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From aengin...@apache.org
Subject [07/40] hadoop git commit: HADOOP-12994. Specify PositionedReadable, add contract tests, fix problems. Contributed by Steve Loughran.
Date Thu, 14 Apr 2016 06:15:14 GMT
HADOOP-12994. Specify PositionedReadable, add contract tests, fix problems. Contributed by Steve Loughran.


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/commit/843ee8d5
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/tree/843ee8d5
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/diff/843ee8d5

Branch: refs/heads/HDFS-7240
Commit: 843ee8d59d8bacbca0d87ccf0790772e39d16138
Parents: 9cb0c96
Author: Chris Nauroth <cnauroth@apache.org>
Authored: Fri Apr 8 13:36:58 2016 -0700
Committer: Chris Nauroth <cnauroth@apache.org>
Committed: Fri Apr 8 13:36:58 2016 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 .../apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoInputStream.java |   6 +-
 .../apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFileSystem.java    |  20 +-
 .../java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFs.java   |  24 +-
 .../org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSDataInputStream.java |  10 +-
 .../apache/hadoop/fs/FSExceptionMessages.java   |   6 +
 .../org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSInputStream.java     |  61 ++++-
 .../org/apache/hadoop/fs/HarFileSystem.java     |  12 +-
 .../apache/hadoop/fs/PositionedReadable.java    |  47 +++-
 .../apache/hadoop/fs/RawLocalFileSystem.java    |   8 +
 .../markdown/filesystem/fsdatainputstream.md    |  39 ++-
 .../hadoop/crypto/CryptoStreamsTestBase.java    |  10 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractAppendTest.java |   5 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractConcatTest.java |   2 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractCreateTest.java |  10 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractDeleteTest.java |  18 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractMkdirTest.java  |   9 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractOpenTest.java   |   4 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractRenameTest.java |  35 ++-
 .../AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest.java      |  14 +-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractContractSeekTest.java   | 259 ++++++++++++++++++-
 .../fs/contract/AbstractFSContractTestBase.java |   2 +-
 .../hadoop/fs/contract/ContractOptions.java     |  49 ++--
 .../hadoop/fs/contract/ContractTestUtils.java   |  25 +-
 .../src/test/resources/contract/localfs.xml     |   4 +-
 .../org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSInputStream.java  |   4 +
 .../hadoop/hdfs/web/ByteRangeInputStream.java   |  22 +-
 .../apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInputStream.java    |  40 +++
 .../hadoop/fs/azure/NativeAzureFileSystem.java  |   4 +-
 28 files changed, 575 insertions(+), 174 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoInputStream.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoInputStream.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoInputStream.java
index 2e87f91..b7ded92 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoInputStream.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoInputStream.java
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.crypto;
 
+import java.io.EOFException;
 import java.io.FileDescriptor;
 import java.io.FileInputStream;
 import java.io.FilterInputStream;
@@ -34,6 +35,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceStability;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.ByteBufferReadable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.CanSetDropBehind;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.CanSetReadahead;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSExceptionMessages;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.HasEnhancedByteBufferAccess;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.HasFileDescriptor;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.PositionedReadable;
@@ -395,7 +397,9 @@ public class CryptoInputStream extends FilterInputStream implements
   /** Seek to a position. */
   @Override
   public void seek(long pos) throws IOException {
-    Preconditions.checkArgument(pos >= 0, "Cannot seek to negative offset.");
+    if (pos < 0) {
+      throw new EOFException(FSExceptionMessages.NEGATIVE_SEEK);
+    }
     checkStream();
     try {
       /*

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFileSystem.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFileSystem.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFileSystem.java
index c19be3d..953d1c0 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFileSystem.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFileSystem.java
@@ -182,20 +182,18 @@ public abstract class ChecksumFileSystem extends FilterFileSystem {
     public int read(long position, byte[] b, int off, int len)
       throws IOException {
       // parameter check
-      if ((off | len | (off + len) | (b.length - (off + len))) < 0) {
-        throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
-      } else if (len == 0) {
+      validatePositionedReadArgs(position, b, off, len);
+      if (len == 0) {
         return 0;
       }
-      if( position<0 ) {
-        throw new IllegalArgumentException(
-            "Parameter position can not to be negative");
-      }
 
-      ChecksumFSInputChecker checker = new ChecksumFSInputChecker(fs, file);
-      checker.seek(position);
-      int nread = checker.read(b, off, len);
-      checker.close();
+      int nread;
+      try (ChecksumFSInputChecker checker =
+               new ChecksumFSInputChecker(fs, file)) {
+        checker.seek(position);
+        nread = checker.read(b, off, len);
+        checker.close();
+      }
       return nread;
     }
     

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFs.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFs.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFs.java
index ba0f1dd..2b632a1 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFs.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/ChecksumFs.java
@@ -164,28 +164,26 @@ public abstract class ChecksumFs extends FilterFs {
     public int available() throws IOException {
       return datas.available() + super.available();
     }
-    
+
     @Override
     public int read(long position, byte[] b, int off, int len)
       throws IOException, UnresolvedLinkException {
       // parameter check
-      if ((off | len | (off + len) | (b.length - (off + len))) < 0) {
-        throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
-      } else if (len == 0) {
+      validatePositionedReadArgs(position, b, off, len);
+      if (len == 0) {
         return 0;
       }
-      if (position<0) {
-        throw new IllegalArgumentException(
-            "Parameter position can not to be negative");
-      }
 
-      ChecksumFSInputChecker checker = new ChecksumFSInputChecker(fs, file);
-      checker.seek(position);
-      int nread = checker.read(b, off, len);
-      checker.close();
+      int nread;
+      try (ChecksumFSInputChecker checker =
+               new ChecksumFSInputChecker(fs, file)) {
+        checker.seek(position);
+        nread = checker.read(b, off, len);
+        checker.close();
+      }
       return nread;
     }
-    
+
     @Override
     public void close() throws IOException {
       datas.close();

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSDataInputStream.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSDataInputStream.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSDataInputStream.java
index 477bd6f..da98769 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSDataInputStream.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSDataInputStream.java
@@ -18,18 +18,21 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.fs;
 
-import java.io.*;
+import java.io.DataInputStream;
+import java.io.FileDescriptor;
+import java.io.FileInputStream;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.InputStream;
 import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
 import java.util.EnumSet;
 
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceStability;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.ByteBufferPool;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.ByteBufferUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.IdentityHashStore;
 
