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From a..@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1562932 - in /hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common: CHANGES.txt src/site/apt/SingleCluster.apt.vm
Date Thu, 30 Jan 2014 19:30:40 GMT
Author: arp
Date: Thu Jan 30 19:30:39 2014
New Revision: 1562932

URL: http://svn.apache.org/r1562932
Log:
HADOOP-10139. Merging r1562931 from trunk to branch-2

Modified:
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/SingleCluster.apt.vm

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt?rev=1562932&r1=1562931&r2=1562932&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt Thu Jan
30 19:30:39 2014
@@ -8,6 +8,9 @@ Release 2.4.0 - UNRELEASED
 
   IMPROVEMENTS
 
+    HADOOP-10139. Update and improve the Single Cluster Setup document.
+    (Akira Ajisaka via Arpit Agarwal)
+
   OPTIMIZATIONS
 
   BUG FIXES

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/SingleCluster.apt.vm
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/SingleCluster.apt.vm?rev=1562932&r1=1562931&r2=1562932&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/SingleCluster.apt.vm
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/site/apt/SingleCluster.apt.vm
Thu Jan 30 19:30:39 2014
@@ -20,174 +20,267 @@ Hadoop MapReduce Next Generation - Setti
 
 %{toc|section=1|fromDepth=0}
 
-* Mapreduce Tarball
+* Purpose
 
-  You should be able to obtain the MapReduce tarball from the release.
-  If not, you should be able to create a tarball from the source.
+  This document describes how to set up and configure a single-node Hadoop
+  installation so that you can quickly perform simple operations using Hadoop
+  MapReduce and the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).
 
-+---+
-$ mvn clean install -DskipTests
-$ cd hadoop-mapreduce-project
-$ mvn clean install assembly:assembly -Pnative
-+---+
-  <<NOTE:>> You will need {{{http://code.google.com/p/protobuf}protoc 2.5.0}}
-            installed.
+* Prerequisites
 
-  To ignore the native builds in mapreduce you can omit the <<<-Pnative>>>
argument
-  for maven. The tarball should be available in <<<target/>>> directory.

+** Supported Platforms
 
-  
-* Setting up the environment.
+   * GNU/Linux is supported as a development and production platform.
+     Hadoop has been demonstrated on GNU/Linux clusters with 2000 nodes.
 
-  Assuming you have installed hadoop-common/hadoop-hdfs and exported
-  <<$HADOOP_COMMON_HOME>>/<<$HADOOP_HDFS_HOME>>, untar hadoop mapreduce

-  tarball and set environment variable <<$HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME>> to the 
-  untarred directory. Set <<$HADOOP_YARN_HOME>> the same as <<$HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME>>.

