
+    final FileStatus fileStatus =  getFileStatus(path);
 
     if (fileStatus.isDirectory()) {
       if (!key.isEmpty()) {
-        key = key + "/";
+        key = key + '/';
       }
 
-      ListObjectsRequest request = new ListObjectsRequest();
-      request.setBucketName(bucket);
-      request.setPrefix(key);
-      request.setDelimiter("/");
-      request.setMaxKeys(maxKeys);
-
+      ListObjectsRequest request = createListObjectsRequest(key, "/");
       LOG.debug("listStatus: doing listObjects for directory {}", key);
 
-      ObjectListing objects = listObjects(request);
-
-      Path fQualified = f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir);
-
-      while (true) {
-        for (S3ObjectSummary summary : objects.getObjectSummaries()) {
-          Path keyPath = keyToPath(summary.getKey()).makeQualified(uri, workingDir);
-          // Skip over keys that are ourselves and old S3N _$folder$ files
-          if (keyPath.equals(fQualified) ||
-              summary.getKey().endsWith(S3N_FOLDER_SUFFIX)) {
-            LOG.debug("Ignoring: {}", keyPath);
-          } else {
-            S3AFileStatus status = createFileStatus(keyPath, summary,
-                getDefaultBlockSize(keyPath));
-            result.add(status);
-            LOG.debug("Adding: {}", status);
-          }
-        }
-
-        for (String prefix : objects.getCommonPrefixes()) {
-          Path keyPath = keyToPath(prefix).makeQualified(uri, workingDir);
-          if (!keyPath.equals(f)) {
-            result.add(new S3AFileStatus(true, false, keyPath));
-            LOG.debug("Adding: rd: {}", keyPath);
-          }
-        }
-
-        if (objects.isTruncated()) {
-          LOG.debug("listStatus: list truncated - getting next batch");
-          objects = continueListObjects(objects);
-        } else {
-          break;
-        }
+      Listing.FileStatusListingIterator files =
+          listing.createFileStatusListingIterator(path,
+              request,
+              ACCEPT_ALL,
+              new Listing.AcceptAllButSelfAndS3nDirs(path));
+      result = new ArrayList<>(files.getBatchSize());
+      while (files.hasNext()) {
+        result.add(files.next());
       }
+      return result.toArray(new FileStatus[result.size()]);
     } else {
-      LOG.debug("Adding: rd (not a dir): {}", f);
-      result.add(fileStatus);
+      LOG.debug("Adding: rd (not a dir): {}", path);
+      FileStatus[] stats = new FileStatus[1];
+      stats[0]= fileStatus;
+      return stats;
     }
+  }
 
-    return result.toArray(new FileStatus[result.size()]);
+  /**
+   * Create a {@code ListObjectsRequest} request against this bucket,
+   * with the maximum keys returned in a query set by {@link #maxKeys}.
+   * @param key key for request
+   * @param delimiter any delimiter
+   * @return the request
+   */
+  private ListObjectsRequest createListObjectsRequest(String key,
+      String delimiter) {
+    ListObjectsRequest request = new ListObjectsRequest();
+    request.setBucketName(bucket);
+    request.setMaxKeys(maxKeys);
+    request.setPrefix(key);
+    if (delimiter != null) {
+      request.setDelimiter(delimiter);
+    }
+    return request;
   }
 
   /**
@@ -1371,11 +1403,11 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
    * @throws java.io.FileNotFoundException when the path does not exist;
    * @throws IOException on other problems.
    */
-  public S3AFileStatus getFileStatus(Path f) throws IOException {
-    String key = pathToKey(f);
+  public S3AFileStatus getFileStatus(final Path f) throws IOException {
     incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_GET_FILE_STATUS);
-    LOG.debug("Getting path status for {}  ({})", f , key);
-
+    final Path path = qualify(f);
+    String key = pathToKey(path);
+    LOG.debug("Getting path status for {}  ({})", path , key);
     if (!key.isEmpty()) {
       try {
         ObjectMetadata meta = getObjectMetadata(key);
@@ -1383,20 +1415,20 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
         if (objectRepresentsDirectory(key, meta.getContentLength())) {
           LOG.debug("Found exact file: fake directory");
           return new S3AFileStatus(true, true,
-              f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir));
+              path);
         } else {
           LOG.debug("Found exact file: normal file");
           return new S3AFileStatus(meta.getContentLength(),
               dateToLong(meta.getLastModified()),
-              f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir),
-              getDefaultBlockSize(f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir)));
+              path,
+              getDefaultBlockSize(path));
         }
       } catch (AmazonServiceException e) {
         if (e.getStatusCode() != 404) {
-          throw translateException("getFileStatus", f, e);
+          throw translateException("getFileStatus", path, e);
         }
       } catch (AmazonClientException e) {
-        throw translateException("getFileStatus", f, e);
+        throw translateException("getFileStatus", path, e);
       }
 
