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From cutt...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r428075 - in /lucene/hadoop/trunk: ./ src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/ src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/
Date Wed, 02 Aug 2006 18:08:18 GMT
Author: cutting
Date: Wed Aug  2 11:08:17 2006
New Revision: 428075

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=428075&view=rev
Log:
HADOOP-410.  Replace some TreeMaps with HashMaps in DFS, for a 17% performance improvement.
 Contributed by Milind.

Added:
    lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/NNBench.java
Modified:
    lucene/hadoop/trunk/CHANGES.txt
    lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/ExampleDriver.java
    lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSDirectory.java
    lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSNamesystem.java

Modified: lucene/hadoop/trunk/CHANGES.txt
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/lucene/hadoop/trunk/CHANGES.txt?rev=428075&r1=428074&r2=428075&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- lucene/hadoop/trunk/CHANGES.txt (original)
+++ lucene/hadoop/trunk/CHANGES.txt Wed Aug  2 11:08:17 2006
@@ -128,6 +128,9 @@
     files in a directory into a single local file.
     (Johan Oskarson via cutting)
 
+37. HADOOP-410.  Replace some TreeMaps with HashMaps in DFS, for
+    a 17% performance improvement. (Milind Bhandarkar via cutting)
+
 
 Release 0.4.0 - 2006-06-28
 

Modified: lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/ExampleDriver.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/ExampleDriver.java?rev=428075&r1=428074&r2=428075&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/ExampleDriver.java (original)
+++ lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/ExampleDriver.java Wed Aug
 2 11:08:17 2006
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
                         "A random writer benchmark that writes 10GB per node.");
             pgd.addClass("sort", Sort.class, "A sort benchmark that sorts the data written
by the random writer.");
             pgd.addClass("pi", PiBenchmark.class, "A benchmark that estimates Pi using monte-carlo
method.");
+            pgd.addClass("nnbench", NNBench.class, "A benchmark that stresses the namenode");
             pgd.driver(argv);
 	}
 	catch(Throwable e){