 /** Utility that wraps a {@link FSInputStream} in a {@link DataInputStream}
- * and buffers input through a {@link BufferedInputStream}. */
+ * and buffers input through a {@link java.io.BufferedInputStream}. */
 @InterfaceAudience.Public
 @InterfaceStability.Stable
 public class FSDataInputStream extends DataInputStream
@@ -97,6 +100,7 @@ public class FSDataInputStream extends DataInputStream
    * @param buffer    buffer into which data is read
    * @param offset    offset into the buffer in which data is written
    * @param length    the number of bytes to read
+   * @throws IOException IO problems
    * @throws EOFException If the end of stream is reached while reading.
    *                      If an exception is thrown an undetermined number
    *                      of bytes in the buffer may have been written. 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSExceptionMessages.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSExceptionMessages.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSExceptionMessages.java
index b80fb30..95724ff 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSExceptionMessages.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSExceptionMessages.java
@@ -40,4 +40,10 @@ public class FSExceptionMessages {
    */
   public static final String CANNOT_SEEK_PAST_EOF =
       "Attempted to seek or read past the end of the file";
+
+  public static final String EOF_IN_READ_FULLY =
+      "End of file reached before reading fully.";
+
+  public static final String TOO_MANY_BYTES_FOR_DEST_BUFFER
+      = "Requested more bytes than destination buffer size";
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSInputStream.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSInputStream.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSInputStream.java
index 148e674..64fbb45 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSInputStream.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FSInputStream.java
@@ -17,22 +17,28 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.fs;
 
-import java.io.*;
-import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
+import java.io.EOFException;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.InputStream;
 
+import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceStability;
-import org.apache.hadoop.fs.ZeroCopyUnavailableException;
+import org.slf4j.Logger;
+import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
 
 /****************************************************************
  * FSInputStream is a generic old InputStream with a little bit
  * of RAF-style seek ability.
  *
  *****************************************************************/
-@InterfaceAudience.LimitedPrivate({"HDFS"})
-@InterfaceStability.Unstable
+@InterfaceAudience.Public
+@InterfaceStability.Evolving
 public abstract class FSInputStream extends InputStream
     implements Seekable, PositionedReadable {
+  private static final Logger LOG =
+      LoggerFactory.getLogger(FSInputStream.class);
+
   /**
    * Seek to the given offset from the start of the file.
    * The next read() will be from that location.  Can't
@@ -57,32 +63,69 @@ public abstract class FSInputStream extends InputStream
   @Override
   public int read(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
     throws IOException {
+    validatePositionedReadArgs(position, buffer, offset, length);
+    if (length == 0) {
+      return 0;
+    }
     synchronized (this) {
       long oldPos = getPos();
       int nread = -1;
       try {
         seek(position);
         nread = read(buffer, offset, length);
+      } catch (EOFException e) {
+        // end of file; this can be raised by some filesystems
+        // (often: object stores); it is swallowed here.
+        LOG.debug("Downgrading EOFException raised trying to" +
+            " read {} bytes at offset {}", length, offset, e);
       } finally {
         seek(oldPos);
       }
       return nread;
     }
   }
-    
+
+  /**
+   * Validation code, available for use in subclasses.
+   * @param position position: if negative an EOF exception is raised
+   * @param buffer destination buffer
+   * @param offset offset within the buffer
+   * @param length length of bytes to read
+   * @throws EOFException if the position is negative
+   * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if there isn't space for the amount of
+   * data requested.
+   * @throws IllegalArgumentException other arguments are invalid.
+   */
+  protected void validatePositionedReadArgs(long position,
+      byte[] buffer, int offset, int length) throws EOFException {
+    Preconditions.checkArgument(length >= 0, "length is negative");
+    if (position < 0) {
+      throw new EOFException("position is negative");
+    }
+    Preconditions.checkArgument(buffer != null, "Null buffer");
+    if (buffer.length - offset < length) {
+      throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException(
+          FSExceptionMessages.TOO_MANY_BYTES_FOR_DEST_BUFFER);
+    }
+  }
+
   @Override
   public void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
     throws IOException {
+    validatePositionedReadArgs(position, buffer, offset, length);
     int nread = 0;
     while (nread < length) {
-      int nbytes = read(position+nread, buffer, offset+nread, length-nread);
+      int nbytes = read(position + nread,
+          buffer,
+          offset + nread,
+          length - nread);
       if (nbytes < 0) {
-        throw new EOFException("End of file reached before reading fully.");
+        throw new EOFException(FSExceptionMessages.EOF_IN_READ_FULLY);
       }
       nread += nbytes;
     }
   }
-    
+
   @Override
   public void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer)
     throws IOException {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/HarFileSystem.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/HarFileSystem.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/HarFileSystem.java
index ea5e6a3..5f6ae48 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/HarFileSystem.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/HarFileSystem.java
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.LineReader;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Progressable;
 
+import java.io.EOFException;
 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
@@ -1053,16 +1054,15 @@ public class HarFileSystem extends FileSystem {
       @Override
       public void readFully(long pos, byte[] b, int offset, int length) 
       throws IOException {
+        validatePositionedReadArgs(pos, b, offset, length);
+        if (length == 0) {
+          return;
+        }
         if (start + length + pos > end) {
-          throw new IOException("Not enough bytes to read.");
+          throw new EOFException("Not enough bytes to read.");
         }
         underLyingStream.readFully(pos + start, b, offset, length);
       }
-      
-      @Override
-      public void readFully(long pos, byte[] b) throws IOException {
-          readFully(pos, b, 0, b.length);
-      }
 
       @Override
       public void setReadahead(Long readahead) throws IOException {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/PositionedReadable.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/PositionedReadable.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/PositionedReadable.java
index a2384cd..6744d17 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/PositionedReadable.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/PositionedReadable.java
@@ -22,30 +22,67 @@ import java.io.*;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceStability;
 
-/** Stream that permits positional reading. */
+/**
+ * Stream that permits positional reading.
+ *
+ * Implementations are required to implement thread-safe operations; this may
+ * be supported by concurrent access to the data, or by using a synchronization
+ * mechanism to serialize access.
+ *
+ * Not all implementations meet this requirement. Those that do not cannot
+ * be used as a backing store for some applications, such as Apache HBase.
+ *
+ * Independent of whether or not they are thread safe, some implementations
+ * may make the intermediate state of the system, specifically the position
+ * obtained in {@code Seekable.getPos()} visible.
+ */
 @InterfaceAudience.Public
 @InterfaceStability.Evolving
 public interface PositionedReadable {
   /**
-   * Read upto the specified number of bytes, from a given
+   * Read up to the specified number of bytes, from a given
    * position within a file, and return the number of bytes read. This does not
    * change the current offset of a file, and is thread-safe.
+   *
+   * <i>Warning: Not all filesystems satisfy the thread-safety requirement.</i>
+   * @param position position within file
+   * @param buffer destination buffer
+   * @param offset offset in the buffer
+   * @param length number of bytes to read
+   * @return actual number of bytes read; -1 means "none"
+   * @throws IOException IO problems.
    */
-  public int read(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
+  int read(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
     throws IOException;
   
   /**
    * Read the specified number of bytes, from a given
    * position within a file. This does not
    * change the current offset of a file, and is thread-safe.
+   *
+   * <i>Warning: Not all filesystems satisfy the thread-safety requirement.</i>
+   * @param position position within file
+   * @param buffer destination buffer
+   * @param offset offset in the buffer
+   * @param length number of bytes to read
+   * @throws IOException IO problems.
+   * @throws EOFException the end of the data was reached before
+   * the read operation completed
    */
-  public void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
+  void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
     throws IOException;
   
