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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Geronimo v2.2: Developing Web services (page edited)
Date Tue, 09 Dec 2008 05:42:00 GMT
<html>
<head>
    <base href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence" />
    <style type="text/css">
    <!--
    body, p, td, table, tr, .bodytext, .stepfield {
	font-family: Verdana, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	line-height: 16px;
	color: #000000;
	font-weight: normal;
}
#PageContent {
	text-align: left;
	background-color: #fff;
	padding: 0px;
	margin: 0px;
    padding-bottom:20px;
}
/*
** when this stylesheet is used for the Tiny MCE Wysiwyg editor's edit area, we can't
** use an id=PageContent or class=wiki-content, so we must
** set the body style to that used for PageContent, and p to that used for wiki-content.
*/

body {
	margin: 0px;
	padding: 0px;
	text-align: center;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
}

@media print {

body {
    background-color: #fff;
}

}

.monospaceInput {
    font:12px monospace
}

.wiki-content p, .commentblock p {
    margin: 16px 0px 16px 0px;
    padding: 0px;
}

.wiki-content-preview {
    padding: 5px;
    border-left: 1px solid #3c78b5;
    border-right: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

ul, ol {
    margin-top: 2px;
    margin-bottom: 2px;
    padding-top: 0px;
    padding-bottom: 0px;
}

pre {
    padding: 0px;
    margin-top: 5px;
    margin-left: 15px;
    margin-bottom: 5px;
    margin-right: 5px;
    text-align: left;
}

.helpheading {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #D0D9BD;
        border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
        padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px;
        margin: 0px;
        margin-top: 10px;
}
.helpcontent {
        padding: 4px 4px 20px 4px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
}

.code {
 	border: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    font-size: 11px;
	font-family: Courier;
    margin: 10px;
	line-height: 13px;
}

.focusedComment {
    background: #ffffce;
}

.commentBox, .focusedComment {
    padding: 10px;
    margin: 5px 0 5px 0;
    border: 1px #bbb solid;
}

.codeHeader {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    padding: 3px;
	text-align: center;
}

.codeContent {
    text-align: left;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
}

.preformatted {
 	border: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    font-size: 11px;
	font-family: Courier;
    margin: 10px;
	line-height: 13px;
}

.preformattedHeader {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    padding: 3px;
	text-align: center;
}

.preformattedContent {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
}

.panel {
 	border: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    margin: 10px;
    margin-top: 0px;
}

.panelHeader {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    padding: 3px;
	text-align: center;
}

.panelContent {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 5px;
}

.anonymousAlert {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px dashed red;
    font-size: 11px;
    padding: 10px 5px 10px 5px;
    margin: 4px;
	line-height: 13px;
}

.lockAlert {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    width: 50%;
 	border: 1px dashed red;
    font-size: 11px;
    padding: 10px 5px 10px 5px;
    margin: 4px;
	line-height: 13px;
}


.code-keyword {
  color: #000091;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.code-object {
  color: #910091;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.code-quote {
  color: #009100;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.code-comment {
  color: #808080;
  background-color: inherit;
}


.code-xml .code-keyword {
  color: inherit;
  font-weight: bold;
}

.code-tag {
  color: #000091;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.breadcrumbs {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-color: #3c78b5;
	border-width: 1px 0px 1px 0px;
	border-style: solid;
    font-size: 11px;
    padding: 3px 0px 3px 0px;
}

.navmenu {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
}

.menuheading {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 4px 4px 2px 4px;
}

.menuitems {
	padding: 4px 4px 20px 4px;
}

.rightpanel {
    border-left: 1px solid #ccc;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #ccc;
}

#helpheading {
    text-align: left;
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #D0D9BD;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px;
	margin: 0px;
}
#helpcontent {
	padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
}
.helptab-unselected {
    font-weight: bold;
	padding: 5px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
}
.helptab-selected {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #D0D9BD;
	padding: 5px;
}
.helptabs {
    margin: 0px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
	padding: 5px;
}
.infopanel-heading {
    font-weight: bold;
	padding: 4px 0px 2px 0px;
}

.pagebody {
}

.pageheader {
	padding: 5px 5px 5px 0px;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.pagetitle {
	font-size: 22px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: #003366;
}

.newpagetitle {
    color: #ccc !important;
}

.steptitle {
	font-size: 18px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: #003366;
	margin-bottom: 7px;
}

.substeptitle {
    font-size: 12px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
    margin: 2px 4px 4px 4px;
    padding: 2px 4px 1px 4px;
}

.stepdesc {
    font-family: Verdana, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	line-height: 16px;
	font-weight: normal;
    color: #666666;
    margin-top: 7px;
    margin-bottom: 7px;
}