       // Necessary?
@@ -1407,14 +1439,14 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
 
           if (objectRepresentsDirectory(newKey, meta.getContentLength())) {
             LOG.debug("Found file (with /): fake directory");
-            return new S3AFileStatus(true, true, f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir));
+            return new S3AFileStatus(true, true, path);
           } else {
             LOG.warn("Found file (with /): real file? should not happen: {}", key);
 
             return new S3AFileStatus(meta.getContentLength(),
                 dateToLong(meta.getLastModified()),
-                f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir),
-                getDefaultBlockSize(f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir)));
+                path,
+                getDefaultBlockSize(path));
           }
         } catch (AmazonServiceException e) {
           if (e.getStatusCode() != 404) {
@@ -1427,9 +1459,7 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
     }
 
     try {
-      if (!key.isEmpty() && !key.endsWith("/")) {
-        key = key + "/";
-      }
+      key = maybeAddTrailingSlash(key);
       ListObjectsRequest request = new ListObjectsRequest();
       request.setBucketName(bucket);
       request.setPrefix(key);
@@ -1453,11 +1483,10 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
           }
         }
 
-        return new S3AFileStatus(true, false,
-            f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir));
+        return new S3AFileStatus(true, false, path);
       } else if (key.isEmpty()) {
         LOG.debug("Found root directory");
-        return new S3AFileStatus(true, true, f.makeQualified(uri, workingDir));
+        return new S3AFileStatus(true, true, path);
       }
     } catch (AmazonServiceException e) {
       if (e.getStatusCode() != 404) {
@@ -1467,8 +1496,8 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
       throw translateException("getFileStatus", key, e);
     }
 
-    LOG.debug("Not Found: {}", f);
-    throw new FileNotFoundException("No such file or directory: " + f);
+    LOG.debug("Not Found: {}", path);
+    throw new FileNotFoundException("No such file or directory: " + path);
   }
 
   /**
@@ -1829,7 +1858,15 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
   }
 
   /**
-   * Override superclass so as to add statistic collection.
+   * Get the maximum key count.
+   * @return a value, valid after initialization
+   */
+  int getMaxKeys() {
+    return maxKeys;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Increments the statistic {@link Statistic#INVOCATION_GLOB_STATUS}.
    * {@inheritDoc}
    */
   @Override
@@ -1854,24 +1891,6 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
    * {@inheritDoc}
    */
   @Override
-  public RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> listLocatedStatus(Path f)
-      throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
-    incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_LIST_LOCATED_STATUS);
-    return super.listLocatedStatus(f);
-  }
-
-  @Override
-  public RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> listFiles(Path f,
-      boolean recursive) throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
-    incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_LIST_FILES);
-    return super.listFiles(f, recursive);
-  }
-
-  /**
-   * Override superclass so as to add statistic collection.
-   * {@inheritDoc}
-   */
-  @Override
   public boolean exists(Path f) throws IOException {
     incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_EXISTS);
     return super.exists(f);
@@ -1898,6 +1917,129 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
   }
 
