hadoop-common-commits mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From cmcc...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1533670 - in /hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common: CHANGES.txt src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FileSystem.java src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FCStatisticsBaseTest.java
Date Sat, 19 Oct 2013 00:38:13 GMT
Author: cmccabe
Date: Sat Oct 19 00:38:13 2013
New Revision: 1533670

URL: http://svn.apache.org/r1533670
Log:
HDFS-5276. FileSystem.Statistics should use thread-local counters to avoid multi-threaded
performance issues on read/write.  (Colin Patrick McCabe)

Modified:
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FileSystem.java
    hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FCStatisticsBaseTest.java

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt?rev=1533670&r1=1533669&r2=1533670&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/CHANGES.txt Sat Oct
19 00:38:13 2013
@@ -76,6 +76,9 @@ Release 2.3.0 - UNRELEASED
     HADOOP-9078. enhance unit-test coverage of class
     org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileContext (Ivan A. Veselovsky via jeagles)
 
+    HDFS-5276. FileSystem.Statistics should use thread-local counters to avoid
+    multi-threaded performance issues on read/write.  (Colin Patrick McCabe)
+
   OPTIMIZATIONS
 
     HADOOP-9748. Reduce blocking on UGI.ensureInitialized (daryn)

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FileSystem.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FileSystem.java?rev=1533670&r1=1533669&r2=1533670&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FileSystem.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FileSystem.java
Sat Oct 19 00:38:13 2013
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ package org.apache.hadoop.fs;
 import java.io.Closeable;
 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 import java.io.IOException;
+import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
 import java.net.URI;
 import java.net.URISyntaxException;
 import java.security.PrivilegedExceptionAction;
@@ -31,6 +32,7 @@ import java.util.HashMap;
 import java.util.HashSet;
 import java.util.IdentityHashMap;
 import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.LinkedList;
 import java.util.List;
 import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
@@ -2502,28 +2504,149 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
     }
   }
   
+  /**
+   * Tracks statistics about how many reads, writes, and so forth have been
+   * done in a FileSystem.
+   * 
+   * Since there is only one of these objects per FileSystem, there will 
+   * typically be many threads writing to this object.  Almost every operation
+   * on an open file will involve a write to this object.  In contrast, reading
+   * statistics is done infrequently by most programs, and not at all by others.
+   * Hence, this is optimized for writes.
+   * 
+   * Each thread writes to its own thread-local area of memory.  This removes 
+   * contention and allows us to scale up to many, many threads.  To read
+   * statistics, the reader thread totals up the contents of all of the 
+   * thread-local data areas.
+   */
   public static final class Statistics {
+    /**
+     * Statistics data.
+     * 
+     * There is only a single writer to thread-local StatisticsData objects.
+     * Hence, volatile is adequate here-- we do not need AtomicLong or similar
+     * to prevent lost updates.
+     * The Java specification guarantees that updates to volatile longs will
+     * be perceived as atomic with respect to other threads, which is all we
+     * need.
+     */
+    private static class StatisticsData {
+      volatile long bytesRead;
+      volatile long bytesWritten;
+      volatile int readOps;
+      volatile int largeReadOps;
+      volatile int writeOps;
+      /**
+       * Stores a weak reference to the thread owning this StatisticsData.
+       * This allows us to remove StatisticsData objects that pertain to
+       * threads that no longer exist.
+       */
+      final WeakReference<Thread> owner;
+
+      StatisticsData(WeakReference<Thread> owner) {
+        this.owner = owner;
+      }
+
+      /**
+       * Add another StatisticsData object to this one.
+       */
+      void add(StatisticsData other) {
+        this.bytesRead += other.bytesRead;
+        this.bytesWritten += other.bytesWritten;
+        this.readOps += other.readOps;
+        this.largeReadOps += other.largeReadOps;
+        this.writeOps += other.writeOps;
+      }
+
+      /**
+       * Negate the values of all statistics.
+       */
+      void negate() {
+        this.bytesRead = -this.bytesRead;
+        this.bytesWritten = -this.bytesWritten;
+        this.readOps = -this.readOps;
+        this.largeReadOps = -this.largeReadOps;
+        this.writeOps = -this.writeOps;
+      }
+
+      @Override
+      public String toString() {
+        return bytesRead + " bytes read, " + bytesWritten + " bytes written, "
+            + readOps + " read ops, " + largeReadOps + " large read ops, "
+            + writeOps + " write ops";
+      }
+    }
+
+    private interface StatisticsAggregator<T> {
+      void accept(StatisticsData data);
+      T aggregate();
+    }
+
     private final String scheme;
-    private AtomicLong bytesRead = new AtomicLong();
-    private AtomicLong bytesWritten = new AtomicLong();
-    private AtomicInteger readOps = new AtomicInteger();
-    private AtomicInteger largeReadOps = new AtomicInteger();
-    private AtomicInteger writeOps = new AtomicInteger();
+
+    /**
+     * rootData is data that doesn't belong to any thread, but will be added
+     * to the totals.  This is useful for making copies of Statistics objects,
+     * and for storing data that pertains to threads that have been garbage
+     * collected.  Protected by the Statistics lock.
+     */
+    private final StatisticsData rootData;
+
+    /**
+     * Thread-local data.
+     */
+    private final ThreadLocal<StatisticsData> threadData;
     
