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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Geronimo v2.1: RESTful Web Services (page edited)
Date Tue, 01 Jul 2008 18:12:00 GMT
<html>
<head>
    <base href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence" />
    <style type="text/css">
    <!--
    body, p, td, table, tr, .bodytext, .stepfield {
	font-family: Verdana, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	line-height: 16px;
	color: #000000;
	font-weight: normal;
}
#PageContent {
	text-align: left;
	background-color: #fff;
	padding: 0px;
	margin: 0px;
    padding-bottom:20px;
}
/*
** when this stylesheet is used for the Tiny MCE Wysiwyg editor's edit area, we can't
** use an id=PageContent or class=wiki-content, so we must
** set the body style to that used for PageContent, and p to that used for wiki-content.
*/

body {
	margin: 0px;
	padding: 0px;
	text-align: center;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
}

@media print {

body {
    background-color: #fff;
}

}

.monospaceInput {
    font:12px monospace
}

.wiki-content p, .commentblock p {
    margin: 16px 0px 16px 0px;
    padding: 0px;
}

.wiki-content-preview {
    padding: 5px;
    border-left: 1px solid #3c78b5;
    border-right: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

ul, ol {
    margin-top: 2px;
    margin-bottom: 2px;
    padding-top: 0px;
    padding-bottom: 0px;
}

pre {
    padding: 0px;
    margin-top: 5px;
    margin-left: 15px;
    margin-bottom: 5px;
    margin-right: 5px;
    text-align: left;
}

.helpheading {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #D0D9BD;
        border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
        padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px;
        margin: 0px;
        margin-top: 10px;
}
.helpcontent {
        padding: 4px 4px 20px 4px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
}

.code {
 	border: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    font-size: 11px;
	font-family: Courier;
    margin: 10px;
	line-height: 13px;
}

.focusedComment {
    background: #ffffce;
}

.commentBox, .focusedComment {
    padding: 10px;
    margin: 5px 0 5px 0;
    border: 1px #bbb solid;
}

.codeHeader {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    padding: 3px;
	text-align: center;
}

.codeContent {
    text-align: left;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
}

.preformatted {
 	border: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    font-size: 11px;
	font-family: Courier;
    margin: 10px;
	line-height: 13px;
}

.preformattedHeader {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    padding: 3px;
	text-align: center;
}

.preformattedContent {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
}

.panel {
 	border: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    margin: 10px;
    margin-top: 0px;
}

.panelHeader {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px dashed #3c78b5;
    padding: 3px;
	text-align: center;
}

.panelContent {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 5px;
}

.anonymousAlert {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px dashed red;
    font-size: 11px;
    padding: 10px 5px 10px 5px;
    margin: 4px;
	line-height: 13px;
}

.lockAlert {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    width: 50%;
 	border: 1px dashed red;
    font-size: 11px;
    padding: 10px 5px 10px 5px;
    margin: 4px;
	line-height: 13px;
}


.code-keyword {
  color: #000091;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.code-object {
  color: #910091;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.code-quote {
  color: #009100;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.code-comment {
  color: #808080;
  background-color: inherit;
}


.code-xml .code-keyword {
  color: inherit;
  font-weight: bold;
}

.code-tag {
  color: #000091;
  background-color: inherit;
}

.breadcrumbs {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-color: #3c78b5;
	border-width: 1px 0px 1px 0px;
	border-style: solid;
    font-size: 11px;
    padding: 3px 0px 3px 0px;
}

.navmenu {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
}

.menuheading {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 4px 4px 2px 4px;
}

.menuitems {
	padding: 4px 4px 20px 4px;
}

.rightpanel {
    border-left: 1px solid #ccc;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #ccc;
}

#helpheading {
    text-align: left;
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #D0D9BD;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px;
	margin: 0px;
}
#helpcontent {
	padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
}
.helptab-unselected {
    font-weight: bold;
	padding: 5px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
}
.helptab-selected {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: #D0D9BD;
	padding: 5px;
}
.helptabs {
    margin: 0px;
    background-color: #f5f7f1;
	padding: 5px;
}
.infopanel-heading {
    font-weight: bold;
	padding: 4px 0px 2px 0px;
}