- 
-  <<NOTE:>> The following instructions assume you have hdfs running.
-
-* Setting up Configuration.
-
-  To start the ResourceManager and NodeManager, you will have to update the configs.
-  Assuming your $HADOOP_CONF_DIR is the configuration directory and has the installed
-  configs for HDFS and <<<core-site.xml>>>. There are 2 config files you
will have to setup
-  <<<mapred-site.xml>>> and <<<yarn-site.xml>>>.
-
-** Setting up <<<mapred-site.xml>>>
-
-  Add the following configs to your <<<mapred-site.xml>>>.
-
-+---+
-  <property>
-    <name>mapreduce.cluster.temp.dir</name>
-    <value></value>
-    <description>No description</description>
-    <final>true</final>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>mapreduce.cluster.local.dir</name>
-    <value></value>
-    <description>No description</description>
-    <final>true</final>
-  </property>
-+---+
-
-** Setting up <<<yarn-site.xml>>>
-
-Add the following configs to your <<<yarn-site.xml>>>
-
-+---+
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.resourcemanager.resource-tracker.address</name>
-    <value>host:port</value>
-    <description>host is the hostname of the resource manager and 
-    port is the port on which the NodeManagers contact the Resource Manager.
-    </description>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.resourcemanager.scheduler.address</name>
-    <value>host:port</value>
-    <description>host is the hostname of the resourcemanager and port is the port
-    on which the Applications in the cluster talk to the Resource Manager.
-    </description>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.resourcemanager.scheduler.class</name>
-    <value>org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.resourcemanager.scheduler.capacity.CapacityScheduler</value>
-    <description>In case you do not want to use the default scheduler</description>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.resourcemanager.address</name>
-    <value>host:port</value>
-    <description>the host is the hostname of the ResourceManager and the port is the
port on
-    which the clients can talk to the Resource Manager. </description>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.nodemanager.local-dirs</name>
-    <value></value>
-    <description>the local directories used by the nodemanager</description>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.nodemanager.address</name>
-    <value>0.0.0.0:port</value>
-    <description>the nodemanagers bind to this port</description>
-  </property>  
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.nodemanager.resource.memory-mb</name>
-    <value>10240</value>
-    <description>the amount of memory on the NodeManager in GB</description>
-  </property>
- 
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.nodemanager.remote-app-log-dir</name>
-    <value>/app-logs</value>
-    <description>directory on hdfs where the application logs are moved to </description>
-  </property>
-
-   <property>
-    <name>yarn.nodemanager.log-dirs</name>
-    <value></value>
-    <description>the directories used by Nodemanagers as log directories</description>
-  </property>
-
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name>
-    <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value>
-    <description>shuffle service that needs to be set for Map Reduce to run </description>
-  </property>
-+---+
-
-* Setting up <<<capacity-scheduler.xml>>>
-
-   Make sure you populate the root queues in <<<capacity-scheduler.xml>>>.
-
-+---+
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.scheduler.capacity.root.queues</name>
-    <value>unfunded,default</value>
-  </property>
-  
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.scheduler.capacity.root.capacity</name>
-    <value>100</value>
-  </property>
-  
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.scheduler.capacity.root.unfunded.capacity</name>
-    <value>50</value>
-  </property>
-  
-  <property>
-    <name>yarn.scheduler.capacity.root.default.capacity</name>
-    <value>50</value>
-  </property>
+   * Windows is also a supported platform but the followings steps
+     are for Linux only. To set up Hadoop on Windows, see
+     {{{http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/Hadoop2OnWindows}wiki page}}.
+
+** Required Software
+
+   Required software for Linux include:
+
+   [[1]] Java\u2122 must be installed. Recommended Java versions are described
+         at {{{http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/HadoopJavaVersions}
+         HadoopJavaVersions}}.
+
+   [[2]] ssh must be installed and sshd must be running to use the Hadoop
+         scripts that manage remote Hadoop daemons.
+
+** Installing Software
+
+  If your cluster doesn't have the requisite software you will need to install
+  it.
+
+  For example on Ubuntu Linux:
+
+----
+  $ sudo apt-get install ssh
+  $ sudo apt-get install rsync
+----
+
+* Download
+
+  To get a Hadoop distribution, download a recent stable release from one of
+  the {{{http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/hadoop/common/}
+  Apache Download Mirrors}}.
+
+* Prepare to Start the Hadoop Cluster
+
+  Unpack the downloaded Hadoop distribution. In the distribution, edit
+  the file <<<etc/hadoop/hadoop-env.sh>>> to define some parameters as
+  follows:
+
+----
+  # set to the root of your Java installation
+  export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/latest
+
+  # Assuming your installation directory is /usr/local/hadoop
+  export HADOOP_PREFIX=/usr/local/hadoop
+----
+
+  Try the following command:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hadoop
+----
+
+  This will display the usage documentation for the hadoop script.
+
+  Now you are ready to start your Hadoop cluster in one of the three supported
+  modes:
+
+   * {{{Standalone Operation}Local (Standalone) Mode}}
+
+   * {{{Pseudo-Distributed Operation}Pseudo-Distributed Mode}}
+
+   * {{{Fully-Distributed Operation}Fully-Distributed Mode}}
+
+* Standalone Operation
+
+  By default, Hadoop is configured to run in a non-distributed mode, as a
+  single Java process. This is useful for debugging.
+
+  The following example copies the unpacked conf directory to use as input
+  and then finds and displays every match of the given regular expression.
+  Output is written to the given output directory.
+
+----
+  $ mkdir input
+  $ cp etc/hadoop/*.xml input
+  $ bin/hadoop jar share/hadoop/mapreduce/hadoop-mapreduce-examples-${project.version}.jar
grep input output 'dfs[a-z.]+'
+  $ cat output/*
+----
+
+* Pseudo-Distributed Operation
+
+  Hadoop can also be run on a single-node in a pseudo-distributed mode where
+  each Hadoop daemon runs in a separate Java process.
+
+** Configuration
+
+  Use the following:
+
+  etc/hadoop/core-site.xml:
+
++---+
+<configuration>
+    <property>
+        <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
+        <value>hdfs://localhost:9000</value>
+    </property>
+</configuration>
 +---+
 