+    /**
+     * List of all thread-local data areas.  Protected by the Statistics lock.
+     */
+    private LinkedList<StatisticsData> allData;
+
     public Statistics(String scheme) {
       this.scheme = scheme;
+      this.rootData = new StatisticsData(null);
+      this.threadData = new ThreadLocal<StatisticsData>();
+      this.allData = null;
     }
 
     /**
      * Copy constructor.
      * 
-     * @param st
-     *          The input Statistics object which is cloned.
+     * @param other    The input Statistics object which is cloned.
      */
-    public Statistics(Statistics st) {
-      this.scheme = st.scheme;
-      this.bytesRead = new AtomicLong(st.bytesRead.longValue());
-      this.bytesWritten = new AtomicLong(st.bytesWritten.longValue());
+    public Statistics(Statistics other) {
+      this.scheme = other.scheme;
+      this.rootData = new StatisticsData(null);
+      other.visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Void>() {
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          rootData.add(data);
+        }
+
+        public Void aggregate() {
+          return null;
+        }
+      });
+      this.threadData = new ThreadLocal<StatisticsData>();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Get or create the thread-local data associated with the current thread.
+     */
+    private StatisticsData getThreadData() {
+      StatisticsData data = threadData.get();
+      if (data == null) {
+        data = new StatisticsData(
+            new WeakReference<Thread>(Thread.currentThread()));
+        threadData.set(data);
+        synchronized(this) {
+          if (allData == null) {
+            allData = new LinkedList<StatisticsData>();
+          }
+          allData.add(data);
+        }
+      }
+      return data;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2531,7 +2654,7 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @param newBytes the additional bytes read
      */
     public void incrementBytesRead(long newBytes) {
-      bytesRead.getAndAdd(newBytes);
+      getThreadData().bytesRead += newBytes;
     }
     
     /**
@@ -2539,7 +2662,7 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @param newBytes the additional bytes written
      */
     public void incrementBytesWritten(long newBytes) {
-      bytesWritten.getAndAdd(newBytes);
+      getThreadData().bytesWritten += newBytes;
     }
     
     /**
@@ -2547,7 +2670,7 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @param count number of read operations
      */
     public void incrementReadOps(int count) {
-      readOps.getAndAdd(count);
+      getThreadData().readOps += count;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2555,7 +2678,7 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @param count number of large read operations
      */
     public void incrementLargeReadOps(int count) {
-      largeReadOps.getAndAdd(count);
+      getThreadData().largeReadOps += count;
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2563,7 +2686,38 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @param count number of write operations
      */
     public void incrementWriteOps(int count) {
-      writeOps.getAndAdd(count);
+      getThreadData().writeOps += count;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Apply the given aggregator to all StatisticsData objects associated with
+     * this Statistics object.
+     *
+     * For each StatisticsData object, we will call accept on the visitor.
+     * Finally, at the end, we will call aggregate to get the final total. 
+     *
+     * @param         The visitor to use.
+     * @return        The total.
+     */
+    private synchronized <T> T visitAll(StatisticsAggregator<T> visitor) {
+      visitor.accept(rootData);
+      if (allData != null) {
+        for (Iterator<StatisticsData> iter = allData.iterator();
+            iter.hasNext(); ) {
+          StatisticsData data = iter.next();
+          visitor.accept(data);
+          if (data.owner.get() == null) {
+            /*
+             * If the thread that created this thread-local data no
+             * longer exists, remove the StatisticsData from our list
+             * and fold the values into rootData.
+             */
+            rootData.add(data);
+            iter.remove();
+          }
+        }
+      }
+      return visitor.aggregate();
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2571,7 +2725,18 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @return the number of bytes
      */
     public long getBytesRead() {
-      return bytesRead.get();
+      return visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Long>() {
+        private long bytesRead = 0;
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          bytesRead += data.bytesRead;
+        }
+
+        public Long aggregate() {
+          return bytesRead;
+        }
+      });
     }
     
     /**
@@ -2579,7 +2744,18 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @return the number of bytes
      */
     public long getBytesWritten() {
-      return bytesWritten.get();
+      return visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Long>() {
+        private long bytesWritten = 0;
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          bytesWritten += data.bytesWritten;
+        }
+
+        public Long aggregate() {
+          return bytesWritten;
+        }
+      });
     }
     