.pagebody {
}

.pageheader {
	padding: 5px 5px 5px 0px;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.pagetitle {
	font-size: 22px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: #003366;
}

.newpagetitle {
    color: #ccc !important;
}

.steptitle {
	font-size: 18px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: #003366;
	margin-bottom: 7px;
}

.substeptitle {
    font-size: 12px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
    margin: 2px 4px 4px 4px;
    padding: 2px 4px 1px 4px;
}

.stepdesc {
    font-family: Verdana, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	line-height: 16px;
	font-weight: normal;
    color: #666666;
    margin-top: 7px;
    margin-bottom: 7px;
}

.steplabel {
    font-weight: bold;
    margin-right: 4px;
    color: black;
    float: left;
    width: 15%;
    text-align: right;
}

.stepfield {
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 5px;
}

.submitButtons{
    margin-top:5px;
    text-align:right;
}

.formtitle {
	font-size: 12px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: #003366;
}

.sectionbottom {
    border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.topRow {
    border-top: 2px solid #3c78b5;
}

.tabletitle {
	font-size: 14px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    padding: 3px 0px 2px 0px;
    margin: 8px 4px 2px 0px;
	color: #003366;
	border-bottom: 2px solid #3c78b5;
}
.pagesubheading {
    color: #666666;
    font-size: 10px;
    padding: 0px 0px 5px 0px;
}

HR {
	color: 3c78b5;
	height: 1;
}

A:link, A:visited, A:active, A:hover {
	color: #003366;
}

h1 A:link, h1 A:visited, h1 A:active {
	text-decoration: none;
}

h1 A:hover {
    border-bottom: 1px dotted #003366;
}

.wiki-content > :first-child, .commentblock > :first-child {
    margin-top: 3px;
}

.logocell {
    padding: 10px;
}

input {
	font-family: verdana, geneva, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #000000;
}

textarea, textarea.editor {
	font-family: verdana, geneva, arial, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #333333;
}

/* use logoSpaceLink instead.
.spacenametitle {
	font: 21px/31px Impact, Arial, Helvetica;
    font-weight: 100;
    color: #999999;
	margin: 0px;
}
.spacenametitle img {
  margin: 0 0 -4px 0;
}
.spacenametitle a {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}
.spacenametitle a:visited {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}*/

.spacenametitle-printable {
	font: 20px/25px Impact, Arial, Helvetica;
    font-weight: 100;
    color: #999999;
	margin: 0px;
}
.spacenametitle-printable a {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}
.spacenametitle-printable a:visited {
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999999;
}

.blogDate {
	font-weight: bold;
	text-decoration: none;
	color: black;
}

.blogSurtitle {
    background: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.blogHeading {
    font-size: 20px;
    line-height: normal;
    font-weight: bold;
    padding: 0px;
    margin: 0px;
}

.blogHeading a {
   text-decoration: none;
   color: black;
}

.endsection {
	align: right;
	color: #666666;
	margin-top: 10px;
}
.endsectionleftnav {
	align: right;
	color: #666666;
	margin-top: 10px;
}

h1 {
	font-size: 24px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	color: #003366;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 36px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h2 {
	font-size: 18px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 27px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h3 {
	font-size: 14px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 21px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h4 {
	font-size: 12px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 18px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h4.search {
	font-size: 12px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: normal;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 4px;
	margin: 18px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h5 {
	font-size: 10px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 14px 0px 4px 0px;
}

h6 {
	font-size: 8px;
	line-height: normal;
	font-weight: bold;
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
	padding: 2px;
	margin: 14px 0px 4px 0px;
}

.smallfont {
    font-size: 10px;
}
.descfont {
    font-size: 10px;
    color: #666666;
}
.smallerfont {
    font-size: 9px;
}
.smalltext {
    color: #666666;
    font-size: 10px;
}
.smalltext a {
    color: #666666;
}
.smalltext-blue {
    color: #3c78b5;
    font-size: 10px;
}
.surtitle {
    margin-left: 1px;
    margin-bottom: 5px;
    font-size: 14px;
    color: #666666;
}

