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From y...@apache.org
Subject hadoop git commit: HDFS-8900. Compact XAttrs to optimize memory footprint. (yliu)
Date Tue, 25 Aug 2015 08:21:29 GMT
Repository: hadoop
Updated Branches:
  refs/heads/trunk af7876787 -> eee0d4563


HDFS-8900. Compact XAttrs to optimize memory footprint. (yliu)


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/commit/eee0d456
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/tree/eee0d456
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/diff/eee0d456

Branch: refs/heads/trunk
Commit: eee0d4563c62647cfaaed6605ee713aaf69add78
Parents: af78767
Author: yliu <yliu@apache.org>
Authored: Tue Aug 25 16:16:09 2015 +0800
Committer: yliu <yliu@apache.org>
Committed: Tue Aug 25 16:16:09 2015 +0800

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt     |   2 +
 .../org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java   |   1 +
 .../org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/XAttrHelper.java     |  13 +-
 .../BlockStoragePolicySuite.java                |   5 +-
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirXAttrOp.java      |  29 ++--
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirectory.java       |  60 ++++---
 .../server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java   |   6 +-
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/INodeDirectory.java    |  11 +-
 .../server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java    |  44 ------
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java   |  79 ++++++++++
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFeature.java      |  78 +++++++++-
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java       | 155 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../server/namenode/XAttrPermissionFilter.java  |   6 +-
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java      |  62 +++-----
 .../org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/JsonUtil.java    |   6 +-
 .../src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml         |   4 +-
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/TestStartup.java       |  27 +---
 .../hdfs/server/namenode/TestXAttrFeature.java  | 107 +++++++++++++
 18 files changed, 502 insertions(+), 193 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
index 7aadcc6..2c47b50 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
@@ -833,6 +833,8 @@ Release 2.8.0 - UNRELEASED
     ReplicaUnderConstruction as a separate class and replicas as an array.
     (jing9)
 
+    HDFS-8900. Compact XAttrs to optimize memory footprint. (yliu)
+
   OPTIMIZATIONS
 
     HDFS-8026. Trace FSOutputSummer#writeChecksumChunks rather than

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
index 9b14168..e6802a5 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/DFSConfigKeys.java
@@ -318,6 +318,7 @@ public class DFSConfigKeys extends CommonConfigurationKeys {
   public static final int     DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTRS_PER_INODE_DEFAULT = 32;
   public static final String  DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY = "dfs.namenode.fs-limits.max-xattr-size";
   public static final int     DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_DEFAULT = 16384;
+  public static final int     DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_HARD_LIMIT = 32768;
 
 
   //Following keys have no defaults

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/XAttrHelper.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/XAttrHelper.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/XAttrHelper.java
index 5cafb3c..2655c40 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/XAttrHelper.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/XAttrHelper.java
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ public class XAttrHelper {
     }
     Map<String, byte[]> xAttrMap = Maps.newHashMap();
     for (XAttr xAttr : xAttrs) {
-      String name = getPrefixName(xAttr);
+      String name = getPrefixedName(xAttr);
       byte[] value = xAttr.getValue();
       if (value == null) {
         value = new byte[0];
@@ -144,13 +144,16 @@ public class XAttrHelper {
   /**
    * Get name with prefix from <code>XAttr</code>
    */
-  public static String getPrefixName(XAttr xAttr) {
+  public static String getPrefixedName(XAttr xAttr) {
     if (xAttr == null) {
       return null;
     }
-    
-    String namespace = xAttr.getNameSpace().toString();
-    return StringUtils.toLowerCase(namespace) + "." + xAttr.getName();
+
+    return getPrefixedName(xAttr.getNameSpace(), xAttr.getName());
+  }
+
+  public static String getPrefixedName(XAttr.NameSpace ns, String name) {
+    return StringUtils.toLowerCase(ns.toString()) + "." + name;
   }
 
   /**

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
index 7e6c2b2..fa9d22c 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
@@ -141,8 +141,7 @@ public class BlockStoragePolicySuite {
     return XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name, new byte[]{policyId});
   }
 
-  public static boolean isStoragePolicyXAttr(XAttr xattr) {
-    return xattr != null && xattr.getNameSpace() == XAttrNS
-        && xattr.getName().equals(STORAGE_POLICY_XATTR_NAME);
+  public static String getStoragePolicyXAttrPrefixedName() {
+    return XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(XAttrNS, STORAGE_POLICY_XATTR_NAME);
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirXAttrOp.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirXAttrOp.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirXAttrOp.java
index 53b9b41..e88fa49 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirXAttrOp.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirXAttrOp.java
@@ -272,7 +272,7 @@ class FSDirXAttrOp {
     final boolean isFile = inode.isFile();
 
     for (XAttr xattr : newXAttrs) {
-      final String xaName = XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xattr);
+      final String xaName = XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(xattr);
 
