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From cutt...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r375747 - /lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/overview.html
Date Tue, 07 Feb 2006 22:21:43 GMT
Author: cutting
Date: Tue Feb  7 14:21:40 2006
New Revision: 375747

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewcvs?rev=375747&view=rev
Log:
Initial version of a Hadoop tutorial.

Modified:
    lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/overview.html

Modified: lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/overview.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewcvs/lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/overview.html?rev=375747&r1=375746&r2=375747&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/overview.html (original)
+++ lucene/hadoop/trunk/src/java/overview.html Tue Feb  7 14:21:40 2006
@@ -4,13 +4,191 @@
 </head>
 <body>
 
-Hadoop is a distributed computing platform.  It primarily consists of
-a distributed filesystem (in <a
+Hadoop is a distributed computing platform.
+
+<p>Hadoop primarily consists of a distributed filesystem (DFS, in <a
 href="org/apache/hadoop/dfs/package-summary.html">org.apache.hadoop.dfs</a>)
 and an implementation of a MapReduce distributed data processor (in <a
-href="org/apache/hadoop/mapred/package-summary.html">org.apache.hadoop.mapred</a>)
+href="org/apache/hadoop/mapred/package-summary.html">org.apache.hadoop.mapred
+</a>).</p>
+
+<h2>Requirements</h2>
+
+<ol>
+  
+<li>Java 1.4.x, preferably from <a
+ href="http://java.sun.com/j2se/downloads.html">Sun</a> Set
+ <tt>JAVA_HOME</tt> to the root of your Java installation.</li>
+  
+<li>ssh must be installed and sshd must be running to use Hadoop's
+scripts to manage remote Hadoop daemons.  On Ubuntu, this may done
+with <br><tt>sudo apt-get install ssh</tt></li>
+  
+<li>rsync must be installed to use Hadoop's scripts to manage remote
+Hadoop installations.  On Ubuntu, this may done with <br><tt>sudo
+apt-get install rsync</tt>.</li>
+  
+<li>On Win32, <a href="http://www.cygwin.com/">cygwin</a>, for shell
+support.  To use Subversion on Win32, select the subversion package
+when you install, in the "Devel" category.  Distributed operation has
+not been well tested on Win32, so this should primarily be considered
+a development platform at this point, not a production platform.</li>
+  
+</ol>
+
+<h2>Getting Started</h2>
+
+<p>First, you need to get a copy of the Hadoop code.</p>
+
+<p>You can download a nightly build from <a
+href="http://cvs.apache.org/dist/lucene/hadoop/nightly/">http://cvs.apache.org/dist/lucene/hadoop/nightly/</a>.
+Unpack the release and connect to its top-level directory.</p>
+
+<p>Or, check out the code from <a
+href="http://lucene.apache.org/hadoop/version_control.html">subversion</a>
+and build it with <a href="http://ant.apache.org/">Ant</a>.</p>
+
+<p>Try the following command:</p>
+<tt>bin/hadoop</tt>
+<p>This will display the documentation for the Hadoop command script.</p>
+
+<h2>Standalone operation</h2>
+
+<p>By default, Hadoop is configured to run things in a non-distributed
+mode, as a single Java process.  This is useful for debugging, and can
+be demonstrated as follows:</p>
+<tt>
+mkdir input<br>
+cp conf/*.xml input<br>
+bin/hadoop org.apache.hadoop.mapred.demo.Grep input output 'dfs[a-z.]+'<br>
+cat output/*
+</tt>
+<p>This will display counts for each match of the <a
+href="http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/docs/api/java/util/regex/Pattern.html">
+regular expression.</a></p>
+
+<p>Note that input is specified as a <em>directory</em> containing input
+files and that output is also specified as a directory where parts are
+written.</p>
+