-* Running daemons.
-
-  Assuming that the environment variables <<$HADOOP_COMMON_HOME>>, <<$HADOOP_HDFS_HOME>>,
<<$HADOO_MAPRED_HOME>>,
-  <<$HADOOP_YARN_HOME>>, <<$JAVA_HOME>> and <<$HADOOP_CONF_DIR>>
have been set appropriately.
-  Set $<<$YARN_CONF_DIR>> the same as $<<HADOOP_CONF_DIR>>
- 
-  Run ResourceManager and NodeManager as:
+  etc/hadoop/hdfs-site.xml:
   
 +---+
-$ cd $HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME
-$ sbin/yarn-daemon.sh start resourcemanager
-$ sbin/yarn-daemon.sh start nodemanager
+<configuration>
+    <property>
+        <name>dfs.replication</name>
+        <value>1</value>
+    </property>
+</configuration>
++---+
+
+** Setup passphraseless ssh
+
+  Now check that you can ssh to the localhost without a passphrase:
+
+----
+  $ ssh localhost
+----
+
+  If you cannot ssh to localhost without a passphrase, execute the
+  following commands:
+
+----
+  $ ssh-keygen -t dsa -P '' -f ~/.ssh/id_dsa
+  $ cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
+----
+
+** Execution
+
+  The following instructions are to run a MapReduce job locally.
+  If you want to execute a job on YARN, see {{YARN on Single Node}}.
+
+  [[1]] Format the filesystem:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hdfs namenode -format
+----
+
+  [[2]] Start NameNode daemon and DataNode daemon:
+
+----
+  $ sbin/start-dfs.sh
+----
+
+        The hadoop daemon log output is written to the <<<${HADOOP_LOG_DIR}>>>
+        directory (defaults to <<<${HADOOP_HOME}/logs>>>).
+
+  [[3]] Browse the web interface for the NameNode; by default it is
+        available at:
+
+        * NameNode - <<<http://localhost:50070/>>>
+
+  [[4]] Make the HDFS directories required to execute MapReduce jobs:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hdfs dfs -mkdir /user
+  $ bin/hdfs dfs -mkdir /user/<username>
+----
+
+  [[5]] Copy the input files into the distributed filesystem:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hdfs dfs -put etc/hadoop input
+----
+
+  [[6]] Run some of the examples provided:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hadoop jar share/hadoop/mapreduce/hadoop-mapreduce-examples-${project.version}.jar
grep input output 'dfs[a-z.]+'
+----
+
+  [[7]] Examine the output files:
+
+        Copy the output files from the distributed filesystem to the local
+        filesystem and examine them:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hdfs dfs -get output output
+  $ cat output/*
+----
+
+        or
+
+        View the output files on the distributed filesystem:
+
+----
+  $ bin/hdfs dfs -cat output/*
+----
+
+  [[8]] When you're done, stop the daemons with:
+
+----
+  $ sbin/stop-dfs.sh
+----
+
+** YARN on Single Node
+
+  You can run a MapReduce job on YARN in a pseudo-distributed mode by setting
+  a few parameters and running ResourceManager daemon and NodeManager daemon
+  in addition.
+
+  The following instructions assume that 1. ~ 4. steps of
+  {{{Execution}the above instructions}} are already executed.
+
+  [[1]] Configure parameters as follows:
+
+        etc/hadoop/mapred-site.xml:
+
++---+
+<configuration>
+    <property>
+        <name>mapreduce.framework.name</name>
+        <value>yarn</value>
+    </property>
+</configuration>
 +---+
 
-  You should be up and running. You can run randomwriter as:
+        etc/hadoop/yarn-site.xml:
 
 +---+
-$ $HADOOP_COMMON_HOME/bin/hadoop jar hadoop-examples.jar randomwriter out
+<configuration>
+    <property>
+        <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name>
+        <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value>
+    </property>
+</configuration>
 +---+
 
-Good luck.
+  [[2]] Start ResourceManager daemon and NodeManager daemon:
+
+----
+  $ sbin/start-yarn.sh
+----
+
+  [[3]] Browse the web interface for the ResourceManager; by default it is
+        available at:
+
+        * ResourceManager - <<<http://localhost:8088/>>>
+
+  [[4]] Run a MapReduce job.
+
+  [[5]] When you're done, stop the daemons with:
+
+----
+  $ sbin/stop-yarn.sh
+----
+
+* Fully-Distributed Operation
+
+  For information on setting up fully-distributed, non-trivial clusters
+  see {{{./ClusterSetup.html}Cluster Setup}}.



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