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From t...@apache.org
Subject [05/50] [abbrv] git commit: HDFS-6879. Adding tracing to Hadoop RPC. Contributed by Masatake Iwasaki.
Date Tue, 02 Sep 2014 22:58:38 GMT
HDFS-6879. Adding tracing to Hadoop RPC.  Contributed by Masatake Iwasaki.


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/commit/6962510f
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/tree/6962510f
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/diff/6962510f

Branch: refs/heads/MR-2841
Commit: 6962510f729717f776929708813f99a28e582f34
Parents: b6b95ff
Author: Colin Patrick Mccabe <cmccabe@cloudera.com>
Authored: Wed Aug 27 14:12:05 2014 -0700
Committer: Colin Patrick Mccabe <cmccabe@cloudera.com>
Committed: Wed Aug 27 14:12:05 2014 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml     |   4 +
 .../main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Client.java |   8 +
 .../apache/hadoop/ipc/ProtobufRpcEngine.java    |  20 +-
 .../main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java |  43 ++-
 .../apache/hadoop/ipc/WritableRpcEngine.java    |  18 +-
 .../apache/hadoop/tracing/SpanReceiverHost.java | 153 ++++++++++
 .../java/org/apache/hadoop/util/ProtoUtil.java  |  11 +
 .../src/main/proto/RpcHeader.proto              |  13 +
 .../hadoop-common/src/site/apt/Tracing.apt.vm   | 169 +++++++++++
 hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/pom.xml         |   4 +
 .../hadoop/hdfs/server/datanode/DataNode.java   |   7 +
 .../hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNode.java   |   8 +
 .../org/apache/hadoop/tracing/TestTracing.java  | 280 +++++++++++++++++++
 hadoop-project/pom.xml                          |   5 +
 hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml                |   1 +
 15 files changed, 738 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml
index 09f1c5a..ae495be 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/pom.xml
@@ -225,6 +225,10 @@
     </dependency>
 
     <dependency>
+      <groupId>org.htrace</groupId>
+      <artifactId>htrace-core</artifactId>
+    </dependency>
+    <dependency>
       <groupId>org.apache.zookeeper</groupId>
       <artifactId>zookeeper</artifactId>
       <exclusions>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Client.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Client.java
b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Client.java
index 158445f..2f482c2 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Client.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Client.java
@@ -88,6 +88,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.ProtoUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.StringUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
 import com.google.common.base.Preconditions;
@@ -694,6 +695,9 @@ public class Client {
         if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
           LOG.debug("Connecting to "+server);
         }
+        if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+          Trace.addTimelineAnnotation("IPC client connecting to " + server);
+        }
         short numRetries = 0;
         Random rand = null;
         while (true) {
@@ -758,6 +762,10 @@ public class Client {
           // update last activity time
           touch();
 
+          if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+            Trace.addTimelineAnnotation("IPC client connected to " + server);
+          }
+
           // start the receiver thread after the socket connection has been set
           // up
           start();

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/ProtobufRpcEngine.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/ProtobufRpcEngine.java
b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/ProtobufRpcEngine.java
index 64615d2..0ccdb71 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/ProtobufRpcEngine.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/ProtobufRpcEngine.java
@@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.security.token.SecretManager;
 import org.apache.hadoop.security.token.TokenIdentifier;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.ProtoUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
+import org.htrace.Sampler;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+import org.htrace.TraceScope;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
 import com.google.protobuf.BlockingService;
@@ -191,6 +194,16 @@ public class ProtobufRpcEngine implements RpcEngine {
             + method.getName() + "]");
       }
 
+      TraceScope traceScope = null;
+      // if Tracing is on then start a new span for this rpc.
+      // guard it in the if statement to make sure there isn't
+      // any extra string manipulation.
+      if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+        traceScope = Trace.startSpan(
+            method.getDeclaringClass().getCanonicalName() +
+            "." + method.getName());
+      }
+
       RequestHeaderProto rpcRequestHeader = constructRpcRequestHeader(method);
       
       if (LOG.isTraceEnabled()) {
@@ -212,8 +225,13 @@ public class ProtobufRpcEngine implements RpcEngine {
               remoteId + ": " + method.getName() +
                 " {" + e + "}");
         }
-
+        if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+          traceScope.getSpan().addTimelineAnnotation(
+              "Call got exception: " + e.getMessage());
+        }
         throw new ServiceException(e);
+      } finally {
+        if (traceScope != null) traceScope.close();
       }
 