       /*
        * If we're adding the encryption zone xattr, then add src to the list
@@ -368,30 +368,22 @@ class FSDirXAttrOp {
     return xAttrs;
   }
 
-  static List<XAttr> getXAttrs(FSDirectory fsd, INode inode, int snapshotId)
-      throws IOException {
+  static XAttr getXAttrByPrefixedName(FSDirectory fsd, INode inode,
+      int snapshotId, String prefixedName) throws IOException {
     fsd.readLock();
     try {
-      return XAttrStorage.readINodeXAttrs(inode, snapshotId);
+      return XAttrStorage.readINodeXAttrByPrefixedName(inode, snapshotId,
+          prefixedName);
     } finally {
       fsd.readUnlock();
     }
   }
 
-  static XAttr unprotectedGetXAttrByName(
-      INode inode, int snapshotId, String xAttrName)
+  static XAttr unprotectedGetXAttrByPrefixedName(
+      INode inode, int snapshotId, String prefixedName)
       throws IOException {
-    List<XAttr> xAttrs = XAttrStorage.readINodeXAttrs(inode, snapshotId);
-    if (xAttrs == null) {
-      return null;
-    }
-    for (XAttr x : xAttrs) {
-      if (XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(x)
-          .equals(xAttrName)) {
-        return x;
-      }
-    }
-    return null;
+    return XAttrStorage.readINodeXAttrByPrefixedName(inode, snapshotId,
+        prefixedName);
   }
 
   private static void checkXAttrChangeAccess(
@@ -418,9 +410,6 @@ class FSDirXAttrOp {
    * the configured limit. Setting a limit of zero disables this check.
    */
   private static void checkXAttrSize(FSDirectory fsd, XAttr xAttr) {
-    if (fsd.getXattrMaxSize() == 0) {
-      return;
-    }
     int size = xAttr.getName().getBytes(Charsets.UTF_8).length;
     if (xAttr.getValue() != null) {
       size += xAttr.getValue().length;

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirectory.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirectory.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirectory.java
index c498636..409174a 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirectory.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSDirectory.java
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
 import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
 import com.google.common.collect.Lists;
 import com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException;
+
 import org.apache.hadoop.HadoopIllegalArgumentException;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
@@ -234,11 +235,14 @@ public class FSDirectory implements Closeable {
     this.xattrMaxSize = conf.getInt(
         DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY,
         DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_DEFAULT);
-    Preconditions.checkArgument(xattrMaxSize >= 0,
-                                "Cannot set a negative value for the maximum size of an xattr
(%s).",
-                                DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY);
-    final String unlimited = xattrMaxSize == 0 ? " (unlimited)" : "";
-    LOG.info("Maximum size of an xattr: " + xattrMaxSize + unlimited);
+    Preconditions.checkArgument(xattrMaxSize > 0,
+        "The maximum size of an xattr should be > 0: (%s).",
+        DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY);
+    Preconditions.checkArgument(xattrMaxSize <=
+        DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_HARD_LIMIT,
+        "The maximum size of an xattr should be <= maximum size"
+        + " hard limit " + DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_HARD_LIMIT
+        + ": (%s).", DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY);
 
     this.accessTimePrecision = conf.getLong(
         DFS_NAMENODE_ACCESSTIME_PRECISION_KEY,
@@ -930,22 +934,19 @@ public class FSDirectory implements Closeable {
       if (!inode.isSymlink()) {
         final XAttrFeature xaf = inode.getXAttrFeature();
         if (xaf != null) {
-          final List<XAttr> xattrs = xaf.getXAttrs();
-          for (XAttr xattr : xattrs) {
-            final String xaName = XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xattr);
-            if (CRYPTO_XATTR_ENCRYPTION_ZONE.equals(xaName)) {
-              try {
-                final HdfsProtos.ZoneEncryptionInfoProto ezProto =
-                    HdfsProtos.ZoneEncryptionInfoProto.parseFrom(
-                        xattr.getValue());
-                ezManager.unprotectedAddEncryptionZone(inode.getId(),
-                    PBHelper.convert(ezProto.getSuite()),
-                    PBHelper.convert(ezProto.getCryptoProtocolVersion()),
-                    ezProto.getKeyName());
-              } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
-                NameNode.LOG.warn("Error parsing protocol buffer of " +
-                    "EZ XAttr " + xattr.getName());
-              }
+          XAttr xattr = xaf.getXAttr(CRYPTO_XATTR_ENCRYPTION_ZONE);
+          if (xattr != null) {
+            try {
+              final HdfsProtos.ZoneEncryptionInfoProto ezProto =
+                  HdfsProtos.ZoneEncryptionInfoProto.parseFrom(
+                      xattr.getValue());
+              ezManager.unprotectedAddEncryptionZone(inode.getId(),
+                  PBHelper.convert(ezProto.getSuite()),
+                  PBHelper.convert(ezProto.getCryptoProtocolVersion()),
+                  ezProto.getKeyName());
+            } catch (InvalidProtocolBufferException e) {
+              NameNode.LOG.warn("Error parsing protocol buffer of " +
+                  "EZ XAttr " + xattr.getName());
             }
           }
         }
@@ -1121,9 +1122,8 @@ public class FSDirectory implements Closeable {
       final CipherSuite suite = encryptionZone.getSuite();
       final String keyName = encryptionZone.getKeyName();
 
