GShell is an extensible, command-line processing environment for creating command-line applications. GShell includes support for command editing, command history, input/output redirection, and more. GShell is a subproject of Geronimo. For more information on GShell, see the GShell wiki.
Many Geronimo administrative commands have been implemented using GShell. Previously existing Geronimo commands (e.g. startup, geronimo.sh, deploy.sh) are still included in Geronimo. Over time, however, it is expected that we will implement all administrative commands using GShell, only.
This document is organized in the following sections:
A simple launcher script/.bat file is located in the <geronimo_home>/bin directory. To start GShell just type gsh
GShell commands may be specified when starting GShell:
or commands may be entered interactively:
coltrane kevan$ ./gsh
Apache Geronimo (2.1)
Type 'help' for more information.
Connecting to Geronimo server: localhost:1099
Found 84 modules
The help command will display all GShell commands that are available in the current environment.
For information about Apache Geronimo, visit:
execute-alias Execute an alias
exit Exit the shell
print Alias to: echo
alias Create an alias
source Load a file/url into the current shell
? Alias to: help
. Alias to: source
unalias Remove an alias
unset Unset a variable
help Show command help
echo Echo or print arguments to STDOUT
clear Clear the terminal screen
quit Alias to: exit
set Set a variable
server-control Remote server control
undeploy Undeploy a module
connect Connect to a Geronimo server
install-library Install library
stop Stop a module
list-targets List targets
restart Restart a module
install-plugin Install a plugin
list-plugins Install plugins into a geronimo server
start Start a module
assemble Extract a geronimo server from the current one
deploy Deploy a module
list-modules List modules
redeploy Redeploy a module
distribute Distribute a module
disconnect Disconnect from a Geronimo server
rsh-server Start a GShell server
rsh Connect to a remote GShell server
stop-server Stop a Geronimo server
start-client Start a Geronimo application client
start-server Start a Geronimo server
The quit command will exit the GShell environment.
To obtain help information on any command, use the --help option:
firstname.lastname@example.org:/> deploy/list-modules --help
TARGET Target name
-a (--all) Show started or stopped modules
-h (--help) Display this help message
-p (--port) N Port, default 1099
-r (--started) Show started modules only
-s (--hostname, --server) VAL Hostname, default localhost
-t (--stopped) Show stopped modules only
-u (--username) VAL Username
-w (--password) VAL Password
Geronimo GShell Commands
The following list shows the Geronimo specific commands available:
deploy/deploy Deploy a module
deploy/undeploy Undeploy a module
deploy/start Start a module
deploy/stop Stop a module
deploy/restart Restart a module
deploy/list-modules List modules
deploy/redeploy Redeploy a module
deploy/distribute Distribute a module
deploy/connect Connect to a Geronimo server
deploy/disconnect Disconnect from a Geronimo server
deploy/install-library Install library
deploy/list-targets List targets
deploy/install-plugin Install a plugin
deploy/list-plugins Install plugins into a geronimo server
deploy/assemble Extract a geronimo server from the current one
geronimo/start-server Start a Geronimo server
geronimo/stop-server Stop a Geronimo server
geronimo/start-client Start a Geronimo application client
Starting and Stopping Geronimo in Gshell
Geronimo can be started through gshell using the geronimo/start-server command.
jason@Jason-Warners-Computer.local:/> geronimo/start-server --background
Launching Geronimo Server...
Booting Geronimo Kernel (in Java 1.5.0_13)...
If the --background option is not used, then the server instance will maintain control of the terminal and a new instance of gshell must be started to interact with the server.
Other useful geronimo/start-server options (Use geronimo/start-server --help to see a full list of options).