   /**
    * Read number of bytes equal to the length of the buffer, from a given
    * position within a file. This does not
    * change the current offset of a file, and is thread-safe.
+   *
+   * <i>Warning: Not all filesystems satisfy the thread-safety requirement.</i>
+   * @param position position within file
+   * @param buffer destination buffer
+   * @throws IOException IO problems.
+   * @throws EOFException the end of the data was reached before
+   * the read operation completed
    */
-  public void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer) throws IOException;
+  void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer) throws IOException;
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/RawLocalFileSystem.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/RawLocalFileSystem.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/RawLocalFileSystem.java
index 3e984e3..8ef8392 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/RawLocalFileSystem.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/RawLocalFileSystem.java
@@ -160,6 +160,8 @@ public class RawLocalFileSystem extends FileSystem {
     
     @Override
     public int read(byte[] b, int off, int len) throws IOException {
+      // parameter check
+      validatePositionedReadArgs(position, b, off, len);
       try {
         int value = fis.read(b, off, len);
         if (value > 0) {
@@ -175,6 +177,12 @@ public class RawLocalFileSystem extends FileSystem {
     @Override
     public int read(long position, byte[] b, int off, int len)
       throws IOException {
+      // parameter check
+      validatePositionedReadArgs(position, b, off, len);
+      if (len == 0) {
+        return 0;
+      }
+
       ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.wrap(b, off, len);
       try {
         int value = fis.getChannel().read(bb, position);

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/markdown/filesystem/fsdatainputstream.md
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/markdown/filesystem/fsdatainputstream.md b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/markdown/filesystem/fsdatainputstream.md
index 4b4318e..de6b861 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/markdown/filesystem/fsdatainputstream.md
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/markdown/filesystem/fsdatainputstream.md
@@ -279,6 +279,9 @@ on the underlying stream:
     read(dest3, ... len3) -> dest3[0..len3 - 1] =
       [data(FS, path, pos3), data(FS, path, pos3 + 1) ... data(FS, path, pos3 + len3 - 1]
 
+Note that implementations are not required to be atomic; the intermediate state
+of the operation (the change in the value of `getPos()`) may be visible.
+
 #### Implementation preconditions
 
 Not all `FSDataInputStream` implementations support these operations. Those that do
@@ -287,7 +290,7 @@ interface.
 
     supported(FSDIS, Seekable.seek) else raise [UnsupportedOperationException, IOException]
 
-This could be considered obvious: if a stream is not Seekable, a client
+This could be considered obvious: if a stream is not `Seekable`, a client
 cannot seek to a location. It is also a side effect of the
 base class implementation, which uses `Seekable.seek()`.
 
@@ -304,14 +307,14 @@ For any operations that fail, the contents of the destination
 `buffer` are undefined. Implementations may overwrite part
 or all of the buffer before reporting a failure.
 
-
-
 ### `int PositionedReadable.read(position, buffer, offset, length)`
 
+Read as much data as possible into the buffer space allocated for it.
+
 #### Preconditions
 
-    position > 0 else raise [IllegalArgumentException, RuntimeException]
-    len(buffer) + offset < len(data) else raise [IndexOutOfBoundException, RuntimeException]
+    position >= 0 else raise [EOFException, IOException, IllegalArgumentException, RuntimeException]
+    len(buffer) - offset >= length else raise [IndexOutOfBoundException, RuntimeException]
     length >= 0
     offset >= 0
 
@@ -324,23 +327,36 @@ of data available from the specified position:
     buffer'[offset..(offset+available-1)] = data[position..position+available -1]
     result = available
 
+1. A return value of -1 means that the stream had no more available data.
+1. An invocation with `length==0` implicitly does not read any data;
+implementations may short-cut the operation and omit any IO. In such instances,
+checks for the stream being at the end of the file may be omitted.
+1. If an IO exception occurs during the read operation(s),
+the final state of `buffer` is undefined.
 
 ### `void PositionedReadable.readFully(position, buffer, offset, length)`
 
+Read exactly `length` bytes of data into the buffer, failing if there is not
+enough data available.
+
 #### Preconditions
 
-    position > 0 else raise [IllegalArgumentException, RuntimeException]
+    position >= 0 else raise [EOFException, IOException, IllegalArgumentException, RuntimeException]
     length >= 0
     offset >= 0
+    len(buffer) - offset >= length else raise [IndexOutOfBoundException, RuntimeException]
     (position + length) <= len(data) else raise [EOFException, IOException]
-    len(buffer) + offset < len(data)
+
+If an IO exception occurs during the read operation(s),
+the final state of `buffer` is undefined.
+
+If there is not enough data in the input stream to satisfy the requests,
+the final state of `buffer` is undefined.
 
 #### Postconditions
 
-The amount of data read is the less of the length or the amount
-of data available from the specified position:
+The buffer from offset `offset` is filled with the data starting at `position`
 
-    let available = min(length, len(data)-position)
     buffer'[offset..(offset+length-1)] = data[position..(position + length -1)]
 
 ### `PositionedReadable.readFully(position, buffer)`
@@ -349,6 +365,9 @@ The semantics of this are exactly equivalent to
 
     readFully(position, buffer, 0, len(buffer))
 
+That is, the buffer is filled entirely with the contents of the input source
+from position `position`
+
 
 ## Consistency
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoStreamsTestBase.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoStreamsTestBase.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoStreamsTestBase.java
index 86bb64d..f9c8c16 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoStreamsTestBase.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/crypto/CryptoStreamsTestBase.java
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.crypto;
 
+import java.io.EOFException;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.InputStream;
 import java.io.OutputStream;
@@ -29,6 +30,7 @@ import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
 import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.ByteBufferReadable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSExceptionMessages;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.HasEnhancedByteBufferAccess;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.PositionedReadable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.ReadOption;
@@ -339,7 +341,7 @@ public abstract class CryptoStreamsTestBase {
     try {
       ((PositionedReadable) in).readFully(pos, result);
       Assert.fail("Read fully exceeds maximum length should fail.");
-    } catch (IOException e) {
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
     }
   }
   
@@ -365,9 +367,9 @@ public abstract class CryptoStreamsTestBase {
     try {
       seekCheck(in, -3);
       Assert.fail("Seek to negative offset should fail.");
-    } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
-      GenericTestUtils.assertExceptionContains("Cannot seek to negative " +
-          "offset", e);
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      GenericTestUtils.assertExceptionContains(
+          FSExceptionMessages.NEGATIVE_SEEK, e);
     }
     Assert.assertEquals(pos, ((Seekable) in).getPos());
     