-      XAttr fileXAttr = FSDirXAttrOp.unprotectedGetXAttrByName(inode,
-                                                               snapshotId,
-                                                               CRYPTO_XATTR_FILE_ENCRYPTION_INFO);
+      XAttr fileXAttr = FSDirXAttrOp.unprotectedGetXAttrByPrefixedName(inode,
+          snapshotId, CRYPTO_XATTR_FILE_ENCRYPTION_INFO);
 
       if (fileXAttr == null) {
         NameNode.LOG.warn("Could not find encryption XAttr for file " +
@@ -1481,13 +1481,11 @@ public class FSDirectory implements Closeable {
       FSPermissionChecker pc, INode inode, int snapshotId)
       throws IOException {
     if (pc.isSuperUser()) {
-      for (XAttr xattr : FSDirXAttrOp.getXAttrs(this, inode, snapshotId)) {
-        if (XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xattr).
-            equals(SECURITY_XATTR_UNREADABLE_BY_SUPERUSER)) {
-          throw new AccessControlException(
-              "Access is denied for " + pc.getUser() + " since the superuser "
-              + "is not allowed to perform this operation.");
-        }
+      if (FSDirXAttrOp.getXAttrByPrefixedName(this, inode, snapshotId,
+          SECURITY_XATTR_UNREADABLE_BY_SUPERUSER) != null) {
+        throw new AccessControlException(
+            "Access is denied for " + pc.getUser() + " since the superuser "
+            + "is not allowed to perform this operation.");
       }
     }
   }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
index 3a9c64e..ac88919 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/FSImageFormatPBINode.java
@@ -131,9 +131,9 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
       return b.build();
     }
     
-    public static ImmutableList<XAttr> loadXAttrs(
+    public static List<XAttr> loadXAttrs(
         XAttrFeatureProto proto, final String[] stringTable) {
-      ImmutableList.Builder<XAttr> b = ImmutableList.builder();
+      List<XAttr> b = new ArrayList<>();
       for (XAttrCompactProto xAttrCompactProto : proto.getXAttrsList()) {
         int v = xAttrCompactProto.getName();
         int nid = (v >> XATTR_NAME_OFFSET) & XATTR_NAME_MASK;
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ public final class FSImageFormatPBINode {
             .setName(name).setValue(value).build());
       }
       
-      return b.build();
+      return b;
     }
 
     public static ImmutableList<QuotaByStorageTypeEntry> loadQuotaByStorageTypeEntries(

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeDirectory.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeDirectory.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeDirectory.java
index 5c437c8..5c33c02 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeDirectory.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/INodeDirectory.java
@@ -43,7 +43,6 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.util.ReadOnlyList;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
 import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
-import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableList;
 
 import static org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.HdfsConstants.BLOCK_STORAGE_POLICY_ID_UNSPECIFIED;
 
@@ -118,12 +117,10 @@ public class INodeDirectory extends INodeWithAdditionalFields
   @Override
   public byte getLocalStoragePolicyID() {
     XAttrFeature f = getXAttrFeature();
-    ImmutableList<XAttr> xattrs = f == null ? ImmutableList.<XAttr> of() : f
-        .getXAttrs();
-    for (XAttr xattr : xattrs) {
-      if (BlockStoragePolicySuite.isStoragePolicyXAttr(xattr)) {
-        return (xattr.getValue())[0];
-      }
+    XAttr xattr = f == null ? null : f.getXAttr(
+        BlockStoragePolicySuite.getStoragePolicyXAttrPrefixedName());
+    if (xattr != null) {
+      return (xattr.getValue())[0];
     }
     return BLOCK_STORAGE_POLICY_ID_UNSPECIFIED;
   }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
index 6d7af82..eb497ab 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberManager.java
@@ -17,11 +17,6 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
 