       if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java
b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java
index 24dd0c2..021e035 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/Server.java
@@ -79,6 +79,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.IntegerRanges;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.CommonConfigurationKeys;
 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.CommonConfigurationKeysPublic;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.DataOutputBuffer;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.Writable;
 import org.apache.hadoop.io.WritableUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.ipc.ProtobufRpcEngine.RpcResponseMessageWrapper;
@@ -115,6 +116,10 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.ProtoUtil;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.StringUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
+import org.htrace.Span;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+import org.htrace.TraceInfo;
+import org.htrace.TraceScope;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
 import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
@@ -506,6 +511,7 @@ public abstract class Server {
     private ByteBuffer rpcResponse;       // the response for this call
     private final RPC.RpcKind rpcKind;
     private final byte[] clientId;
+    private final Span traceSpan; // the tracing span on the server side
 
     public Call(int id, int retryCount, Writable param, 
         Connection connection) {
@@ -515,6 +521,11 @@ public abstract class Server {
 
     public Call(int id, int retryCount, Writable param, Connection connection,
         RPC.RpcKind kind, byte[] clientId) {
+      this(id, retryCount, param, connection, kind, clientId, null);
+    }
+
+    public Call(int id, int retryCount, Writable param, Connection connection,
+        RPC.RpcKind kind, byte[] clientId, Span span) {
       this.callId = id;
       this.retryCount = retryCount;
       this.rpcRequest = param;
@@ -523,6 +534,7 @@ public abstract class Server {
       this.rpcResponse = null;
       this.rpcKind = kind;
       this.clientId = clientId;
+      this.traceSpan = span;
     }
     
     @Override
@@ -1921,9 +1933,18 @@ public abstract class Server {
             RpcErrorCodeProto.FATAL_DESERIALIZING_REQUEST, err);
       }
         
+      Span traceSpan = null;
+      if (header.hasTraceInfo()) {
+        // If the incoming RPC included tracing info, always continue the trace
+        TraceInfo parentSpan = new TraceInfo(header.getTraceInfo().getTraceId(),
+                                             header.getTraceInfo().getParentId());
+        traceSpan = Trace.startSpan(rpcRequest.toString(), parentSpan).detach();
+      }
+
       Call call = new Call(header.getCallId(), header.getRetryCount(),
-          rpcRequest, this, ProtoUtil.convert(header.getRpcKind()), header
-              .getClientId().toByteArray());
+          rpcRequest, this, ProtoUtil.convert(header.getRpcKind()),
+          header.getClientId().toByteArray(), traceSpan);
+
       callQueue.put(call);              // queue the call; maybe blocked here
       incRpcCount();  // Increment the rpc count
     }
@@ -2067,6 +2088,7 @@ public abstract class Server {
       ByteArrayOutputStream buf = 
         new ByteArrayOutputStream(INITIAL_RESP_BUF_SIZE);
       while (running) {
+        TraceScope traceScope = null;
         try {
           final Call call = callQueue.take(); // pop the queue; maybe blocked here
           if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
@@ -2083,6 +2105,10 @@ public abstract class Server {
           Writable value = null;
 
           CurCall.set(call);
+          if (call.traceSpan != null) {
+            traceScope = Trace.continueSpan(call.traceSpan);
+          }
+
           try {
             // Make the call as the user via Subject.doAs, thus associating
             // the call with the Subject
@@ -2156,9 +2182,22 @@ public abstract class Server {
         } catch (InterruptedException e) {
           if (running) {                          // unexpected -- log it
             LOG.info(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " unexpectedly interrupted", e);
+            if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+              traceScope.getSpan().addTimelineAnnotation("unexpectedly interrupted: " +
+                  StringUtils.stringifyException(e));
+            }
           }
         } catch (Exception e) {
           LOG.info(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " caught an exception", e);
+          if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+            traceScope.getSpan().addTimelineAnnotation("Exception: " +
+                StringUtils.stringifyException(e));
+          }
+        } finally {
+          if (traceScope != null) {
+            traceScope.close();
+          }
+          IOUtils.cleanup(LOG, traceScope);
         }
       }
       LOG.debug(Thread.currentThread().getName() + ": exiting");

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/WritableRpcEngine.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/WritableRpcEngine.java
b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/WritableRpcEngine.java
index 04ab4dc..4b2dfe0 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/WritableRpcEngine.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/ipc/WritableRpcEngine.java
@@ -41,6 +41,8 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
 import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceStability;
 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.*;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+import org.htrace.TraceScope;
 
