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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Geronimo v2.1: Developing a simple RESTful Service (page edited)
Date Tue, 01 Jul 2008 15:11:00 GMT
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#foldertab li a:visited { color: #ffffff; }

#foldertab li a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

#foldertab li a.current {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

#foldertab li a.current:link { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:visited { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:hover {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

/* alphabet list */
ul#squaretab {
margin-left: 0;
padding-left: 0;
white-space: nowrap;
font: bold 8px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#squaretab li {
display: inline;
list-style-type: none;
}

#squaretab a {
padding: 2px 6px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

#squaretab a:link, #squaretab a:visited {
color: #fff;
background-color: #3c78b5;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background-color: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab li a#current {
background: white;
color: black;
}

.blogcalendar * {
    font-family:verdana, arial, sans-serif;
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
    line-height:140%;
    padding:2px;
}


table.blogcalendar {
    border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.blogcalendar th.calendarhead, a.calendarhead {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    text-transform:uppercase;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    color: #ffffff;
    letter-spacing: .3em;
    text-transform: uppercase;
}

.calendarhead:visited {color: white;}
.calendarhead:active {color: white;}
.calendarhead:hover {color: white;}

.blogcalendar th {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    background-color:#f0f0f0;
}

.blogcalendar td {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
}

.searchGroup { padding: 0 0 10px 0; background: #f0f0f0; }
.searchGroupHeading { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #3c78b5; padding: 2px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItem { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItemSelected { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; font-weight: bold; background: #ddd; }

/* permissions page styles */
.permissionHeading {
    border-bottom: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 1px 0; border-style: solid; font-size: 16px; text-align: left;
}
.permissionTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #3c78b5; color: #ffffff; font-size: 10px;
}
.permissionSuperTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #003366; color: #ffffff;
}
.permissionCell {
    border-left: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid;
}

/* warning panel */
.warningPanel { background: #FFFFCE; border:#F0C000 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* alert panel */
.alertPanel { background: #FFCCCC; border:#C00 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* info panel */
.infoPanel { background: #D8E4F1; border:#3c78b5 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }

/* side menu highlighting (e.g. space content screen) */
.optionPadded { padding: 2px; }
.optionSelected { background-color: #ffffcc; padding: 2px; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin: -1px; }
.optionSelected a { font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: black; }

/* information macros */
.noteMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #F0C000; background-color: #FFFFCE; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.warningMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #c00; background-color: #fcc; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.infoMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #3c78b5; background-color: #D8E4F1; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.tipMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #090; background-color: #dfd; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.informationMacroPadding { padding: 5px 0 0 5px; }

table.infoMacro td, table.warningMacro td, table.tipMacro td, table.noteMacro td, table.sectionMacro td {
    border: none;
}

table.sectionMacroWithBorder td.columnMacro { border-style: dashed; border-width: 1px; border-color: #cccccc;}

.pagecontent
{
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: left;
}

/* styles for links in the top bar */
.topBarDiv a:link {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:visited {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:active {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:hover {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv {color: #ffffff;}

.topBar {
    background-color: #003366;
}


/* styles for extended operations */
.greyLinks a:link {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:visited {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:active {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:hover {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks {color: #666666; display:block; padding: 10px}

.logoSpaceLink {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:link {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:visited {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:active {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:hover {color: #003366; text-decoration: none}

/* basic panel (basicpanel.vmd) style */
.basicPanelContainer {border: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px; margin-bottom: 8px; width: 100%}
.basicPanelTitle {padding: 5px; margin: 0px; background-color: #f0f0f0; color: black; font-weight: bold;}
.basicPanelBody {padding: 5px; margin: 0px}

.separatorLinks a:link {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:visited {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:active {color: white}

.greynavbar {background-color: #f0f0f0; border-top: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px}