-import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
-import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;
-import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;
-
-
 /** Manage name-to-serial-number maps for users and groups. */
 class SerialNumberManager {
   /** This is the only instance of {@link SerialNumberManager}.*/
@@ -41,43 +36,4 @@ class SerialNumberManager {
     getUserSerialNumber(null);
     getGroupSerialNumber(null);
   }
-
-  private static class SerialNumberMap<T> {
-    private final AtomicInteger max = new AtomicInteger(1);
-    private final ConcurrentMap<T, Integer> t2i = new ConcurrentHashMap<T, Integer>();
-    private final ConcurrentMap<Integer, T> i2t = new ConcurrentHashMap<Integer,
T>();
-
-    int get(T t) {
-      if (t == null) {
-        return 0;
-      }
-      Integer sn = t2i.get(t);
-      if (sn == null) {
-        sn = max.getAndIncrement();
-        Integer old = t2i.putIfAbsent(t, sn);
-        if (old != null) {
-          return old;
-        }
-        i2t.put(sn, t);
-      }
-      return sn;
-    }
-
-    T get(int i) {
-      if (i == 0) {
-        return null;
-      }
-      T t = i2t.get(i);
-      if (t == null) {
-        throw new IllegalStateException("!i2t.containsKey(" + i
-            + "), this=" + this);
-      }
-      return t;
-    }
-
-    @Override
-    public String toString() {
-      return "max=" + max + ",\n  t2i=" + t2i + ",\n  i2t=" + i2t;
-    }
-  }
 }
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2965837
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/SerialNumberMap.java
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+/**
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
+
+import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
+import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;
+import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
+
+/**
+ * Map object to serial number.
+ * 
+ * <p>It allows to get the serial number of an object, if the object doesn't
+ * exist in the map, a new serial number increased by 1 is generated to
+ * map to the object. The mapped object can also be got through the serial
+ * number.
+ * 
+ * <p>The map is thread-safe.
+ */
+@InterfaceAudience.Private
+public class SerialNumberMap<T> {
+  private final AtomicInteger max = new AtomicInteger(1);
+  private final ConcurrentMap<T, Integer> t2i =
+      new ConcurrentHashMap<T, Integer>();
+  private final ConcurrentMap<Integer, T> i2t =
+      new ConcurrentHashMap<Integer, T>();
+
+  public int get(T t) {
+    if (t == null) {
+      return 0;
+    }
+    Integer sn = t2i.get(t);
+    if (sn == null) {
+      sn = max.getAndIncrement();
+      if (sn < 0) {
+        throw new IllegalStateException("Too many elements!");
+      }
+      Integer old = t2i.putIfAbsent(t, sn);
+      if (old != null) {
+        return old;
+      }
+      i2t.put(sn, t);
+    }
+    return sn;
+  }
+
+  public T get(int i) {
+    if (i == 0) {
+      return null;
+    }
+    T t = i2t.get(i);
+    if (t == null) {
+      throw new IllegalStateException("!i2t.containsKey(" + i
+          + "), this=" + this);
+    }
+    return t;
+  }
+
+  @Override
+  public String toString() {
+    return "max=" + max + ",\n  t2i=" + t2i + ",\n  i2t=" + i2t;
+  }
+}
\ No newline at end of file

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFeature.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFeature.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFeature.java
index 2e12578..a7f0878 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFeature.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFeature.java
@@ -17,9 +17,12 @@
  */
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
 
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.List;
+
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.XAttr;
-import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.INode;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.XAttrHelper;
 
 import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableList;
 
@@ -28,16 +31,75 @@ import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableList;
  */
 @InterfaceAudience.Private
 public class XAttrFeature implements INode.Feature {
-  public static final ImmutableList<XAttr> EMPTY_ENTRY_LIST =
-      ImmutableList.of();
+  static final int PACK_THRESHOLD = 1024;
+
+  /** The packed bytes for small size XAttrs. */
+  private byte[] attrs;
 
-  private final ImmutableList<XAttr> xAttrs;
+  /**
+   * List to store large size XAttrs.
+   * Typically XAttr value size is small, so this
+   * list is null usually.
+   */
+  private ImmutableList<XAttr> xAttrs;
+
+  public XAttrFeature(List<XAttr> xAttrs) {
+    if (xAttrs != null && !xAttrs.isEmpty()) {
+      List<XAttr> toPack = new ArrayList<XAttr>();
+      ImmutableList.Builder<XAttr> b = null;
+      for (XAttr attr : xAttrs) {
+        if (attr.getValue() == null ||
+            attr.getValue().length <= PACK_THRESHOLD) {
+          toPack.add(attr);
+        } else {
+          if (b == null) {
+            b = ImmutableList.builder();
+          }
+          b.add(attr);
+        }
+      }
+      this.attrs = XAttrFormat.toBytes(toPack);
+      if (b != null) {
+        this.xAttrs = b.build();
+      }
+    }
+  }
 