 /** An RpcEngine implementation for Writable data. */
 @InterfaceStability.Evolving
@@ -227,9 +229,19 @@ public class WritableRpcEngine implements RpcEngine {
       if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
         startTime = Time.now();
       }
-
-      ObjectWritable value = (ObjectWritable)
-        client.call(RPC.RpcKind.RPC_WRITABLE, new Invocation(method, args), remoteId);
+      TraceScope traceScope = null;
+      if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+        traceScope = Trace.startSpan(
+            method.getDeclaringClass().getCanonicalName() +
+            "." + method.getName());
+      }
+      ObjectWritable value;
+      try {
+        value = (ObjectWritable)
+          client.call(RPC.RpcKind.RPC_WRITABLE, new Invocation(method, args), remoteId);
+      } finally {
+        if (traceScope != null) traceScope.close();
+      }
       if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
         long callTime = Time.now() - startTime;
         LOG.debug("Call: " + method.getName() + " " + callTime);

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/SpanReceiverHost.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/SpanReceiverHost.java
b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/SpanReceiverHost.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b8c7b31
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/SpanReceiverHost.java
@@ -0,0 +1,153 @@
+/**
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.tracing;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Collection;
+import java.util.HashSet;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
+import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
+import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
+import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils;
+import org.apache.hadoop.util.ShutdownHookManager;
+import org.htrace.HTraceConfiguration;
+import org.htrace.SpanReceiver;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+
+/**
+ * This class provides functions for reading the names of SpanReceivers from
+ * the Hadoop configuration, adding those SpanReceivers to the Tracer,
+ * and closing those SpanReceivers when appropriate.
+ * This class does nothing If no SpanReceiver is configured.
+ */
+@InterfaceAudience.Private
+public class SpanReceiverHost {
+  public static final String SPAN_RECEIVERS_CONF_KEY = "hadoop.trace.spanreceiver.classes";
+  private static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(SpanReceiverHost.class);
+  private Collection<SpanReceiver> receivers = new HashSet<SpanReceiver>();
+  private boolean closed = false;
+
+  private static enum SingletonHolder {
+    INSTANCE;
+    Object lock = new Object();
+    SpanReceiverHost host = null;
+  }
+
+  public static SpanReceiverHost getInstance(Configuration conf) {
+    if (SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host != null) {
+      return SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host;
+    }
+    synchronized (SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.lock) {
+      if (SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host != null) {
+        return SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host;
+      }
+      SpanReceiverHost host = new SpanReceiverHost();
+      host.loadSpanReceivers(conf);
+      SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host = host;
+      ShutdownHookManager.get().addShutdownHook(new Runnable() {
+          public void run() {
+            SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host.closeReceivers();
+          }
+        }, 0);
+      return SingletonHolder.INSTANCE.host;
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Reads the names of classes specified in the
+   * "hadoop.trace.spanreceiver.classes" property and instantiates and registers
+   * them with the Tracer as SpanReceiver's.
+   *
+   * The nullary constructor is called during construction, but if the classes
+   * specified implement the Configurable interface, setConfiguration() will be
+   * called on them. This allows SpanReceivers to use values from the Hadoop
+   * configuration.
+   */
+  public void loadSpanReceivers(Configuration conf) {
+    Class<?> implClass = null;
+    String[] receiverNames = conf.getTrimmedStrings(SPAN_RECEIVERS_CONF_KEY);
+    if (receiverNames == null || receiverNames.length == 0) {
+      return;
+    }
+    for (String className : receiverNames) {
+      className = className.trim();
+      try {
+        implClass = Class.forName(className);
+        receivers.add(loadInstance(implClass, conf));
+        LOG.info("SpanReceiver " + className + " was loaded successfully.");
+      } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
+        LOG.warn("Class " + className + " cannot be found.", e);
+      } catch (IOException e) {
+        LOG.warn("Load SpanReceiver " + className + " failed.", e);
+      }
+    }
+    for (SpanReceiver rcvr : receivers) {
+      Trace.addReceiver(rcvr);
+    }
+  }
+
+  private SpanReceiver loadInstance(Class<?> implClass, Configuration conf)
+      throws IOException {
+    SpanReceiver impl;
+    try {
+      Object o = ReflectionUtils.newInstance(implClass, conf);
+      impl = (SpanReceiver)o;
+      impl.configure(wrapHadoopConf(conf));
+    } catch (SecurityException e) {
+      throw new IOException(e);
+    } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
+      throw new IOException(e);
+    } catch (RuntimeException e) {
+      throw new IOException(e);
+    }
+
+    return impl;
+  }
+
+  private static HTraceConfiguration wrapHadoopConf(final Configuration conf) {
+    return new HTraceConfiguration() {
+      public static final String HTRACE_CONF_PREFIX = "hadoop.";
+
+      @Override
+      public String get(String key) {
+        return conf.get(HTRACE_CONF_PREFIX + key);
+      }
+
+      @Override
+      public String get(String key, String defaultValue) {
+        return conf.get(HTRACE_CONF_PREFIX + key, defaultValue);
+      }
+    };
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Calls close() on all SpanReceivers created by this SpanReceiverHost.
+   */
+  public synchronized void closeReceivers() {
+    if (closed) return;
+    closed = true;
+    for (SpanReceiver rcvr : receivers) {
+      try {
+        rcvr.close();
+      } catch (IOException e) {
+        LOG.warn("Unable to close SpanReceiver correctly: " + e.getMessage(), e);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/util/ProtoUtil.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/util/ProtoUtil.java
b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/util/ProtoUtil.java
index 79f8692..36b5ff1 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/util/ProtoUtil.java
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/util/ProtoUtil.java
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.ipc.protobuf.IpcConnectionContextProtos.UserInformation
 import org.apache.hadoop.ipc.protobuf.RpcHeaderProtos.*;
 import org.apache.hadoop.security.SaslRpcServer.AuthMethod;
 import org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation;
+import org.htrace.Span;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
 