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractAppendTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractAppendTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractAppendTest.java
index d3e6741..6b3e98b 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractAppendTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractAppendTest.java
@@ -52,11 +52,8 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractAppendTest extends AbstractFSContractTestB
   public void testAppendToEmptyFile() throws Throwable {
     touch(getFileSystem(), target);
     byte[] dataset = dataset(256, 'a', 'z');
-    FSDataOutputStream outputStream = getFileSystem().append(target);
-    try {
+    try (FSDataOutputStream outputStream = getFileSystem().append(target)) {
       outputStream.write(dataset);
-    } finally {
-      outputStream.close();
     }
     byte[] bytes = ContractTestUtils.readDataset(getFileSystem(), target,
                                                  dataset.length);

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractConcatTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractConcatTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractConcatTest.java
index 69e902b..7b12086 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractConcatTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractConcatTest.java
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractConcatTest extends AbstractFSContractTestB
     target = new Path(testPath, "target");
 
     byte[] block = dataset(TEST_FILE_LEN, 0, 255);
-    createFile(getFileSystem(), srcFile, false, block);
+    createFile(getFileSystem(), srcFile, true, block);
     touch(getFileSystem(), zeroByteFile);
   }
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractCreateTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractCreateTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractCreateTest.java
index f42ab78..9344225 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractCreateTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractCreateTest.java
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractCreateTest extends
     } catch (AssertionError failure) {
       if (isSupported(IS_BLOBSTORE)) {
         // file/directory hack surfaces here
-        throw new AssumptionViolatedException(failure.toString()).initCause(failure);
+        throw new AssumptionViolatedException(failure.toString(), failure);
       }
       // else: rethrow
       throw failure;
@@ -163,13 +163,11 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractCreateTest extends
   public void testCreatedFileIsImmediatelyVisible() throws Throwable {
     describe("verify that a newly created file exists as soon as open returns");
     Path path = path("testCreatedFileIsImmediatelyVisible");
-    FSDataOutputStream out = null;
-    try {
-      out = getFileSystem().create(path,
+    try(FSDataOutputStream out = getFileSystem().create(path,
                                    false,
                                    4096,
                                    (short) 1,
-                                   1024);
+                                   1024)) {
       if (!getFileSystem().exists(path)) {
 
         if (isSupported(IS_BLOBSTORE)) {
@@ -180,8 +178,6 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractCreateTest extends
         assertPathExists("expected path to be visible before anything written",
                          path);
       }
-    } finally {
-      IOUtils.closeStream(out);
     }
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractDeleteTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractDeleteTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractDeleteTest.java
index 2bd60ca..6809fb3 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractDeleteTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractDeleteTest.java
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractDeleteTest extends
   @Test
   public void testDeleteNonexistentPathRecursive() throws Throwable {
     Path path = path("testDeleteNonexistentPathRecursive");
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathDoesNotExist(getFileSystem(), "leftover", path);
+    assertPathDoesNotExist("leftover", path);
     ContractTestUtils.rejectRootOperation(path);
     assertFalse("Returned true attempting to delete"
                 + " a nonexistent path " + path,
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractDeleteTest extends
   @Test
   public void testDeleteNonexistentPathNonRecursive() throws Throwable {
     Path path = path("testDeleteNonexistentPathNonRecursive");
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathDoesNotExist(getFileSystem(), "leftover", path);
+    assertPathDoesNotExist("leftover", path);
     ContractTestUtils.rejectRootOperation(path);
     assertFalse("Returned true attempting to recursively delete"
                 + " a nonexistent path " + path,
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractDeleteTest extends
       //expected
       handleExpectedException(expected);
     }
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), path);
+    assertIsDirectory(path);
   }
 
   @Test
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractDeleteTest extends
     ContractTestUtils.writeTextFile(getFileSystem(), file, "goodbye, world",
                                     true);
     assertDeleted(path, true);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathDoesNotExist(getFileSystem(), "not deleted", file);
+    assertPathDoesNotExist("not deleted", file);
   }
 
   @Test
@@ -100,12 +100,11 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractDeleteTest extends
     mkdirs(path("testDeleteDeepEmptyDir/d1/d2/d3/d4"));
     assertDeleted(path("testDeleteDeepEmptyDir/d1/d2/d3"), true);
 
-    FileSystem fs = getFileSystem();
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathDoesNotExist(fs,
+    assertPathDoesNotExist(
         "not deleted", path("testDeleteDeepEmptyDir/d1/d2/d3/d4"));
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathDoesNotExist(fs,
+    assertPathDoesNotExist(
         "not deleted", path("testDeleteDeepEmptyDir/d1/d2/d3"));
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "parent dir is deleted",
+    assertPathExists( "parent dir is deleted",
         path("testDeleteDeepEmptyDir/d1/d2"));
   }
 
@@ -117,8 +116,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractDeleteTest extends
     Path file = new Path(path, "childfile");
     ContractTestUtils.writeTextFile(getFileSystem(), file,
         "single file to be deleted.", true);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(getFileSystem(),
-        "single file not created", file);
+    assertPathExists("single file not created", file);
     assertDeleted(file, false);
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractMkdirTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractMkdirTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractMkdirTest.java
index 86fd61f..427b0e9 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractMkdirTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractMkdirTest.java
@@ -67,12 +67,9 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractMkdirTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBa
       boolean made = fs.mkdirs(path);
       fail("mkdirs did not fail over a file but returned " + made
             + "; " + ls(path));
-    } catch (ParentNotDirectoryException e) {
+    } catch (ParentNotDirectoryException | FileAlreadyExistsException e) {
       //parent is a directory
       handleExpectedException(e);
-    } catch (FileAlreadyExistsException e) {
-      //also allowed as an exception (HDFS)
-      handleExpectedException(e);;
     } catch (IOException e) {
       //here the FS says "no create"
       handleRelaxedException("mkdirs", "FileAlreadyExistsException", e);
@@ -97,11 +94,9 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractMkdirTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBa
       boolean made = fs.mkdirs(child);
       fail("mkdirs did not fail over a file but returned " + made
            + "; " + ls(path));
-    } catch (ParentNotDirectoryException e) {
+    } catch (ParentNotDirectoryException | FileAlreadyExistsException e) {
       //parent is a directory
       handleExpectedException(e);
-    } catch (FileAlreadyExistsException e) {
-      handleExpectedException(e);
     } catch (IOException e) {
       handleRelaxedException("mkdirs", "ParentNotDirectoryException", e);
     }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractOpenTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractOpenTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractOpenTest.java
index cbbb27e..f9b16f4 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractOpenTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractOpenTest.java
@@ -125,10 +125,10 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractOpenTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
     createFile(getFileSystem(), path, false, block);
     //open first
     FSDataInputStream instream1 = getFileSystem().open(path);
-    int c = instream1.read();
-    assertEquals(0,c);
     FSDataInputStream instream2 = null;
     try {
+      int c = instream1.read();
+      assertEquals(0,c);
       instream2 = getFileSystem().open(path);
       assertEquals("first read of instream 2", 0, instream2.read());
       assertEquals("second read of instream 1", 1, instream1.read());