   /**
+   * {@inheritDoc}.
+   *
+   * This implementation is optimized for S3, which can do a bulk listing
+   * off all entries under a path in one single operation. Thus there is
+   * no need to recursively walk the directory tree.
+   *
+   * Instead a {@link ListObjectsRequest} is created requesting a (windowed)
+   * listing of all entries under the given path. This is used to construct
+   * an {@code ObjectListingIterator} instance, iteratively returning the
+   * sequence of lists of elements under the path. This is then iterated
+   * over in a {@code FileStatusListingIterator}, which generates
+   * {@link S3AFileStatus} instances, one per listing entry.
+   * These are then translated into {@link LocatedFileStatus} instances.
+   *
+   * This is essentially a nested and wrapped set of iterators, with some
+   * generator classes; an architecture which may become less convoluted
+   * using lambda-expressions.
+   * @param f a path
+   * @param recursive if the subdirectories need to be traversed recursively
+   *
+   * @return an iterator that traverses statuses of the files/directories
+   *         in the given path
+   * @throws FileNotFoundException if {@code path} does not exist
+   * @throws IOException if any I/O error occurred
+   */
+  @Override
+  public RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> listFiles(Path f,
+      boolean recursive) throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
+    incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_LIST_FILES);
+    Path path = qualify(f);
+    LOG.debug("listFiles({}, {})", path, recursive);
+    try {
+      // lookup dir triggers existence check
+      final FileStatus fileStatus = getFileStatus(path);
+      if (fileStatus.isFile()) {
+        // simple case: File
+        LOG.debug("Path is a file");
+        return new Listing.SingleStatusRemoteIterator(
+            toLocatedFileStatus(fileStatus));
+      } else {
+        // directory: do a bulk operation
+        String key = maybeAddTrailingSlash(pathToKey(path));
+        String delimiter = recursive ? null : "/";
+        LOG.debug("Requesting all entries under {} with delimiter '{}'",
+            key, delimiter);
+        return listing.createLocatedFileStatusIterator(
+            listing.createFileStatusListingIterator(path,
+                createListObjectsRequest(key, delimiter),
+                ACCEPT_ALL,
+                new Listing.AcceptFilesOnly(path)));
+      }
+    } catch (AmazonClientException e) {
+      throw translateException("listFiles", path, e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Override superclass so as to add statistic collection.
+   * {@inheritDoc}
+   */
+  @Override
+  public RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> listLocatedStatus(Path f)
+      throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
+    return listLocatedStatus(f, ACCEPT_ALL);
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * {@inheritDoc}.
+   *
+   * S3 Optimized directory listing. The initial operation performs the
+   * first bulk listing; extra listings will take place
+   * when all the current set of results are used up.
+   * @param f a path
+   * @param filter a path filter
+   * @return an iterator that traverses statuses of the files/directories
+   *         in the given path
+   * @throws FileNotFoundException if {@code path} does not exist
+   * @throws IOException if any I/O error occurred
+   */
+  @Override
+  public RemoteIterator<LocatedFileStatus> listLocatedStatus(final Path f,
+      final PathFilter filter)
+      throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
+    incrementStatistic(INVOCATION_LIST_LOCATED_STATUS);
+    Path path = qualify(f);
+    LOG.debug("listLocatedStatus({}, {}", path, filter);
+    try {
+      // lookup dir triggers existence check
+      final FileStatus fileStatus = getFileStatus(path);
+      if (fileStatus.isFile()) {
+        // simple case: File
+        LOG.debug("Path is a file");
+        return new Listing.SingleStatusRemoteIterator(
+            filter.accept(path) ? toLocatedFileStatus(fileStatus) : null);
+      } else {
+        // directory: trigger a lookup
+        String key = maybeAddTrailingSlash(pathToKey(path));
+        return listing.createLocatedFileStatusIterator(
+            listing.createFileStatusListingIterator(path,
+                createListObjectsRequest(key, "/"),
+                filter,
+                new Listing.AcceptAllButSelfAndS3nDirs(path)));
+      }
+    } catch (AmazonClientException e) {
+      throw translateException("listLocatedStatus", path, e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Build a {@link LocatedFileStatus} from a {@link FileStatus} instance.
+   * @param status file status
+   * @return a located status with block locations set up from this FS.
+   * @throws IOException IO Problems.
+   */
+  LocatedFileStatus toLocatedFileStatus(FileStatus status)
+      throws IOException {
+    return new LocatedFileStatus(status,
+        status.isFile() ?
+          getFileBlockLocations(status, 0, status.getLen())
+          : null);
+  }
+
+  /**
    * Get a integer option >= the minimum allowed value.
    * @param conf configuration
    * @param key key to look up
@@ -1934,38 +2076,4 @@ public class S3AFileSystem extends FileSystem {
     return v;
   }
 
-  /**
-   * This is a simple encapsulation of the
-   * S3 access key and secret.
-   */
-  static class AWSAccessKeys {
-    private String accessKey = null;
-    private String accessSecret = null;
-
-    /**
-     * Constructor.
-     * @param key - AWS access key
-     * @param secret - AWS secret key
-     */
-    public AWSAccessKeys(String key, String secret) {
-      accessKey = key;
-      accessSecret = secret;
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Return the AWS access key.
-     * @return key
-     */
-    public String getAccessKey() {
-      return accessKey;
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Return the AWS secret key.
-     * @return secret
-     */
-    public String getAccessSecret() {
-      return accessSecret;
-    }
-  }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInstrumentation.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInstrumentation.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInstrumentation.java
index 514b974..b4c4063 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInstrumentation.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInstrumentation.java
@@ -95,6 +95,7 @@ public class S3AInstrumentation {
       OBJECT_COPY_REQUESTS,
       OBJECT_DELETE_REQUESTS,
       OBJECT_LIST_REQUESTS,
+      OBJECT_CONTINUE_LIST_REQUESTS,
       OBJECT_METADATA_REQUESTS,
       OBJECT_MULTIPART_UPLOAD_ABORTED,
       OBJECT_PUT_BYTES,