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    height: 100%;
}

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}

.headerFloatLeft {
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}

#headerRow {
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}

div.license-personal {
   background-color: #003366;
   color: #ffffff;
}

div.license-personal a {
   color: #ffffff;
}

.greyFormBox {
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    padding: 5px;
}

/* IE automatically adds a margin before and after form tags. Use this style to remove that */
.marginlessForm {
    margin: 0px;
}

.openPageHighlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
    padding: 2px;
    border: 1px solid #ddd;
}

.editPageInsertLinks, .editPageInsertLinks a
{
    color: #666666;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 10px;
}

/* Style for label heatmap. */
.top10 a {
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    font-size: 2em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top25 a {
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 1.6em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top50 a {
    font-size: 1.4em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top100 a {
    font-size: 1.2em;
    color: #003366;
}

.heatmap {
    list-style:none;
    width: 95%;
    margin: 0px auto;
}

.heatmap a {
    text-decoration:none;
}

.heatmap a:hover {
    text-decoration:underline;
}

.heatmap li {
    display: inline;
}

.minitab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
margin-top: 1px;
margin-bottom: 0px;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 9px Verdana, sans-serif;
text-decoration: none;
float:none;
}
.selectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: #000000;
text-decoration: none;
}
.unselectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
color: #ffffff;
text-decoration: none;
}

a.unselectedminitab:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

a.unselectedminitab:link { color: white; }
a.unselectedminitab:visited { color: white; }

a.selectedminitab:link { color: black; }
a.selectedminitab:visited { color: black; }

.linkerror { background-color: #fcc;}

a.labelOperationLink:link {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:active {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:visited {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:hover {text-decoration: underline}

a.newLabel:link {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:active {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:visited {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:hover {background-color: #ddffdd}

ul.square {list-style-type: square}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
}


.inline-control-link a:link {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:active {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:visited {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:hover {text-decoration: none}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
    cursor: pointer;
}

div.auto_complete {
    width: 350px;
    background: #fff;
}
div.auto_complete ul {
    border: 1px solid #888;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    width: 100%;
    list-style-type: none;
}
div.auto_complete ul li {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 3px;
}
div.auto_complete ul li.selected {
    background-color: #ffb;
}
div.auto_complete ul strong.highlight {
    color: #800;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
}

/******* Edit Page Styles *******/
.toogleFormDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 5px;
}

.toogleInfoDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    display:none;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 10px;
}

.inputSection{
    margin-bottom:20px;
}

#editBox{
   border:1px solid lightgray;
   background-color:#F0F0F0;
}

/******* Left Navigation Theme Styles ********/
.leftnav li a {
    text-decoration:none;
    color:white;
    margin:0px;
    display:block;
    padding:2px;
    padding-left:5px;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    border-top:1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.leftnav li a:active {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:visited {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:hover {background-color: #003366; color:white;}

/* Added by Shaun during i18n */
.replaced
{
    background-color: #33CC66;
}

.topPadding
{
    margin-top: 20px;
}

/* new form style */
.form-block {
    padding: 6px;
}
.form-error-block {
    padding: 6px;
    background: #fcc;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-element-large {
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-element-small {
    font-size: 12px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-header {
    background: lightyellow;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-header p, .form-block p, .form-error-block p {
    line-height: normal;
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}
.form-example {
    color: #888;
    font-size: 11px;
}
.form-divider {
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
.form-buttons {
    margin-top: 6px;
    border-top: #ccc 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: center;
}
.form-buttons input {
    width: 100px;
}
.form-block .error {
    padding: 6px;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
    -->
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<div id="PageContent">
<table class="pagecontent" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"><tr>
<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21">GMOxDOC21</a> :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Developing+a+simple+RESTful+Service">Developing a simple RESTful Service</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Developing+a+simple+RESTful+Service">Developing a simple RESTful Service</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~sainathdreams@gmail.com">Sainath Chowdary</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Jul 01, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=89344&originalVersion=1&revisedVersion=2">(View changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><style type='text/css'>/*<![CDATA[*/
table.ScrollbarTable  {border: none;padding: 3px;width: 100%;padding: 3px;margin: 0px;background-color: #f0f0f0}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarPrevIcon {text-align: center;width: 16px;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarPrevName {text-align: left;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarParent {text-align: center;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarNextName {text-align: right;border: none;}
table.ScrollbarTable td.ScrollbarNextIcon {text-align: center;width: 16px;border: none;}

