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From "Winnebeck, Jason" <>
Subject RE: how to dynamically evaluate expression in java code running inside groovy
Date Wed, 08 Jul 2015 19:24:03 GMT
When you run a GroovyShell execute it is like you are creating a class with that code in it.
The “printme” variable is a local variable to the method, so it cannot be seen outside
of that method. Using Groovy doesn’t allow you do violate the scope of Java – a class
can’t know the local variables of the method that created/called it.

You have to do what you say, that is put into the shell’s binding all of the variables that
you might possibly use, which is the common strategy for this problem. A class to hold all
of the data can be used if you want to limit the number of bindings (i.e. some kind of state
class). The closest that you can get to what you are doing is to transform all of the local
variables you want to access into instance fields and then set “this” into the binding.


From: Ravi Kapoor []
Sent: Wednesday, July 08, 2015 3:11 PM
Subject: how to dynamically evaluate expression in java code running inside groovy

I am trying to run my whole java project in Groovy.
I have run into an issue i.e. anytime I want to do anything dynamically, I have to bind all
possible things that may exist inside the expression.
This is very inefficient.

Instead I want to be able to pass my existing context to groovy shell. How do I do this?

I am attaching a sample program highlighting the issue. This seems such an easy and obvious
feature, but I am so stuck here. Thanks for helping.


package com.test;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import groovy.lang.*;

public class Test {

            public static void main(String[] args) {
                        GroovyClassLoader classLoader = new GroovyClassLoader();
            Binding binding = new Binding();
            Map<Object, Object> attributes = new HashMap<Object, Object>();

            GroovyShell shell = new GroovyShell(classLoader, binding);
            binding.setVariable("shell", shell);
                        shell.evaluate("new com.test.Test().runInsideGroovy(shell)");


            public void runInsideGroovy(GroovyShell shell) {
                        System.out.println("inside groovy");

                        String printme = "secret";

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