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AUtils.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AUtils.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AUtils.java
index 8033ac3..3d48fcd 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AUtils.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AUtils.java
@@ -280,4 +280,16 @@ public final class S3AUtils {
       return val;
     }
   }
+
+  /**
+   * String information about a summary entry for debug messages.
+   * @param summary summary object
+   * @return string value
+   */
+  public static String stringify(S3ObjectSummary summary) {
+    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder(summary.getKey().length() + 100);
+    builder.append(summary.getKey()).append(' ');
+    builder.append("size=").append(summary.getSize());
+    return builder.toString();
+  }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Statistic.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Statistic.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Statistic.java
index 36d163c..cbc34d6 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Statistic.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/Statistic.java
@@ -69,6 +69,8 @@ public enum Statistic {
   OBJECT_DELETE_REQUESTS("object_delete_requests", "Object delete requests"),
   OBJECT_LIST_REQUESTS("object_list_requests",
       "Number of object listings made"),
+  OBJECT_CONTINUE_LIST_REQUESTS("object_continue_list_requests",
+      "Number of continued object listings made"),
   OBJECT_METADATA_REQUESTS("object_metadata_requests",
       "Number of requests for object metadata"),
   OBJECT_MULTIPART_UPLOAD_ABORTED("object_multipart_aborted",

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/s3a/TestS3AContractGetFileStatus.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/s3a/TestS3AContractGetFileStatus.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/s3a/TestS3AContractGetFileStatus.java
index d7b8fe3..5937d49 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/s3a/TestS3AContractGetFileStatus.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/s3a/TestS3AContractGetFileStatus.java
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@ package org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.s3a;
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.AbstractFSContract;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.AbstractContractGetFileStatusTest;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.Constants;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3ATestUtils;
 
 public class TestS3AContractGetFileStatus extends AbstractContractGetFileStatusTest {
 
@@ -28,4 +30,18 @@ public class TestS3AContractGetFileStatus extends AbstractContractGetFileStatusT
     return new S3AContract(conf);
   }
 
+  @Override
+  public void teardown() throws Exception {
+    getLog().info("FS details {}", getFileSystem());
+    super.teardown();
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  protected Configuration createConfiguration() {
+    Configuration conf = super.createConfiguration();
+    S3ATestUtils.disableFilesystemCaching(conf);
+    // aggressively low page size forces tests to go multipage
+    conf.setInt(Constants.MAX_PAGING_KEYS, 2);
+    return conf;
+  }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3ATestUtils.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3ATestUtils.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3ATestUtils.java
index 39c6028..e45db48 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3ATestUtils.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3ATestUtils.java
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ public class S3ATestUtils {
       try {
         callback.call();
         return;
-      } catch (FailFastException e) {
+      } catch (InterruptedException | FailFastException e) {
         throw e;
       } catch (Exception e) {
         lastException = e;
@@ -321,7 +321,7 @@ public class S3ATestUtils {
      * @return true if the value is {@code ==} the other's
      */
     public boolean diffEquals(MetricDiff that) {
-      return this.currentValue() == that.currentValue();
+      return this.diff() == that.diff();
     }
 
     /**
@@ -330,7 +330,7 @@ public class S3ATestUtils {
      * @return true if the value is {@code <} the other's
      */
     public boolean diffLessThan(MetricDiff that) {
-      return this.currentValue() < that.currentValue();
+      return this.diff() < that.diff();
     }
 
     /**
@@ -339,7 +339,7 @@ public class S3ATestUtils {
      * @return true if the value is {@code <=} the other's
      */
     public boolean diffLessThanOrEquals(MetricDiff that) {
-      return this.currentValue() <= that.currentValue();
+      return this.diff() <= that.diff();
     }
 
     /**

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/822d661b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/scale/TestS3ADirectoryPerformance.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/scale/TestS3ADirectoryPerformance.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/scale/TestS3ADirectoryPerformance.java
index 7ece394..35ea3ad 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/scale/TestS3ADirectoryPerformance.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/scale/TestS3ADirectoryPerformance.java
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@
 
 package org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.scale;
 
