hadoop-common-commits mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From whe...@apache.org
Subject git commit: HDFS-7147. Update archival storage user documentation. Contributed by Tsz Wo Nicholas Sze.
Date Mon, 03 Nov 2014 23:13:31 GMT
Repository: hadoop
Updated Branches:
  refs/heads/branch-2.6 f2ef8c7b4 -> e94a044d1


HDFS-7147. Update archival storage user documentation. Contributed by Tsz Wo Nicholas Sze.


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/commit/e94a044d
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/tree/e94a044d
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/diff/e94a044d

Branch: refs/heads/branch-2.6
Commit: e94a044d180da2bd027d202cb43bf46a221177c4
Parents: f2ef8c7
Author: Haohui Mai <wheat9@apache.org>
Authored: Mon Nov 3 15:10:22 2014 -0800
Committer: Haohui Mai <wheat9@apache.org>
Committed: Mon Nov 3 15:13:19 2014 -0800

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt     |   3 +
 .../BlockStoragePolicySuite.java                |   6 +-
 .../resources/blockStoragePolicy-default.xml    | 118 -----------
 .../src/site/apt/ArchivalStorage.apt.vm         | 209 +++++++------------
 hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml                |   2 +-
 5 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 259 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/e94a044d/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
index 98a8aaf..f2f83de 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/CHANGES.txt
@@ -711,6 +711,9 @@ Release 2.6.0 - UNRELEASED
       HDFS-7291. Persist in-memory replicas with appropriate unbuffered copy API
       on POSIX and Windows. (Xiaoyu Yao via cnauroth)
 
+    HDFS-7147. Update archival storage user documentation.
+    (Tsz Wo Nicholas Sze via wheat9)
+
     BREAKDOWN OF HDFS-6134 AND HADOOP-10150 SUBTASKS AND RELATED JIRAS
   
       HDFS-6387. HDFS CLI admin tool for creating & deleting an

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/e94a044d/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
index c9b74bd..b0f18bd 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/blockmanagement/BlockStoragePolicySuite.java
@@ -18,7 +18,9 @@
 package org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.blockmanagement;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
+import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
 import com.google.common.collect.Lists;
+
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.XAttr;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.StorageType;
 import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.XAttrHelper;
@@ -104,9 +106,11 @@ public class BlockStoragePolicySuite {
   }
 
