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From t...@apache.org
Subject [44/64] [abbrv] MAPREDUCE-5977. Fix or suppress native-task gcc warnings. Contributed by Manu Zhang.
Date Sat, 13 Sep 2014 01:41:49 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/blob/fad4524c/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-mapreduce-client/hadoop-mapreduce-client-nativetask/src/main/native/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-mapreduce-client/hadoop-mapreduce-client-nativetask/src/main/native/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h b/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-mapreduce-client/hadoop-mapreduce-client-nativetask/src/main/native/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b467822
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hadoop-mapreduce-project/hadoop-mapreduce-client/hadoop-mapreduce-client-nativetask/src/main/native/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h
@@ -0,0 +1,19541 @@
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// The Google C++ Testing Framework (Google Test)
+//
+// This header file defines the public API for Google Test.  It should be
+// included by any test program that uses Google Test.
+//
+// IMPORTANT NOTE: Due to limitation of the C++ language, we have to
+// leave some internal implementation details in this header file.
+// They are clearly marked by comments like this:
+//
+//   // INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN A USER PROGRAM.
+//
+// Such code is NOT meant to be used by a user directly, and is subject
+// to CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.  Therefore DO NOT DEPEND ON IT in a user
+// program!
+//
+// Acknowledgment: Google Test borrowed the idea of automatic test
+// registration from Barthelemy Dagenais' (barthelemy@prologique.com)
+// easyUnit framework.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_H_
+
+#include <limits>
+#include <vector>
+
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Authors: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan), eefacm@gmail.com (Sean Mcafee)
+//
+// The Google C++ Testing Framework (Google Test)
+//
+// This header file declares functions and macros used internally by
+// Google Test.  They are subject to change without notice.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_INTERNAL_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_INTERNAL_H_
+
+// Copyright 2005, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Authors: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+//
+// Low-level types and utilities for porting Google Test to various
+// platforms.  They are subject to change without notice.  DO NOT USE
+// THEM IN USER CODE.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_PORT_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_PORT_H_
+
+// The user can define the following macros in the build script to
+// control Google Test's behavior.  If the user doesn't define a macro
+// in this list, Google Test will define it.
+//
+//   GTEST_HAS_CLONE          - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that clone(2)
+//                              is/isn't available.
+//   GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS     - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that exceptions
+//                              are enabled.
+//   GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING  - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that ::string
+//                              is/isn't available (some systems define
+//                              ::string, which is different to std::string).
+//   GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that ::string
+//                              is/isn't available (some systems define
+//                              ::wstring, which is different to std::wstring).
+//   GTEST_HAS_POSIX_RE       - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that POSIX regular
+//                              expressions are/aren't available.
+//   GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD        - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that <pthread.h>
+//                              is/isn't available.
+//   GTEST_HAS_RTTI           - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that RTTI is/isn't
+//                              enabled.
+//   GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING    - Define it to 1/0 to indicate that
+//                              std::wstring does/doesn't work (Google Test can
+//                              be used where std::wstring is unavailable).
+//   GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE      - Define it to 1/0 to indicate tr1::tuple
+//                              is/isn't available.
+//   GTEST_HAS_SEH            - Define it to 1/0 to indicate whether the
+//                              compiler supports Microsoft's "Structured
+//                              Exception Handling".
+//   GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION
+//                            - Define it to 1/0 to indicate whether the
+//                              platform supports I/O stream redirection using
+//                              dup() and dup2().
+//   GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE  - Define it to 1/0 to indicate whether Google
+//                              Test's own tr1 tuple implementation should be
+//                              used.  Unused when the user sets
+//                              GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE to 0.
+//   GTEST_LINKED_AS_SHARED_LIBRARY
+//                            - Define to 1 when compiling tests that use
+//                              Google Test as a shared library (known as
+//                              DLL on Windows).
+//   GTEST_CREATE_SHARED_LIBRARY
+//                            - Define to 1 when compiling Google Test itself
+//                              as a shared library.
+
+// This header defines the following utilities:
+//
+// Macros indicating the current platform (defined to 1 if compiled on
+// the given platform; otherwise undefined):
+//   GTEST_OS_AIX      - IBM AIX
+//   GTEST_OS_CYGWIN   - Cygwin
+//   GTEST_OS_HPUX     - HP-UX
+//   GTEST_OS_LINUX    - Linux
+//     GTEST_OS_LINUX_ANDROID - Google Android
+//   GTEST_OS_MAC      - Mac OS X
+//   GTEST_OS_NACL     - Google Native Client (NaCl)
+//   GTEST_OS_SOLARIS  - Sun Solaris
+//   GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN  - Symbian
+//   GTEST_OS_WINDOWS  - Windows (Desktop, MinGW, or Mobile)
+//     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_DESKTOP  - Windows Desktop
+//     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW    - MinGW
+//     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE   - Windows Mobile
+//   GTEST_OS_ZOS      - z/OS
+//
+// Among the platforms, Cygwin, Linux, Max OS X, and Windows have the
+// most stable support.  Since core members of the Google Test project
+// don't have access to other platforms, support for them may be less
+// stable.  If you notice any problems on your platform, please notify
+// googletestframework@googlegroups.com (patches for fixing them are
+// even more welcome!).
+//
+// Note that it is possible that none of the GTEST_OS_* macros are defined.
+//
+// Macros indicating available Google Test features (defined to 1 if
+// the corresponding feature is supported; otherwise undefined):
+//   GTEST_HAS_COMBINE      - the Combine() function (for value-parameterized
+//                            tests)
+//   GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST   - death tests
+//   GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST   - value-parameterized tests
+//   GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST   - typed tests
+//   GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST_P - type-parameterized tests
+//   GTEST_USES_POSIX_RE    - enhanced POSIX regex is used. Do not confuse with
+//                            GTEST_HAS_POSIX_RE (see above) which users can
+//                            define themselves.
+//   GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE   - our own simple regex is used;
+//                            the above two are mutually exclusive.
+//   GTEST_CAN_COMPARE_NULL - accepts untyped NULL in EXPECT_EQ().
+//
+// Macros for basic C++ coding:
+//   GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_ - for disabling a gcc warning.
+//   GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_  - declares that a class' instances or a
+//                              variable don't have to be used.
+//   GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_   - disables operator=.
+//   GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_ - disables copy ctor and operator=.
+//   GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_   - declares that a function's result must be used.
+//
+// Synchronization:
+//   Mutex, MutexLock, ThreadLocal, GetThreadCount()
+//                  - synchronization primitives.
+//   GTEST_IS_THREADSAFE - defined to 1 to indicate that the above
+//                         synchronization primitives have real implementations
+//                         and Google Test is thread-safe; or 0 otherwise.
+//
+// Template meta programming:
+//   is_pointer     - as in TR1; needed on Symbian and IBM XL C/C++ only.
+//   IteratorTraits - partial implementation of std::iterator_traits, which
+//                    is not available in libCstd when compiled with Sun C++.
+//
+// Smart pointers:
+//   scoped_ptr     - as in TR2.
+//
+// Regular expressions:
+//   RE             - a simple regular expression class using the POSIX
+//                    Extended Regular Expression syntax on UNIX-like
+//                    platforms, or a reduced regular exception syntax on
+//                    other platforms, including Windows.
+//
+// Logging:
+//   GTEST_LOG_()   - logs messages at the specified severity level.
+//   LogToStderr()  - directs all log messages to stderr.
+//   FlushInfoLog() - flushes informational log messages.
+//
+// Stdout and stderr capturing:
+//   CaptureStdout()     - starts capturing stdout.
+//   GetCapturedStdout() - stops capturing stdout and returns the captured
+//                         string.
+//   CaptureStderr()     - starts capturing stderr.
+//   GetCapturedStderr() - stops capturing stderr and returns the captured
+//                         string.
+//
+// Integer types:
+//   TypeWithSize   - maps an integer to a int type.
+//   Int32, UInt32, Int64, UInt64, TimeInMillis
+//                  - integers of known sizes.
+//   BiggestInt     - the biggest signed integer type.
+//
+// Command-line utilities:
+//   GTEST_FLAG()       - references a flag.
+//   GTEST_DECLARE_*()  - declares a flag.
+//   GTEST_DEFINE_*()   - defines a flag.
+//   GetArgvs()         - returns the command line as a vector of strings.
+//
+// Environment variable utilities:
+//   GetEnv()             - gets the value of an environment variable.
+//   BoolFromGTestEnv()   - parses a bool environment variable.
+//   Int32FromGTestEnv()  - parses an Int32 environment variable.
+//   StringFromGTestEnv() - parses a string environment variable.