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRenameTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRenameTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRenameTest.java
index 04c444d..b0dcb93 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRenameTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRenameTest.java
@@ -26,8 +26,7 @@ import org.junit.Test;
 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 import java.io.IOException;
 
-import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.dataset;
-import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.writeDataset;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.*;
 
 /**
  * Test creating files, overwrite options &c
@@ -46,9 +45,9 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRenameTest extends
     boolean rename = rename(renameSrc, renameTarget);
     assertTrue("rename("+renameSrc+", "+ renameTarget+") returned false",
         rename);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertListStatusFinds(getFileSystem(),
+    assertListStatusFinds(getFileSystem(),
         renameTarget.getParent(), renameTarget);
-    ContractTestUtils.verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), renameTarget, data);
+    verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), renameTarget, data);
   }
 
   @Test
@@ -129,7 +128,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRenameTest extends
     }
     // verify that the destination file is as expected based on the expected
     // outcome
-    ContractTestUtils.verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), destFile,
+    verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), destFile,
         destUnchanged? destData: srcData);
   }
 
@@ -154,7 +153,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRenameTest extends
     Path renamedSrc = new Path(destDir, sourceSubdir);
     assertIsFile(destFilePath);
     assertIsDirectory(renamedSrc);
-    ContractTestUtils.verifyFileContents(fs, destFilePath, destDateset);
+    verifyFileContents(fs, destFilePath, destDateset);
     assertTrue("rename returned false though the contents were copied", rename);
   }
 
@@ -172,10 +171,10 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRenameTest extends
       boolean rename = rename(renameSrc, renameTarget);
       if (renameCreatesDestDirs) {
         assertTrue(rename);
-        ContractTestUtils.verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), renameTarget, data);
+        verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), renameTarget, data);
       } else {
         assertFalse(rename);
-        ContractTestUtils.verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), renameSrc, data);
+        verifyFileContents(getFileSystem(), renameSrc, data);
       }
     } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
        // allowed unless that rename flag is set
@@ -191,36 +190,36 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRenameTest extends
     final Path finalDir = new Path(renameTestDir, "dest");
     FileSystem fs = getFileSystem();
     boolean renameRemoveEmptyDest = isSupported(RENAME_REMOVE_DEST_IF_EMPTY_DIR);
-    ContractTestUtils.rm(fs, renameTestDir, true, false);
+    rm(fs, renameTestDir, true, false);
 
     fs.mkdirs(srcDir);
     fs.mkdirs(finalDir);
-    ContractTestUtils.writeTextFile(fs, new Path(srcDir, "source.txt"),
+    writeTextFile(fs, new Path(srcDir, "source.txt"),
         "this is the file in src dir", false);
-    ContractTestUtils.writeTextFile(fs, new Path(srcSubDir, "subfile.txt"),
+    writeTextFile(fs, new Path(srcSubDir, "subfile.txt"),
         "this is the file in src/sub dir", false);
 
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "not created in src dir",
+    assertPathExists("not created in src dir",
         new Path(srcDir, "source.txt"));
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "not created in src/sub dir",
+    assertPathExists("not created in src/sub dir",
         new Path(srcSubDir, "subfile.txt"));
 
     fs.rename(srcDir, finalDir);
     // Accept both POSIX rename behavior and CLI rename behavior
     if (renameRemoveEmptyDest) {
       // POSIX rename behavior
-      ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "not renamed into dest dir",
+      assertPathExists("not renamed into dest dir",
           new Path(finalDir, "source.txt"));
-      ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "not renamed into dest/sub dir",
+      assertPathExists("not renamed into dest/sub dir",
           new Path(finalDir, "sub/subfile.txt"));
     } else {
       // CLI rename behavior
-      ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "not renamed into dest dir",
+      assertPathExists("not renamed into dest dir",
           new Path(finalDir, "src1/source.txt"));
-      ContractTestUtils.assertPathExists(fs, "not renamed into dest/sub dir",
+      assertPathExists("not renamed into dest/sub dir",
           new Path(finalDir, "src1/sub/subfile.txt"));
     }
-    ContractTestUtils.assertPathDoesNotExist(fs, "not deleted",
+    assertPathDoesNotExist("not deleted",
         new Path(srcDir, "source.txt"));
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest.java
index fb1455e..7273945 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest.java
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest extends AbstractFSContra
     Path dir = new Path("/testmkdirdepth1");
     assertPathDoesNotExist("directory already exists", dir);
     fs.mkdirs(dir);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), dir);
+    assertIsDirectory(dir);
     assertPathExists("directory already exists", dir);
     assertDeleted(dir, true);
   }
@@ -61,10 +61,10 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest extends AbstractFSContra
     //extra sanity checks here to avoid support calls about complete loss of data
     skipIfUnsupported(TEST_ROOT_TESTS_ENABLED);
     Path root = new Path("/");
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), root);
+    assertIsDirectory(root);
     boolean deleted = getFileSystem().delete(root, true);
     LOG.info("rm / of empty dir result is {}", deleted);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), root);
+    assertIsDirectory(root);
   }
 
   @Test
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest extends AbstractFSContra
     String touchfile = "/testRmNonEmptyRootDirNonRecursive";
     Path file = new Path(touchfile);
     ContractTestUtils.touch(getFileSystem(), file);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), root);
+    assertIsDirectory(root);
     try {
       boolean deleted = getFileSystem().delete(root, false);
       fail("non recursive delete should have raised an exception," +
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest extends AbstractFSContra
     } finally {
       getFileSystem().delete(file, false);
     }
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), root);
+    assertIsDirectory(root);
   }
 
   @Test
@@ -94,11 +94,11 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractRootDirectoryTest extends AbstractFSContra
     //extra sanity checks here to avoid support calls about complete loss of data
     skipIfUnsupported(TEST_ROOT_TESTS_ENABLED);
     Path root = new Path("/");
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), root);
+    assertIsDirectory(root);
     Path file = new Path("/testRmRootRecursive");
     ContractTestUtils.touch(getFileSystem(), file);
     boolean deleted = getFileSystem().delete(root, true);
-    ContractTestUtils.assertIsDirectory(getFileSystem(), root);
+    assertIsDirectory(root);
     LOG.info("rm -rf / result is {}", deleted);
     if (deleted) {
       assertPathDoesNotExist("expected file to be deleted", file);

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractSeekTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractSeekTest.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractSeekTest.java
index 8f56510..f1ca8cb 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractSeekTest.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractContractSeekTest.java
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ package org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract;
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.CommonConfigurationKeysPublic;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataInputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;
 import org.junit.Test;
@@ -31,9 +32,9 @@ import java.io.EOFException;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.util.Random;
 
-import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.cleanup;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.createFile;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.dataset;
+import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.skip;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.touch;
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.contract.ContractTestUtils.verifyRead;
 
@@ -46,7 +47,6 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
 
   public static final int DEFAULT_RANDOM_SEEK_COUNT = 100;
 
