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From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Hadoop Wiki] Trivial Update of "Hbase/Shell" by stack
Date Tue, 24 Jun 2008 17:10:38 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

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The following page has been changed by stack:

  This page describes the JRuby IRB-based HBase Shell added in HBase 0.2.x.  It replaces the
SQL-like [:Hbase/HbaseShell: HQL], the Shell found in HBase versions 0.1.x and previous. 
Some discussion of new shell requirements can be found in the [:Hbase/Shell/Replacement: Shell
Replacement] document.
+ To run the shell, do
+ {{{$ ${HBASE_HOME}/bin/hbase shell}}}
+ You'll be presented with a prompt like the following:
+ {{{HBase Shell; enter 'help<RETURN>' for list of supported commands.
+ Version: 0.2.0-dev, r670701, Mon Jun 23 17:26:36 PDT 2008
+ hbase(main):001:0>
+ }}}
+ Type 'help' followed by a return to get a listing of commands.
  == Commands ==
- TODO: Full exposition.
+ {{{
+  alter     Alter column family schema;  pass table name and a dictionary
+            specifying new column family schema. Dictionaries are described
+            below in the GENERAL NOTES section.  Dictionary must include name
+            of column family to alter.  For example, to change the 'f1' column
+            family in table 't1' from defaults to instead keep a maximum of 5
+            cell VERSIONS, do:
- == Basics ==
+            hbase> alter 't1', {NAME => 'f1', VERSIONS => 5}
+  create    Create table; pass table name, a dictionary of specifications per
+            column family, and optionally a dictionary of table configuration.
+            Dictionaries are described below in the GENERAL NOTES section.
+            For example, to create a table named 't1' with a single family named
+            'f1' with an alternate maximum number of cells, type:
+            hbase> create 't1' {NAME => 'f1', VERSIONS => 5}
+  describe  Describe the named table: e.g. "hbase> describe 't1'"
+  delete    Put a delete cell value at specified table/row/column and optionally
+            timestamp coordinates.  Deletes must match the deleted cell's
+            coordinates exactly.  When scanning, a delete cell suppresses older
+            versions. Takes arguments like 'put' described below
+  deleteall Delete all cells; pass a table name, row and optionally, a column
+            and timestamp
+  deletefc  Delete all in the named column family.  Pass table name and family
+  drop      Drop the named table. Table must first be disabled
+  disable   Disable the named table: e.g. "hbase> disable 't1'"
+  enable    Enable the named table
+  exists    Does the named table exist? e.g. "hbase> exists 't1'"
+  exit      Type "hbase> exit" to leave the HBase Shell
+  get       Get row or cell contents; pass table name, row, and optionally
+            a dictionary of column(s), timestamp and versions.  Examples:
+            hbase> get 't1', 'r1'
+            hbase> get 't1', 'r1', {COLUMN => 'c1'}
+            hbase> get 't1', 'r1', {COLUMN => ['c1', 'c2', 'c3']}
+            hbase> get 't1', 'r1', {TIMESTAMP => ts1, VERSIONS => 4}
+  list      List all tables in hbase
+  put       Put a cell value at specified table/row/column and optionally
+            timestamp coordinates.  To put a cell value into table 't1' at
+            row 'r1' under column 'c1' marked with the time 'ts1', do:
+            hbase> put 't1', 'r1', 'c1', ts1
+  scan      Scan a table; pass table name and optionally an array of column
+            names and a dictionary of scanner specification that includes one
+            or more of following: LIMIT, FILTER, STARTROW, STOPROW, or TIMESTAMP.
+            Examples:
+            hbase> scan '.META.'
+            hbase> scan '.META.', ['info:regioninfo']
+            hbase> scan 't1', ['c1', 'c2'], {LIMIT => 10, STARTROW => 'xyz'}
+  version   Output this HBase version
+ }}}
+ === General Notes ===
+ Quote all names in the hbase shell such as table and column names.  Don't
+ forget commas delimit command parameters.  Type <RETURN> after entering a
+ command to run it.  Dictionaries of configuration used in the creation and
+ alteration of tables are ruby Hashes. They look like this:
+ {{{
+   {'key1' => 'value1', 'key2' => 'value2', ...}
+ }}}
+ They are opened and closed with curley-braces.  Key/values are delimited by
+ the '=>' character combination.  Usually keys are predefined constants such as
+ NAME, VERSIONS, COMPRESSION, etc.  Constants do not need to be quoted.  Type
+ 'Object.constants' to see a (messy) list of all constants in the environment.
+ This HBase shell is the JRuby IRB with the above HBase-specific commands added.
+ For more on the HBase Shell, see http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/Hbase/Shell
+ == Command-line Options ==
  A few command-line arguments can be passed the shell.  Pass ''--help'' to see whats available:
e.g. ''durruti:~ stack$ ./bin/hbase shell --help''.  For example, its possible to point the
shell at a cluster other than the one that is set in the ''hbase-site.xml'' using the ''--master=MASTER''

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