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From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Hadoop Wiki] Update of "Avro/HowToContribute" by DougCutting
Date Fri, 10 Apr 2009 19:29:07 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

You have subscribed to a wiki page or wiki category on "Hadoop Wiki" for change notification.

The following page has been changed by DougCutting:

The comment on the change is:
add a HowToContribute page

New page:
= How to Contribute to Apache Avro =

This page describes the mechanics of ''how'' to contribute software to Apache Avro.  For ideas
about ''what'' you might contribute, please see the [:Avro/ProjectSuggestions: ProjectSuggestions

=== Getting the source code ===

First of all, you need the Avro source code.[[BR]]

Get the source code on your local drive using [http://hadoop.apache.org/avro/version_control.html
SVN].  Most development is done on the "trunk":

svn checkout http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/avro/trunk/ avro-trunk

You may also want to develop against a specific release.  To do so, visit [http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/avro/tags/]
and find the release that you are interested in developing against.  To checkout this release,

svn checkout http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/avro/tags/release-X.Y.Z/ avro-X.Y.Z

If you prefer to use Eclipse for development, there are instructions for setting up SVN access
from within Eclipse at [:Avro/EclipseEnvironment: EclipseEnvironment].

=== Making Changes ===

Before you start, send a message to the [http://hadoop.apache.org/avro/mailing_lists.html
Avro developer mailing list], or file a bug report in [:Avro/Jira: Jira].  Describe your proposed
changes and check that they fit in with what others are doing and have planned for the project.
 Be patient, it may take folks a while to understand your requirements.

Modify the source code and add some (very) nice features using your favorite IDE.[[BR]]

But take care about the following points
 * All public classes and methods should have informative [http://java.sun.com/j2se/javadoc/writingdoccomments/
Javadoc comments].
  * Do not use @author tags.
 * Code should be formatted according to [http://java.sun.com/docs/codeconv/ Sun's conventions],
with one exception:
  * Indent two spaces per level, not four.
 * Contributions should pass existing unit tests.
 * New unit tests should be provided to demonstrate bugs and fixes.  [http://www.junit.org
JUnit] is our test framework:
  * You must implement a class that extends {{{junit.framework.TestCase}}} and whose class
name starts with {{{Test}}}.
  * Define methods within your class whose names begin with {{{test}}}, and call JUnit's many
assert methods to verify conditions; these methods will be executed when you run {{{ant test}}}.
  * By default, do not let tests write any temporary files to {{{/tmp}}}.  Instead, the tests
should write to the location specified by the {{{test.build.data}}} system property.
  * Place your class in the {{{src/java/test}}} tree.
  * {{{ClientTest.java}}} is an example of a client-server test.
  * You can run all the unit test with the command {{{ant test}}}, or you can run a specific
unit test with the command {{{ant -Dtestcase=<class name without package prefix> test}}}
(for example {{{ant -Dtestcase=ClientTest test}}})

==== Understanding Ant ====

Avro is built by Ant, a Java building tool.  This section will eventually describe how Ant
is used within Avro.  To start, simply read a good Ant tutorial.  The following is a good
tutorial, though keep in mind that Avro isn't structured according to the ways outlined in
the tutorial.  Use the tutorial to get a basic understand of Ant but not to understand how
Ant is used for Hadoop:

 * Good Ant tutorial: http://i-proving.ca/space/Technologies/Ant+Tutorial

=== Generating a patch ===

==== Unit Tests ====

Please make sure that all unit tests succeed before constructing your patch and that no new
javac compiler warnings are introduced by your patch.

> cd avro-trunk
> ant -Djavac.args="-Xlint -Xmaxwarns 1000" clean test tar
After a while, if you see
all is ok, but if you see
then please examine error messages in {{{build/test}}} and fix things before proceeding.

==== Javadoc ====

Please also check the javadoc.

> ant javadoc
> firefox build/docs/api/index.html

Examine all public classes you've changed to see that documentation is complete, informative,
and properly formatted.  Your patch must not generate any javadoc warnings.

==== Creating a patch ====
Check to see what files you have modified with:
svn stat

Add any new files with:
svn add src/.../MyNewClass.java
svn add src/.../TestMyNewClass.java

In order to create a patch, type:

svn diff > AVRO-1234.patch

This will report all modifications done on Avro sources on your local disk and save them into
the ''AVRO-1234.patch'' file.  Read the patch file.  
Make sure it includes ONLY the modifications required to fix a single issue.

Please do not:
 * reformat code unrelated to the bug being fixed: formatting changes should be separate patches/commits.
 * comment out code that is now obsolete: just remove it.  
 * insert comments around each change, marking the change: folks can use subversion to figure
out what's changed and by whom.
 * make things public which are not required by end users.

Please do:
 * try to adhere to the coding style of files you edit;
 * comment code whose function or rationale is not obvious;
 * update documentation (e.g., ''package.html'' files, this wiki, etc.)
 * name the patch file after the JIRA -- AVRO-<JIRA#>.patch

If you need to rename files in your patch:
 1. Write a shell script that uses 'svn mv' to rename the original files.
 1. Edit files as needed (e.g., to change package names).
 1. Create a patch file with 'svn diff --no-diff-deleted --notice-ancestry'.
 1. Submit both the shell script and the patch file.
This way other developers can preview your change by running the script and then applying
the patch.