+
+#include <ctype.h>   // for isspace, etc
+#include <stddef.h>  // for ptrdiff_t
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#ifndef _WIN32_WCE
+# include <sys/types.h>
+# include <sys/stat.h>
+#endif  // !_WIN32_WCE
+
+#include <iostream>  // NOLINT
+#include <sstream>  // NOLINT
+#include <string>  // NOLINT
+
+#define GTEST_DEV_EMAIL_ "googletestframework@@googlegroups.com"
+#define GTEST_FLAG_PREFIX_ "gtest_"
+#define GTEST_FLAG_PREFIX_DASH_ "gtest-"
+#define GTEST_FLAG_PREFIX_UPPER_ "GTEST_"
+#define GTEST_NAME_ "Google Test"
+#define GTEST_PROJECT_URL_ "http://code.google.com/p/googletest/"
+
+// Determines the version of gcc that is used to compile this.
+#ifdef __GNUC__
+// 40302 means version 4.3.2.
+# define GTEST_GCC_VER_ \
+    (__GNUC__*10000 + __GNUC_MINOR__*100 + __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__)
+#endif  // __GNUC__
+
+// Determines the platform on which Google Test is compiled.
+#ifdef __CYGWIN__
+# define GTEST_OS_CYGWIN 1
+#elif defined __SYMBIAN32__
+# define GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN 1
+#elif defined _WIN32
+# define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS 1
+# ifdef _WIN32_WCE
+#  define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE 1
+# elif defined(__MINGW__) || defined(__MINGW32__)
+#  define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW 1
+# else
+#  define GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_DESKTOP 1
+# endif  // _WIN32_WCE
+#elif defined __APPLE__
+# define GTEST_OS_MAC 1
+#elif defined __linux__
+# define GTEST_OS_LINUX 1
+# ifdef ANDROID
+#  define GTEST_OS_LINUX_ANDROID 1
+# endif  // ANDROID
+#elif defined __MVS__
+# define GTEST_OS_ZOS 1
+#elif defined(__sun) && defined(__SVR4)
+# define GTEST_OS_SOLARIS 1
+#elif defined(_AIX)
+# define GTEST_OS_AIX 1
+#elif defined(__hpux)
+# define GTEST_OS_HPUX 1
+#elif defined __native_client__
+# define GTEST_OS_NACL 1
+#endif  // __CYGWIN__
+
+// Brings in definitions for functions used in the testing::internal::posix
+// namespace (read, write, close, chdir, isatty, stat). We do not currently
+// use them on Windows Mobile.
+#if !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+// This assumes that non-Windows OSes provide unistd.h. For OSes where this
+// is not the case, we need to include headers that provide the functions
+// mentioned above.
+# include <unistd.h>
+# if !GTEST_OS_NACL
+// TODO(vladl@google.com): Remove this condition when Native Client SDK adds
+// strings.h (tracked in
+// http://code.google.com/p/nativeclient/issues/detail?id=1175).
+#  include <strings.h>  // Native Client doesn't provide strings.h.
+# endif
+#elif !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
+# include <direct.h>
+# include <io.h>
+#endif
+
+// Defines this to true iff Google Test can use POSIX regular expressions.
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_POSIX_RE
+# define GTEST_HAS_POSIX_RE (!GTEST_OS_WINDOWS)
+#endif
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_POSIX_RE
+
+// On some platforms, <regex.h> needs someone to define size_t, and
+// won't compile otherwise.  We can #include it here as we already
+// included <stdlib.h>, which is guaranteed to define size_t through
+// <stddef.h>.
+# include <regex.h>  // NOLINT
+
+# define GTEST_USES_POSIX_RE 1
+
+#elif GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+// <regex.h> is not available on Windows.  Use our own simple regex
+// implementation instead.
+# define GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE 1
+
+#else
+
+// <regex.h> may not be available on this platform.  Use our own
+// simple regex implementation instead.
+# define GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE 1
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_POSIX_RE
+
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+// The user didn't tell us whether exceptions are enabled, so we need
+// to figure it out.
+# if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+// MSVC's and C++Builder's implementations of the STL use the _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+// macro to enable exceptions, so we'll do the same.
+// Assumes that exceptions are enabled by default.
+#  ifndef _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+#   define _HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
+#  endif  // _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+#  define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS _HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+# elif defined(__GNUC__) && __EXCEPTIONS
+// gcc defines __EXCEPTIONS to 1 iff exceptions are enabled.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
+# elif defined(__SUNPRO_CC)
+// Sun Pro CC supports exceptions.  However, there is no compile-time way of
+// detecting whether they are enabled or not.  Therefore, we assume that
+// they are enabled unless the user tells us otherwise.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
+# elif defined(__IBMCPP__) && __EXCEPTIONS
+// xlC defines __EXCEPTIONS to 1 iff exceptions are enabled.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
+# elif defined(__HP_aCC)
+// Exception handling is in effect by default in HP aCC compiler. It has to
+// be turned of by +noeh compiler option if desired.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 1
+# else
+// For other compilers, we assume exceptions are disabled to be
+// conservative.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS 0
+# endif  // defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS
+
+#if !defined(GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING)
+// Even though we don't use this macro any longer, we keep it in case
+// some clients still depend on it.
+# define GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING 1
+#elif !GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING
+// The user told us that ::std::string isn't available.
+# error "Google Test cannot be used where ::std::string isn't available."
+#endif  // !defined(GTEST_HAS_STD_STRING)
+
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+// The user didn't tell us whether ::string is available, so we need
+// to figure it out.
+
+# define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING 0
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+// The user didn't tell us whether ::std::wstring is available, so we need
+// to figure it out.
+// TODO(wan@google.com): uses autoconf to detect whether ::std::wstring
+//   is available.
+
+// Cygwin 1.7 and below doesn't support ::std::wstring.
+// Solaris' libc++ doesn't support it either.  Android has
+// no support for it at least as recent as Froyo (2.2).
+# define GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING \
+    (!(GTEST_OS_LINUX_ANDROID || GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_SOLARIS))
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+// The user didn't tell us whether ::wstring is available, so we need
+// to figure it out.
+# define GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING \
+    (GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING && GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING)
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+// Determines whether RTTI is available.
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+// The user didn't tell us whether RTTI is enabled, so we need to
+// figure it out.
+
+# ifdef _MSC_VER
+
+#  ifdef _CPPRTTI  // MSVC defines this macro iff RTTI is enabled.
+#   define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
+#  else
+#   define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 0
+#  endif
+
+// Starting with version 4.3.2, gcc defines __GXX_RTTI iff RTTI is enabled.
+# elif defined(__GNUC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 40302)
+
+#  ifdef __GXX_RTTI
+#   define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
+#  else
+#   define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 0
+#  endif  // __GXX_RTTI
+
+// Starting with version 9.0 IBM Visual Age defines __RTTI_ALL__ to 1 if
+// both the typeid and dynamic_cast features are present.
+# elif defined(__IBMCPP__) && (__IBMCPP__ >= 900)
+
+#  ifdef __RTTI_ALL__
+#   define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
+#  else
+#   define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 0
+#  endif
+
+# else
+
+// For all other compilers, we assume RTTI is enabled.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_RTTI 1
+
+# endif  // _MSC_VER
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+
+// It's this header's responsibility to #include <typeinfo> when RTTI
+// is enabled.
+#if GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+# include <typeinfo>
+#endif
+
+// Determines whether Google Test can use the pthreads library.
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
+// The user didn't tell us explicitly, so we assume pthreads support is
+// available on Linux and Mac.
+//
+// To disable threading support in Google Test, add -DGTEST_HAS_PTHREAD=0
+// to your compiler flags.
+# define GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD (GTEST_OS_LINUX || GTEST_OS_MAC || GTEST_OS_HPUX)
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
+// gtest-port.h guarantees to #include <pthread.h> when GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD is
+// true.
+# include <pthread.h>  // NOLINT
+
+// For timespec and nanosleep, used below.
+# include <time.h>  // NOLINT
+#endif
+
+// Determines whether Google Test can use tr1/tuple.  You can define
+// this macro to 0 to prevent Google Test from using tuple (any
+// feature depending on tuple with be disabled in this mode).
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+// The user didn't tell us not to do it, so we assume it's OK.
+# define GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE 1
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+
+// Determines whether Google Test's own tr1 tuple implementation
+// should be used.
+#ifndef GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE
+// The user didn't tell us, so we need to figure it out.
+
+// We use our own TR1 tuple if we aren't sure the user has an
+// implementation of it already.  At this time, GCC 4.0.0+ and MSVC
+// 2010 are the only mainstream compilers that come with a TR1 tuple
+// implementation.  NVIDIA's CUDA NVCC compiler pretends to be GCC by
+// defining __GNUC__ and friends, but cannot compile GCC's tuple
+// implementation.  MSVC 2008 (9.0) provides TR1 tuple in a 323 MB
+// Feature Pack download, which we cannot assume the user has.