+<h2>Distributed operation</h2>
+
+To configure Hadoop for distributed operation you must specify the
+following:
+
+<ol>
+
+<li>The {@link org.apache.hadoop.dfs.NameNode} (Distributed Filesystem
+master) host and port.  This is specified with the configuration
+property <tt>fs.default.name</tt>.</li>
+
+<li>The {@link org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobTracker} (MapReduce master)
+host and port.  This is specified with the configuration property
+<tt>mapred.job.tracker</tt>.</li>
+
+<li>A <em>slaves</em> file that lists the names of all the hosts in
+the cluster.  The default slaves file is <tt>~/.slaves</tt>.
+
+</ol>
+
+<h3>Pseudo-distributed configuration</h3>
+
+You can in fact run everything on a single host.  To run things this
+way, put the following in conf/hadoop-site.xml:
+
+<xmp><configuration>
+
+  <property>
+    <name>fs.default.name</name>
+    <value>localhost:9000</value>
+  </property>
+
+  <property>
+    <name>mapred.job.tracker</name>
+    <value>localhost:9001</value>
+  </property>
+
+  <property>
+    <name>dfs.replication</name>
+    <value>1</value>
+  </property>
+
+</configuration></xmp>
+
+<p>Note that we also set the DFS replication level to 1 in order to
+reduce the number of warnings.</p>
+
+Now check that the command <br><tt>ssh localhost</tt><br> does not
+require a password.  If it does, execute the following commands:<p>
+
+<p><tt>ssh-keygen -t dsa -P '' -f ~/.ssh/id_dsa<br>
+cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
+</tt></p>
+
+<p>Finally, you can create a <tt>.slaves</tt> file with the command:</p>
+
+<p><tt>echo localhost > ~/.slaves</tt></p>
+
+<h3>Bootstrapping</h3>
+
+<p>The Hadoop daemons are started with the following command:</p>
+
+<p><tt>bin/start-all.sh</tt></p>
+
+<p>Daemon log output is written to the <tt>logs/</tt> directory.</p>
+
+<p>Input files are copied into the distributed filesystem as follows:</p>
+
+<p><tt>bin/hadoop dfs -put input input</tt></p>
+
+<h3>Distributed execution</h3>
+
+<p>Things are run as before, but output must be copied locally to
+examine it:</p>
+
+<tt>
+bin/hadoop org.apache.hadoop.mapred.demo.Grep input output 'dfs[a-z.]+'<br>
+bin/hadoop dfs -get output output
+cat output/*
+</tt>
+
+<p>When you're done, stop the daemons with:</p>
+
+<p><tt>bin/stop-all.sh</tt></p>
+
+<h2>Fully-distributed operation</h2>
+
+<p>Distributed operation is just like the pseudo-distributed operation
+described above, except:</p>
+
+<ol>
+
+<li>Specify hostname or IP address of the master server in the values for
+<tt>fs.default.name</tt> and <tt>mapred.job.tracker</tt> in
+<tt>conf/hadoop-site.xml</tt>.  These are specified as
+<tt><em>host</em>:<em>port</em></tt> pairs.</li>
+
+<li>Specify directories for <tt>dfs.name.dir</tt> and
+<tt>dfs.data.dir</tt> in <tt>conf/hadoop-site.xml</tt>.  These are
+used to hold distributed filesystem data on the master node and slave nodes
+respectively.  Note that <tt>dfs.data.dir</tt> may contain a space- or
+comma-separated list of directory names, so that data may be stored on
+multiple devices.</li>
+
+<li>Specify <tt>mapred.local.dir</tt> in
+<tt>conf/hadoop-site.xml</tt>.  This determines where temporary
+MapReduce data is written.  It also may be a list of directories.</li>
+
+<li>Specify <tt>mapred.map.tasks</tt> and <tt>mapred.reduce.tasks</tt>
+in <tt>conf/mapred-default.xml</tt>.  As a rule of thumb, use 10x the
+number of slave processors for <tt>mapred.map.tasks</tt>, and 2x the
+number of slave processors for <tt>mapred.reduce.tasks</tt>.</li>
+
+<li>List all slave hostnames or IP addresses in your
+<tt>~/.slaves</tt> file, one per line.</li>
+
+</ol>
 
-<p>
 </body>
 </html>
 



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