-A (--javaagent) JAR Use a specific Java Agent, set to 'none' to dis
-D (--property) NAME=VALUE Define system properties
-G (--gproperty) NAME=VALUE Define an org.apache.geronimo property
-H (--home) DIR Use a specific Geronimo home directory
-J (--javaopt) FLAG Set a JVM flag
-b (--background) Run the server process in the background
-h (--help) Display this help message
-j (--jvm) DIR Use a specific Java Virtual Machine for server
-l (--logfile) FILE Capture console output to file
-m (--module) NAME Start up a specific module by name
-q (--quiet) Suppress informative and warning messages
-t (--timeout) N Specify the timeout for the server process in s
-v (--verbose) Enable verbose output; specify multipule times
to increase verbosity
Geronimo can be stopped using the geronimo/stop-server command.
jason@Jason-Warners-Computer.local:/> geronimo/stop-server -u system -w manager
Stopping Geronimo server: localhost:1099
 received stop signal
If username -u and password -w are not provided on the command line, the user will be prompted for them before the server shutdown process is started. The full set of geronimo/stop-server options can be seen in gshell using the --help option, the same way as for geronimo/start-server.
Due to a bug in Geronimo v2.1 (https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/GERONIMO-3845), stop-server will only work if you use system/manager as the user id/password. This bug will be addressed in the next Geronimo release. You can always use the shutdown command to stop your server.
Connecting to an Already Running Geronimo Instance
deploy/connect can be used to connect to an instance of Geronimo that is already running. If no options are provided, then the default port (1099) and host (localhost) will be used to connect to a server. The -p option can be used to specify a different port and -s to specify a remote hostname.
jason@Jason-Warners-Computer.local:/> deploy/connect --port 1099 --hostname foo.bar.com
Connecting to Geronimo server: foo.bar.com:1099
|deploy/connect and geronimo/stop-server|
When issuing a geronimo/stop-server command to a remote server, the hostname must be provided (and the port if it is not default) even if you are currently connected to that server via deploy/connect.
This issue is addressed by (https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/GERONIMO-3869)
deploy/disconnect can be used to disconnect from an already connected instance of Geronimo. Since only one instance of Geronimo can be connected at a time, no options are needed to specify which server to disconnect from.
Disconnecting from Geronimo server
Deploying an Application to a Server Instance
deploy/deploy can be used to deploy a module to the geronimo instance that is currently connected.
A module file can be one of the following:
- J2EE Enterprise Application Archive (EAR) file
- J2EE Web Application Archive (WAR) file
- J2EE Enterprise JavaBean Archive (JAR) file
- J2EE Java Resource Archive (RAR) file
jason@butters:/> deploy/deploy <module>
Connecting to Geronimo server: localhost:1099
The -u and -w options can be used to provide username and password when issuing the command. The -s option can be used to specify the hostname. If none specified, then the hostname defaults to localhost. Likewise -p can be used to specify a port to contact the host on with 1099 being the default. -i can be used to specify an inPlace deployment from the directory you are actually developing the application. In that instance, the path to the application would need to be provided in place of the location of the module.
A deployment plan is necessary to deploy an application. If the deployment plan is not in the WEB-INF directory of a module, then its location must be specified after the module in the command.
jason@butters:/> deploy/deploy <module> <deployment plan>
deploy/redeploy is used to deploy a newer version of a module onto a server where the older module is already deployed. It functions in a similar way to deploy/deploy but lacks an inPlace deployment option. The username and password is still required and can be provided via command line (-u and -w) or through a prompt after the command is issued. As with the deploy command, the user can specify both port (-p) and hostname (-s) if they differ from the defaults
jason@butters:/> deploy/redeploy -u system -w manager <module>
deploy/undeploy is used to properly remove a module from a server. The command takes the username (-u) and password (-w) options. If not provided, the user will be prompted. As with the deploy command, the user can specify both port (-p) and hostname (-s) if they differ from the defaults. The module id must be provided for the module you wish to undeploy.
jason@butters:/> deploy/undeploy -u system -w manager <module_id>
deploy/distribute works exactly like deploy/deploy except the module is not started once it has been deployed into the server and is not marked to be started each time the server starts. The command can be issued in the same way, with the same options, as deploy/deploy.
jason@butters:/> deploy/distribute -u system -w manager <module> <deployment plan>