-  private Path testPath;
   private Path smallSeekFile;
   private Path zeroByteFile;
   private FSDataInputStream instream;
@@ -56,13 +56,13 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
     super.setup();
     skipIfUnsupported(SUPPORTS_SEEK);
     //delete the test directory
-    testPath = getContract().getTestPath();
     smallSeekFile = path("seekfile.txt");
     zeroByteFile = path("zero.txt");
     byte[] block = dataset(TEST_FILE_LEN, 0, 255);
     //this file now has a simple rule: offset => value
-    createFile(getFileSystem(), smallSeekFile, false, block);
-    touch(getFileSystem(), zeroByteFile);
+    FileSystem fs = getFileSystem();
+    createFile(fs, smallSeekFile, true, block);
+    touch(fs, zeroByteFile);
   }
 
   @Override
@@ -79,6 +79,21 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
     super.teardown();
   }
 
+  /**
+   * Skip a test case if the FS doesn't support positioned readable.
+   * This should hold automatically if the FS supports seek, even
+   * if it doesn't support seeking past the EOF.
+   * And, because this test suite requires seek to be supported, the
+   * feature is automatically assumed to be true unless stated otherwise.
+   */
+  protected void assumeSupportsPositionedReadable() throws IOException {
+    // because this ,
+    if (!getContract().isSupported(SUPPORTS_POSITIONED_READABLE, true)) {
+      skip("Skipping as unsupported feature: "
+          + SUPPORTS_POSITIONED_READABLE);
+    }
+  }
+
   @Test
   public void testSeekZeroByteFile() throws Throwable {
     describe("seek and read a 0 byte file");
@@ -282,6 +297,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
   public void testPositionedBulkReadDoesntChangePosition() throws Throwable {
     describe(
       "verify that a positioned read does not change the getPos() value");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
     Path testSeekFile = path("bigseekfile.txt");
     byte[] block = dataset(65536, 0, 255);
     createFile(getFileSystem(), testSeekFile, false, block);
@@ -290,8 +306,9 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
     assertTrue(-1 != instream.read());
     assertEquals(40000, instream.getPos());
 
-    byte[] readBuffer = new byte[256];
-    instream.read(128, readBuffer, 0, readBuffer.length);
+    int v = 256;
+    byte[] readBuffer = new byte[v];
+    assertEquals(v, instream.read(128, readBuffer, 0, v));
     //have gone back
     assertEquals(40000, instream.getPos());
     //content is the same too
@@ -317,12 +334,11 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
     Path randomSeekFile = path("testrandomseeks.bin");
     createFile(getFileSystem(), randomSeekFile, false, buf);
     Random r = new Random();
-    FSDataInputStream stm = getFileSystem().open(randomSeekFile);
 
     // Record the sequence of seeks and reads which trigger a failure.
     int[] seeks = new int[10];
     int[] reads = new int[10];
-    try {
+    try (FSDataInputStream stm = getFileSystem().open(randomSeekFile)) {
       for (int i = 0; i < limit; i++) {
         int seekOff = r.nextInt(buf.length);
         int toRead = r.nextInt(Math.min(buf.length - seekOff, 32000));
@@ -336,13 +352,232 @@ public abstract class AbstractContractSeekTest extends AbstractFSContractTestBas
       sb.append("Sequence of actions:\n");
       for (int j = 0; j < seeks.length; j++) {
         sb.append("seek @ ").append(seeks[j]).append("  ")
-          .append("read ").append(reads[j]).append("\n");
+            .append("read ").append(reads[j]).append("\n");
       }
       LOG.error(sb.toString());
       throw afe;
-    } finally {
-      stm.close();
     }
   }
 
+  @Test
+  public void testReadFullyZeroByteFile() throws Throwable {
+    describe("readFully against a 0 byte file");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(zeroByteFile);
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+    byte[] buffer = new byte[1];
+    instream.readFully(0, buffer, 0, 0);
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+    // seek to 0 read 0 bytes from it
+    instream.seek(0);
+    assertEquals(0, instream.read(buffer, 0, 0));
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadFullyPastEOFZeroByteFile() throws Throwable {
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    describe("readFully past the EOF of a 0 byte file");
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(zeroByteFile);
+    byte[] buffer = new byte[1];
+    // try to read past end of file
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(0, buffer, 0, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException
+        | EOFException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadFullySmallFile() throws Throwable {
+    describe("readFully operations");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(smallSeekFile);
+    byte[] buffer = new byte[256];
+    // expect negative length to fail
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(0, buffer, 0, -16);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+    // negative offset into buffer
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(0, buffer, -1, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+    // expect negative position to fail, ideally with EOF
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(-1, buffer);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      handleExpectedException(e);
+    } catch (IOException |IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      handleRelaxedException("readFully with a negative position ",
+          "EOFException",
+          e);
+    }
+
+    // read more than the offset allows
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(0, buffer, buffer.length - 8, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+
+    // read properly
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+    instream.readFully(0, buffer);
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+
+    // now read the entire file in one go
+    byte[] fullFile = new byte[TEST_FILE_LEN];
+    instream.readFully(0, fullFile);
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(16, fullFile);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      handleExpectedException(e);
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      handleRelaxedException("readFully which reads past EOF ",
+          "EOFException",
+          e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadFullyPastEOF() throws Throwable {
+    describe("readFully past the EOF of a file");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(smallSeekFile);
+    byte[] buffer = new byte[256];
+
+    // now read past the end of the file
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(TEST_FILE_LEN + 1, buffer);
+      fail("Expected an exception");
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      handleExpectedException(e);
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      handleRelaxedException("readFully with an offset past EOF ",
+          "EOFException",
+          e);
+    }
+    // read zero bytes from an offset past EOF.
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(TEST_FILE_LEN + 1, buffer, 0, 0);
+      // a zero byte read may fail-fast
+      LOG.info("Filesystem short-circuits 0-byte reads");
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      handleExpectedException(e);
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      handleRelaxedException("readFully(0 bytes) with an offset past EOF ",
+          "EOFException",
+          e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadFullyZeroBytebufferPastEOF() throws Throwable {
+    describe("readFully zero bytes from an offset past EOF");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(smallSeekFile);
+    byte[] buffer = new byte[256];
+    try {
+      instream.readFully(TEST_FILE_LEN + 1, buffer, 0, 0);
+      // a zero byte read may fail-fast
+      LOG.info("Filesystem short-circuits 0-byte reads");
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      handleExpectedException(e);
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      handleRelaxedException("readFully(0 bytes) with an offset past EOF ",
+          "EOFException",
+          e);
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadNullBuffer() throws Throwable {
+    describe("try to read a null buffer ");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    try (FSDataInputStream in = getFileSystem().open(smallSeekFile)) {
+      // Null buffer
+      int r = in.read(0, null, 0, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception from a read into a null buffer, got " + r);
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadSmallFile() throws Throwable {
+    describe("PositionedRead.read operations");
+    assumeSupportsPositionedReadable();
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(smallSeekFile);
+    byte[] buffer = new byte[256];
+    int r;
+    // expect negative length to fail
+    try {
+      r = instream.read(0, buffer, 0, -16);
+      fail("Expected an exception, got " + r);
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+    // negative offset into buffer
+    try {
+      r = instream.read(0, buffer, -1, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception, got " + r);
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+    // negative position
+    try {
+      r = instream.read(-1, buffer, 0, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception, got " + r);
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      handleExpectedException(e);
+    } catch (IOException | IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      handleRelaxedException("read() with a negative position ",
+          "EOFException",
+          e);
+    }
+
+    // read more than the offset allows
+    try {
+      r = instream.read(0, buffer, buffer.length - 8, 16);
+      fail("Expected an exception, got " + r);
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException | IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
+      // expected
+    }
+
+    // read properly
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+    instream.readFully(0, buffer);
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+
+    // now read the entire file in one go
+    byte[] fullFile = new byte[TEST_FILE_LEN];
+    assertEquals(TEST_FILE_LEN,
+        instream.read(0, fullFile, 0, fullFile.length));
+    assertEquals(0, instream.getPos());
+
+    // now read past the end of the file
+    assertEquals(-1,
+        instream.read(TEST_FILE_LEN + 16, buffer, 0, 1));
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadAtExactEOF() throws Throwable {
+    describe("read at the end of the file");
+    instream = getFileSystem().open(smallSeekFile);
+    instream.seek(TEST_FILE_LEN -1);
+    assertTrue("read at last byte", instream.read() > 0);
+    assertEquals("read just past EOF", -1, instream.read());
+  }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractFSContractTestBase.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractFSContractTestBase.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractFSContractTestBase.java
index a000ec8..03bf2aa 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractFSContractTestBase.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/AbstractFSContractTestBase.java
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ public abstract class AbstractFSContractTestBase extends Assert
   public static final int DEFAULT_TEST_TIMEOUT = 180 * 1000;
 