/* css hack found here:  http://www.fo3nix.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/tutorials/css/hacks/ */
.navItemOver { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #003366;
cursor: hand; voice-family: '\'}\''; voice-family:inherit; cursor: pointer;}
.navItemOver a { color: #ffffff; background-color:#003366; text-decoration: none; }
.navItemOver a:visited { color: #ffffff; background-color:#003366; text-decoration: none;
}
.navItemOver a:hover { color: #ffffff; background-color:#003366; text-decoration: none; }
.navItem { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color: #3c78b5;
}
.navItem a { color: #ffffff; text-decoration: none; }
.navItem a:hover { color: #ffffff; text-decoration: none; }
.navItem a:visited { color: #ffffff; text-decoration: none; }

div.padded { padding: 4px; }
div.thickPadded { padding: 10px; }
h3.macrolibrariestitle {
    margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px;
}

div.centered { text-align: center; margin: 10px; }
div.centered table {margin: 0px auto; text-align: left; }

.tableview table {
    margin: 0;
}

.tableview th {
    text-align: left;
    color: #003366;
    font-size: 12px;
    padding: 5px 0px 0px 5px;
    border-bottom: 2px solid #3c78b5;
}
.tableview td {
    text-align: left;
    border-color: #ccc;
    border-width: 0px 0px 1px 0px;
    border-style: solid;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 4px 10px 4px 5px;
}

.grid {
    margin: 2px 0px 5px 0px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}
.grid th  {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    padding: 2px 4px 2px 4px;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}
.grid td  {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}
.gridHover {
	background-color: #f9f9f9;
}

td.infocell {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
}
.label {
	font-weight: bold;
	color: #003366;
}

label {
	font-weight: bold;
	color: #003366;
}

.error {
	background-color: #fcc;
}

.errorBox {
	background-color: #fcc;
    border: 1px solid #c00;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 5px;
}

.errorMessage {
	color: #c00;
}

.success {
	background-color: #dfd;
}

.successBox {
	background-color: #dfd;
    border: 1px solid #090;
    padding: 5px;
    margin-top:5px;
    margin-bottom:5px;
}

blockquote {
	padding-left: 10px;
	padding-right: 10px;
	margin-left: 5px;
	margin-right: 0px;
	border-left: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

table.confluenceTable
{
    margin: 5px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

/* Added as a temporary fix for CONF-4223. The table elements appear to be inheriting the
border: none attribute from the sectionMacro class */
table.confluenceTable td.confluenceTd
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}

/* Added as a temporary fix for CONF-4223. The table elements appear to be inheriting the
border: none attribute from the sectionMacro class */
table.confluenceTable th.confluenceTh
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}

td.confluenceTd
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}

th.confluenceTh
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}

DIV.small {
	font-size: 9px;
}

H1.pagename {
	margin-top: 0px;
}

IMG.inline  {}

.loginform {
    margin: 5px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
}

/* The text how the "This is a preview" comment should be shown. */
.previewnote { text-align: center;
                font-size: 11px;
                    color: red; }

/* How the preview content should be shown */
.previewcontent { background: #E0E0E0; }

/* How the system messages should be shown (DisplayMessage.jsp) */
.messagecontent { background: #E0E0E0; }

/* How the "This page has been modified..." -comment should be shown. */
.conflictnote { }

.createlink {
    color: maroon;
}
a.createlink {
    color: maroon;
}
.templateparameter {
    font-size: 9px;
    color: darkblue;
}

.diffadded {
    background: #ddffdd;
    padding: 1px 1px 1px 4px;
	border-left: 4px solid darkgreen;
}
.diffdeleted {
    color: #999;
    background: #ffdddd;
    padding: 1px 1px 1px 4px;
	border-left: 4px solid darkred;
}
.diffnochange {
    padding: 1px 1px 1px 4px;
	border-left: 4px solid lightgrey;
}
.differror {
    background: brown;
}
.diff {
    font-family: lucida console, courier new, fixed-width;
	font-size: 12px;
	line-height: 14px;
}
.diffaddedchars {
    background-color:#99ff99;
    font-weight:bolder;
}
.diffremovedchars {
    background-color:#ff9999;
    text-decoration: line-through;
    font-weight:bolder;
}

.greybackground {
    background: #f0f0f0
}

.greybox {
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.borderedGreyBox {
    border: 1px solid #cccccc;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
}