 import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
 
@@ -165,6 +167,15 @@ public abstract class ProtoUtil {
     RpcRequestHeaderProto.Builder result = RpcRequestHeaderProto.newBuilder();
     result.setRpcKind(convert(rpcKind)).setRpcOp(operation).setCallId(callId)
         .setRetryCount(retryCount).setClientId(ByteString.copyFrom(uuid));
+
+    // Add tracing info if we are currently tracing.
+    if (Trace.isTracing()) {
+      Span s = Trace.currentSpan();
+      result.setTraceInfo(RPCTraceInfoProto.newBuilder()
+          .setParentId(s.getSpanId())
+          .setTraceId(s.getTraceId()).build());
+    }
+
     return result.build();
   }
 }

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/proto/RpcHeader.proto
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/proto/RpcHeader.proto b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/proto/RpcHeader.proto
index e8c4ada..c879150 100644
--- a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/proto/RpcHeader.proto
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/proto/RpcHeader.proto
@@ -53,6 +53,18 @@ enum RpcKindProto {
 
 
    
+/**
+ * Used to pass through the information necessary to continue
+ * a trace after an RPC is made. All we need is the traceid
+ * (so we know the overarching trace this message is a part of), and
+ * the id of the current span when this message was sent, so we know
+ * what span caused the new span we will create when this message is received.
+ */
+message RPCTraceInfoProto {
+  optional int64 traceId = 1;
+  optional int64 parentId = 2;
+}
+
 message RpcRequestHeaderProto { // the header for the RpcRequest
   enum OperationProto {
     RPC_FINAL_PACKET        = 0; // The final RPC Packet
@@ -67,6 +79,7 @@ message RpcRequestHeaderProto { // the header for the RpcRequest
   // clientId + callId uniquely identifies a request
   // retry count, 1 means this is the first retry
   optional sint32 retryCount = 5 [default = -1];
+  optional RPCTraceInfoProto traceInfo = 6; // tracing info
 }
 