   /**
-   * The FS contract used for these tets
+   * The FS contract used for these tests
    */
   private AbstractFSContract contract;
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractOptions.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractOptions.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractOptions.java
index d8c2592..c8af062 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractOptions.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractOptions.java
@@ -53,20 +53,20 @@ public interface ContractOptions {
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that the FS can rename into directories that
    * don't exist, creating them as needed.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String RENAME_CREATES_DEST_DIRS = "rename-creates-dest-dirs";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that the FS does not follow the rename contract -and
    * instead only returns false on a failure.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String RENAME_OVERWRITES_DEST = "rename-overwrites-dest";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that the FS returns false if the destination exists
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String RENAME_RETURNS_FALSE_IF_DEST_EXISTS =
       "rename-returns-false-if-dest-exists";
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ public interface ContractOptions {
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that the FS returns false on a rename
    * if the source is missing
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String RENAME_RETURNS_FALSE_IF_SOURCE_MISSING =
       "rename-returns-false-if-source-missing";
@@ -82,74 +82,74 @@ public interface ContractOptions {
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that the FS remove dest first if it is an empty directory
    * mean the FS honors POSIX rename behavior.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String RENAME_REMOVE_DEST_IF_EMPTY_DIR = "rename-remove-dest-if-empty-dir";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that append is supported
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_APPEND = "supports-append";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that setTimes is supported.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_SETTIMES = "supports-settimes";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that getFileStatus is supported.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_GETFILESTATUS = "supports-getfilestatus";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that renames are atomic
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_ATOMIC_RENAME = "supports-atomic-rename";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that directory deletes are atomic
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_ATOMIC_DIRECTORY_DELETE = "supports-atomic-directory-delete";
 
   /**
    * Does the FS support multiple block locations?
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_BLOCK_LOCALITY = "supports-block-locality";
 
   /**
    * Does the FS support the concat() operation?
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_CONCAT = "supports-concat";
 
   /**
    * Is seeking supported at all?
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_SEEK = "supports-seek";
 
   /**
    * Is seeking past the EOF allowed?
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String REJECTS_SEEK_PAST_EOF = "rejects-seek-past-eof";
 
   /**
    * Is seeking on a closed file supported? Some filesystems only raise an
    * exception later, when trying to read.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_SEEK_ON_CLOSED_FILE = "supports-seek-on-closed-file";
 
   /**
    * Is available() on a closed InputStream supported?
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_AVAILABLE_ON_CLOSED_FILE = "supports-available-on-closed-file";
 
@@ -157,32 +157,39 @@ public interface ContractOptions {
    * Flag to indicate that this FS expects to throw the strictest
    * exceptions it can, not generic IOEs, which, if returned,
    * must be rejected.
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_STRICT_EXCEPTIONS = "supports-strict-exceptions";
 
   /**
    * Are unix permissions
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String SUPPORTS_UNIX_PERMISSIONS = "supports-unix-permissions";
 
   /**
+   * Is positioned readable supported? Supporting seek should be sufficient
+   * for this.
+   * {@value}
+   */
+  String SUPPORTS_POSITIONED_READABLE = "supports-positioned-readable";
+
+  /**
    * Maximum path length
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String MAX_PATH_ = "max-path";
 
   /**
    * Maximum filesize: 0 or -1 for no limit
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String MAX_FILESIZE = "max-filesize";
 
   /**
    * Flag to indicate that tests on the root directories of a filesystem/
    * object store are permitted
-   * @{value}
+   * {@value}
    */
   String TEST_ROOT_TESTS_ENABLED = "test.root-tests-enabled";
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractTestUtils.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractTestUtils.java b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractTestUtils.java
index 3f16724..6343d40 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractTestUtils.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/contract/ContractTestUtils.java
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileStatus;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;
 import org.junit.Assert;
 import org.junit.internal.AssumptionViolatedException;
 import org.slf4j.Logger;
@@ -432,9 +433,7 @@ public class ContractTestUtils extends Assert {
    * @throws AssertionError with the text and throwable -always
    */
   public static void fail(String text, Throwable thrown) {
-    AssertionError e = new AssertionError(text);
-    e.initCause(thrown);
-    throw e;
+    throw new AssertionError(text, thrown);
   }
 
   /**
@@ -509,10 +508,14 @@ public class ContractTestUtils extends Assert {
                                  boolean overwrite,
                                  byte[] data) throws IOException {
     FSDataOutputStream stream = fs.create(path, overwrite);
-    if (data != null && data.length > 0) {
-      stream.write(data);
+    try {
+      if (data != null && data.length > 0) {
+        stream.write(data);
+      }
+      stream.close();
+    } finally {
+      IOUtils.closeStream(stream);
     }
-    stream.close();
   }
 
   /**
@@ -574,13 +577,10 @@ public class ContractTestUtils extends Assert {
   public static String readBytesToString(FileSystem fs,
                                   Path path,
                                   int length) throws IOException {
-    FSDataInputStream in = fs.open(path);
-    try {
+    try (FSDataInputStream in = fs.open(path)) {
       byte[] buf = new byte[length];
       in.readFully(0, buf);
       return toChar(buf);
-    } finally {
-      in.close();
     }
   }
 