   public BlockStoragePolicy getPolicy(String policyName) {
+    Preconditions.checkNotNull(policyName);
+
     if (policies != null) {
       for (BlockStoragePolicy policy : policies) {
-        if (policy != null && policy.getName().equals(policyName)) {
+        if (policy != null && policy.getName().equalsIgnoreCase(policyName)) {
           return policy;
         }
       }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/e94a044d/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/blockStoragePolicy-default.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/blockStoragePolicy-default.xml
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/blockStoragePolicy-default.xml
deleted file mode 100644
index 891909b..0000000
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/resources/blockStoragePolicy-default.xml
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,118 +0,0 @@
-<?xml version="1.0"?>
-<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>
-
-<!--
-   Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
-   contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
-   this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
-   The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
-   (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
-   the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
-
-       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
-
-   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
-   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
-   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
-   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
-   limitations under the License.
--->
-
-<!-- Do not modify this file directly.  Instead, copy entries that you wish -->
-<!-- to modify from this file into blockStoragePolicy-site.xml and change   -->
-<!-- there.  If blockStoragePolicy-site.xml does not exist, create it.      -->
-
-<configuration>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policies</name>
-  <value>HOT:12, WARM:8, COLD:4</value>
-  <description>
-    A list of block storage policy names and IDs.  The syntax is
-
-      NAME_1:ID_1, NAME_2:ID_2, ..., NAME_n:ID_n
-
-    where ID is an integer in the range [1,15] and NAME is case insensitive.
-    The first element is the default policy.  Empty list is not allowed.
-  </description>
-</property>
-
-<!-- Block Storage Policy HOT:12 -->
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.12</name>
-  <value>DISK</value>
-  <description>
-    A list of storage types for storing the block replicas such as
-
-      STORAGE_TYPE_1, STORAGE_TYPE_2, ..., STORAGE_TYPE_n
-  
-    When creating a block, the i-th replica is stored using i-th storage type
-    for i less than or equal to n, and
-    the j-th replica is stored using n-th storage type for j greater than n.
-
-    Empty list is not allowed.
-
-    Examples:
-    DISK          : all replicas stored using DISK.
-    DISK, ARCHIVE : the first replica is stored using DISK and all the
-                    remaining replicas are stored using ARCHIVE.
-  </description>
-</property>
-
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.12</name>
-  <value></value>
-  <description>
-    A list of storage types for creation fallback storage.
-
-      STORAGE_TYPE_1, STORAGE_TYPE_2, ..., STORAGE_TYPE_n
-  
-    When creating a block, if a particular storage type specified in the policy
-    is unavailable, the fallback STORAGE_TYPE_1 is used.  Further, if
-    STORAGE_TYPE_i is also unavailable, the fallback STORAGE_TYPE_(i+1) is used.
-    In case that all fallback storages are unavailabe, the block will be created
-    with number of replicas less than the specified replication factor.
-
-    An empty list indicates that there is no fallback storage.
-  </description>
-</property>
-
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.12</name>
-  <value>ARCHIVE</value>
-  <description>
-    Similar to dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.x but for replication.
-  </description>
-</property>
-
-<!-- Block Storage Policy WARM:8 -->
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.8</name>
-  <value>DISK, ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.8</name>
-  <value>DISK, ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.8</name>
-  <value>DISK, ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-
-<!-- Block Storage Policy COLD:4 -->
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.4</name>
-  <value>ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.4</name>
-  <value></value>
-</property>
-
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.4</name>
-  <value></value>
-</property>
-</configuration>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/e94a044d/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/site/apt/ArchivalStorage.apt.vm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/site/apt/ArchivalStorage.apt.vm b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/site/apt/ArchivalStorage.apt.vm
index 5301d52..69674c7 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/site/apt/ArchivalStorage.apt.vm
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/site/apt/ArchivalStorage.apt.vm
@@ -11,12 +11,12 @@
 ~~ limitations under the License. See accompanying LICENSE file.
 
   ---
-  HDFS Archival Storage
+  Archival Storage, SSD & Memory
   ---
   ---
   ${maven.build.timestamp}
 
-HDFS Archival Storage
+Archival Storage, SSD & Memory
 
 %{toc|section=1|fromDepth=0}
 
@@ -29,9 +29,13 @@ HDFS Archival Storage
   Adding more nodes to the cold storage can grow the storage independent of the compute capacity
   in the cluster.
 
+  The frameworks provided by Heterogeneous Storage and Archival Storage generalizes the HDFS
architecture
+  to include other kinds of storage media including <SSD> and <memory>.
+  Users may choose to store their data in SSD or memory for a better performance.
+
 * {Storage Types and Storage Policies}
 
-** {Storage Types: DISK, SSD and ARCHIVE}
+** {Storage Types: ARCHIVE, DISK, SSD and RAM_DISK}
 
   The first phase of
   {{{https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-2832}Heterogeneous Storage (HDFS-2832)}}
@@ -45,7 +49,9 @@ HDFS Archival Storage
   which has high storage density (petabyte of storage) but little compute power,
   is added for supporting archival storage.
 
-** {Storage Policies: Hot, Warm and Cold}
+  Another new storage type <RAM_DISK> is added for supporting writing single replica
files in memory.
+
+** {Storage Policies: Hot, Warm, Cold, All_SSD, One_SSD and Lazy_Persist}
 
   A new concept of storage policies is introduced in order to allow files to be stored
   in different storage types according to the storage policy.
@@ -65,6 +71,14 @@ HDFS Archival Storage
                When a block is warm, some of its replicas are stored in DISK
                and the remaining replicas are stored in ARCHIVE.
 