.steplabel {
    font-weight: bold;
    margin-right: 4px;
    color: black;
    float: left;
    width: 15%;
    text-align: right;
}

.stepfield {
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 5px;
}

.submitButtons{
    margin-top:5px;
    text-align:right;
}

.formtitle {
	font-size: 12px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: #003366;
}

.sectionbottom {
    border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.topRow {
    border-top: 2px solid #3c78b5;
}

.tabletitle {
	font-size: 14px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    padding: 3px 0px 2px 0px;
    margin: 8px 4px 2px 0px;
	color: #003366;
	border-bottom: 2px solid #3c78b5;
}
.pagesubheading {
    color: #666666;
    font-size: 10px;
    padding: 0px 0px 5px 0px;
}

HR {
	color: 3c78b5;
	height: 1;
}

A:link, A:visited, A:active, A:hover {
	color: #003366;
}

h1 A:link, h1 A:visited, h1 A:active {
	text-decoration: none;
}

h1 A:hover {
    border-bottom: 1px dotted #003366;
}

.wiki-content > :first-child, .commentblock > :first-child {
    margin-top: 3px;
}

.logocell {
    padding: 10px;
}

input {
	font-family: verdana, geneva, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #000000;
}

textarea, textarea.editor {
	font-family: verdana, geneva, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #333333;
}

/* use logoSpaceLink instead.
.spacenametitle {
	font: 21px/31px Impact, Arial, Helvetica;
    font-weight: 100;
    color: #999999;
	margin: 0px;
}
.spacenametitle img {
  margin: 0 0 -4px 0;
}
.spacenametitle a {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}
.spacenametitle a:visited {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}*/

.spacenametitle-printable {
	font: 20px/25px Impact, Arial, Helvetica;
    font-weight: 100;
    color: #999999;
	margin: 0px;
}
.spacenametitle-printable a {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}
.spacenametitle-printable a:visited {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}

.blogDate {
	font-weight: bold;
	text-decoration: none;
	color: black;
}

.blogSurtitle {
    background: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.blogHeading {
    font-size: 20px;
    line-height: normal;
    font-weight: bold;
    padding: 0px;
    margin: 0px;
}

.blogHeading a {
   text-decoration: none;
   color: black;
}

.endsection {
	align: right;
	color: #666666;
	margin-top: 10px;
}
.endsectionleftnav {
	align: right;
	color: #666666;
	margin-top: 10px;
}

h1 {
	font-size: 24px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	color: #003366;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 36px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h2 {
	font-size: 18px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 27px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h3 {
	font-size: 14px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 21px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h4 {
	font-size: 12px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 18px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h4.search {
	font-size: 12px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: normal;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 4px;
	margin: 18px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h5 {
	font-size: 10px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 14px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h6 {
	font-size: 8px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 14px 0px 4px 0px;
}

.smallfont {
    font-size: 10px;
}
.descfont {
    font-size: 10px;
    color: #666666;
}
.smallerfont {
    font-size: 9px;
}
.smalltext {
    color: #666666;
    font-size: 10px;
}
.smalltext a {
    color: #666666;
}
.smalltext-blue {
    color: #3c78b5;
    font-size: 10px;
}
.surtitle {
    margin-left: 1px;
    margin-bottom: 5px;
    font-size: 14px;
    color: #666666;
}

/* css hack found here:  http://www.fo3nix.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/tutorials/css/hacks/ */
.navItemOver { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #003366; cursor: hand; voice-family: '\'}\''; voice-family:inherit; cursor: pointer;}
.navItemOver a { color: #ffffff; background-color:#003366; text-decoration: none; }
.navItemOver a:visited { color: #ffffff; background-color:#003366; text-decoration: none; }
.navItemOver a:hover { color: #ffffff; background-color:#003366; text-decoration: none; }
.navItem { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #3c78b5; }
.navItem a { color: #ffffff; text-decoration: none; }
.navItem a:hover { color: #ffffff; text-decoration: none; }
.navItem a:visited { color: #ffffff; text-decoration: none; }

div.padded { padding: 4px; }
div.thickPadded { padding: 10px; }
h3.macrolibrariestitle {
    margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px;
}

div.centered { text-align: center; margin: 10px; }
div.centered table {margin: 0px auto; text-align: left; }

.tableview table {
    margin: 0;
}

.tableview th {
    text-align: left;
    color: #003366;
    font-size: 12px;
    padding: 5px 0px 0px 5px;
    border-bottom: 2px solid #3c78b5;
}
.tableview td {
    text-align: left;
    border-color: #ccc;
    border-width: 0px 0px 1px 0px;
    border-style: solid;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 4px 10px 4px 5px;
}