-  public XAttrFeature(ImmutableList<XAttr> xAttrs) {
-    this.xAttrs = xAttrs;
+  /**
+   * Get the XAttrs.
+   * @return the XAttrs
+   */
+  public List<XAttr> getXAttrs() {
+    if (xAttrs == null) {
+      return XAttrFormat.toXAttrs(attrs);
+    } else {
+      if (attrs == null) {
+        return xAttrs;
+      } else {
+        List<XAttr> result = new ArrayList<>();
+        result.addAll(XAttrFormat.toXAttrs(attrs));
+        result.addAll(xAttrs);
+        return result;
+      }
+    }
   }
 
-  public ImmutableList<XAttr> getXAttrs() {
-    return xAttrs;
+  /**
+   * Get XAttr by name with prefix.
+   * @param prefixedName xAttr name with prefix
+   * @return the XAttr
+   */
+  public XAttr getXAttr(String prefixedName) {
+    XAttr attr = XAttrFormat.getXAttr(attrs, prefixedName);
+    if (attr == null && xAttrs != null) {
+      XAttr toFind = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(prefixedName);
+      for (XAttr a : xAttrs) {
+        if (a.equalsIgnoreValue(toFind)) {
+          attr = a;
+          break;
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    return attr;
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6167dac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrFormat.java
@@ -0,0 +1,155 @@
+/**
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
+
+import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.List;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.XAttr;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.XAttrHelper;
+
+import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
+import com.google.common.primitives.Ints;
+
+/**
+ * Class to pack XAttrs into byte[].<br>
+ * For each XAttr:<br>
+ *   The first 4 bytes represents XAttr namespace and name<br>
+ *     [0:3)  - XAttr namespace<br>
+ *     [3:32) - The name of the entry, which is an ID that points to a
+ *              string in map<br>
+ *   The following two bytes represents the length of XAttr value<br>
+ *   The remaining bytes is the XAttr value<br>
+ */
+class XAttrFormat {
+  private static final int XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK = (1 << 3) - 1;
+  private static final int XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET = 29;
+  private static final int XATTR_NAME_MASK = (1 << 29) - 1;
+  private static final int XATTR_NAME_ID_MAX = 1 << 29;
+  private static final int XATTR_VALUE_LEN_MAX = 1 << 16;
+  private static final XAttr.NameSpace[] XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES =
+      XAttr.NameSpace.values();
+
+  /**
+   * Unpack byte[] to XAttrs.
+   * 
+   * @param attrs the packed bytes of XAttrs
+   * @return XAttrs list
+   */
+  static List<XAttr> toXAttrs(byte[] attrs) {
+    List<XAttr> xAttrs = new ArrayList<>();
+    if (attrs == null || attrs.length == 0) {
+      return xAttrs;
+    }
+    for (int i = 0; i < attrs.length;) {
+      XAttr.Builder builder = new XAttr.Builder();
+      // big-endian
+      int v = Ints.fromBytes(attrs[i++], attrs[i++], attrs[i++], attrs[i++]);
+      int ns = (v >> XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET) & XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK;
+      int nid = v & XATTR_NAME_MASK;
+      builder.setNameSpace(XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES[ns]);
+      builder.setName(XAttrStorage.getName(nid));
+      int vlen = (attrs[i++] << 8) | attrs[i++];
+      if (vlen > 0) {
+        byte[] value = new byte[vlen];
+        System.arraycopy(attrs, i, value, 0, vlen);
+        builder.setValue(value);
+        i += vlen;
+      }
+      xAttrs.add(builder.build());
+    }
+    return xAttrs;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Get XAttr by name with prefix.
+   * Will unpack the byte[] until find the specific XAttr
+   * 
+   * @param attrs the packed bytes of XAttrs
+   * @param prefixedName the XAttr name with prefix
+   * @return the XAttr
+   */
+  static XAttr getXAttr(byte[] attrs, String prefixedName) {
+    if (prefixedName == null || attrs == null) {
+      return null;
+    }
+
+    XAttr xAttr = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(prefixedName);
+    for (int i = 0; i < attrs.length;) {
+      // big-endian
+      int v = Ints.fromBytes(attrs[i++], attrs[i++], attrs[i++], attrs[i++]);
+      int ns = (v >> XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET) & XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK;
+      int nid = v & XATTR_NAME_MASK;
+      XAttr.NameSpace namespace = XATTR_NAMESPACE_VALUES[ns];
+      String name = XAttrStorage.getName(nid);
+      int vlen = (attrs[i++] << 8) | attrs[i++];
+      if (xAttr.getNameSpace() == namespace &&
+          xAttr.getName().equals(name)) {
+        if (vlen > 0) {
+          byte[] value = new byte[vlen];
+          System.arraycopy(attrs, i, value, 0, vlen);
+          return new XAttr.Builder().setNameSpace(namespace).
+              setName(name).setValue(value).build();
+        }
+        return xAttr;
+      }
+      i += vlen;
+    }
+    return null;
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Pack the XAttrs to byte[].
+   * 
+   * @param xAttrs the XAttrs
+   * @return the packed bytes
+   */
+  static byte[] toBytes(List<XAttr> xAttrs) {
+    if (xAttrs == null || xAttrs.isEmpty()) {
+      return null;
+    }
+    ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
+    try {
+      for (XAttr a : xAttrs) {
+        int nsOrd = a.getNameSpace().ordinal();
+        Preconditions.checkArgument(nsOrd < 8, "Too many namespaces.");
+        int nid = XAttrStorage.getNameSerialNumber(a.getName());
+        Preconditions.checkArgument(nid < XATTR_NAME_ID_MAX,
+            "Too large serial number of the xattr name");
+
+        // big-endian
+        int v = ((nsOrd & XATTR_NAMESPACE_MASK) << XATTR_NAMESPACE_OFFSET)
+            | (nid & XATTR_NAME_MASK);
+        out.write(Ints.toByteArray(v));
+        int vlen = a.getValue() == null ? 0 : a.getValue().length;
+        Preconditions.checkArgument(vlen < XATTR_VALUE_LEN_MAX,
+            "The length of xAttr values is too long.");
+        out.write((byte)(vlen >> 8));
+        out.write((byte)(vlen));
+        if (vlen > 0) {
+          out.write(a.getValue());
+        }
+      }
+    } catch (IOException e) {
+      // in fact, no exception
+    }
+    return out.toByteArray();
+  }
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrPermissionFilter.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrPermissionFilter.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrPermissionFilter.java
index 95f943d..de448f6 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrPermissionFilter.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrPermissionFilter.java
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ public class XAttrPermissionFilter {
         isRawPath && isSuperUser) {
       return;
     }
-    if (XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xAttr).
+    if (XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(xAttr).
         equals(SECURITY_XATTR_UNREADABLE_BY_SUPERUSER)) {
       if (xAttr.getValue() != null) {
         throw new AccessControlException("Attempt to set a value for '" +
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ public class XAttrPermissionFilter {
       return;
     }
     throw new AccessControlException("User doesn't have permission for xattr: "
-        + XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xAttr));
+        + XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(xAttr));
   }
 