/*]]>*/</style><div class="Scrollbar"><table class='ScrollbarTable'><tr><td class='ScrollbarPrevIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Consuming+Yahoo%21+REST+Web+Services"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/back_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarPrevName'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Consuming+Yahoo%21+REST+Web+Services">Consuming Yahoo! REST Web Services</a>&nbsp;</td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarParent'><sup><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/RESTful+Web+Services"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/up_16.gif' width='8' height='8'></a></sup><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/RESTful+Web+Services">RESTful Web Services</a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarNextName'>&nbsp;</td></tr></table></div>
<p>This tutorial will take you through the steps required in developing, deploying and testing a RESTful Web Service in Apache Geronimo. After completing this tutorial you should be able to understand how to develop simple JAX-WS compliant RESTful web services in Apache Geronimo using Eclipse development environment.</p>

<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='infoMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/information.gif" width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td>
<p>This application may not necessarily demonstrate why we used RESTful Web Services instead of SOAP Web Services. This tutorial only provides details about some common issues involved in developing RESTful services in Apache Geronimo.</p></td></tr></table>

<p>To run this tutorial, as a minimum you will be required to have installed the following prerequisite software.</p>

<ul>
	<li>Sun JDK 5.0+ (J2SE 1.5)</li>
	<li>Eclipse 3.3.1.1 (Eclipse Classic package of Europa distribution), which is platform specific</li>
	<li>Web Tools Platform (WTP) 2.0.1</li>
	<li>Data Tools Platform (DTP) 1.5.1</li>
	<li>Eclipse Modeling Framework (EMF) 2.3.1</li>
	<li>Graphical Editing Framework (GEF) 3.3.1</li>
</ul>


<p>Details on installing eclipse are provided in the <a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Development+environment" title="Development environment">Development environment</a> section. This tutorial will take you through the following steps:</p>
<div>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-ConfiguringJAXWSEngine'>Configuring JAX-WS Engine</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-SettingUpEclipseforApplicationDevelopment'>Setting Up Eclipse for Application Development</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-CreatingtheWebServicesImplementationcode'>Creating the Web Services Implementation code</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-SettingUptheDeploymentDescriptorandDeploymentPlan'>Setting Up the Deployment Descriptor and Deployment Plan</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-DeployandTesttheWebService'>Deploy and Test the Web Service</a>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-Deploy'>Deploy</a></li>
  <li><a href='#DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-Test'>Test</a></li>
</ul></li>
</ul></div>

<h1><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-ConfiguringJAXWSEngine"></a>Configuring JAX-WS Engine</h1>
<p>Firstly we need to configure our JAX-WS engine to <b>Apache CXF</b> instead of Axis2 if using Geronimo with Tomcat. Users who are using Geronimo with Jetty dont need to worry about JAX-WS Engine as CXF is default web services engine in Geronimo+Jetty.<br/>
For Geronimo+Tomcat users, consult this page to configure your JAX-WS engine as Apache CXF (<a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Configure+JAX-WS+engine" title="Configure JAX-WS engine">Configure JAX&#45;WS engine</a>)</p>

<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='infoMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/information.gif" width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td>
<p>Axis2 1.3 has/had a bug with the issue related to HTTP Content-Type header. This bug was fixed in Axis2 1.4 but Geronimo still uses Axis2 1.3</p></td></tr></table>