.grid {
    margin: 2px 0px 5px 0px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}
.grid th  {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    padding: 2px 4px 2px 4px;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}
.grid td  {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}
.gridHover {
	background-color: #f9f9f9;
}

td.infocell {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
}
.label {
	font-weight: bold;
	color: #003366;
}

label {
	font-weight: bold;
	color: #003366;
}

.error {
	background-color: #fcc;
}

.errorBox {
	background-color: #fcc;
    border: 1px solid #c00;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 5px;
}

.errorMessage {
	color: #c00;
}

.success {
	background-color: #dfd;
}

.successBox {
	background-color: #dfd;
    border: 1px solid #090;
    padding: 5px;
    margin-top:5px;
    margin-bottom:5px;
}

blockquote {
	padding-left: 10px;
	padding-right: 10px;
	margin-left: 5px;
	margin-right: 0px;
	border-left: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

table.confluenceTable
{
    margin: 5px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

/* Added as a temporary fix for CONF-4223. The table elements appear to be inheriting the border: none attribute from the sectionMacro class */
table.confluenceTable td.confluenceTd
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}

/* Added as a temporary fix for CONF-4223. The table elements appear to be inheriting the border: none attribute from the sectionMacro class */
table.confluenceTable th.confluenceTh
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}

td.confluenceTd
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}

th.confluenceTh
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}

DIV.small {
	font-size: 9px;
}

H1.pagename {
	margin-top: 0px;
}

IMG.inline  {}

.loginform {
    margin: 5px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
}

/* The text how the "This is a preview" comment should be shown. */
.previewnote { text-align: center;
                font-size: 11px;
                    color: red; }

/* How the preview content should be shown */
.previewcontent { background: #E0E0E0; }

/* How the system messages should be shown (DisplayMessage.jsp) */
.messagecontent { background: #E0E0E0; }

/* How the "This page has been modified..." -comment should be shown. */
.conflictnote { }

.createlink {
    color: maroon;
}
a.createlink {
    color: maroon;
}
.templateparameter {
    font-size: 9px;
    color: darkblue;
}

.diffadded {
    background: #ddffdd;
    padding: 1px 1px 1px 4px;
	border-left: 4px solid darkgreen;
}
.diffdeleted {
    color: #999;
    background: #ffdddd;
    padding: 1px 1px 1px 4px;
	border-left: 4px solid darkred;
}
.diffnochange {
    padding: 1px 1px 1px 4px;
	border-left: 4px solid lightgrey;
}
.differror {
    background: brown;
}
.diff {
    font-family: lucida console, courier new, fixed-width;
	font-size: 12px;
	line-height: 14px;
}
.diffaddedchars {
    background-color:#99ff99;
    font-weight:bolder;
}
.diffremovedchars {
    background-color:#ff9999;
    text-decoration: line-through;
    font-weight:bolder;
}

.greybackground {
    background: #f0f0f0
}

.greybox {
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.borderedGreyBox {
    border: 1px solid #cccccc;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
}

.greyboxfilled {
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.navBackgroundBox {
    padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px;
    font-size: 22px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: white;
    background: #3c78b5;
    text-decoration: none;
}

.previewBoxTop {
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
    border-width: 1px 1px 0px 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #3c78b5;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 5px 0px 0px 0px;
    text-align: center;
}
.previewContent {
    background-color: #fff;
 	border-color: #3c78b5;
	border-width: 0px 1px 0px 1px;
	border-style: solid;
	padding: 10px;
	margin: 0px;
}
.previewBoxBottom {
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
    border-width: 0px 1px 1px 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #3c78b5;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 0px 0px 5px 0px;
    text-align: center;
}

.functionbox {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.functionbox-greyborder {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.search-highlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
}

/* normal (white) background */
.rowNormal {
    background-color: #ffffff;
 }

/* alternate (pale yellow) background */
.rowAlternate {
    background-color: #f7f7f7;
}

/* used in the list attachments table */
.rowAlternateNoBottomColor {
    background-color: #f7f7f7;
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomNoColor {
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomColor td {
    border-bottom: 0px;
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomNoColor td {
    border-bottom: 0px;
}

/* row highlight (grey) background */
.rowHighlight {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;

}

TD.greenbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #00df00; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px; }
TD.redbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #df0000; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px; }
TD.darkredbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #af0000; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px; }

TR.testpassed {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #ddffdd; PADDING: 0px; }
TR.testfailed {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #ffdddd; PADDING: 0px; }