.greyboxfilled {
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.navBackgroundBox {
    padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px;
    font-size: 22px;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: white;
    background: #3c78b5;
    text-decoration: none;
}

.previewBoxTop {
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
    border-width: 1px 1px 0px 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #3c78b5;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 5px 0px 0px 0px;
    text-align: center;
}
.previewContent {
    background-color: #fff;
 	border-color: #3c78b5;
	border-width: 0px 1px 0px 1px;
	border-style: solid;
	padding: 10px;
	margin: 0px;
}
.previewBoxBottom {
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
    border-width: 0px 1px 1px 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #3c78b5;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 0px 0px 5px 0px;
    text-align: center;
}

.functionbox {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.functionbox-greyborder {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.search-highlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
}

/* normal (white) background */
.rowNormal {
    background-color: #ffffff;
 }

/* alternate (pale yellow) background */
.rowAlternate {
    background-color: #f7f7f7;
}

/* used in the list attachments table */
.rowAlternateNoBottomColor {
    background-color: #f7f7f7;
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomNoColor {
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomColor td {
    border-bottom: 0px;
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomNoColor td {
    border-bottom: 0px;
}

/* row highlight (grey) background */
.rowHighlight {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;

}

TD.greenbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #00df00; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px;
}
TD.redbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #df0000; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px; }
TD.darkredbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #af0000; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px;
}

TR.testpassed {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #ddffdd; PADDING: 0px; }
TR.testfailed {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #ffdddd; PADDING: 0px; }

.toolbar  {
    margin: 0px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

.toolbar td  {
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
    color: #ccc;
}

td.noformatting {
    border-width: 0px;
    border-style: none;
    text-align: center;
	padding: 0px;
}

.commentblock {
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}

/*
 * Divs displaying the license information, if necessary.
 */
.license-eval, .license-none, .license-nonprofit {
    border-top: 1px solid #bbbbbb;
    text-align: center;
    font-size: 10px;
    font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}

.license-eval, .license-none {
    background-color: #ffcccc;
}

.license-eval b, .license-none b {
    color: #990000
}

.license-nonprofit {
    background-color: #ffffff;
}

/*
 * The shadow at the bottom of the page between the main content and the
 * "powered by" section.
 */
.bottomshadow {
    height: 12px;
    background-image: url("$req.contextPath/images/border/border_bottom.gif");
    background-repeat: repeat-x;
}

/*
 * Styling of the operations box
 */
.navmenu .operations li, .navmenu .operations ul {
    list-style: none;
    margin-left: 0;
    padding-left: 0;
}

.navmenu .operations ul {
    margin-bottom: 9px;
}

.navmenu .label {
    font-weight: inherit;
}

/*
 * Styling of ops as a toolbar
 */
.toolbar div {
    display: none;
}

.toolbar .label {
    display: none;
}

.toolbar .operations {
    display: block;
}

.toolbar .operations ul {
    display: inline;
    list-style: none;
    margin-left: 10px;
    padding-left: 0;
}

.toolbar .operations li {
    list-style: none;
    display: inline;
}

/* list page navigational tabs */
#foldertab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 11px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#foldertab li {
list-style: none;
margin: 0;
display: inline;
}

#foldertab li a {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
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<div id="PageContent">
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<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21">GMOxDOC21</a>
:
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/RESTful+Web+Services">RESTful
Web Services</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/RESTful+Web+Services">RESTful
Web Services</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~hcunico">Hernan
Cunico</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Jul 01, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    <p>
      Change summary:
      <div class="greybox wiki-content"><p>some minor editing, removed redundant
"simplifies ... much simpler"</p></div>
    </p>
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=89343&originalVersion=3&revisedVersion=4">(View
changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
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table.ScrollbarTable  {border: none;padding: 3px;width: 100%;padding: 3px;margin: 0px;background-color:
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/*]]>*/</style><div class="Scrollbar"><table class='ScrollbarTable'><tr><td
class='ScrollbarPrevIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Migrating+from+JAX-RPC+to+JAX-WS"><img
border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/back_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td><td
width='33%' class='ScrollbarPrevName'><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Migrating+from+JAX-RPC+to+JAX-WS">Migrating
from JAX-RPC to JAX-WS</a>&nbsp;</td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarParent'><sup><a
href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Web+services"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/up_16.gif'
width='8' height='8'></a></sup><a href="/confluence/display/GMOxDOC21/Web+services">Web
services</a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarNextName'>&nbsp;</td></tr></table></div>
<p>This article will take you through the some of basic concepts involved in RESTful
Service. </p>