<h1><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-SettingUpEclipseforApplicationDevelopment"></a>Setting Up Eclipse for Application Development</h1>
<ol>
	<li>Create a Dynamic Web Project
	<ul>
		<li>Select <b>File-&gt;New-&gt;Project</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/1.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> </li>
		<li>In the popup window, Select <b>Web-&gt;Dynamic Web Project</b> category and click <b>Next</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/2.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
		<li>Type <b>jaxws-rest-converter</b> as the <b>Project Name</b> and click <b>Next</b> two times.
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/3.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
		<li>Modify the <b>Group Id</b> to <b>org.apache.geronimo.samples.jaxws.rest</b> and the <b>artifact id</b> to <b>jaxws-rest-converter</b>.
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/4.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
		<li>Click <b>Finish</b></li>
	</ul>
	</li>
</ol>


<p>This completes the configuration of Eclipse for application development.</p>

<h1><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-CreatingtheWebServicesImplementationcode"></a>Creating the Web Services Implementation code</h1>

<ol>
	<li>Right click on <b>JavaResources:src</b> and select <b>New-&gt;Package</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/5.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Name the package to <b>org.apache.geronimo.samples.jaxws.rest</b> and click <b>Finish</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/6.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Right click on the new package and select <b>New-&gt;Class</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/7.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Name the interface as <b>ConverterService</b> and click <b>Finish</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/8.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Add the following code to the ConverterService class
<div class="code" style="border-style: solid; "><div class="codeHeader" style="border-bottom-style: solid; "><b>ConverterService.java</b></div><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">package</span> org.apache.geronimo.samples.jaxws.<span class="code-keyword">rest</span>;

<span class="code-keyword">import</span> java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> java.math.BigDecimal;

<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.annotation.Resource;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.transform.Source;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamSource;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.BindingType;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.Provider;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.WebServiceContext;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.WebServiceProvider;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.handler.MessageContext;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.http.HTTPBinding;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> javax.xml.ws.http.HTTPException;

<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.w3c.dom.Node;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.w3c.dom.NodeList;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.xml.sax.InputSource;

@WebServiceProvider
@BindingType(value=HTTPBinding.HTTP_BINDING)
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class ConverterService <span class="code-keyword">implements</span> Provider&lt;Source&gt; {

    @Resource
    <span class="code-keyword">protected</span> WebServiceContext wsContext;
    
	<span class="code-keyword">private</span> BigDecimal rupeeRate = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> BigDecimal(<span class="code-quote">"40.58"</span>);
	<span class="code-keyword">private</span> BigDecimal euroRate = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> BigDecimal(<span class="code-quote">"0.018368"</span>);

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> Source invoke(Source source) {
        <span class="code-keyword">try</span> {
        	<span class="code-object">String</span> amount=<span class="code-keyword">null</span>;