.toolbar  {
    margin: 0px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

.toolbar td  {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
    color: #ccc;
}

td.noformatting {
    border-width: 0px;
    border-style: none;
    text-align: center;
	padding: 0px;
}

.commentblock {
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}

/*
 * Divs displaying the license information, if necessary.
 */
.license-eval, .license-none, .license-nonprofit {
    border-top: 1px solid #bbbbbb;
    text-align: center;
    font-size: 10px;
    font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}

.license-eval, .license-none {
    background-color: #ffcccc;
}

.license-eval b, .license-none b {
    color: #990000
}

.license-nonprofit {
    background-color: #ffffff;
}

/*
 * The shadow at the bottom of the page between the main content and the
 * "powered by" section.
 */
.bottomshadow {
    height: 12px;
    background-image: url("$req.contextPath/images/border/border_bottom.gif");
    background-repeat: repeat-x;
}

/*
 * Styling of the operations box
 */
.navmenu .operations li, .navmenu .operations ul {
    list-style: none;
    margin-left: 0;
    padding-left: 0;
}

.navmenu .operations ul {
    margin-bottom: 9px;
}

.navmenu .label {
    font-weight: inherit;
}

/*
 * Styling of ops as a toolbar
 */
.toolbar div {
    display: none;
}

.toolbar .label {
    display: none;
}

.toolbar .operations {
    display: block;
}

.toolbar .operations ul {
    display: inline;
    list-style: none;
    margin-left: 10px;
    padding-left: 0;
}

.toolbar .operations li {
    list-style: none;
    display: inline;
}

/* list page navigational tabs */
#foldertab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 11px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#foldertab li {
list-style: none;
margin: 0;
display: inline;
}

#foldertab li a {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
text-decoration: none;
}

#foldertab li a:link { color: #ffffff; }
#foldertab li a:visited { color: #ffffff; }

#foldertab li a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

#foldertab li a.current {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

#foldertab li a.current:link { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:visited { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:hover {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

/* alphabet list */
ul#squaretab {
margin-left: 0;
padding-left: 0;
white-space: nowrap;
font: bold 8px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#squaretab li {
display: inline;
list-style-type: none;
}

#squaretab a {
padding: 2px 6px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

#squaretab a:link, #squaretab a:visited {
color: #fff;
background-color: #3c78b5;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background-color: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab li a#current {
background: white;
color: black;
}

.blogcalendar * {
    font-family:verdana, arial, sans-serif;
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
    line-height:140%;
    padding:2px;
}


table.blogcalendar {
    border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.blogcalendar th.calendarhead, a.calendarhead {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    text-transform:uppercase;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    color: #ffffff;
    letter-spacing: .3em;
    text-transform: uppercase;
}

.calendarhead:visited {color: white;}
.calendarhead:active {color: white;}
.calendarhead:hover {color: white;}

.blogcalendar th {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    background-color:#f0f0f0;
}

.blogcalendar td {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
}

.searchGroup { padding: 0 0 10px 0; background: #f0f0f0; }
.searchGroupHeading { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #3c78b5; padding: 2px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItem { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItemSelected { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; font-weight: bold; background: #ddd; }

/* permissions page styles */
.permissionHeading {
    border-bottom: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 1px 0; border-style: solid; font-size: 16px; text-align: left;
}
.permissionTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #3c78b5; color: #ffffff; font-size: 10px;
}
.permissionSuperTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #003366; color: #ffffff;
}
.permissionCell {
    border-left: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid;
}

/* warning panel */
.warningPanel { background: #FFFFCE; border:#F0C000 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* alert panel */
.alertPanel { background: #FFCCCC; border:#C00 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* info panel */
.infoPanel { background: #D8E4F1; border:#3c78b5 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }

/* side menu highlighting (e.g. space content screen) */
.optionPadded { padding: 2px; }
.optionSelected { background-color: #ffffcc; padding: 2px; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin: -1px; }
.optionSelected a { font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: black; }

/* information macros */
.noteMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #F0C000; background-color: #FFFFCE; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.warningMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #c00; background-color: #fcc; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.infoMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #3c78b5; background-color: #D8E4F1; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.tipMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #090; background-color: #dfd; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.informationMacroPadding { padding: 5px 0 0 5px; }

table.infoMacro td, table.warningMacro td, table.tipMacro td, table.noteMacro td, table.sectionMacro td {
    border: none;
}

table.sectionMacroWithBorder td.columnMacro { border-style: dashed; border-width: 1px; border-color: #cccccc;}

.pagecontent
{
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: left;
}

/* styles for links in the top bar */
.topBarDiv a:link {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:visited {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:active {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:hover {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv {color: #ffffff;}