+# if (defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__CUDACC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 40000)) \
+    || _MSC_VER >= 1600
+#  define GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE 0
+# else
+#  define GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE 1
+# endif
+
+#endif  // GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE
+
+// To avoid conditional compilation everywhere, we make it
+// gtest-port.h's responsibility to #include the header implementing
+// tr1/tuple.
+#if GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+
+# if GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE
+// This file was GENERATED by a script.  DO NOT EDIT BY HAND!!!
+
+// Copyright 2009 Google Inc.
+// All Rights Reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+
+// Implements a subset of TR1 tuple needed by Google Test and Google Mock.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_TUPLE_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_TUPLE_H_
+
+#include <utility>  // For ::std::pair.
+
+// The compiler used in Symbian has a bug that prevents us from declaring the
+// tuple template as a friend (it complains that tuple is redefined).  This
+// hack bypasses the bug by declaring the members that should otherwise be
+// private as public.
+// Sun Studio versions < 12 also have the above bug.
+#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) || (defined(__SUNPRO_CC) && __SUNPRO_CC < 0x590)
+# define GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_ public:
+#else
+# define GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_ \
+    template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(U)> friend class tuple; \
+   private:
+#endif
+
+// GTEST_n_TUPLE_(T) is the type of an n-tuple.
+#define GTEST_0_TUPLE_(T) tuple<>
+#define GTEST_1_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, void, void, void, void, void, void, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_2_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, void, void, void, void, void, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_3_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, void, void, void, void, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_4_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, void, void, void, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_5_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, T##4, void, void, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_6_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, T##4, T##5, void, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_7_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, T##4, T##5, T##6, \
+    void, void, void>
+#define GTEST_8_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, T##4, T##5, T##6, \
+    T##7, void, void>
+#define GTEST_9_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, T##4, T##5, T##6, \
+    T##7, T##8, void>
+#define GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T) tuple<T##0, T##1, T##2, T##3, T##4, T##5, T##6, \
+    T##7, T##8, T##9>
+
+// GTEST_n_TYPENAMES_(T) declares a list of n typenames.
+#define GTEST_0_TYPENAMES_(T)
+#define GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0
+#define GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1
+#define GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2
+#define GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3
+#define GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3, typename T##4
+#define GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3, typename T##4, typename T##5
+#define GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3, typename T##4, typename T##5, typename T##6
+#define GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3, typename T##4, typename T##5, typename T##6, typename T##7
+#define GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3, typename T##4, typename T##5, typename T##6, \
+    typename T##7, typename T##8
+#define GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T) typename T##0, typename T##1, typename T##2, \
+    typename T##3, typename T##4, typename T##5, typename T##6, \
+    typename T##7, typename T##8, typename T##9
+
+// In theory, defining stuff in the ::std namespace is undefined
+// behavior.  We can do this as we are playing the role of a standard
+// library vendor.
+namespace std {
+namespace tr1 {
+
+template <typename T0 = void, typename T1 = void, typename T2 = void,
+    typename T3 = void, typename T4 = void, typename T5 = void,
+    typename T6 = void, typename T7 = void, typename T8 = void,
+    typename T9 = void>
+class tuple;
+
+// Anything in namespace gtest_internal is Google Test's INTERNAL
+// IMPLEMENTATION DETAIL and MUST NOT BE USED DIRECTLY in user code.
+namespace gtest_internal {
+
+// ByRef<T>::type is T if T is a reference; otherwise it's const T&.
+template <typename T>
+struct ByRef { typedef const T& type; };  // NOLINT
+template <typename T>
+struct ByRef<T&> { typedef T& type; };  // NOLINT
+
+// A handy wrapper for ByRef.
+#define GTEST_BY_REF_(T) typename ::std::tr1::gtest_internal::ByRef<T>::type
+
+// AddRef<T>::type is T if T is a reference; otherwise it's T&.  This
+// is the same as tr1::add_reference<T>::type.
+template <typename T>
+struct AddRef { typedef T& type; };  // NOLINT
+template <typename T>
+struct AddRef<T&> { typedef T& type; };  // NOLINT
+
+// A handy wrapper for AddRef.
+#define GTEST_ADD_REF_(T) typename ::std::tr1::gtest_internal::AddRef<T>::type
+
+// A helper for implementing get<k>().
+template <int k> class Get;
+
+// A helper for implementing tuple_element<k, T>.  kIndexValid is true
+// iff k < the number of fields in tuple type T.
+template <bool kIndexValid, int kIndex, class Tuple>
+struct TupleElement;
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 0, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T0 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 1, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T1 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 2, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T2 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 3, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T3 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 4, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T4 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 5, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T5 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 6, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T6 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 7, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T7 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 8, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T8 type; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct TupleElement<true, 9, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { typedef T9 type; };
+
+}  // namespace gtest_internal
+
+template <>
+class tuple<> {
+ public:
+  tuple() {}
+  tuple(const tuple& /* t */)  {}
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& /* t */) { return *this; }
+};
+
+template <GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_1_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0) : f0_(f0) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_1_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_1_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_1_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_2_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1) : f0_(f0),
+      f1_(f1) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_2_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_) {}
+  template <typename U0, typename U1>
+  tuple(const ::std::pair<U0, U1>& p) : f0_(p.first), f1_(p.second) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_2_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+  template <typename U0, typename U1>
+  tuple& operator=(const ::std::pair<U0, U1>& p) {
+    f0_ = p.first;
+    f1_ = p.second;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_2_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_3_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_3_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_3_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_3_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_4_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2),
+      f3_(f3) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_4_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_4_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_4_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_5_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_(), f4_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T4) f4) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2), f3_(f3), f4_(f4) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_),
+      f4_(t.f4_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_5_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_), f4_(t.f4_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_5_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_5_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    f4_ = t.f4_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+  T4 f4_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_6_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_(), f4_(), f5_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3, GTEST_BY_REF_(T4) f4,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T5) f5) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2), f3_(f3), f4_(f4),
+      f5_(f5) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_),
+      f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_6_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_), f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_6_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_6_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    f4_ = t.f4_;
+    f5_ = t.f5_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+  T4 f4_;
+  T5 f5_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_7_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_(), f4_(), f5_(), f6_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3, GTEST_BY_REF_(T4) f4,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T5) f5, GTEST_BY_REF_(T6) f6) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2),
+      f3_(f3), f4_(f4), f5_(f5), f6_(f6) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_),
+      f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_7_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_), f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_7_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_7_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    f4_ = t.f4_;
+    f5_ = t.f5_;
+    f6_ = t.f6_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+  T4 f4_;
+  T5 f5_;
+  T6 f6_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_8_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_(), f4_(), f5_(), f6_(), f7_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3, GTEST_BY_REF_(T4) f4,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T5) f5, GTEST_BY_REF_(T6) f6,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T7) f7) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2), f3_(f3), f4_(f4),
+      f5_(f5), f6_(f6), f7_(f7) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_),
+      f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_), f7_(t.f7_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_8_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_), f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_), f7_(t.f7_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_8_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_8_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    f4_ = t.f4_;
+    f5_ = t.f5_;
+    f6_ = t.f6_;
+    f7_ = t.f7_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+  T4 f4_;
+  T5 f5_;
+  T6 f6_;
+  T7 f7_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class GTEST_9_TUPLE_(T) {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_(), f4_(), f5_(), f6_(), f7_(), f8_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3, GTEST_BY_REF_(T4) f4,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T5) f5, GTEST_BY_REF_(T6) f6, GTEST_BY_REF_(T7) f7,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T8) f8) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2), f3_(f3), f4_(f4),
+      f5_(f5), f6_(f6), f7_(f7), f8_(f8) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_),
+      f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_), f7_(t.f7_), f8_(t.f8_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_9_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_), f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_), f7_(t.f7_), f8_(t.f8_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_9_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_9_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    f4_ = t.f4_;
+    f5_ = t.f5_;
+    f6_ = t.f6_;
+    f7_ = t.f7_;
+    f8_ = t.f8_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+  T4 f4_;
+  T5 f5_;
+  T6 f6_;
+  T7 f7_;
+  T8 f8_;
+};
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+class tuple {
+ public:
+  template <int k> friend class gtest_internal::Get;
+
+  tuple() : f0_(), f1_(), f2_(), f3_(), f4_(), f5_(), f6_(), f7_(), f8_(),
+      f9_() {}
+
+  explicit tuple(GTEST_BY_REF_(T0) f0, GTEST_BY_REF_(T1) f1,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T2) f2, GTEST_BY_REF_(T3) f3, GTEST_BY_REF_(T4) f4,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T5) f5, GTEST_BY_REF_(T6) f6, GTEST_BY_REF_(T7) f7,
+      GTEST_BY_REF_(T8) f8, GTEST_BY_REF_(T9) f9) : f0_(f0), f1_(f1), f2_(f2),
+      f3_(f3), f4_(f4), f5_(f5), f6_(f6), f7_(f7), f8_(f8), f9_(f9) {}
+
+  tuple(const tuple& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_), f3_(t.f3_),
+      f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_), f7_(t.f7_), f8_(t.f8_), f9_(t.f9_) {}
+
+  template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple(const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(U)& t) : f0_(t.f0_), f1_(t.f1_), f2_(t.f2_),
+      f3_(t.f3_), f4_(t.f4_), f5_(t.f5_), f6_(t.f6_), f7_(t.f7_), f8_(t.f8_),
+      f9_(t.f9_) {}
+
+  tuple& operator=(const tuple& t) { return CopyFrom(t); }
+
+  template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& operator=(const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    return CopyFrom(t);
+  }
+
+  GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+
+  template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+  tuple& CopyFrom(const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(U)& t) {
+    f0_ = t.f0_;
+    f1_ = t.f1_;
+    f2_ = t.f2_;
+    f3_ = t.f3_;
+    f4_ = t.f4_;
+    f5_ = t.f5_;
+    f6_ = t.f6_;
+    f7_ = t.f7_;
+    f8_ = t.f8_;
+    f9_ = t.f9_;
+    return *this;
+  }
+
+  T0 f0_;
+  T1 f1_;
+  T2 f2_;
+  T3 f3_;
+  T4 f4_;
+  T5 f5_;
+  T6 f6_;
+  T7 f7_;
+  T8 f8_;
+  T9 f9_;
+};
+
+// 6.1.3.2 Tuple creation functions.