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileStatus;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.Statistic;
 import org.junit.Test;
@@ -51,6 +50,8 @@ public class TestS3ADirectoryPerformance extends S3AScaleTestBase {
     int files = scale;
     MetricDiff metadataRequests = new MetricDiff(fs, OBJECT_METADATA_REQUESTS);
     MetricDiff listRequests = new MetricDiff(fs, OBJECT_LIST_REQUESTS);
+    MetricDiff listContinueRequests =
+        new MetricDiff(fs, OBJECT_CONTINUE_LIST_REQUESTS);
     MetricDiff listStatusCalls = new MetricDiff(fs, INVOCATION_LIST_FILES);
     MetricDiff getFileStatusCalls =
         new MetricDiff(fs, INVOCATION_GET_FILE_STATUS);
@@ -69,34 +70,29 @@ public class TestS3ADirectoryPerformance extends S3AScaleTestBase {
     printThenReset(LOG,
         metadataRequests,
         listRequests,
+        listContinueRequests,
         listStatusCalls,
         getFileStatusCalls);
 
+    describe("Listing files via treewalk");
     try {
       // Scan the directory via an explicit tree walk.
       // This is the baseline for any listing speedups.
-      MetricDiff treewalkMetadataRequests =
-          new MetricDiff(fs, OBJECT_METADATA_REQUESTS);
-      MetricDiff treewalkListRequests = new MetricDiff(fs,
-          OBJECT_LIST_REQUESTS);
-      MetricDiff treewalkListStatusCalls = new MetricDiff(fs,
-          INVOCATION_LIST_FILES);
-      MetricDiff treewalkGetFileStatusCalls =
-          new MetricDiff(fs, INVOCATION_GET_FILE_STATUS);
       NanoTimer treeWalkTimer = new NanoTimer();
       TreeScanResults treewalkResults = treeWalk(fs, listDir);
-      treeWalkTimer.end("List status via treewalk");
+      treeWalkTimer.end("List status via treewalk of %s", created);
 
-      print(LOG,
-          treewalkMetadataRequests,
-          treewalkListRequests,
-          treewalkListStatusCalls,
-          treewalkGetFileStatusCalls);
+      printThenReset(LOG,
+          metadataRequests,
+          listRequests,
+          listContinueRequests,
+          listStatusCalls,
+          getFileStatusCalls);
       assertEquals("Files found in listFiles(recursive=true) " +
               " created=" + created + " listed=" + treewalkResults,
           created.getFileCount(), treewalkResults.getFileCount());
 
-
+      describe("Listing files via listFiles(recursive=true)");
       // listFiles() does the recursion internally
       NanoTimer listFilesRecursiveTimer = new NanoTimer();
 
@@ -108,31 +104,33 @@ public class TestS3ADirectoryPerformance extends S3AScaleTestBase {
           " created=" + created  + " listed=" + listFilesResults,
           created.getFileCount(), listFilesResults.getFileCount());
 
-      treewalkListRequests.assertDiffEquals(listRequests);
-      printThenReset(LOG,
-          metadataRequests, listRequests,
-          listStatusCalls, getFileStatusCalls);
-
-      NanoTimer globStatusTimer = new NanoTimer();
-      FileStatus[] globStatusFiles = fs.globStatus(listDir);
-      globStatusTimer.end("Time to globStatus() %s", globStatusTimer);
-      LOG.info("Time for glob status {} entries: {}",
-          globStatusFiles.length,
-          toHuman(createTimer.duration()));
-      printThenReset(LOG,
+      // only two list operations should have taken place
+      print(LOG,
           metadataRequests,
           listRequests,
+          listContinueRequests,
           listStatusCalls,
           getFileStatusCalls);
+      assertEquals(listRequests.toString(), 2, listRequests.diff());
+      reset(metadataRequests,
+          listRequests,
+          listContinueRequests,
+          listStatusCalls,
+          getFileStatusCalls);
+
 
     } finally {
+      describe("deletion");
       // deletion at the end of the run
       NanoTimer deleteTimer = new NanoTimer();
       fs.delete(listDir, true);
       deleteTimer.end("Deleting directory tree");
       printThenReset(LOG,
-          metadataRequests, listRequests,
-          listStatusCalls, getFileStatusCalls);
+          metadataRequests,
+          listRequests,
+          listContinueRequests,
+          listStatusCalls,
+          getFileStatusCalls);
     }
   }
 


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