+  * <<All_SSD>> - for storing all replicas in SSD.
+
+  * <<One_SSD>> - for storing one of the replicas in SSD.
+                  The remaining replicas are stored in DISK.
+
+  * <<Lazy_Persist>> - for writing blocks with single replica in memory.
+                       The replica is first written in RAM_DISK and then it is lazily persisted
in DISK.
+
   []
 
   More formally, a storage policy consists of the following fields:
@@ -89,149 +103,54 @@ HDFS Archival Storage
 
   The following is a typical storage policy table.
 
-*--------+---------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
-| <<Policy>> | <<Policy>>| <<Block Placement>>     |
<<Fallback storages>> | <<Fallback storages>> |
-| <<ID>>     | <<Name>>  | <<(n\ replicas)>>      | <<for
creation>>      | <<for replication>>   |
-*--------+---------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
-| 12     | Hot (default) | DISK: <n>               | \<none\>              |
ARCHIVE               |
-*--------+---------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
-| 8      | Warm          | DISK: 1, ARCHIVE: <n>-1 | ARCHIVE, DISK         | ARCHIVE,
DISK         |
-*--------+---------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
-| 4      | Cold          | ARCHIVE: <n>            | \<none\>              |
\<none\>              |
-*--------+---------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
-
-  Note that cluster administrators may change the storage policy table
-  according to the characteristic of the cluster.
-  For example, in order to prevent losing archival data,
-  administrators may want to use DISK as fallback storage for replication in the Cold policy.
-  A drawback of such setting is that the DISK storages could be filled up with archival data.
-  As a result, the entire cluster may become full and cannot serve hot data anymore.
-
-** {Configurations}
-
-*** {Setting The List of All Storage Policies}
-
-  * <<dfs.block.storage.policies>>
-    - a list of block storage policy names and IDs.
-    The syntax is
-
-      NAME_1:ID_1, NAME_2:ID_2, ..., NAME_<n>:ID_<n>
-
-    where ID is an integer in the closed range [1,15] and NAME is case insensitive.
-    The first element is the <default policy>.  Empty list is not allowed.
-
-    The default value is shown below.
-
-+------------------------------------------+
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policies</name>
-  <value>HOT:12, WARM:8, COLD:4</value>
-</property>
-+------------------------------------------+
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| <<Policy>> | <<Policy>>| <<Block Placement>>      |
<<Fallback storages>> | <<Fallback storages>> |
+| <<ID>>     | <<Name>>  | <<(n\ replicas)>>        |
<<for creation>>      | <<for replication>>   |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| 15     | Lasy_Persist  | RAM_DISK: 1, DISK: <n>-1 | DISK                  | DISK
                 |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| 12     | All_SSD       | SSD: <n>                 | DISK                  | DISK
                 |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| 10     | One_SSD       | SSD: 1, DISK: <n>-1      | SSD, DISK             | SSD,
DISK             |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| 7      | Hot (default) | DISK: <n>                | \<none\>              |
ARCHIVE               |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| 5      | Warm          | DISK: 1, ARCHIVE: <n>-1  | ARCHIVE, DISK         | ARCHIVE,
DISK         |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+| 2      | Cold          | ARCHIVE: <n>             | \<none\>              |
\<none\>              |
+*--------+---------------+--------------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
+
+  Note that the Lasy_Persist policy is useful only for single replica blocks.
+  For blocks with more than one replicas, all the replicas will be written to DISK
+  since writing only one of the replicas to RAM_DISK does not improve the overall performance.
+
+** {Storage Policy Resolution}
+
+  When a file or directory is created, its storage policy is <unspecified>.
+  The storage policy can be specified using
+  the "<<<{{{Set Storage Policy}dfsadmin -setStoragePolicy}}>>>" command.
+  The effective storage policy of a file or directory is resolved by the following rules.
+
+  [[1]] If the file or directory is specificed with a storage policy, return it.
+
+  [[2]] For an unspecified file or directory,
+        if it is the root directory, return the <default storage policy>.
+        Otherwise, return its parent's effective storage policy.
 