+
+// Known limitations: we don't support passing an
+// std::tr1::reference_wrapper<T> to make_tuple().  And we don't
+// implement tie().
+
+inline tuple<> make_tuple() { return tuple<>(); }
+
+template <GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_1_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0) {
+  return GTEST_1_TUPLE_(T)(f0);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_2_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1) {
+  return GTEST_2_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_3_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2) {
+  return GTEST_3_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_4_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3) {
+  return GTEST_4_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_5_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3, const T4& f4) {
+  return GTEST_5_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3, f4);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_6_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3, const T4& f4, const T5& f5) {
+  return GTEST_6_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3, f4, f5);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_7_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3, const T4& f4, const T5& f5, const T6& f6) {
+  return GTEST_7_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3, f4, f5, f6);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_8_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3, const T4& f4, const T5& f5, const T6& f6, const T7& f7) {
+  return GTEST_8_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3, f4, f5, f6, f7);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_9_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3, const T4& f4, const T5& f5, const T6& f6, const T7& f7,
+    const T8& f8) {
+  return GTEST_9_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3, f4, f5, f6, f7, f8);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+inline GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T) make_tuple(const T0& f0, const T1& f1, const T2& f2,
+    const T3& f3, const T4& f4, const T5& f5, const T6& f6, const T7& f7,
+    const T8& f8, const T9& f9) {
+  return GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)(f0, f1, f2, f3, f4, f5, f6, f7, f8, f9);
+}
+
+// 6.1.3.3 Tuple helper classes.
+
+template <typename Tuple> struct tuple_size;
+
+template <GTEST_0_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_0_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 0; };
+
+template <GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_1_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 1; };
+
+template <GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_2_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 2; };
+
+template <GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_3_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 3; };
+
+template <GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_4_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 4; };
+
+template <GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_5_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 5; };
+
+template <GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_6_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 6; };
+
+template <GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_7_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 7; };
+
+template <GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_8_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 8; };
+
+template <GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_9_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 9; };
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+struct tuple_size<GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)> { static const int value = 10; };
+
+template <int k, class Tuple>
+struct tuple_element {
+  typedef typename gtest_internal::TupleElement<
+      k < (tuple_size<Tuple>::value), k, Tuple>::type type;
+};
+
+#define GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(k, Tuple) typename tuple_element<k, Tuple >::type
+
+// 6.1.3.4 Element access.
+
+namespace gtest_internal {
+
+template <>
+class Get<0> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(0, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f0_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(0, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f0_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<1> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(1, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f1_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(1, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f1_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<2> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(2, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f2_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(2, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f2_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<3> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(3, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f3_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(3, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f3_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<4> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(4, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f4_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(4, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f4_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<5> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(5, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f5_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(5, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f5_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<6> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(6, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f6_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(6, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f6_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<7> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(7, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f7_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(7, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f7_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<8> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(8, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f8_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(8, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f8_; }
+};
+
+template <>
+class Get<9> {
+ public:
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(9, Tuple))
+  Field(Tuple& t) { return t.f9_; }  // NOLINT
+
+  template <class Tuple>
+  static GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(9, Tuple))
+  ConstField(const Tuple& t) { return t.f9_; }
+};
+
+}  // namespace gtest_internal
+
+template <int k, GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+GTEST_ADD_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(k, GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)))
+get(GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)& t) {
+  return gtest_internal::Get<k>::Field(t);
+}
+
+template <int k, GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T)>
+GTEST_BY_REF_(GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_(k,  GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)))
+get(const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)& t) {
+  return gtest_internal::Get<k>::ConstField(t);
+}
+
+// 6.1.3.5 Relational operators
+
+// We only implement == and !=, as we don't have a need for the rest yet.
+
+namespace gtest_internal {
+
+// SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator<k, k>::Eq(t1, t2) returns true if the
+// first k fields of t1 equals the first k fields of t2.
+// SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator(k1, k2) would be a compiler error if
+// k1 != k2.
+template <int kSize1, int kSize2>
+struct SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator;
+
+template <>
+struct SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator<0, 0> {
+  template <class Tuple1, class Tuple2>
+  static bool Eq(const Tuple1& /* t1 */, const Tuple2& /* t2 */) {
+    return true;
+  }
+};
+
+template <int k>
+struct SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator<k, k> {
+  template <class Tuple1, class Tuple2>
+  static bool Eq(const Tuple1& t1, const Tuple2& t2) {
+    return SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator<k - 1, k - 1>::Eq(t1, t2) &&
+        ::std::tr1::get<k - 1>(t1) == ::std::tr1::get<k - 1>(t2);
+  }
+};
+
+}  // namespace gtest_internal
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T), GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+inline bool operator==(const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)& t,
+                       const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(U)& u) {
+  return gtest_internal::SameSizeTuplePrefixComparator<
+      tuple_size<GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)>::value,
+      tuple_size<GTEST_10_TUPLE_(U)>::value>::Eq(t, u);
+}
+
+template <GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(T), GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_(U)>
+inline bool operator!=(const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(T)& t,
+                       const GTEST_10_TUPLE_(U)& u) { return !(t == u); }
+
+// 6.1.4 Pairs.
+// Unimplemented.
+
+}  // namespace tr1
+}  // namespace std
+
+#undef GTEST_0_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_1_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_2_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_3_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_4_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_5_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_6_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_7_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_8_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_9_TUPLE_
+#undef GTEST_10_TUPLE_
+
+#undef GTEST_0_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_1_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_2_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_3_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_4_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_5_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_6_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_7_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_8_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_9_TYPENAMES_
+#undef GTEST_10_TYPENAMES_
+
+#undef GTEST_DECLARE_TUPLE_AS_FRIEND_
+#undef GTEST_BY_REF_
+#undef GTEST_ADD_REF_
+#undef GTEST_TUPLE_ELEMENT_
+
+#endif  // GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_INTERNAL_GTEST_TUPLE_H_
+# elif GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN
+
+// On Symbian, BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE causes Boost's TR1 tuple library to
+// use STLport's tuple implementation, which unfortunately doesn't
+// work as the copy of STLport distributed with Symbian is incomplete.
+// By making sure BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE is undefined, we force Boost to
+// use its own tuple implementation.
+#  ifdef BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+#   undef BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+#  endif  // BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+
+// This prevents <boost/tr1/detail/config.hpp>, which defines
+// BOOST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE, from being #included by Boost's <tuple>.
+#  define BOOST_TR1_DETAIL_CONFIG_HPP_INCLUDED
+#  include <tuple>
+
+# elif defined(__GNUC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 40000)
+// GCC 4.0+ implements tr1/tuple in the <tr1/tuple> header.  This does
+// not conform to the TR1 spec, which requires the header to be <tuple>.
+
+#  if !GTEST_HAS_RTTI && GTEST_GCC_VER_ < 40302
+// Until version 4.3.2, gcc has a bug that causes <tr1/functional>,
+// which is #included by <tr1/tuple>, to not compile when RTTI is
+// disabled.  _TR1_FUNCTIONAL is the header guard for
+// <tr1/functional>.  Hence the following #define is a hack to prevent
+// <tr1/functional> from being included.