   static void checkPermissionForApi(FSPermissionChecker pc,
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ public class XAttrPermissionFilter {
       } else if (xAttr.getNameSpace() == XAttr.NameSpace.RAW &&
           isSuperUser && isRawPath) {
         filteredXAttrs.add(xAttr);
-      } else if (XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xAttr).
+      } else if (XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(xAttr).
           equals(SECURITY_XATTR_UNREADABLE_BY_SUPERUSER)) {
         filteredXAttrs.add(xAttr);
       }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
index e38648d..65a4ada 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/XAttrStorage.java
@@ -18,12 +18,9 @@
 
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
 
+import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.List;
-import java.util.Map;
 
-import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableList;
-import com.google.common.collect.Lists;
-import com.google.common.collect.Maps;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.XAttr;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.QuotaExceededException;
@@ -34,24 +31,32 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.QuotaExceededException;
 @InterfaceAudience.Private
 public class XAttrStorage {
 
-  private static final Map<String, String> internedNames = Maps.newHashMap();
+  private static final SerialNumberMap<String> NAME_MAP =
+      new SerialNumberMap<>();
+
+  public static int getNameSerialNumber(String name) {
+    return NAME_MAP.get(name);
+  }
+
+  public static String getName(int n) {
+    return NAME_MAP.get(n);
+  }
 