.topBar {
    background-color: #003366;
}


/* styles for extended operations */
.greyLinks a:link {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:visited {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:active {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:hover {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks {color: #666666; display:block; padding: 10px}

.logoSpaceLink {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:link {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:visited {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:active {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:hover {color: #003366; text-decoration: none}

/* basic panel (basicpanel.vmd) style */
.basicPanelContainer {border: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px; margin-bottom: 8px; width: 100%}
.basicPanelTitle {padding: 5px; margin: 0px; background-color: #f0f0f0; color: black; font-weight: bold;}
.basicPanelBody {padding: 5px; margin: 0px}

.separatorLinks a:link {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:visited {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:active {color: white}

.greynavbar {background-color: #f0f0f0; border-top: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px}

div.headerField {
    float: left;
    width: auto;
    height: 100%;
}

.headerFloat {
    margin-left: auto;
    width: 50%;
}

.headerFloatLeft {
    float: left;
    margin-right: 20px;
    margin-bottom: 10px;
}

#headerRow {
    padding: 10px;
}

div.license-personal {
   background-color: #003366;
   color: #ffffff;
}

div.license-personal a {
   color: #ffffff;
}

.greyFormBox {
    border: 1px solid #cccccc;
    padding: 5px;
}

/* IE automatically adds a margin before and after form tags. Use this style to remove that */
.marginlessForm {
    margin: 0px;
}

.openPageHighlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
    padding: 2px;
    border: 1px solid #ddd;
}

.editPageInsertLinks, .editPageInsertLinks a
{
    color: #666666;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 10px;
}

/* Style for label heatmap. */
.top10 a {
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 2em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top25 a {
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 1.6em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top50 a {
    font-size: 1.4em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top100 a {
    font-size: 1.2em;
    color: #003366;
}

.heatmap {
    list-style:none;
    width: 95%;
    margin: 0px auto;
}

.heatmap a {
    text-decoration:none;
}

.heatmap a:hover {
    text-decoration:underline;
}

.heatmap li {
    display: inline;
}

.minitab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
margin-top: 1px;
margin-bottom: 0px;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 9px Verdana, sans-serif;
text-decoration: none;
float:none;
}
.selectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: #000000;
text-decoration: none;
}
.unselectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
color: #ffffff;
text-decoration: none;
}

a.unselectedminitab:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

a.unselectedminitab:link { color: white; }
a.unselectedminitab:visited { color: white; }

a.selectedminitab:link { color: black; }
a.selectedminitab:visited { color: black; }

.linkerror { background-color: #fcc;}

a.labelOperationLink:link {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:active {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:visited {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:hover {text-decoration: underline}

a.newLabel:link {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:active {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:visited {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:hover {background-color: #ddffdd}

ul.square {list-style-type: square}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
}


.inline-control-link a:link {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:active {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:visited {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:hover {text-decoration: none}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
    cursor: pointer;
}

div.auto_complete {
    width: 350px;
    background: #fff;
}
div.auto_complete ul {
    border: 1px solid #888;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    width: 100%;
    list-style-type: none;
}
div.auto_complete ul li {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 3px;
}
div.auto_complete ul li.selected {
    background-color: #ffb;
}
div.auto_complete ul strong.highlight {
    color: #800;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
}

/******* Edit Page Styles *******/
.toogleFormDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 5px;
}

.toogleInfoDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    display:none;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 10px;
}

.inputSection{
    margin-bottom:20px;
}

#editBox{
   border:1px solid lightgray;
   background-color:#F0F0F0;
}

/******* Left Navigation Theme Styles ********/
.leftnav li a {
    text-decoration:none;
    color:white;
    margin:0px;
    display:block;
    padding:2px;
    padding-left:5px;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    border-top:1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.leftnav li a:active {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:visited {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:hover {background-color: #003366; color:white;}

/* Added by Shaun during i18n */
.replaced
{
    background-color: #33CC66;
}

.topPadding
{
    margin-top: 20px;
}

/* new form style */
.form-block {
    padding: 6px;
}
.form-error-block {
    padding: 6px;
    background: #fcc;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-element-large {
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-element-small {
    font-size: 12px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-header {
    background: lightyellow;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-header p, .form-block p, .form-error-block p {
    line-height: normal;
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}
.form-example {
    color: #888;
    font-size: 11px;
}
.form-divider {
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
.form-buttons {
    margin-top: 6px;
    border-top: #ccc 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: center;
}
.form-buttons input {
    width: 100px;
}
.form-block .error {
    padding: 6px;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
    -->
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<div id="PageContent">
<table class="pagecontent" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"><tr>
<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22">GMOxDOC22</a> :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+Web+services">Developing Web services</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+Web+services">Developing Web services</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~sophia">Ying Tang</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Dec 08, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=93420&originalVersion=20&revisedVersion=21">(View changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><style type='text/css'>/*<![CDATA[*/
table.ScrollbarTable  {border: none;padding: 3px;width: 100%;padding: 3px;margin: 0px;background-color: #f0f0f0}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarPrevIcon {text-align: center;width: 16px;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarPrevName {text-align: left;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarParent {text-align: center;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarNextName {text-align: right;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarNextIcon {text-align: center;width: 16px;border: none;}