+#   define _TR1_FUNCTIONAL 1
+#   include <tr1/tuple>
+#   undef _TR1_FUNCTIONAL  // Allows the user to #include
+                        // <tr1/functional> if he chooses to.
+#  else
+#   include <tr1/tuple>  // NOLINT
+#  endif  // !GTEST_HAS_RTTI && GTEST_GCC_VER_ < 40302
+
+# else
+// If the compiler is not GCC 4.0+, we assume the user is using a
+// spec-conforming TR1 implementation.
+#  include <tuple>  // NOLINT
+# endif  // GTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+
+// Determines whether clone(2) is supported.
+// Usually it will only be available on Linux, excluding
+// Linux on the Itanium architecture.
+// Also see http://linux.die.net/man/2/clone.
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_CLONE
+// The user didn't tell us, so we need to figure it out.
+
+# if GTEST_OS_LINUX && !defined(__ia64__)
+#  define GTEST_HAS_CLONE 1
+# else
+#  define GTEST_HAS_CLONE 0
+# endif  // GTEST_OS_LINUX && !defined(__ia64__)
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_CLONE
+
+// Determines whether to support stream redirection. This is used to test
+// output correctness and to implement death tests.
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION
+// By default, we assume that stream redirection is supported on all
+// platforms except known mobile ones.
+# if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE || GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN
+#  define GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION 0
+# else
+#  define GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION 1
+# endif  // !GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE && !GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION
+
+// Determines whether to support death tests.
+// Google Test does not support death tests for VC 7.1 and earlier as
+// abort() in a VC 7.1 application compiled as GUI in debug config
+// pops up a dialog window that cannot be suppressed programmatically.
+#if (GTEST_OS_LINUX || GTEST_OS_MAC || GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_SOLARIS || \
+     (GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_DESKTOP && _MSC_VER >= 1400) || \
+     GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MINGW || GTEST_OS_AIX || GTEST_OS_HPUX)
+# define GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST 1
+# include <vector>  // NOLINT
+#endif
+
+// We don't support MSVC 7.1 with exceptions disabled now.  Therefore
+// all the compilers we care about are adequate for supporting
+// value-parameterized tests.
+#define GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST 1
+
+// Determines whether to support type-driven tests.
+
+// Typed tests need <typeinfo> and variadic macros, which GCC, VC++ 8.0,
+// Sun Pro CC, IBM Visual Age, and HP aCC support.
+#if defined(__GNUC__) || (_MSC_VER >= 1400) || defined(__SUNPRO_CC) || \
+    defined(__IBMCPP__) || defined(__HP_aCC)
+# define GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST 1
+# define GTEST_HAS_TYPED_TEST_P 1
+#endif
+
+// Determines whether to support Combine(). This only makes sense when
+// value-parameterized tests are enabled.  The implementation doesn't
+// work on Sun Studio since it doesn't understand templated conversion
+// operators.
+#if GTEST_HAS_PARAM_TEST && GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE && !defined(__SUNPRO_CC)
+# define GTEST_HAS_COMBINE 1
+#endif
+
+// Determines whether the system compiler uses UTF-16 for encoding wide strings.
+#define GTEST_WIDE_STRING_USES_UTF16_ \
+    (GTEST_OS_WINDOWS || GTEST_OS_CYGWIN || GTEST_OS_SYMBIAN || GTEST_OS_AIX)
+
+// Determines whether test results can be streamed to a socket.
+#if GTEST_OS_LINUX
+# define GTEST_CAN_STREAM_RESULTS_ 1
+#endif
+
+// Defines some utility macros.
+
+// The GNU compiler emits a warning if nested "if" statements are followed by
+// an "else" statement and braces are not used to explicitly disambiguate the
+// "else" binding.  This leads to problems with code like:
+//
+//   if (gate)
+//     ASSERT_*(condition) << "Some message";
+//
+// The "switch (0) case 0:" idiom is used to suppress this.
+#ifdef __INTEL_COMPILER
+# define GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_
+#else
+# define GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_ switch (0) case 0: default:  // NOLINT
+#endif
+
+// Use this annotation at the end of a struct/class definition to
+// prevent the compiler from optimizing away instances that are never
+// used.  This is useful when all interesting logic happens inside the
+// c'tor and / or d'tor.  Example:
+//
+//   struct Foo {
+//     Foo() { ... }
+//   } GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_;
+//
+// Also use it after a variable or parameter declaration to tell the
+// compiler the variable/parameter does not have to be used.
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(COMPILER_ICC)
+# define GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_ __attribute__ ((unused))
+#else
+# define GTEST_ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED_
+#endif
+
+// A macro to disallow operator=
+// This should be used in the private: declarations for a class.
+#define GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(type)\
+  void operator=(type const &)
+
+// A macro to disallow copy constructor and operator=
+// This should be used in the private: declarations for a class.
+#define GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(type)\
+  type(type const &);\
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(type)
+
+// Tell the compiler to warn about unused return values for functions declared
+// with this macro.  The macro should be used on function declarations
+// following the argument list:
+//
+//   Sprocket* AllocateSprocket() GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_;
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 30400) && !defined(COMPILER_ICC)
+# define GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_ __attribute__ ((warn_unused_result))
+#else
+# define GTEST_MUST_USE_RESULT_
+#endif  // __GNUC__ && (GTEST_GCC_VER_ >= 30400) && !COMPILER_ICC
+
+// Determine whether the compiler supports Microsoft's Structured Exception
+// Handling.  This is supported by several Windows compilers but generally
+// does not exist on any other system.
+#ifndef GTEST_HAS_SEH
+// The user didn't tell us, so we need to figure it out.
+
+# if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
+// These two compilers are known to support SEH.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_SEH 1
+# else
+// Assume no SEH.
+#  define GTEST_HAS_SEH 0
+# endif
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_SEH
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+
+# if GTEST_LINKED_AS_SHARED_LIBRARY
+#  define GTEST_API_ __declspec(dllimport)
+# elif GTEST_CREATE_SHARED_LIBRARY
+#  define GTEST_API_ __declspec(dllexport)
+# endif
+
+#endif  // _MSC_VER
+
+#ifndef GTEST_API_
+# define GTEST_API_
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __GNUC__
+// Ask the compiler to never inline a given function.
+# define GTEST_NO_INLINE_ __attribute__((noinline))
+#else
+# define GTEST_NO_INLINE_
+#endif
+
+namespace testing {
+
+class Message;
+
+namespace internal {
+
+class String;
+
+// The GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_ macro can be used to verify that a compile time
+// expression is true. For example, you could use it to verify the
+// size of a static array:
+//
+//   GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(ARRAYSIZE(content_type_names) == CONTENT_NUM_TYPES,
+//                         content_type_names_incorrect_size);
+//
+// or to make sure a struct is smaller than a certain size:
+//
+//   GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(sizeof(foo) < 128, foo_too_large);
+//
+// The second argument to the macro is the name of the variable. If
+// the expression is false, most compilers will issue a warning/error
+// containing the name of the variable.
+
+template <bool>
+struct CompileAssert {
+};
+
+#define GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(expr, msg) \
+  typedef ::testing::internal::CompileAssert<(bool(expr))> \
+      msg[bool(expr) ? 1 : -1]
+
+// Implementation details of GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_:
+//
+// - GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_ works by defining an array type that has -1
+//   elements (and thus is invalid) when the expression is false.
+//
+// - The simpler definition
+//
+//    #define GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(expr, msg) typedef char msg[(expr) ? 1 : -1]
+//
+//   does not work, as gcc supports variable-length arrays whose sizes
+//   are determined at run-time (this is gcc's extension and not part
+//   of the C++ standard).  As a result, gcc fails to reject the
+//   following code with the simple definition:
+//
+//     int foo;
+//     GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(foo, msg); // not supposed to compile as foo is
+//                                      // not a compile-time constant.
+//
+// - By using the type CompileAssert<(bool(expr))>, we ensures that
+//   expr is a compile-time constant.  (Template arguments must be
+//   determined at compile-time.)
+//
+// - The outter parentheses in CompileAssert<(bool(expr))> are necessary
+//   to work around a bug in gcc 3.4.4 and 4.0.1.  If we had written
+//
+//     CompileAssert<bool(expr)>
+//
+//   instead, these compilers will refuse to compile
+//
+//     GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(5 > 0, some_message);
+//
+//   (They seem to think the ">" in "5 > 0" marks the end of the
+//   template argument list.)
+//
+// - The array size is (bool(expr) ? 1 : -1), instead of simply
+//
+//     ((expr) ? 1 : -1).
+//
+//   This is to avoid running into a bug in MS VC 7.1, which
+//   causes ((0.0) ? 1 : -1) to incorrectly evaluate to 1.