            <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (source == <span class="code-keyword">null</span>) {
                <span class="code-object">System</span>.out.println(<span class="code-quote">"Getting input from query string"</span>);
                MessageContext mc = wsContext.getMessageContext();
                <span class="code-object">String</span> query = (<span class="code-object">String</span>)mc.get(MessageContext.QUERY_STRING);
                <span class="code-object">System</span>.out.println(<span class="code-quote">"Query <span class="code-object">String</span> = "</span> + query);
                ServletRequest req = (ServletRequest)mc.get(MessageContext.SERVLET_REQUEST);
                amount = req.getParameter(<span class="code-quote">"amount"</span>);
            } <span class="code-keyword">else</span> {
                <span class="code-object">System</span>.out.println(<span class="code-quote">"Getting input from input message"</span>);
                Node n = <span class="code-keyword">null</span>;
                <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (source <span class="code-keyword">instanceof</span> DOMSource) {
                    n = ((DOMSource)source).getNode();
                } <span class="code-keyword">else</span> <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (source <span class="code-keyword">instanceof</span> StreamSource) {
                    StreamSource streamSource = (StreamSource)source;
                    DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
                    DocumentBuilder db = dbf.newDocumentBuilder();
                    InputSource inputSource = <span class="code-keyword">null</span>;
                    <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (streamSource.getInputStream() != <span class="code-keyword">null</span>) {
                        inputSource = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> InputSource(streamSource.getInputStream());
                    } <span class="code-keyword">else</span> <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (streamSource.getReader() != <span class="code-keyword">null</span>) {
                        inputSource = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> InputSource(streamSource.getReader());
                    }
                    n = db.parse(inputSource);
                } <span class="code-keyword">else</span> {
                    <span class="code-keyword">throw</span> <span class="code-keyword">new</span> RuntimeException(<span class="code-quote">"Unsupported source: "</span> + source);
                }
                NodeList children = n.getChildNodes();
                <span class="code-keyword">for</span> (<span class="code-object">int</span> i = 0; i &lt; children.getLength(); i++) {
                    Node child = children.item(i);
                    <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (child.getNodeName().equals(<span class="code-quote">"add"</span>)) {
                        amount = child.getAttributes().getNamedItem(<span class="code-quote">"amount"</span>).getNodeValue();
                        <span class="code-keyword">break</span>;
                    }
                }
            }
            BigDecimal dollars = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> BigDecimal(amount);
            BigDecimal rupees = dollarToRupees(dollars);
            BigDecimal euros = rupeesToEuro(rupees);
            <span class="code-keyword">return</span> createResultSource(rupees, euros);
        } <span class="code-keyword">catch</span>(Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            <span class="code-keyword">throw</span> <span class="code-keyword">new</span> HTTPException(500);
        }
    }
    
	<span class="code-keyword">public</span> BigDecimal dollarToRupees(BigDecimal dollars) {
		BigDecimal result = dollars.multiply(rupeeRate);
		<span class="code-keyword">return</span> result.setScale(2, BigDecimal.ROUND_UP);
	}

	<span class="code-keyword">public</span> BigDecimal rupeesToEuro(BigDecimal rupees) {
		BigDecimal result = rupees.multiply(euroRate);
		<span class="code-keyword">return</span> result.setScale(2, BigDecimal.ROUND_UP);
	}
    
    <span class="code-keyword">private</span> Source createResultSource(BigDecimal rupees, BigDecimal euros) {
    	<span class="code-object">String</span> body =
        	<span class="code-quote">"&lt;ns:<span class="code-keyword">return</span> xmlns:ns=\"</span>http:<span class="code-comment">//<span class="code-keyword">rest</span>.jaxws.samples.geronimo.apache.org\<span class="code-quote">"&gt;"</span>
</span>            +<span class="code-quote">"&lt;ns:dollarToRupeesResponse&gt;"</span>
        	+rupees
        	+<span class="code-quote">"&lt;/ns:dollarToRupeesResponse&gt;&lt;ns:rupeesToEurosResponse&gt;"</span> +
        	euros
        	+<span class="code-quote">"&lt;/ns:rupeesToEurosResponse&gt;&lt;/ns:<span class="code-keyword">return</span>&gt;"</span> ;
        Source source = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> StreamSource(<span class="code-keyword">new</span> ByteArrayInputStream(body.getBytes()));
        <span class="code-keyword">return</span> source;
    }
}</pre>
</div></div></li>
</ol>


<p>This completes the development of Web Services implementation code.<br/>
Now let us walk through the code that we just developed.</p>
<ul>
	<li><b>@WebServiceProvider</b> - This annotation specifies that our web service works at XML Level of the message by extending a generic <b>Provider</b> Interface.</li>
	<li><b>Provider</b> - Here our service extended the <b>Provider</b> by passing the generic argument as <b>Source</b></li>
	<li><b>Source</b> - This contains the information needed to act as source input (XML Source). We use this argument to send our request in XML File.</li>
	<li>Our ConverterService can handle two types of requests i.e <b>GET</b> and <b>POST</b>.
	<ul>
		<li><b>GET</b> - Here we send the argument to the service in URL in which case the input source argument will be null for the Provider.</li>
		<li><b>POST</b> - We send our request in an XML file by posting it at the URL where web service is located. Here XML file is passed as argument to Provider.</li>
	</ul>
	</li>
	<li><b>CreateResultSource</b> - Here we need to return the response in a properly formatted XML message from the Provider with the results.</li>
</ul>