/*]]>*/</style><div class="Scrollbar"><table class='ScrollbarTable'><tr><td class='ScrollbarPrevIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+Web+applications"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/back_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarPrevName'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+Web+applications">Developing Web applications</a>&nbsp;</td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarParent'><sup><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+applications+for+Geronimo"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/up_16.gif' width='8' height='8'></a></sup><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+applications+for+Geronimo">Developing applications for Geronimo</a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarNextName'>&nbsp;<a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Getting+familiar+with+the+development+environment">Getting familiar with the development environment</a></td><td class='ScrollbarNextIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Getting+familiar+with+the+development+environment"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/forwd_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td></tr></table></div>
<p>This article will move through basics of Web Services, the various Web Services platform elements SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol), UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery and Integration) and WSDL (Web Services Description Language).</p>

<div>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingWebservices-WhatisWebServices%3F'>What is Web Services?</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingWebservices-WhyWebServices%3F'>Why Web Services?</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingWebservices-WebServicesArchitecture'>Web Services Architecture</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingWebservices-WebServicesDescriptionLanguage%28WSDL%29'>Web Services Description Language (WSDL)</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingWebservices-WebServicestutorials'>Web Services tutorials</a></li>
</ul></div>

<h1><a name="DevelopingWebservices-WhatisWebServices%3F"></a>What is Web Services?</h1>
<p>Web Services is a platform to build loosely coupled applications. A web service is piece of code that can be remotely invoked using HTTP, that means an HTTP request is enough to invoke a web service. Moving back in time, remote access to binary data has been either platform specific or vendor specific. For example:</p>
<ol>
	<li>Microsoft's DCOM (Distributed Component Object Model) for communication between networked computers access remote COM (Component Object Model) interface through remote procedure calls.</li>
	<li>Corba uses IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) to access remote objects.</li>
	<li>In Java RMI(Remote Method Invocation) is used to access an EJB (Enterprise Java Bean) object which is again language specific.</li>
</ol>


<p>All of the above examples suggest that remotely accessing an object required proprietary technologies that were tightly coupled to the remote code.</p>

<p>Web Services on the other hand, is basically a platform to built a distributed architecture where there are numerous computers connected to each other in a network. The various computers in the network will be running applications developed using different tools, different technologies from different vendors. Each of these applications can be exposed as a Web Service using SOAP, UDDI and WSDL wherein a service running on one computer can access a service running on other irrespective of difference in technologies. So, if there is a .Net application running on one computer it can be accessed using a Java application from other, only condition is both should be exposed as a web service. Web Service clients can be console based as well as browser based.</p>

<h1><a name="DevelopingWebservices-WhyWebServices%3F"></a>Why Web Services?</h1>
<p>There are several reasons why Web Services has become a need:</p>
<ol>
	<li>One of the biggest reasons is interoperability wherein different vendor specific applications can interact with each other. For Example a .Net application accessing a Java web service.</li>
	<li>Using Web Services you can expose your application and its functionality globally.</li>
	<li>Using Web Services, an enterprise would not not depend on one particular vendor for all the solutions. It can move to different vendors for different functionality and can optimally choose out of several options.</li>
	<li>Web Services use standardized protocols SOAP, UDDI, WSDL and HTTP for implementation.</li>
	<li>Web Services has support for most of the communication protocol and it can be implemented using FTP as well as HTTP.</li>
	<li>Web Services follow a loosely coupled architecture.</li>
</ol>


<h1><a name="DevelopingWebservices-WebServicesArchitecture"></a>Web Services Architecture</h1>

<p><img src="/confluence/download/attachments/93420/WebService_Architectuer.png" align="absmiddle" border="0" /></p>

<p>As shown in the architecture diagram, the Web Service Provider registers the Web Service to UDDI registry and provides WSDL for invoking service. The Web Service consumer, which can be an application client or any other Web Service, queries the UDDI registry and finds WSDL. Next the consumer uses WSDL to invoke the SOAP service.</p>