   /**
-   * Reads the existing extended attributes of an inode. If the 
-   * inode does not have an <code>XAttr</code>, then this method
-   * returns an empty list.
+   * Reads the extended attribute of an inode by name with prefix.
    * <p/>
-   * Must be called while holding the FSDirectory read lock.
    *
    * @param inode INode to read
    * @param snapshotId
-   * @return List<XAttr> <code>XAttr</code> list. 
+   * @param prefixedName xAttr name with prefix
+   * @return the xAttr
    */
-  public static List<XAttr> readINodeXAttrs(INode inode, int snapshotId) {
+  public static XAttr readINodeXAttrByPrefixedName(INode inode,
+      int snapshotId, String prefixedName) {
     XAttrFeature f = inode.getXAttrFeature(snapshotId);
-    return f == null ? ImmutableList.<XAttr> of() : f.getXAttrs();
+    return f == null ? null : f.getXAttr(prefixedName);
   }
-  
+
   /**
    * Reads the existing extended attributes of an inode.
    * <p/>
@@ -62,7 +67,7 @@ public class XAttrStorage {
    */
   public static List<XAttr> readINodeXAttrs(INodeAttributes inodeAttr) {
     XAttrFeature f = inodeAttr.getXAttrFeature();
-    return f == null ? ImmutableList.<XAttr> of() : f.getXAttrs();
+    return f == null ? new ArrayList<XAttr>(0) : f.getXAttrs();
   }
   
   /**
@@ -76,33 +81,12 @@ public class XAttrStorage {
    */
   public static void updateINodeXAttrs(INode inode, 
       List<XAttr> xAttrs, int snapshotId) throws QuotaExceededException {
-    if (xAttrs == null || xAttrs.isEmpty()) {
-      if (inode.getXAttrFeature() != null) {
-        inode.removeXAttrFeature(snapshotId);
-      }
-      return;
-    }
-    // Dedupe the xAttr name and save them into a new interned list
-    List<XAttr> internedXAttrs = Lists.newArrayListWithCapacity(xAttrs.size());
-    for (XAttr xAttr : xAttrs) {
-      final String name = xAttr.getName();
-      String internedName = internedNames.get(name);
-      if (internedName == null) {
-        internedName = name;
-        internedNames.put(internedName, internedName);
-      }
-      XAttr internedXAttr = new XAttr.Builder()
-          .setName(internedName)
-          .setNameSpace(xAttr.getNameSpace())
-          .setValue(xAttr.getValue())
-          .build();
-      internedXAttrs.add(internedXAttr);
-    }
-    // Save the list of interned xattrs
-    ImmutableList<XAttr> newXAttrs = ImmutableList.copyOf(internedXAttrs);
     if (inode.getXAttrFeature() != null) {
       inode.removeXAttrFeature(snapshotId);
     }
-    inode.addXAttrFeature(new XAttrFeature(newXAttrs), snapshotId);
+    if (xAttrs == null || xAttrs.isEmpty()) {
+      return;
+    }
+    inode.addXAttrFeature(new XAttrFeature(xAttrs), snapshotId);
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/JsonUtil.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/JsonUtil.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/JsonUtil.java
index 252b0f7..0de89cc 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/JsonUtil.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/web/JsonUtil.java
@@ -312,8 +312,8 @@ public class JsonUtil {
     }
  
     final Map<String, Object> m = new TreeMap<String, Object>();
-    m.put("name", XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xAttr));
-    m.put("value", xAttr.getValue() != null ? 
+    m.put("name", XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(xAttr));
+    m.put("value", xAttr.getValue() != null ?
         XAttrCodec.encodeValue(xAttr.getValue(), encoding) : null);
     return m;
   }
@@ -345,7 +345,7 @@ public class JsonUtil {
     throws IOException {
     final List<String> names = Lists.newArrayListWithCapacity(xAttrs.size());
     for (XAttr xAttr : xAttrs) {
-      names.add(XAttrHelper.getPrefixName(xAttr));
+      names.add(XAttrHelper.getPrefixedName(xAttr));
     }
     ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
     String ret = mapper.writeValueAsString(names);