+
+// StaticAssertTypeEqHelper is used by StaticAssertTypeEq defined in gtest.h.
+//
+// This template is declared, but intentionally undefined.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+struct StaticAssertTypeEqHelper;
+
+template <typename T>
+struct StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<T, T> {};
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+typedef ::string string;
+#else
+typedef ::std::string string;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+typedef ::wstring wstring;
+#elif GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+typedef ::std::wstring wstring;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+// A helper for suppressing warnings on constant condition.  It just
+// returns 'condition'.
+GTEST_API_ bool IsTrue(bool condition);
+
+// Defines scoped_ptr.
+
+// This implementation of scoped_ptr is PARTIAL - it only contains
+// enough stuff to satisfy Google Test's need.
+template <typename T>
+class scoped_ptr {
+ public:
+  typedef T element_type;
+
+  explicit scoped_ptr(T* p = NULL) : ptr_(p) {}
+  ~scoped_ptr() { reset(); }
+
+  T& operator*() const { return *ptr_; }
+  T* operator->() const { return ptr_; }
+  T* get() const { return ptr_; }
+
+  T* release() {
+    T* const ptr = ptr_;
+    ptr_ = NULL;
+    return ptr;
+  }
+
+  void reset(T* p = NULL) {
+    if (p != ptr_) {
+      if (IsTrue(sizeof(T) > 0)) {  // Makes sure T is a complete type.
+        delete ptr_;
+      }
+      ptr_ = p;
+    }
+  }
+ private:
+  T* ptr_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(scoped_ptr);
+};
+
+// Defines RE.
+
+// A simple C++ wrapper for <regex.h>.  It uses the POSIX Extended
+// Regular Expression syntax.
+class GTEST_API_ RE {
+ public:
+  // A copy constructor is required by the Standard to initialize object
+  // references from r-values.
+  RE(const RE& other) { Init(other.pattern()); }
+
+  // Constructs an RE from a string.
+  RE(const ::std::string& regex) { Init(regex.c_str()); }  // NOLINT
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+  RE(const ::string& regex) { Init(regex.c_str()); }  // NOLINT
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+  RE(const char* regex) { Init(regex); }  // NOLINT
+  ~RE();
+
+  // Returns the string representation of the regex.
+  const char* pattern() const { return pattern_; }
+
+  // FullMatch(str, re) returns true iff regular expression re matches
+  // the entire str.
+  // PartialMatch(str, re) returns true iff regular expression re
+  // matches a substring of str (including str itself).
+  //
+  // TODO(wan@google.com): make FullMatch() and PartialMatch() work
+  // when str contains NUL characters.
+  static bool FullMatch(const ::std::string& str, const RE& re) {
+    return FullMatch(str.c_str(), re);
+  }
+  static bool PartialMatch(const ::std::string& str, const RE& re) {
+    return PartialMatch(str.c_str(), re);
+  }
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+  static bool FullMatch(const ::string& str, const RE& re) {
+    return FullMatch(str.c_str(), re);
+  }
+  static bool PartialMatch(const ::string& str, const RE& re) {
+    return PartialMatch(str.c_str(), re);
+  }
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+  static bool FullMatch(const char* str, const RE& re);
+  static bool PartialMatch(const char* str, const RE& re);
+
+ private:
+  void Init(const char* regex);
+
+  // We use a const char* instead of a string, as Google Test may be used
+  // where string is not available.  We also do not use Google Test's own
+  // String type here, in order to simplify dependencies between the
+  // files.
+  const char* pattern_;
+  bool is_valid_;
+
+#if GTEST_USES_POSIX_RE
+
+  regex_t full_regex_;     // For FullMatch().
+  regex_t partial_regex_;  // For PartialMatch().
+
+#else  // GTEST_USES_SIMPLE_RE
+
+  const char* full_pattern_;  // For FullMatch();
+
+#endif
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(RE);
+};
+
+// Formats a source file path and a line number as they would appear
+// in an error message from the compiler used to compile this code.
+GTEST_API_ ::std::string FormatFileLocation(const char* file, int line);
+
+// Formats a file location for compiler-independent XML output.
+// Although this function is not platform dependent, we put it next to
+// FormatFileLocation in order to contrast the two functions.
+GTEST_API_ ::std::string FormatCompilerIndependentFileLocation(const char* file,
+                                                               int line);
+
+// Defines logging utilities:
+//   GTEST_LOG_(severity) - logs messages at the specified severity level. The
+//                          message itself is streamed into the macro.
+//   LogToStderr()  - directs all log messages to stderr.
+//   FlushInfoLog() - flushes informational log messages.
+
+enum GTestLogSeverity {
+  GTEST_INFO,
+  GTEST_WARNING,
+  GTEST_ERROR,
+  GTEST_FATAL
+};
+
+// Formats log entry severity, provides a stream object for streaming the
+// log message, and terminates the message with a newline when going out of
+// scope.
+class GTEST_API_ GTestLog {
+ public:
+  GTestLog(GTestLogSeverity severity, const char* file, int line);
+
+  // Flushes the buffers and, if severity is GTEST_FATAL, aborts the program.
+  ~GTestLog();
+
+  ::std::ostream& GetStream() { return ::std::cerr; }
+
+ private:
+  const GTestLogSeverity severity_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(GTestLog);
+};
+
+#define GTEST_LOG_(severity) \
+    ::testing::internal::GTestLog(::testing::internal::GTEST_##severity, \
+                                  __FILE__, __LINE__).GetStream()
+
+inline void LogToStderr() {}
+inline void FlushInfoLog() { fflush(NULL); }
+
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE.
+//
+// GTEST_CHECK_ is an all-mode assert. It aborts the program if the condition
+// is not satisfied.
+//  Synopsys:
+//    GTEST_CHECK_(boolean_condition);
+//     or
+//    GTEST_CHECK_(boolean_condition) << "Additional message";
+//
+//    This checks the condition and if the condition is not satisfied
+//    it prints message about the condition violation, including the
+//    condition itself, plus additional message streamed into it, if any,
+//    and then it aborts the program. It aborts the program irrespective of
+//    whether it is built in the debug mode or not.
+#define GTEST_CHECK_(condition) \
+    GTEST_AMBIGUOUS_ELSE_BLOCKER_ \
+    if (::testing::internal::IsTrue(condition)) \
+      ; \
+    else \
+      GTEST_LOG_(FATAL) << "Condition " #condition " failed. "
+
+// An all-mode assert to verify that the given POSIX-style function
+// call returns 0 (indicating success).  Known limitation: this
+// doesn't expand to a balanced 'if' statement, so enclose the macro
+// in {} if you need to use it as the only statement in an 'if'
+// branch.
+#define GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(posix_call) \
+  if (const int gtest_error = (posix_call)) \
+    GTEST_LOG_(FATAL) << #posix_call << "failed with error " \
+                      << gtest_error
+
+// INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN USER CODE.
+//
+// Use ImplicitCast_ as a safe version of static_cast for upcasting in
+// the type hierarchy (e.g. casting a Foo* to a SuperclassOfFoo* or a
+// const Foo*).  When you use ImplicitCast_, the compiler checks that
+// the cast is safe.  Such explicit ImplicitCast_s are necessary in
+// surprisingly many situations where C++ demands an exact type match
+// instead of an argument type convertable to a target type.
+//
+// The syntax for using ImplicitCast_ is the same as for static_cast:
+//
+//   ImplicitCast_<ToType>(expr)
+//
+// ImplicitCast_ would have been part of the C++ standard library,
+// but the proposal was submitted too late.  It will probably make
+// its way into the language in the future.
+//
+// This relatively ugly name is intentional. It prevents clashes with
+// similar functions users may have (e.g., implicit_cast). The internal
+// namespace alone is not enough because the function can be found by ADL.
+template<typename To>
+inline To ImplicitCast_(To x) { return x; }
+
+// When you upcast (that is, cast a pointer from type Foo to type
+// SuperclassOfFoo), it's fine to use ImplicitCast_<>, since upcasts
+// always succeed.  When you downcast (that is, cast a pointer from
+// type Foo to type SubclassOfFoo), static_cast<> isn't safe, because
+// how do you know the pointer is really of type SubclassOfFoo?  It
+// could be a bare Foo, or of type DifferentSubclassOfFoo.  Thus,
+// when you downcast, you should use this macro.  In debug mode, we
+// use dynamic_cast<> to double-check the downcast is legal (we die
+// if it's not).  In normal mode, we do the efficient static_cast<>
+// instead.  Thus, it's important to test in debug mode to make sure
+// the cast is legal!
+//    This is the only place in the code we should use dynamic_cast<>.
+// In particular, you SHOULDN'T be using dynamic_cast<> in order to
+// do RTTI (eg code like this:
+//    if (dynamic_cast<Subclass1>(foo)) HandleASubclass1Object(foo);
+//    if (dynamic_cast<Subclass2>(foo)) HandleASubclass2Object(foo);
+// You should design the code some other way not to need this.