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/Tracing.apt.vm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/Tracing.apt.vm b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/Tracing.apt.vm
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f777dd2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/Tracing.apt.vm
@@ -0,0 +1,169 @@
+~~ Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+~~ you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+~~ You may obtain a copy of the License at
+~~
+~~   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+~~
+~~ Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+~~ distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+~~ WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+~~ See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+~~ limitations under the License. See accompanying LICENSE file.
+
+  ---
+  Hadoop Distributed File System-${project.version} - Enabling Dapper-like Tracing
+  ---
+  ---
+  ${maven.build.timestamp}
+
+Enabling Dapper-like Tracing in HDFS
+
+%{toc|section=1|fromDepth=0}
+
+* {Dapper-like Tracing in HDFS}
+
+** HTrace
+
+  {{{https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HDFS-5274}HDFS-5274}}
+  added support for tracing requests through HDFS,
+  using the open source tracing library, {{{https://github.com/cloudera/htrace}HTrace}}.
+  Setting up tracing is quite simple, however it requires some very minor changes to your
client code.
+
+** SpanReceivers
+
+  The tracing system works by collecting information in structs called 'Spans'.
+  It is up to you to choose how you want to receive this information
+  by implementing the SpanReceiver interface, which defines one method:
+
++----
+public void receiveSpan(Span span);
++----
+
+  Configure what SpanReceivers you'd like to use
+  by putting a comma separated list of the fully-qualified class name of
+  classes implementing SpanReceiver
+  in <<<hdfs-site.xml>>> property: <<<hadoop.trace.spanreceiver.classes>>>.
+
++----
+  <property>
+    <name>hadoop.trace.spanreceiver.classes</name>
+    <value>org.htrace.impl.LocalFileSpanReceiver</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>hadoop.local-file-span-receiver.path</name>
+    <value>/var/log/hadoop/htrace.out</value>
+  </property>
++----
+
+** Setting up ZipkinSpanReceiver
+
+  Instead of implementing SpanReceiver by yourself,
+  you can use <<<ZipkinSpanReceiver>>> which uses
+  {{{https://github.com/twitter/zipkin}Zipkin}}
+  for collecting and dispalying tracing data.
+
+  In order to use <<<ZipkinSpanReceiver>>>,
+  you need to download and setup {{{https://github.com/twitter/zipkin}Zipkin}} first.
+
+  you also need to add the jar of <<<htrace-zipkin>>> to the classpath
of Hadoop on each node.
+  Here is example setup procedure.
+
++----
+  $ git clone https://github.com/cloudera/htrace
+  $ cd htrace/htrace-zipkin
+  $ mvn compile assembly:single
+  $ cp target/htrace-zipkin-*-jar-with-dependencies.jar $HADOOP_HOME/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/
++----
+
+  The sample configuration for <<<ZipkinSpanReceiver>>> is shown below.
+  By adding these to <<<hdfs-site.xml>>> of NameNode and DataNodes,
+  <<<ZipkinSpanReceiver>>> is initialized on the startup.
+  You also need this configuration on the client node in addition to the servers.
+
++----
+  <property>
+    <name>hadoop.trace.spanreceiver.classes</name>
+    <value>org.htrace.impl.ZipkinSpanReceiver</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>hadoop.zipkin.collector-hostname</name>
+    <value>192.168.1.2</value>
+  </property>
+  <property>
+    <name>hadoop.zipkin.collector-port</name>
+    <value>9410</value>
+  </property>
++----
+
+** Turning on tracing by HTrace API
+
+  In order to turn on Dapper-like tracing,
+  you will need to wrap the traced logic with <<tracing span>> as shown below.
+  When there is running tracing spans,
+  the tracing information is propagated to servers along with RPC requests.
+
+  In addition, you need to initialize <<<SpanReceiver>>> once per process.
+
++----
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.HdfsConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost;
+import org.htrace.Sampler;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+import org.htrace.TraceScope;
+
+...
+
+    SpanReceiverHost.getInstance(new HdfsConfiguration());
+
+...
+
+    TraceScope ts = Trace.startSpan("Gets", Sampler.ALWAYS);
+    try {
+      ... // traced logic
+    } finally {
+      if (ts != null) ts.close();
+    }
++----
+
+** Sample code for tracing
+
+  The <<<TracingFsShell.java>>> shown below is the wrapper of FsShell
+  which start tracing span before invoking HDFS shell command.
+
++----
+import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FsShell;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.HdfsConfiguration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost;
+import org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner;
+import org.htrace.Sampler;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+import org.htrace.TraceScope;
+
+public class TracingFsShell {
+  public static void main(String argv[]) throws Exception {
+    Configuration conf = new Configuration();
+    FsShell shell = new FsShell();
+    conf.setQuietMode(false);
+    shell.setConf(conf);
+    int res = 0;
+    SpanReceiverHost.init(new HdfsConfiguration());
+    TraceScope ts = null;
+    try {
+      ts = Trace.startSpan("FsShell", Sampler.ALWAYS);
+      res = ToolRunner.run(shell, argv);
+    } finally {
+      shell.close();
+      if (ts != null) ts.close();
+    }
+    System.exit(res);
+  }
+}
++----
+
+  You can compile and execute this code as shown below.
+
++----
+$ javac -cp `hadoop classpath` TracingFsShell.java
+$ HADOOP_CLASSPATH=. hdfs TracingFsShell -put sample.txt /tmp/
++----