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
index 06a60d4..65ad8b4 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/hdfs-default.xml
@@ -2205,7 +2205,9 @@
   <name>dfs.namenode.fs-limits.max-xattr-size</name>
   <value>16384</value>
   <description>
-    The maximum combined size of the name and value of an extended attribute in bytes.
+    The maximum combined size of the name and value of an extended attribute
+    in bytes. It should be larger than 0, and less than or equal to maximum
+    size hard limit which is 32768.
   </description>
 </property>
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestStartup.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestStartup.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestStartup.java
index 4d3cb75..20dda37 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestStartup.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestStartup.java
@@ -655,7 +655,7 @@ public class TestStartup {
       fail("Expected exception with negative xattr size");
     } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
       GenericTestUtils.assertExceptionContains(
-          "Cannot set a negative value for the maximum size of an xattr", e);
+          "The maximum size of an xattr should be > 0", e);
     } finally {
       conf.setInt(DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY,
           DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_DEFAULT);
@@ -679,31 +679,6 @@ public class TestStartup {
         cluster.shutdown();
       }
     }
-
-    try {
-      // Set up a logger to check log message
-      final LogVerificationAppender appender = new LogVerificationAppender();
-      final Logger logger = Logger.getRootLogger();
-      logger.addAppender(appender);
-      int count = appender.countLinesWithMessage(
-          "Maximum size of an xattr: 0 (unlimited)");
-      assertEquals("Expected no messages about unlimited xattr size", 0, count);
-
-      conf.setInt(DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY, 0);
-      cluster =
-          new MiniDFSCluster.Builder(conf).numDataNodes(0).format(true).build();
-
-      count = appender.countLinesWithMessage(
-          "Maximum size of an xattr: 0 (unlimited)");
-      // happens twice because we format then run
-      assertEquals("Expected unlimited xattr size", 2, count);
-    } finally {
-      conf.setInt(DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_KEY,
-          DFSConfigKeys.DFS_NAMENODE_MAX_XATTR_SIZE_DEFAULT);
-      if (cluster != null) {
-        cluster.shutdown();
-      }
-    }
   }
 
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/eee0d456/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestXAttrFeature.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestXAttrFeature.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestXAttrFeature.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fcb157e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/TestXAttrFeature.java
@@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
+/**
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode;
+
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Random;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.XAttr;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.XAttrHelper;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+import static org.junit.Assert.*;
+
+public class TestXAttrFeature {
+
+  static final String name1 = "system.a1";
+  static final byte[] value1 = {0x31, 0x32, 0x33};
+  static final String name2 = "security.a2";
+  static final byte[] value2 = {0x37, 0x38, 0x39};
+  static final String name3 = "trusted.a3";
+  static final String name4 = "user.a4";
+  static final byte[] value4 = {0x01, 0x02, 0x03};
+  static final String name5 = "user.a5";
+  static final byte[] value5 = randomBytes(2000);
+  static final String name6 = "user.a6";
+  static final byte[] value6 = randomBytes(1800);
+  static final String name7 = "raw.a7";
+  static final byte[] value7 = {0x011, 0x012, 0x013};
+  static final String name8 = "user.a8";
+
+  static byte[] randomBytes(int len) {
+    Random rand = new Random();
+    byte[] bytes = new byte[len];
+    rand.nextBytes(bytes);
+    return bytes;
+  }
+  @Test
+  public void testXAttrFeature() throws Exception {
+    List<XAttr> xAttrs = new ArrayList<>();
+    XAttrFeature feature = new XAttrFeature(xAttrs);
+
+    // no XAttrs in the feature
+    assertTrue(feature.getXAttrs().isEmpty());
+
+    // one XAttr in the feature
+    XAttr a1 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name1, value1);
+    xAttrs.add(a1);
+    feature = new XAttrFeature(xAttrs);
+
+    XAttr r1 = feature.getXAttr(name1);
+    assertTrue(a1.equals(r1));
+    assertEquals(feature.getXAttrs().size(), 1);
+
+    // more XAttrs in the feature
+    XAttr a2 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name2, value2);
+    XAttr a3 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name3);
+    XAttr a4 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name4, value4);
+    XAttr a5 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name5, value5);
+    XAttr a6 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name6, value6);
+    XAttr a7 = XAttrHelper.buildXAttr(name7, value7);
+    xAttrs.add(a2);
+    xAttrs.add(a3);
+    xAttrs.add(a4);
+    xAttrs.add(a5);
+    xAttrs.add(a6);
+    xAttrs.add(a7);
+    feature = new XAttrFeature(xAttrs);
+
+    XAttr r2 = feature.getXAttr(name2);
+    assertTrue(a2.equals(r2));
+    XAttr r3 = feature.getXAttr(name3);
+    assertTrue(a3.equals(r3));
+    XAttr r4 = feature.getXAttr(name4);
+    assertTrue(a4.equals(r4));
+    XAttr r5 = feature.getXAttr(name5);
+    assertTrue(a5.equals(r5));
+    XAttr r6 = feature.getXAttr(name6);
+    assertTrue(a6.equals(r6));
+    XAttr r7 = feature.getXAttr(name7);
+    assertTrue(a7.equals(r7));
+    List<XAttr> rs = feature.getXAttrs();
+    assertEquals(rs.size(), xAttrs.size());
+    for (int i = 0; i < rs.size(); i++) {
+      assertTrue(xAttrs.contains(rs.get(i)));
+    }
+
+    // get non-exist XAttr in the feature
+    XAttr r8 = feature.getXAttr(name8);
+    assertTrue(r8 == null);
+  }
+}


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