<h1><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-SettingUptheDeploymentDescriptorandDeploymentPlan"></a>Setting Up the Deployment Descriptor and Deployment Plan</h1>
<p>There isnt much to do in this part for deploying RESTful Web Services except that we need to expose our ConverterService as servlet and CXF automatically generates the required files.</p>

<ul>
	<li>Expand <b>WEB-INF</b> directory and add the following code to web.xml
<div class="code" style="border-style: solid; "><div class="codeHeader" style="border-bottom-style: solid; "><b>web.xml</b></div><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">&lt;?xml version=<span class="code-quote">"1.0"</span> encoding=<span class="code-quote">"UTF-8"</span>?&gt;
&lt;web-app xmlns:xsi=<span class="code-quote">"http:<span class="code-comment">//www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"</span>
</span>	xmlns=<span class="code-quote">"http:<span class="code-comment">//java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"</span>
</span>	xmlns:web=<span class="code-quote">"http:<span class="code-comment">//java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"</span>
</span>	xsi:schemaLocation=<span class="code-quote">"http:<span class="code-comment">//java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"</span>
</span>	id=<span class="code-quote">"WebApp_ID"</span> version=<span class="code-quote">"2.5"</span>&gt;
	&lt;display-name&gt;jaxws-<span class="code-keyword">rest</span>-converter&lt;/display-name&gt;
	&lt;servlet&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;ConverterService&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;servlet-class&gt;
			org.apache.geronimo.samples.jaxws.<span class="code-keyword">rest</span>.ConverterService
		&lt;/servlet-class&gt;
		&lt;load-on-startup&gt;0&lt;/load-on-startup&gt;
	&lt;/servlet&gt;
	&lt;servlet-mapping&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;ConverterService&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;url-pattern&gt;/converter&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	&lt;/servlet-mapping&gt;
&lt;/web-app&gt;</pre>
</div></div></li>
</ul>


<p>This completes the setting up of Deployment Descriptor and Deployment Plan.</p>

<h1><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-DeployandTesttheWebService"></a>Deploy and Test the Web Service</h1>
<p>Now, we will look into the steps involved in deploying and testing our web service without any clients.</p>

<h2><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-Deploy"></a>Deploy</h2>
<ul>
	<li>Right click on the <b>Apache Geronimo</b> Server Runtime present in the servers view and select <b>Add or Remove Projects</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/9.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>In the popup dialog, select the <b>jaxws-rest-converter</b> project and click <b>Add</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/10.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Make sure that <b>jaxws-rest-converter</b> is in the <b>configured projects</b> list and then click <b>Finish</b>
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/11.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Wait for some time till the server status is changed to synchronized.</li>
</ul>


<h2><a name="DevelopingasimpleRESTfulService-Test"></a>Test</h2>
<ul>
	<li>You should see CXF reporting that it created Service from our Service implementation.
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/12.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	<li>Finally we can also test the <b>GET</b> method of accessing our REST Service.
	<ul>
		<li>Go to the following URL <span class="nobr"><a href="http://localhost:8080/jaxws-rest-converter/converter?amount=23" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">http://localhost:8080/jaxws-rest-converter/converter?amount=23<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></li>
		<li>You should see the following screen reporting the results of Converter
<br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <img src="/confluence/download/attachments/89344/13.gif" align="absmiddle" border="0" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /> <br clear="all" /></li>
	</ul>
	</li>
</ul>


<p>This is just a tip of iceberg in RESTful Web Services. There's still lot to explore in RESTful services.</p></div>


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