   []
 
-*** {Setting Storage Policy Details}
-
-  The following configuration properties are for setting the details of each storage policy,
-  where <<<\<ID\>>>> is the actual policy ID.
-
-  * <<dfs.block.storage.policy.\<ID\>>>
-    - a list of storage types for storing the block replicas.
-    The syntax is
-
-      STORAGE_TYPE_1, STORAGE_TYPE_2, ..., STORAGE_TYPE_<n>
-  
-    When creating a block, the <i>-th replica is stored using <i>-th storage
type
-    for <i> less than or equal to <n>, and
-    the <j>-th replica is stored using <n>-th storage type for <j> greater
than <n>.
-
-    Empty list is not allowed.
-
-    Examples:
-
-+------------------------------------------+
-DISK          : all replicas stored using DISK.
-DISK, ARCHIVE : the first replica is stored using DISK and all the
-                remaining replicas are stored using ARCHIVE.
-+------------------------------------------+
-
-  * <<dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.\<ID\>>>
-    - a list of storage types for creation fallback storage.
-    The syntax is
+  The effective storage policy can be retrieved by
+  the "<<<{{{Set Storage Policy}dfsadmin -getStoragePolicy}}>>>" command.
 
-      STORAGE_TYPE_1, STORAGE_TYPE_2, ..., STORAGE_TYPE_n
-  
-    When creating a block, if a particular storage type specified in the policy
-    is unavailable, the fallback STORAGE_TYPE_1 is used.  Further, if
-    STORAGE_TYPE_<i> is also unavailable, the fallback STORAGE_TYPE_<(i+1)> is
used.
-    In case all fallback storages are unavailable, the block will be created
-    with number of replicas less than the specified replication factor.
 
-    An empty list indicates that there is no fallback storage.
+** {Configuration}
 
-  * <<dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.\<ID\>>>
-    - a list of storage types for replication fallback storage.
-    The usage of this configuration property is similar to
-    <<<dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.\<ID\>>>>
-    except that it takes effect on replication but not block creation.
+  * <<dfs.storage.policy.enabled>>
+    - for enabling/disabling the storage policy feature.
+    The default value is <<<true>>>.
 
   []
 
-  The following are the default configuration values for Hot, Warm and Cold storage policies.
-
-  * Block Storage Policy <<HOT:12>>
-
-+------------------------------------------+
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.12</name>
-  <value>DISK</value>
-</property>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.12</name>
-  <value></value>
-</property>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.12</name>
-  <value>ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-+------------------------------------------+
-
-  * Block Storage Policy <<WARM:8>>
-
-+------------------------------------------+
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.8</name>
-  <value>DISK, ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.8</name>
-  <value>DISK, ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.8</name>
-  <value>DISK, ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-+------------------------------------------+
-
-  * Block Storage Policy <<COLD:4>>
-
-+------------------------------------------+
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.4</name>
-  <value>ARCHIVE</value>
-</property>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.creation-fallback.4</name>
-  <value></value>
-</property>
-<property>
-  <name>dfs.block.storage.policy.replication-fallback.4</name>
-  <value></value>
-</property>
-+------------------------------------------+
-
-  []
 
 * {Mover - A New Data Migration Tool}
 
@@ -261,7 +180,19 @@ hdfs mover [-p <files/dirs> | -f <local file name>]
   []
 
 
-* {<<<DFSAdmin>>> Commands}
+* {Storage Policy Commands}
+
+** {List Storage Policies}
+
+  List out all the storage policies.
+
+  * Command:
+
++------------------------------------------+
+hdfs storagepolicies
++------------------------------------------+
+
+  * Arguments: none.
 
 ** {Set Storage Policy}
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/e94a044d/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml b/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
index 991447f..2fd1532 100644
--- a/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
+++ b/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@
       <item name="Extended Attributes" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/ExtendedAttributes.html"/>
       <item name="Transparent Encryption" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/TransparentEncryption.html"/>
       <item name="HDFS Support for Multihoming" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/HdfsMultihoming.html"/>
-      <item name="Archival Storage" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/ArchivalStorage.html"/>
+      <item name="Archival Storage, SSD &amp; Memory" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-hdfs/ArchivalStorage.html"/>
     </menu>
 
     <menu name="MapReduce" inherit="top">


Mime
View raw message