+//
+// This relatively ugly name is intentional. It prevents clashes with
+// similar functions users may have (e.g., down_cast). The internal
+// namespace alone is not enough because the function can be found by ADL.
+template<typename To, typename From>  // use like this: DownCast_<T*>(foo);
+inline To DownCast_(From* f) {  // so we only accept pointers
+  // Ensures that To is a sub-type of From *.  This test is here only
+  // for compile-time type checking, and has no overhead in an
+  // optimized build at run-time, as it will be optimized away
+  // completely.
+  if (false) {
+    const To to = NULL;
+    ::testing::internal::ImplicitCast_<From*>(to);
+  }
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+  // RTTI: debug mode only!
+  GTEST_CHECK_(f == NULL || dynamic_cast<To>(f) != NULL);
+#endif
+  return static_cast<To>(f);
+}
+
+// Downcasts the pointer of type Base to Derived.
+// Derived must be a subclass of Base. The parameter MUST
+// point to a class of type Derived, not any subclass of it.
+// When RTTI is available, the function performs a runtime
+// check to enforce this.
+template <class Derived, class Base>
+Derived* CheckedDowncastToActualType(Base* base) {
+#if GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+  GTEST_CHECK_(typeid(*base) == typeid(Derived));
+  return dynamic_cast<Derived*>(base);  // NOLINT
+#else
+  return static_cast<Derived*>(base);  // Poor man's downcast.
+#endif
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION
+
+// Defines the stderr capturer:
+//   CaptureStdout     - starts capturing stdout.
+//   GetCapturedStdout - stops capturing stdout and returns the captured string.
+//   CaptureStderr     - starts capturing stderr.
+//   GetCapturedStderr - stops capturing stderr and returns the captured string.
+//
+GTEST_API_ void CaptureStdout();
+GTEST_API_ String GetCapturedStdout();
+GTEST_API_ void CaptureStderr();
+GTEST_API_ String GetCapturedStderr();
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STREAM_REDIRECTION
+
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+
+// A copy of all command line arguments.  Set by InitGoogleTest().
+extern ::std::vector<String> g_argvs;
+
+// GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST implies we have ::std::string.
+const ::std::vector<String>& GetArgvs();
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_DEATH_TEST
+
+// Defines synchronization primitives.
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
+
+// Sleeps for (roughly) n milli-seconds.  This function is only for
+// testing Google Test's own constructs.  Don't use it in user tests,
+// either directly or indirectly.
+inline void SleepMilliseconds(int n) {
+  const timespec time = {
+    0,                  // 0 seconds.
+    n * 1000L * 1000L,  // And n ms.
+  };
+  nanosleep(&time, NULL);
+}
+
+// Allows a controller thread to pause execution of newly created
+// threads until notified.  Instances of this class must be created
+// and destroyed in the controller thread.
+//
+// This class is only for testing Google Test's own constructs. Do not
+// use it in user tests, either directly or indirectly.
+class Notification {
+ public:
+  Notification() : notified_(false) {}
+
+  // Notifies all threads created with this notification to start. Must
+  // be called from the controller thread.
+  void Notify() { notified_ = true; }
+
+  // Blocks until the controller thread notifies. Must be called from a test
+  // thread.
+  void WaitForNotification() {
+    while(!notified_) {
+      SleepMilliseconds(10);
+    }
+  }
+
+ private:
+  volatile bool notified_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(Notification);
+};
+
+// As a C-function, ThreadFuncWithCLinkage cannot be templated itself.
+// Consequently, it cannot select a correct instantiation of ThreadWithParam
+// in order to call its Run(). Introducing ThreadWithParamBase as a
+// non-templated base class for ThreadWithParam allows us to bypass this
+// problem.
+class ThreadWithParamBase {
+ public:
+  virtual ~ThreadWithParamBase() {}
+  virtual void Run() = 0;
+};
+
+// pthread_create() accepts a pointer to a function type with the C linkage.
+// According to the Standard (7.5/1), function types with different linkages
+// are different even if they are otherwise identical.  Some compilers (for
+// example, SunStudio) treat them as different types.  Since class methods
+// cannot be defined with C-linkage we need to define a free C-function to
+// pass into pthread_create().
+extern "C" inline void* ThreadFuncWithCLinkage(void* thread) {
+  static_cast<ThreadWithParamBase*>(thread)->Run();
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+// Helper class for testing Google Test's multi-threading constructs.
+// To use it, write:
+//
+//   void ThreadFunc(int param) { /* Do things with param */ }
+//   Notification thread_can_start;
+//   ...
+//   // The thread_can_start parameter is optional; you can supply NULL.
+//   ThreadWithParam<int> thread(&ThreadFunc, 5, &thread_can_start);
+//   thread_can_start.Notify();
+//
+// These classes are only for testing Google Test's own constructs. Do
+// not use them in user tests, either directly or indirectly.
+template <typename T>
+class ThreadWithParam : public ThreadWithParamBase {
+ public:
+  typedef void (*UserThreadFunc)(T);
+
+  ThreadWithParam(
+      UserThreadFunc func, T param, Notification* thread_can_start)
+      : func_(func),
+        param_(param),
+        thread_can_start_(thread_can_start),
+        finished_(false) {
+    ThreadWithParamBase* const base = this;
+    // The thread can be created only after all fields except thread_
+    // have been initialized.
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(
+        pthread_create(&thread_, 0, &ThreadFuncWithCLinkage, base));
+  }
+  ~ThreadWithParam() { Join(); }
+
+  void Join() {
+    if (!finished_) {
+      GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_join(thread_, 0));
+      finished_ = true;
+    }
+  }
+
+  virtual void Run() {
+    if (thread_can_start_ != NULL)
+      thread_can_start_->WaitForNotification();
+    func_(param_);
+  }
+
+ private:
+  const UserThreadFunc func_;  // User-supplied thread function.
+  const T param_;  // User-supplied parameter to the thread function.
+  // When non-NULL, used to block execution until the controller thread
+  // notifies.
+  Notification* const thread_can_start_;
+  bool finished_;  // true iff we know that the thread function has finished.
+  pthread_t thread_;  // The native thread object.
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ThreadWithParam);
+};
+
+// MutexBase and Mutex implement mutex on pthreads-based platforms. They
+// are used in conjunction with class MutexLock:
+//
+//   Mutex mutex;
+//   ...
+//   MutexLock lock(&mutex);  // Acquires the mutex and releases it at the end
+//                            // of the current scope.
+//
+// MutexBase implements behavior for both statically and dynamically
+// allocated mutexes.  Do not use MutexBase directly.  Instead, write
+// the following to define a static mutex:
+//
+//   GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(g_some_mutex);
+//
+// You can forward declare a static mutex like this:
+//
+//   GTEST_DECLARE_STATIC_MUTEX_(g_some_mutex);
+//
+// To create a dynamic mutex, just define an object of type Mutex.
+class MutexBase {
+ public:
+  // Acquires this mutex.
+  void Lock() {
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_lock(&mutex_));
+    owner_ = pthread_self();
+  }
+
+  // Releases this mutex.
+  void Unlock() {
+    // We don't protect writing to owner_ here, as it's the caller's
+    // responsibility to ensure that the current thread holds the
+    // mutex when this is called.
+    owner_ = 0;
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_unlock(&mutex_));
+  }
+
+  // Does nothing if the current thread holds the mutex. Otherwise, crashes
+  // with high probability.
+  void AssertHeld() const {
+    GTEST_CHECK_(owner_ == pthread_self())
+        << "The current thread is not holding the mutex @" << this;
+  }
+
+  // A static mutex may be used before main() is entered.  It may even
+  // be used before the dynamic initialization stage.  Therefore we
+  // must be able to initialize a static mutex object at link time.
+  // This means MutexBase has to be a POD and its member variables
+  // have to be public.
+ public:
+  pthread_mutex_t mutex_;  // The underlying pthread mutex.
+  pthread_t owner_;  // The thread holding the mutex; 0 means no one holds it.
+};
+
+// Forward-declares a static mutex.
+# define GTEST_DECLARE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) \
+    extern ::testing::internal::MutexBase mutex
+
+// Defines and statically (i.e. at link time) initializes a static mutex.
+# define GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) \
+    ::testing::internal::MutexBase mutex = { PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, 0 }
+
+// The Mutex class can only be used for mutexes created at runtime. It
+// shares its API with MutexBase otherwise.
+class Mutex : public MutexBase {
+ public:
+  Mutex() {
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_init(&mutex_, NULL));
+    owner_ = 0;
+  }
+  ~Mutex() {
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_mutex_destroy(&mutex_));
+  }
+
+ private:
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(Mutex);
+};
+
+// We cannot name this class MutexLock as the ctor declaration would
+// conflict with a macro named MutexLock, which is defined on some
+// platforms.  Hence the typedef trick below.