==== Testing your patch ====

Before submitting your patch, you are encouraged to run the same tools that the automated
Hudson system will run on your patch.  This enables you to fix problems with your patch before
you submit it.  The {{{test}}} Ant target will run your patch through the same checks that
Hudson currently does.

To use this target, you must run it from a clean workspace (ie {{{svn stat}}} shows no modifications
or additions).  From your clean workspace, run:

ant test

At the end, you should get a message on your console that indicates success.

Some things to note:
 * you may need to explicitly set ANT_HOME.  Running {{{ant -diagnostics}}} will tell you
the default value on your system.
 * you may need to explicitly set JAVA_HOME.

==== Applying a patch ====

To apply a patch either you generated or found from JIRA, you can issue 
patch -p0 < AVRO-<JIRA#>.patch
if you just want to check whether the patch applies you can run patch with --dry-run option
patch -p0 --dry-run < AVRO-<JIRA#>.patch

If you are an Eclipse user, you can apply a patch by : 1. Right click project name in Package
Explorer , 2. Team -> Apply Patch 

=== Contributing your work ===

Finally, patches should be ''attached'' to an issue report in [http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/AVRO
Jira] via the '''Attach File''' link on the issue's Jira. Please add a comment that asks for
a code review following our [:CodeReviewChecklist: code review checklist]. Please note that
the attachment should be granted license to ASF for inclusion in ASF works (as per the [http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Apache License] ยง5). 

When you believe that your patch is ready to be committed, select the '''Submit Patch''' link
on the issue's Jira.

Folks should run {{{ant clean test javadoc}}} before selecting '''Submit Patch'''.  Tests
should all pass.  Javadoc should report '''no''' warnings or errors. Hudson's tests are meant
to double-check things, and not be used as a primary patch tester, which would create too
much noise on the mailing list and in Jira.  Submitting patches that fail Hudson testing is
frowned on, (unless the failure is not actually due to the patch).

If your patch involves performance optimizations, they should be validated by benchmarks that
demonstrate an improvement.

If your patch creates an incompatibility with the latest major release, then you must set
the '''Incompatible change''' flag on the issue's Jira 'and' fill in the '''Release Note'''
field with an explanation of the impact of the incompatibility and the necessary steps users
must take.

If your patch implements a major feature or improvement, then you must fill in the '''Release
Note''' field on the issue's Jira with an explanation of the feature that will be comprehensible
by the end user.

Once a "+1" comment is received from the automated patch testing system and a code reviewer
has set the '''Reviewed''' flag on the issue's Jira, a committer should then evaluate it within
a few days and either: commit it; or reject it with an explanation.

Please be patient.  Committers are busy people too.  If no one responds to your patch after
a few days, please make friendly reminders.  Please incorporate other's suggestions into your
patch if you think they're reasonable.  Finally, remember that even a patch that is not committed
is useful to the community.

Should your patch receive a "-1" from the Hudson testing, select the '''Resume Progress'''
on the issue's Jira, upload a new patch with necessary fixes, and then select the '''Submit
Patch''' link again.

In some cases a patch may need to be updated based on review comments. In this case the updated
patch should be re-attached to the Jira with the name name. Jira will archive the older version
of the patch and make the new patch the active patch. This will enable a history of patches
on the Jira. As stated above patch naming is generally AVRO-#.patch where AVRO-# is the id
of the Jira.

Committers: for non-trivial changes, it is best to get another committer to review your patches
before commit.  Use '''Submit Patch''' link like other contributors, and then wait for a "+1"
from another committer before committing.  Please also try to frequently review things in
the patch queue.

=== Committing Guidelines for committers ===

Apply the patch uploaded by the user. Edit the ''CHANGES.txt'' file, adding a description
of the change, including the bug number it fixes. Add it to the appropriate section - BUGFIXES,
IMPROVEMENTS, NEW FEATURES. Please follow the format in ''CHANGES.txt'' file. While adding
an entry please add it to the end of a section. Use the same entry for the svn commit message.

== Jira Guidelines ==

Please comment on issues in Jira, making their concerns known.  Please also vote for issues
that are a high priority for you.

Please refrain from editing descriptions and comments if possible, as edits spam the mailing
list and clutter Jira's "All" display, which is otherwise very useful.  Instead, preview descriptions
and comments using the preview button (on the right) before posting them.  Keep descriptions
brief and save more elaborate proposals for comments, since descriptions are included in Jira's
automatically sent messages.  If you change your mind, note this in a new comment, rather
than editing an older comment.  The issue should preserve this history of the discussion.

== Stay involved ==

Contributors should join the [http://hadoop.apache.org/avro/mailing_lists.html Avro mailing
lists].  In particular, the commit list (to see changes as they are made), the dev list (to
join discussions of changes) and the user list (to help others).

== See Also ==

 * [http://www.apache.org/dev/contributors.html Apache contributor documentation]
 * [http://www.apache.org/foundation/voting.html Apache voting documentation]

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