@@ -786,8 +786,7 @@ public class ContractTestUtils extends Assert {
 
     long totalBytesRead = 0;
     int nextExpectedNumber = 0;
-    final InputStream inputStream = fs.open(path);
-    try {
+    try (InputStream inputStream = fs.open(path)) {
       while (true) {
         final int bytesRead = inputStream.read(testBuffer);
         if (bytesRead < 0) {
@@ -814,8 +813,6 @@ public class ContractTestUtils extends Assert {
         throw new IOException("Expected to read " + expectedSize +
             " bytes but only received " + totalBytesRead);
       }
-    } finally {
-      inputStream.close();
     }
   }
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/resources/contract/localfs.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/resources/contract/localfs.xml b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/resources/contract/localfs.xml
index b2e068c..b261a63 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/resources/contract/localfs.xml
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/resources/contract/localfs.xml
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ case sensitivity and permission options are determined at run time from OS type
     <value>true</value>
   </property>
 
-  <!-- checksum FS doesn't allow seeing past EOF -->
+  <!-- checksum FS doesn't allow seeking past EOF -->
   <property>
     <name>fs.contract.rejects-seek-past-eof</name>
     <value>true</value>
@@ -121,4 +121,4 @@ case sensitivity and permission options are determined at run time from OS type
     <value>true</value>
   </property>
 
-</configuration>
\ No newline at end of file
+</configuration>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSInputStream.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSInputStream.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSInputStream.java
index 2689841..c4975d1 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSInputStream.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSInputStream.java
@@ -1423,6 +1423,10 @@ public class DFSInputStream extends FSInputStream
   @Override
   public int read(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
       throws IOException {
+    validatePositionedReadArgs(position, buffer, offset, length);
+    if (length == 0) {
+      return 0;
+    }
     try (TraceScope scope = dfsClient.
         newReaderTraceScope("DFSInputStream#byteArrayPread",
             src, position, length)) {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/ByteRangeInputStream.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/ByteRangeInputStream.java b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/ByteRangeInputStream.java
index 4233147..31de804 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/ByteRangeInputStream.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs-client/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/ByteRangeInputStream.java
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.StringTokenizer;
 
 import org.apache.commons.io.input.BoundedInputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSExceptionMessages;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSInputStream;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
@@ -128,6 +129,9 @@ public abstract class ByteRangeInputStream extends FSInputStream {
   @VisibleForTesting
   protected InputStreamAndFileLength openInputStream(long startOffset)
       throws IOException {
+    if (startOffset < 0) {
+      throw new EOFException("Negative Position");
+    }
     // Use the original url if no resolved url exists, eg. if
     // it's the first time a request is made.
     final boolean resolved = resolvedURL.getURL() != null;
@@ -224,6 +228,10 @@ public abstract class ByteRangeInputStream extends FSInputStream {
   @Override
   public int read(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
       throws IOException {
+    validatePositionedReadArgs(position, buffer, offset, length);
+    if (length == 0) {
+      return 0;
+    }
     try (InputStream in = openInputStream(position).in) {
       return in.read(buffer, offset, length);
     }
@@ -232,17 +240,21 @@ public abstract class ByteRangeInputStream extends FSInputStream {
   @Override
   public void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
       throws IOException {
-    final InputStreamAndFileLength fin = openInputStream(position);
-    if (fin.length != null && length + position > fin.length) {
-      throw new EOFException("The length to read " + length
-          + " exceeds the file length " + fin.length);
+    validatePositionedReadArgs(position, buffer, offset, length);
+    if (length == 0) {
+      return;
     }
+    final InputStreamAndFileLength fin = openInputStream(position);
     try {
+      if (fin.length != null && length + position > fin.length) {
+        throw new EOFException("The length to read " + length
+            + " exceeds the file length " + fin.length);
+      }
       int nread = 0;
       while (nread < length) {
         int nbytes = fin.in.read(buffer, offset + nread, length - nread);
         if (nbytes < 0) {
-          throw new EOFException("End of file reached before reading fully.");
+          throw new EOFException(FSExceptionMessages.EOF_IN_READ_FULLY);
         }
         nread += nbytes;
       }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInputStream.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInputStream.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInputStream.java
index 685026e..750358d 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInputStream.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-aws/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/s3a/S3AInputStream.java
@@ -137,6 +137,8 @@ public class S3AInputStream extends FSInputStream {
       LOG.info("Got socket exception while trying to read from stream, trying to recover " + e);
       reopen(pos);
       byteRead = wrappedStream.read();
+    } catch (EOFException e) {
+      return -1;
     }
 
     if (byteRead >= 0) {
@@ -216,4 +218,42 @@ public class S3AInputStream extends FSInputStream {
   public boolean markSupported() {
     return false;
   }
+
+  /**
+   * Subclass {@code readFully()} operation which only seeks at the start
+   * of the series of operations; seeking back at the end.
+   *
+   * This is significantly higher performance if multiple read attempts are
+   * needed to fetch the data, as it does not break the HTTP connection.
+   *
+   * To maintain thread safety requirements, this operation is synchronized
+   * for the duration of the sequence.
+   * {@inheritDoc}
+   *
+   */
+  @Override
+  public void readFully(long position, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
+      throws IOException {
+    validatePositionedReadArgs(position, buffer, offset, length);
+    if (length == 0) {
+      return;
+    }
+    int nread = 0;
+    synchronized (this) {
+      long oldPos = getPos();
+      try {
+        seek(position);
+        while (nread < length) {
+          int nbytes = read(buffer, offset + nread, length - nread);
+          if (nbytes < 0) {
+            throw new EOFException(FSExceptionMessages.EOF_IN_READ_FULLY);
+          }
+          nread += nbytes;
+        }
+
+      } finally {
+        seek(oldPos);
+      }
+    }
+  }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/843ee8d5/hadoop-tools/hadoop-azure/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/azure/NativeAzureFileSystem.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-azure/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/azure/NativeAzureFileSystem.java b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-azure/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/azure/NativeAzureFileSystem.java
index 855774a..a832143 100644
--- a/hadoop-tools/hadoop-azure/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/azure/NativeAzureFileSystem.java
+++ b/hadoop-tools/hadoop-azure/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/azure/NativeAzureFileSystem.java
@@ -725,6 +725,8 @@ public class NativeAzureFileSystem extends FileSystem {
       // Return to the caller with the result.
       //
         return result;
+      } catch(EOFException e) {
+        return -1;
       } catch(IOException e) {
 
         Throwable innerException = NativeAzureFileSystemHelper.checkForAzureStorageException(e);
@@ -773,7 +775,7 @@ public class NativeAzureFileSystem extends FileSystem {
           pos += result;
         }
 
-        if (null != statistics) {
+        if (null != statistics && result > 0) {
           statistics.incrementBytesRead(result);
         }
 


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