+class GTestMutexLock {
+ public:
+  explicit GTestMutexLock(MutexBase* mutex)
+      : mutex_(mutex) { mutex_->Lock(); }
+
+  ~GTestMutexLock() { mutex_->Unlock(); }
+
+ private:
+  MutexBase* const mutex_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(GTestMutexLock);
+};
+
+typedef GTestMutexLock MutexLock;
+
+// Helpers for ThreadLocal.
+
+// pthread_key_create() requires DeleteThreadLocalValue() to have
+// C-linkage.  Therefore it cannot be templatized to access
+// ThreadLocal<T>.  Hence the need for class
+// ThreadLocalValueHolderBase.
+class ThreadLocalValueHolderBase {
+ public:
+  virtual ~ThreadLocalValueHolderBase() {}
+};
+
+// Called by pthread to delete thread-local data stored by
+// pthread_setspecific().
+extern "C" inline void DeleteThreadLocalValue(void* value_holder) {
+  delete static_cast<ThreadLocalValueHolderBase*>(value_holder);
+}
+
+// Implements thread-local storage on pthreads-based systems.
+//
+//   // Thread 1
+//   ThreadLocal<int> tl(100);  // 100 is the default value for each thread.
+//
+//   // Thread 2
+//   tl.set(150);  // Changes the value for thread 2 only.
+//   EXPECT_EQ(150, tl.get());
+//
+//   // Thread 1
+//   EXPECT_EQ(100, tl.get());  // In thread 1, tl has the original value.
+//   tl.set(200);
+//   EXPECT_EQ(200, tl.get());
+//
+// The template type argument T must have a public copy constructor.
+// In addition, the default ThreadLocal constructor requires T to have
+// a public default constructor.
+//
+// An object managed for a thread by a ThreadLocal instance is deleted
+// when the thread exits.  Or, if the ThreadLocal instance dies in
+// that thread, when the ThreadLocal dies.  It's the user's
+// responsibility to ensure that all other threads using a ThreadLocal
+// have exited when it dies, or the per-thread objects for those
+// threads will not be deleted.
+//
+// Google Test only uses global ThreadLocal objects.  That means they
+// will die after main() has returned.  Therefore, no per-thread
+// object managed by Google Test will be leaked as long as all threads
+// using Google Test have exited when main() returns.
+template <typename T>
+class ThreadLocal {
+ public:
+  ThreadLocal() : key_(CreateKey()),
+                  default_() {}
+  explicit ThreadLocal(const T& value) : key_(CreateKey()),
+                                         default_(value) {}
+
+  ~ThreadLocal() {
+    // Destroys the managed object for the current thread, if any.
+    DeleteThreadLocalValue(pthread_getspecific(key_));
+
+    // Releases resources associated with the key.  This will *not*
+    // delete managed objects for other threads.
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_key_delete(key_));
+  }
+
+  T* pointer() { return GetOrCreateValue(); }
+  const T* pointer() const { return GetOrCreateValue(); }
+  const T& get() const { return *pointer(); }
+  void set(const T& value) { *pointer() = value; }
+
+ private:
+  // Holds a value of type T.
+  class ValueHolder : public ThreadLocalValueHolderBase {
+   public:
+    explicit ValueHolder(const T& value) : value_(value) {}
+
+    T* pointer() { return &value_; }
+
+   private:
+    T value_;
+    GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ValueHolder);
+  };
+
+  static pthread_key_t CreateKey() {
+    pthread_key_t key;
+    // When a thread exits, DeleteThreadLocalValue() will be called on
+    // the object managed for that thread.
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(
+        pthread_key_create(&key, &DeleteThreadLocalValue));
+    return key;
+  }
+
+  T* GetOrCreateValue() const {
+    ThreadLocalValueHolderBase* const holder =
+        static_cast<ThreadLocalValueHolderBase*>(pthread_getspecific(key_));
+    if (holder != NULL) {
+      return CheckedDowncastToActualType<ValueHolder>(holder)->pointer();
+    }
+
+    ValueHolder* const new_holder = new ValueHolder(default_);
+    ThreadLocalValueHolderBase* const holder_base = new_holder;
+    GTEST_CHECK_POSIX_SUCCESS_(pthread_setspecific(key_, holder_base));
+    return new_holder->pointer();
+  }
+
+  // A key pthreads uses for looking up per-thread values.
+  const pthread_key_t key_;
+  const T default_;  // The default value for each thread.
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(ThreadLocal);
+};
+
+# define GTEST_IS_THREADSAFE 1
+
+#else  // GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
+
+// A dummy implementation of synchronization primitives (mutex, lock,
+// and thread-local variable).  Necessary for compiling Google Test where
+// mutex is not supported - using Google Test in multiple threads is not
+// supported on such platforms.
+
+class Mutex {
+ public:
+  Mutex() {}
+  void AssertHeld() const {}
+};
+
+# define GTEST_DECLARE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) \
+  extern ::testing::internal::Mutex mutex
+
+# define GTEST_DEFINE_STATIC_MUTEX_(mutex) ::testing::internal::Mutex mutex
+
+class GTestMutexLock {
+ public:
+  explicit GTestMutexLock(Mutex*) {}  // NOLINT
+};
+
+typedef GTestMutexLock MutexLock;
+
+template <typename T>
+class ThreadLocal {
+ public:
+  ThreadLocal() : value_() {}
+  explicit ThreadLocal(const T& value) : value_(value) {}
+  T* pointer() { return &value_; }
+  const T* pointer() const { return &value_; }
+  const T& get() const { return value_; }
+  void set(const T& value) { value_ = value; }
+ private:
+  T value_;
+};
+
+// The above synchronization primitives have dummy implementations.
+// Therefore Google Test is not thread-safe.
+# define GTEST_IS_THREADSAFE 0
+
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_PTHREAD
+
+// Returns the number of threads running in the process, or 0 to indicate that
+// we cannot detect it.
+GTEST_API_ size_t GetThreadCount();
+
+// Passing non-POD classes through ellipsis (...) crashes the ARM
+// compiler and generates a warning in Sun Studio.  The Nokia Symbian
+// and the IBM XL C/C++ compiler try to instantiate a copy constructor
+// for objects passed through ellipsis (...), failing for uncopyable
+// objects.  We define this to ensure that only POD is passed through
+// ellipsis on these systems.
+#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) || defined(__IBMCPP__) || defined(__SUNPRO_CC)
+// We lose support for NULL detection where the compiler doesn't like
+// passing non-POD classes through ellipsis (...).
+# define GTEST_ELLIPSIS_NEEDS_POD_ 1
+#else
+# define GTEST_CAN_COMPARE_NULL 1
+#endif
+
+// The Nokia Symbian and IBM XL C/C++ compilers cannot decide between
+// const T& and const T* in a function template.  These compilers
+// _can_ decide between class template specializations for T and T*,
+// so a tr1::type_traits-like is_pointer works.
+#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) || defined(__IBMCPP__)
+# define GTEST_NEEDS_IS_POINTER_ 1
+#endif
+
+template <bool bool_value>
+struct bool_constant {
+  typedef bool_constant<bool_value> type;
+  static const bool value = bool_value;
+};
+template <bool bool_value> const bool bool_constant<bool_value>::value;
+
+typedef bool_constant<false> false_type;
+typedef bool_constant<true> true_type;
+
+template <typename T>
+struct is_pointer : public false_type {};
+
+template <typename T>
+struct is_pointer<T*> : public true_type {};
+
+template <typename Iterator>
+struct IteratorTraits {
+  typedef typename Iterator::value_type value_type;
+};
+
+template <typename T>
+struct IteratorTraits<T*> {
+  typedef T value_type;
+};
+
+template <typename T>
+struct IteratorTraits<const T*> {
+  typedef T value_type;
+};
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+# define GTEST_PATH_SEP_ "\\"
+# define GTEST_HAS_ALT_PATH_SEP_ 1
+// The biggest signed integer type the compiler supports.
+typedef __int64 BiggestInt;
+#else
+# define GTEST_PATH_SEP_ "/"
+# define GTEST_HAS_ALT_PATH_SEP_ 0
+typedef long long BiggestInt;  // NOLINT
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS
+
+// Utilities for char.
+
+// isspace(int ch) and friends accept an unsigned char or EOF.  char
+// may be signed, depending on the compiler (or compiler flags).
+// Therefore we need to cast a char to unsigned char before calling
+// isspace(), etc.
+
+inline bool IsAlpha(char ch) {
+  return isalpha(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch)) != 0;
+}
+inline bool IsAlNum(char ch) {
+  return isalnum(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch

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