<h1><a name="DevelopingWebservices-WebServicesDescriptionLanguage%28WSDL%29"></a>Web Services Description Language (WSDL)</h1>
<p>WSDL is an XML based way of describing a Web Service. It specifies the location of Web Service and methods available with the service. A WSDL document has <b>&lt;portType&gt;</b>, <b>&lt;message&gt;</b>, <b>&lt;types&gt;</b> and <b>&lt;binding&gt;</b> as the elements.</p>

<p>The typical syntax of a WSDL document is shown in the following example.</p>

<div class="code" style="border-style: solid; "><div class="codeHeader" style="border-bottom-style: solid; "><b>Syntax of a WSDL document</b></div><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml"><span class="code-tag">&lt;definitions&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;types&gt;</span>
definition of types....
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/types&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;message&gt;</span>
definition of message....
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/message&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;portType&gt;</span>
definition of portType....
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/portType&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;binding&gt;</span>
definition of binding....
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/binding&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;service&gt;</span>
definition of service....
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/service&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/definitions&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div>

<p>The syntax of a WSDL suggests that it is a set of definitions where the definition element is at the root.</p>

<p>Let us try to understand each element in a WSDL document using a <tt>HelloWorld.wsdl</tt> document. This WSDL document is automatically generated by the <a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Development+environment#Developmentenvironment-GeronimoEclipsePlugin" title="Geronimo Eclipse Plugin on Development environment">Geronimo Eclipse Plugin</a> (GEP). With the tutorials listed at the end of this document you will learn how to generate it using Eclipse and GEP.</p>

<div class="code" style="border-style: solid; "><div class="codeHeader" style="border-bottom-style: solid; "><b>HelloWorld.wsdl</b></div><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml">&lt;!--WSDL created by Apache Axis version: 1.4
Built on Apr 22, 2006 (06:55:48 PDT)--&gt;
<span class="code-tag">&lt;?xml version=<span class="code-quote">"1.0"</span> encoding=<span class="code-quote">"UTF-8"</span>?&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:definitions&gt;</span>
 <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:types&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;schema elementFormDefault=<span class="code-quote">"qualified"</span> targetNamespace=<span class="code-quote">"http://webservices"</span> xmlns=<span class="code-quote">"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"</span>&gt;</span>
   <span class="code-tag">&lt;element name=<span class="code-quote">"hello"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;complexType/&gt;</span>
   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/element&gt;</span>
   <span class="code-tag">&lt;element name=<span class="code-quote">"helloResponse"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;complexType/&gt;</span>
   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/element&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/schema&gt;</span>
 <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:types&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:message name=<span class="code-quote">"helloRequest"</span>&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:part element=<span class="code-quote">"intf:hello"</span> name=<span class="code-quote">"parameters"</span>/&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:message&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:message name=<span class="code-quote">"helloResponse"</span>&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:part element=<span class="code-quote">"intf:helloResponse"</span> name=<span class="code-quote">"parameters"</span>/&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:message&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:portType name=<span class="code-quote">"HelloWorld"</span>&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:operation name=<span class="code-quote">"hello"</span>&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:input message=<span class="code-quote">"intf:helloRequest"</span> name=<span class="code-quote">"helloRequest"</span>/&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:output message=<span class="code-quote">"intf:helloResponse"</span> name=<span class="code-quote">"helloResponse"</span>/&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:operation&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:portType&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:binding name=<span class="code-quote">"HelloWorldSoapBinding"</span> type=<span class="code-quote">"intf:HelloWorld"</span>&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdlsoap:binding style=<span class="code-quote">"document"</span> transport=<span class="code-quote">"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"</span>/&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:operation name=<span class="code-quote">"hello"</span>&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdlsoap:operation soapAction=""/&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:input name=<span class="code-quote">"helloRequest"</span>&gt;</span>

            <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdlsoap:body use=<span class="code-quote">"literal"</span>/&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:input&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:output name=<span class="code-quote">"helloResponse"</span>&gt;</span>

            <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdlsoap:body use=<span class="code-quote">"literal"</span>/&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:output&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:operation&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:binding&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:service name=<span class="code-quote">"HelloWorldService"</span>&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdl:port binding=<span class="code-quote">"intf:HelloWorldSoapBinding"</span> name=<span class="code-quote">"HelloWorld"</span>&gt;</span>

         <span class="code-tag">&lt;wsdlsoap:address location=<span class="code-quote">"http://localhost:8080/SimpleWeb/services/HelloWorld"</span>/&gt;</span>

      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:port&gt;</span>

   <span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:service&gt;</span>

<span class="code-tag">&lt;/wsdl:definitions&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div>