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/pom.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/pom.xml b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/pom.xml
index 9b026f2..81eae0a 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/pom.xml
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/pom.xml
@@ -181,6 +181,10 @@ http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
       <artifactId>xercesImpl</artifactId>
       <scope>compile</scope>
     </dependency>
+    <dependency>
+      <groupId>org.htrace</groupId>
+      <artifactId>htrace-core</artifactId>
+    </dependency>
   </dependencies>
 
   <build>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/datanode/DataNode.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/datanode/DataNode.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/datanode/DataNode.java
index df50eab..1ec91d0 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/datanode/DataNode.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/datanode/DataNode.java
@@ -180,6 +180,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.util.ServicePlugin;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.StringUtils;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.Time;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.VersionInfo;
+import org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost;
 import org.mortbay.util.ajax.JSON;
 
 import com.google.common.annotations.VisibleForTesting;
@@ -326,6 +327,8 @@ public class DataNode extends Configured
   private boolean isPermissionEnabled;
   private String dnUserName = null;
 
+  private SpanReceiverHost spanReceiverHost;
+
   /**
    * Create the DataNode given a configuration, an array of dataDirs,
    * and a namenode proxy
@@ -823,6 +826,7 @@ public class DataNode extends Configured
     this.dataDirs = dataDirs;
     this.conf = conf;
     this.dnConf = new DNConf(conf);
+    this.spanReceiverHost = SpanReceiverHost.getInstance(conf);
 
     if (dnConf.maxLockedMemory > 0) {
       if (!NativeIO.POSIX.getCacheManipulator().verifyCanMlock()) {
@@ -1510,6 +1514,9 @@ public class DataNode extends Configured
       MBeans.unregister(dataNodeInfoBeanName);
       dataNodeInfoBeanName = null;
     }
+    if (this.spanReceiverHost != null) {
+      this.spanReceiverHost.closeReceivers();
+    }
     if (shortCircuitRegistry != null) shortCircuitRegistry.shutdown();
     LOG.info("Shutdown complete.");
     synchronized(this) {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNode.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNode.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNode.java
index 4072b17..bcb5a86 100644
--- a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNode.java
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/hdfs/server/namenode/NameNode.java
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation;
 import org.apache.hadoop.security.authorize.RefreshAuthorizationPolicyProtocol;
 import org.apache.hadoop.ipc.RefreshCallQueueProtocol;
 import org.apache.hadoop.tools.GetUserMappingsProtocol;
+import org.apache.hadoop.tracing.SpanReceiverHost;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.ExitUtil.ExitException;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.GenericOptionsParser;
 import org.apache.hadoop.util.JvmPauseMonitor;
@@ -278,6 +279,7 @@ public class NameNode implements NameNodeStatusMXBean {
 
   private JvmPauseMonitor pauseMonitor;
   private ObjectName nameNodeStatusBeanName;
+  private SpanReceiverHost spanReceiverHost;
   /**
    * The namenode address that clients will use to access this namenode
    * or the name service. For HA configurations using logical URI, it
@@ -586,6 +588,9 @@ public class NameNode implements NameNodeStatusMXBean {
     if (NamenodeRole.NAMENODE == role) {
       startHttpServer(conf);
     }
+
+    this.spanReceiverHost = SpanReceiverHost.getInstance(conf);
+
     loadNamesystem(conf);
 
     rpcServer = createRpcServer(conf);
@@ -822,6 +827,9 @@ public class NameNode implements NameNodeStatusMXBean {
         MBeans.unregister(nameNodeStatusBeanName);
         nameNodeStatusBeanName = null;
       }
+      if (this.spanReceiverHost != null) {
+        this.spanReceiverHost.closeReceivers();
+      }
     }
   }
 