     /**
@@ -2587,7 +2763,19 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @return number of read operations
      */
     public int getReadOps() {
-      return readOps.get() + largeReadOps.get();
+      return visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Integer>() {
+        private int readOps = 0;
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          readOps += data.readOps;
+          readOps += data.largeReadOps;
+        }
+
+        public Integer aggregate() {
+          return readOps;
+        }
+      });
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2596,7 +2784,18 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @return number of large read operations
      */
     public int getLargeReadOps() {
-      return largeReadOps.get();
+      return visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Integer>() {
+        private int largeReadOps = 0;
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          largeReadOps += data.largeReadOps;
+        }
+
+        public Integer aggregate() {
+          return largeReadOps;
+        }
+      });
     }
 
     /**
@@ -2605,22 +2804,70 @@ public abstract class FileSystem extends
      * @return number of write operations
      */
     public int getWriteOps() {
-      return writeOps.get();
+      return visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Integer>() {
+        private int writeOps = 0;
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          writeOps += data.writeOps;
+        }
+
+        public Integer aggregate() {
+          return writeOps;
+        }
+      });
     }
 
+
     @Override
     public String toString() {
-      return bytesRead + " bytes read, " + bytesWritten + " bytes written, "
-          + readOps + " read ops, " + largeReadOps + " large read ops, "
-          + writeOps + " write ops";
+      return visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<String>() {
+        private StatisticsData total = new StatisticsData(null);
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          total.add(data);
+        }
+
+        public String aggregate() {
+          return total.toString();
+        }
+      });
     }
-    
+
     /**
-     * Reset the counts of bytes to 0.
+     * Resets all statistics to 0.
+     *
+     * In order to reset, we add up all the thread-local statistics data, and
+     * set rootData to the negative of that.
+     *
+     * This may seem like a counterintuitive way to reset the statsitics.  Why
+     * can't we just zero out all the thread-local data?  Well, thread-local
+     * data can only be modified by the thread that owns it.  If we tried to
+     * modify the thread-local data from this thread, our modification might get
+     * interleaved with a read-modify-write operation done by the thread that
+     * owns the data.  That would result in our update getting lost.
+     *
+     * The approach used here avoids this problem because it only ever reads
+     * (not writes) the thread-local data.  Both reads and writes to rootData
+     * are done under the lock, so we're free to modify rootData from any thread
+     * that holds the lock.
      */
     public void reset() {
-      bytesWritten.set(0);
-      bytesRead.set(0);
+      visitAll(new StatisticsAggregator<Void>() {
+        private StatisticsData total = new StatisticsData(null);
+
+        @Override
+        public void accept(StatisticsData data) {
+          total.add(data);
+        }
+
+        public Void aggregate() {
+          total.negate();
+          rootData.add(total);
+          return null;
+        }
+      });
     }
     
     /**

Modified: hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FCStatisticsBaseTest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FCStatisticsBaseTest.java?rev=1533670&r1=1533669&r2=1533670&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FCStatisticsBaseTest.java
(original)
+++ hadoop/common/branches/branch-2/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/src/test/java/org/apache/hadoop/fs/FCStatisticsBaseTest.java
Sat Oct 19 00:38:13 2013
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem.S
 import org.junit.Assert;
 import org.junit.Test;
 
+import com.google.common.util.concurrent.Uninterruptibles;
+
 import static org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileContextTestHelper.*;
 
 /**
@@ -44,6 +46,38 @@ public abstract class FCStatisticsBaseTe
   //fc should be set appropriately by the deriving test.
   protected static FileContext fc = null;
   
+  @Test(timeout=60000)
+  public void testStatisticsOperations() throws Exception {
+    final Statistics stats = new Statistics("file");
+    Assert.assertEquals(0L, stats.getBytesRead());
+    Assert.assertEquals(0L, stats.getBytesWritten());
+    Assert.assertEquals(0, stats.getWriteOps());
+    stats.incrementBytesWritten(1000);
+    Assert.assertEquals(1000L, stats.getBytesWritten());
+    Assert.assertEquals(0, stats.getWriteOps());
+    stats.incrementWriteOps(123);
+    Assert.assertEquals(123, stats.getWriteOps());
+    
+    Thread thread = new Thread() {
+      @Override
+      public void run() {
+        stats.incrementWriteOps(1);
+      }
+    };
+    thread.start();
+    Uninterruptibles.joinUninterruptibly(thread);
+    Assert.assertEquals(124, stats.getWriteOps());
+    // Test copy constructor and reset function
+    Statistics stats2 = new Statistics(stats);
+    stats.reset();
+    Assert.assertEquals(0, stats.getWriteOps());
+    Assert.assertEquals(0L, stats.getBytesWritten());
+    Assert.assertEquals(0L, stats.getBytesRead());
+    Assert.assertEquals(124, stats2.getWriteOps());
+    Assert.assertEquals(1000L, stats2.getBytesWritten());
+    Assert.assertEquals(0L, stats2.getBytesRead());
+  }
+
   @Test
   public void testStatistics() throws IOException, URISyntaxException {
     URI fsUri = getFsUri();



Mime
View raw message