<ul>
	<li><b>&lt;types&gt;</b>- Web Service is all about sending and receiving messages. The &lt;types&gt; element describes the various messages which will be used by the service. Basically it defines the various data types. As can be seen  HelloWorld service uses hello and helloResponse as the two messages.</li>
</ul>


<ul>
	<li><b>&lt;message&gt;</b>- This element defines the various messages used by the web service. In our example we have two message name, helloRequest which is associated with hello data type and helloResponse which is associated with helloResponse data type as defined in the &lt;types&gt; element. Each message type has unique name which is suggested by &lt;message name=""&gt;  tag. The &lt;part element="" ...&gt; suggests the data type associated with each message. &lt;part&gt; element can be considered as a parameter to a function call.</li>
</ul>


<ul>
	<li><b>&lt;portType&gt;</b>- This basically involves a set of operation and messages involved in each operation. &lt;portType name=""&gt; defines a unique name. In our example &lt;wsdl:portType name="HelloWorld"&gt; suggest a unique name. Each portType has an associated &lt;operation name=""&gt; element which suggest an operation name. In our example &lt;wsdl:operation name="hello"&gt; suggests an operation name. Each operation element can have &lt;input&gt;, &lt;output&gt; or both the tags accordingly it will be one-way, notification or request-response operation. Our example has &lt;wsdl:input message="intf:helloRequest" name="helloRequest"/&gt; which uses the helloRequest as the input message and &lt;wsdl:output message="intf:helloResponse" name="helloResponse"/&gt; which uses the helloResponse as the output message.</li>
</ul>


<ul>
	<li><b>&lt;bindings&gt;</b>- A binding defines message format and protocol details for operation and message defined by each portType. Each binding element is identified by a unique <b>name</b> attribute which can be any user defined name. The <b>type</b> element defines the portType referenced by binding. In our case &lt;wsdl:binding name= "HelloWorldSoap Binding" type="intf:HelloWorld"&gt; defines a binding with a unique name and <b>HelloWorld</b> portType associated with it. The <b>soap:binding</b> element has <b>style</b> attribute which can be either RPC-oriented(messages containing parameters and return values) or document-oriented(message containing documents). The default value for this element is document. The other element is <b>transport</b> which suggests the transmission protocol used. In our example we have &lt;wsdlsoap:binding style="document" transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"/&gt; document as the style and http as the transport protocol. <b>&lt;wsdl:operation name="hello"&gt;</b> name defines operation associated with each portType. Each operation will have a a soapAction associated with it.  &lt;wsdl:input name="helloRequest"&gt; define the input for the operation and &lt;wsdlsoap:body use="literal"/&gt; defines the encoding standard. In our example we are using literal as the encoding standard.</li>
</ul>


<ul>
	<li><b>&lt;service&gt;</b>- Service element defines where the service can be accessed. Each service is associated with a unique name which is suggested by &lt;wsdl:service name="HelloWorldService"&gt; in our example. The next element &lt;wsdl:port binding="intf:HelloWorldSoapBinding" name="HelloWorld"&gt; suggests the previous binding which will be used by service. The element &lt;wsdlsoap:address location="http://localhost:8080/SimpleWeb/services/HelloWorld"/&gt; suggests the physical address through which a service can be accessed.</li>
</ul>


<h1><a name="DevelopingWebservices-WebServicestutorials"></a>Web Services tutorials</h1>
<ul><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+a+JAX-WS+EJB+Stateless+Session+Bean+Web+Service" title="Developing a JAX-WS EJB Stateless Session Bean Web Service">Developing a JAX-WS EJB Stateless Session Bean Web Service</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+a+JAX-WS+POJO+Web+Service" title="Developing a JAX-WS POJO Web Service">Developing a JAX-WS POJO Web Service</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+a+simple+Calculator+Web+Service" title="Developing a simple Calculator Web Service">Developing a simple Calculator Web Service</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+Clients+for+a+JAX-WS+Web+Service" title="Developing Clients for a JAX-WS Web Service">Developing Clients for a JAX-WS Web Service</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Developing+JAX-RPC+Web+Services" title="Developing JAX-RPC Web Services">Developing JAX-RPC Web Services</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/Migrating+from+JAX-RPC+to+JAX-WS" title="Migrating from JAX-RPC to JAX-WS">Migrating from JAX-RPC to JAX-WS</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/RESTful+Web+Services" title="RESTful Web Services">RESTful Web Services</a></li><li><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC22/SAAJ+Messaging+Web+Services" title="SAAJ Messaging Web Services">SAAJ Messaging Web Services</a></li></ul></div>


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