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/TestTracing.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/TestTracing.java
b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/TestTracing.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bb923a2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-hdfs-project/hadoop-hdfs/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/tracing/TestTracing.java
@@ -0,0 +1,280 @@
+/**
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.hadoop.tracing;
+
+import org.apache.commons.lang.RandomStringUtils;
+import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataInputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DistributedFileSystem;
+import org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.MiniDFSCluster;
+import org.htrace.HTraceConfiguration;
+import org.htrace.Sampler;
+import org.htrace.Span;
+import org.htrace.SpanReceiver;
+import org.htrace.Trace;
+import org.htrace.TraceScope;
+import org.junit.AfterClass;
+import org.junit.Assert;
+import org.junit.Before;
+import org.junit.BeforeClass;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.LinkedList;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Set;
+
+public class TestTracing {
+
+  private static Configuration conf;
+  private static MiniDFSCluster cluster;
+  private static DistributedFileSystem dfs;
+
+  @Test
+  public void testSpanReceiverHost() throws Exception {
+    Configuration conf = new Configuration();
+    conf.set(SpanReceiverHost.SPAN_RECEIVERS_CONF_KEY,
+        SetSpanReceiver.class.getName());
+    SpanReceiverHost spanReceiverHost = SpanReceiverHost.getInstance(conf);
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testWriteTraceHooks() throws Exception {
+    long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
+    TraceScope ts = Trace.startSpan("testWriteTraceHooks", Sampler.ALWAYS);
+    Path file = new Path("traceWriteTest.dat");
+    FSDataOutputStream stream = dfs.create(file);
+
+    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
+      byte[] data = RandomStringUtils.randomAlphabetic(102400).getBytes();
+      stream.write(data);
+    }
+    stream.hflush();
+    stream.close();
+    long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
+    ts.close();
+
+    String[] expectedSpanNames = {
+      "testWriteTraceHooks",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.ClientProtocol.create",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.proto.ClientNamenodeProtocolProtos.ClientNamenodeProtocol.BlockingInterface.create",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.ClientProtocol.fsync",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.proto.ClientNamenodeProtocolProtos.ClientNamenodeProtocol.BlockingInterface.fsync",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.proto.ClientNamenodeProtocolProtos.ClientNamenodeProtocol.BlockingInterface.complete"
+    };
+    assertSpanNamesFound(expectedSpanNames);
+
+    // The trace should last about the same amount of time as the test
+    Map<String, List<Span>> map = SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.getMap();
+    Span s = map.get("testWriteTraceHooks").get(0);
+    Assert.assertNotNull(s);
+    long spanStart = s.getStartTimeMillis();
+    long spanEnd = s.getStopTimeMillis();
+    Assert.assertTrue(spanStart - startTime < 100);
+    Assert.assertTrue(spanEnd - endTime < 100);
+
+    // There should only be one trace id as it should all be homed in the
+    // top trace.
+    for (Span span : SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.spans) {
+      Assert.assertEquals(ts.getSpan().getTraceId(), span.getTraceId());
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testWriteWithoutTraceHooks() throws Exception {
+    Path file = new Path("withoutTraceWriteTest.dat");
+    FSDataOutputStream stream = dfs.create(file);
+    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
+      byte[] data = RandomStringUtils.randomAlphabetic(102400).getBytes();
+      stream.write(data);
+    }
+    stream.hflush();
+    stream.close();
+    Assert.assertTrue(SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.size() == 0);
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadTraceHooks() throws Exception {
+    String fileName = "traceReadTest.dat";
+    Path filePath = new Path(fileName);
+
+    // Create the file.
+    FSDataOutputStream ostream = dfs.create(filePath);
+    for (int i = 0; i < 50; i++) {
+      byte[] data = RandomStringUtils.randomAlphabetic(10240).getBytes();
+      ostream.write(data);
+    }
+    ostream.close();
+
+
+    long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
+    TraceScope ts = Trace.startSpan("testReadTraceHooks", Sampler.ALWAYS);
+    FSDataInputStream istream = dfs.open(filePath, 10240);
+    ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(10240);
+
+    int count = 0;
+    try {
+      while (istream.read(buf) > 0) {
+        count += 1;
+        buf.clear();
+        istream.seek(istream.getPos() + 5);
+      }
+    } catch (IOException ioe) {
+      // Ignore this it's probably a seek after eof.
+    } finally {
+      istream.close();
+    }
+    ts.getSpan().addTimelineAnnotation("count: " + count);
+    long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
+    ts.close();
+
+    String[] expectedSpanNames = {
+      "testReadTraceHooks",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.ClientProtocol.getBlockLocations",