Added: lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/NNBench.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/NNBench.java?rev=428075&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/NNBench.java (added)
+++ lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/examples/org/apache/hadoop/examples/NNBench.java Wed Aug  2 11:08:17
2006
@@ -0,0 +1,214 @@
+/**
+ * Copyright 2006 The Apache Software Foundation
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.hadoop.examples;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.util.Date;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.Random;
+
+import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataInputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
+import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.BytesWritable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.IntWritable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.SequenceFile;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.Writable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.io.WritableComparable;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.ClusterStatus;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobConf;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.Mapper;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapReduceBase;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.OutputCollector;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.Reducer;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.Reporter;
+import org.apache.hadoop.mapred.SequenceFileInputFormat;
+
+/**
+ * This program uses map/reduce to just run a distributed job where there is
+ * no interaction between the tasks and each task creates 1M/NTasks files
+ * of 8 bytes each, closes them. Opens those files again, and reads them,
+ * and closes them. It is meant as a stress-test and benchmark for namenode.
+ * 
+ * @author Owen O'Malley
+ */
+public class NNBench extends MapReduceBase implements Reducer {
+  
+  public static class Map extends MapReduceBase implements Mapper {
+    private FileSystem fileSys = null;
+    private int numBytesToWrite;
+    private Random random = new Random();
+    private String taskId = null;
+    private Path topDir = null;
+    
+    private void randomizeBytes(byte[] data, int offset, int length) {
+      for(int i=offset + length - 1; i >= offset; --i) {
+        data[i] = (byte) random.nextInt(256);
+      }
+    }
+    
+    /**
+     * Given a number of files to create, create and open those files.
+     */
+    public void map(WritableComparable key, 
+                    Writable value,
+                    OutputCollector output, 
+                    Reporter reporter) throws IOException {
+      int nFiles = ((IntWritable) value).get();
+      Path taskDir = new Path(topDir, taskId);
+      fileSys.mkdirs(taskDir);
+      byte[] buffer = new byte[32768];
+      for (int index = 0; index < nFiles; index++) {
+        FSDataOutputStream out = fileSys.create(
+            new Path(taskDir, Integer.toString(index)));
+        int toBeWritten = numBytesToWrite;
+        while (toBeWritten > 0) {
+          int nbytes = Math.min(buffer.length, toBeWritten);
+          randomizeBytes(buffer, 0, nbytes);
+          toBeWritten -= nbytes;
+          out.write(buffer, 0, nbytes);
+          reporter.setStatus("wrote " + (numBytesToWrite-toBeWritten) +
+              " bytes for "+ index +"th file.");
+        }
+        out.close();
+      }
+      for (int index = 0; index < nFiles; index++) {
+        FSDataInputStream in = fileSys.open(
+            new Path(taskDir, Integer.toString(index)));
+        int toBeRead = numBytesToWrite;
+        while (toBeRead > 0) {
+          int nbytes = Math.min(buffer.length, toBeRead);
+          randomizeBytes(buffer, 0, nbytes);
+          toBeRead -= nbytes;
+          in.read(buffer, 0, nbytes);
+          reporter.setStatus("read " + (numBytesToWrite-toBeRead) +
+              " bytes for "+ index +"th file.");
+        }
+        in.close();
+      }
+      fileSys.delete(taskDir); // clean up after yourself
+     }
+    
+    /**
+     * Save the values out of the configuaration that we need to write
+     * the data.
+     */
+    public void configure(JobConf job) {
+      try {
+        fileSys = FileSystem.get(job);
+      } catch (IOException e) {
+        throw new RuntimeException("Can't get default file system", e);
+      }
+      numBytesToWrite = job.getInt("test.nnbench.bytes_per_file", 0);
+      topDir = new Path(job.get("test.nnbench.topdir", "/nnbench"));
+      taskId = job.get("mapred.task.id", (new Long(random.nextLong())).toString());
+    }
+    
+  }
+  
+  public void reduce(WritableComparable key, 
+                     Iterator values,
+                     OutputCollector output, 
+                     Reporter reporter) throws IOException {
+    // nothing
+  }
+  
+  /**
+   * This is the main routine for launching a distributed namenode stress test.
+   * It runs 10 maps/node and each node creates 1M/nMaps DFS files.
+   * The reduce doesn't do anything.
+   * 
+   * @throws IOException 
+   */
+  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
+    Configuration defaults = new Configuration();
+    if (args.length != 3) {
+      System.out.println("Usage: nnbench <out-dir> <filesPerMap> <bytesPerFile>");
+      return;
+    }
+    Path outDir = new Path(args[0]);
+    int filesPerMap = Integer.parseInt(args[1]);
+    int numBytesPerFile = Integer.parseInt(args[2]);
+    
+    JobConf jobConf = new JobConf(defaults, NNBench.class);
+    jobConf.setJobName("nnbench");
+    jobConf.setInt("test.nnbench.bytes_per_file", numBytesPerFile);
+    jobConf.set("test.nnbench.topdir", args[0]);
+    
+    // turn off speculative execution, because DFS doesn't handle
+    // multiple writers to the same file.
+    jobConf.setSpeculativeExecution(false);
+    jobConf.setInputKeyClass(IntWritable.class);
+    jobConf.setInputValueClass(IntWritable.class);
+    jobConf.setInputFormat(SequenceFileInputFormat.class);
+    jobConf.setOutputKeyClass(BytesWritable.class);
+    jobConf.setOutputValueClass(BytesWritable.class);
+    
+    jobConf.setMapperClass(Map.class);        
+    jobConf.setReducerClass(NNBench.class);
+    
+    JobClient client = new JobClient(jobConf);
+    ClusterStatus cluster = client.getClusterStatus();
+    int numMaps = cluster.getTaskTrackers() * 
+         jobConf.getInt("test.nnbench.maps_per_host", 10);
+    jobConf.setNumMapTasks(numMaps);
+    System.out.println("Running " + numMaps + " maps.");
+    jobConf.setNumReduceTasks(1);
+    
+    Path tmpDir = new Path("random-work");
+    Path inDir = new Path(tmpDir, "in");
+    Path fakeOutDir = new Path(tmpDir, "out");
+    FileSystem fileSys = FileSystem.get(jobConf);
+    if (fileSys.exists(outDir)) {
+      System.out.println("Error: Output directory " + outDir + 
+                         " already exists.");
+      return;
+    }
+    fileSys.delete(tmpDir);
+    fileSys.mkdirs(inDir);
+
+    for(int i=0; i < numMaps; ++i) {
+      Path file = new Path(inDir, "part"+i);
+      SequenceFile.Writer writer = new SequenceFile.Writer(fileSys,
+                                file,
+                                IntWritable.class, IntWritable.class,
+                                null);
+      writer.append(new IntWritable(0), new IntWritable(filesPerMap));
+      writer.close();
+    }
+    jobConf.setInputPath(inDir);
+    jobConf.setOutputPath(fakeOutDir);
+    
+    // Uncomment to run locally in a single process
+    //job_conf.set("mapred.job.tracker", "local");
+    
+    Date startTime = new Date();
+    System.out.println("Job started: " + startTime);
+    try {
+      JobClient.runJob(jobConf);
+      Date endTime = new Date();
+      System.out.println("Job ended: " + endTime);
+      System.out.println("The job took " + 
+         (endTime.getTime() - startTime.getTime()) /1000 + " seconds.");
+    } finally {
+      fileSys.delete(tmpDir);
+    }
+  }
+}

Modified: lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSDirectory.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSDirectory.java?rev=428075&r1=428074&r2=428075&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSDirectory.java (original)
+++ lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSDirectory.java Wed Aug  2 11:08:17
2006
@@ -295,7 +295,7 @@
 
     
     INode rootDir = new INode("");
-    TreeMap activeBlocks = new TreeMap();
+    Map activeBlocks = new HashMap();
     TreeMap activeLocks = new TreeMap();
     FSImage fsImage;  
     boolean ready = false;

Modified: lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSNamesystem.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSNamesystem.java?rev=428075&r1=428074&r2=428075&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSNamesystem.java (original)
+++ lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/org/apache/hadoop/dfs/FSNamesystem.java Wed Aug  2 11:08:17
2006
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@
     // to client-sent information.
     // Mapping: Block -> TreeSet<DatanodeDescriptor>
     //
-    TreeMap blocksMap = new TreeMap();
+    Map blocksMap = new HashMap();
 
     //
     // Stores the datanode-->block map.  Done by storing a 



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