+      "org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.proto.ClientNamenodeProtocolProtos.ClientNamenodeProtocol.BlockingInterface.getBlockLocations"
+    };
+    assertSpanNamesFound(expectedSpanNames);
+
+    // The trace should last about the same amount of time as the test
+    Map<String, List<Span>> map = SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.getMap();
+    Span s = map.get("testReadTraceHooks").get(0);
+    Assert.assertNotNull(s);
+
+    long spanStart = s.getStartTimeMillis();
+    long spanEnd = s.getStopTimeMillis();
+    Assert.assertTrue(spanStart - startTime < 100);
+    Assert.assertTrue(spanEnd - endTime < 100);
+
+    // There should only be one trace id as it should all be homed in the
+    // top trace.
+    for (Span span : SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.spans) {
+      Assert.assertEquals(ts.getSpan().getTraceId(), span.getTraceId());
+    }
+  }
+
+  @Test
+  public void testReadWithoutTraceHooks() throws Exception {
+    String fileName = "withoutTraceReadTest.dat";
+    Path filePath = new Path(fileName);
+
+    // Create the file.
+    FSDataOutputStream ostream = dfs.create(filePath);
+    for (int i = 0; i < 50; i++) {
+      byte[] data = RandomStringUtils.randomAlphabetic(10240).getBytes();
+      ostream.write(data);
+    }
+    ostream.close();
+
+    FSDataInputStream istream = dfs.open(filePath, 10240);
+    ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(10240);
+
+    int count = 0;
+    try {
+      while (istream.read(buf) > 0) {
+        count += 1;
+        buf.clear();
+        istream.seek(istream.getPos() + 5);
+      }
+    } catch (IOException ioe) {
+      // Ignore this it's probably a seek after eof.
+    } finally {
+      istream.close();
+    }
+    Assert.assertTrue(SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.size() == 0);
+  }
+
+  @Before
+  public void cleanSet() {
+    SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.spans.clear();
+  }
+
+  @BeforeClass
+  public static void setupCluster() throws IOException {
+    conf = new Configuration();
+    conf.setLong("dfs.blocksize", 100 * 1024);
+    conf.set(SpanReceiverHost.SPAN_RECEIVERS_CONF_KEY,
+        SetSpanReceiver.class.getName());
+
+    cluster = new MiniDFSCluster.Builder(conf)
+        .numDataNodes(3)
+        .build();
+
+    dfs = cluster.getFileSystem();
+  }
+
+  @AfterClass
+  public static void shutDown() throws IOException {
+    cluster.shutdown();
+  }
+
+  private void assertSpanNamesFound(String[] expectedSpanNames) {
+    Map<String, List<Span>> map = SetSpanReceiver.SetHolder.getMap();
+    for (String spanName : expectedSpanNames) {
+      Assert.assertTrue("Should find a span with name " + spanName, map.get(spanName) !=
null);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /**
+   * Span receiver that puts all spans into a single set.
+   * This is useful for testing.
+   * <p/>
+   * We're not using HTrace's POJOReceiver here so as that doesn't
+   * push all the metrics to a static place, and would make testing
+   * SpanReceiverHost harder.
+   */
+  public static class SetSpanReceiver implements SpanReceiver {
+
+    public void configure(HTraceConfiguration conf) {
+    }
+
+    public void receiveSpan(Span span) {
+      SetHolder.spans.add(span);
+    }
+
+    public void close() {
+    }
+
+    public static class SetHolder {
+      public static Set<Span> spans = new HashSet<Span>();
+
+      public static int size() {
+        return spans.size();
+      }
+
+      public static Map<String, List<Span>> getMap() {
+        Map<String, List<Span>> map = new HashMap<String, List<Span>>();
+
+        for (Span s : spans) {
+          List<Span> l = map.get(s.getDescription());
+          if (l == null) {
+            l = new LinkedList<Span>();
+            map.put(s.getDescription(), l);
+          }
+          l.add(s);
+        }
+        return map;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-project/pom.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-project/pom.xml b/hadoop-project/pom.xml
index be5b3d5..beaeec6 100644
--- a/hadoop-project/pom.xml
+++ b/hadoop-project/pom.xml
@@ -678,6 +678,11 @@
         <version>0.1.42</version>
       </dependency>
       <dependency>
+        <groupId>org.htrace</groupId>
+        <artifactId>htrace-core</artifactId>
+        <version>3.0.4</version>
+      </dependency>
+      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.jdom</groupId>
         <artifactId>jdom</artifactId>
         <version>1.1</version>

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/6962510f/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml b/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
index 56288ee..a42aff0 100644
--- a/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
+++ b/hadoop-project/src/site/site.xml
@@ -65,6 +65,7 @@
       <item name="Service Level Authorization" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-common/ServiceLevelAuth.html"/>
       <item name="HTTP Authentication" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-common/HttpAuthentication.html"/>
       <item name="Hadoop KMS" href="hadoop-kms/index.html"/>
+      <item name="Tracing" href="hadoop-project-dist/hadoop-common/Tracing.html"/>
     </menu>
     
     <menu name="HDFS" inherit="top">


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