<div>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-WhatisREST%3F'>What is REST?</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-RESTfulWebServices'>RESTful Web Services</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-XMLMessageLevel'>XML Message Level</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-RESTAdvantages'>REST Advantages</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-WorldWideWeb'>World Wide Web</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-ToolstodevelopREST'>Tools to develop REST</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-WhoareusingREST%3F'>Who are using REST?</a></li>
  <li><a href='#RESTfulWebServices-Future'>Future</a></li>
</ul></div>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-WhatisREST%3F"></a>What is REST?</h1>
<p>The acronym REST stands for <b>REpresentational State Transfer</b>, this
basically means that each unique URI is a representation of some object.</p>

<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='tipMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col
width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/check.gif"
width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td><b class="strong">URI
&amp; URL</b><br />
<p>URI(Uniform Resource Identifier) is used throughout this tutorial. If it makes you
feel better, cross it out and use URL instead.</p></td></tr></table>

<p>In the web services world, REpresentational State Transfer (REST) is a key design
idiom that embraces a stateless client-server architecture in which the web services are viewed
as resources and can be identified by their URIs. Web service clients that want to use these
resources can get a content of using HTTP GET, modify the content using HTTP POST or HTTP
UPDATE or delete the resource using HTTP DELETE.</p>

<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='infoMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col
width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/information.gif"
width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td><b class="strong">REST
- An Architectural Style, Not a Standard</b><br />
<p>REST is not a standard. You will not see the W3C putting out a REST specification.
Because REST is just an architectural style. You can design your web services in that style
by understanding it.</p></td></tr></table>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-RESTfulWebServices"></a>RESTful Web Services</h1>
<p>Systems which follow REST principles are often referred to as RESTful. RESTful Web
Services is one among them and simplifies the development of web services when compared to
SOAP Web Services. The <b>Java API for XML Web Services (JAX-WS)</b> provides
full support for building and deploying RESTful Web Services.</p>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-XMLMessageLevel"></a>XML Message Level</h1>
<p>In RESTful Web Services applications commonly work at XML message level which unlocks
full potential of utilizing the web service. Although this has a downside by increasing complexity
of client applications, compared to the significant ease of developing services its just a
very little bump on the road. JAX-WS provides a generic <b>Provider</b> and <b>Dispatch</b>
interface to access the message payload using low level API.</p>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-RESTAdvantages"></a>REST Advantages</h1>
<ul>
	<li>The Web Services are completely stateless</li>
	<li>Light Weight</li>
	<li>No security issues with firewalls</li>
	<li>Human Readable results</li>
	<li>Relative ease and reduction in time to develop services.</li>
</ul>


<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='infoMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col
width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/information.gif"
width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td><b class="strong">Security
Issues</b><br />
<p>Because firewalls don't understand the meaning of SOAP messages, they never let those
messages pass whereas REST messages don't have this problem because they only use what is
specified in HTTP standard.</p></td></tr></table>

<p>And REST is definitely the trendy way to develop web services if creating web services
could be ever trendy.</p>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-WorldWideWeb"></a>World Wide Web</h1>
<p>The World Wide Web is the key example of a RESTful design. Much of it conforms to
the REST principles. REST itself draws much of its design from the current design of World
Wide Web to be compatible with it.</p>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-ToolstodevelopREST"></a>Tools to develop
REST</h1>
<p>This is the area where REST is stumbling by a lack of companies to support development
of REST. But As the REST services are easy to build, theoretically any HTTP-compliant tool
could be used to develop RESTful Services. In Java, JAX-WS provides adequate support for REST
Services to develop and consume.</p>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-WhoareusingREST%3F"></a>Who are using REST?</h1>
<p>RESTful Web Services isn't some obscure thing that is introduced in this tutorial.
It has already got a quite plenty support from many companies. A few listed are:</p>
<ul>
	<li>Yahoo! - All Yahoo API's Web Services uses REST including Flickr etc</li>
	<li>Google - <b>Google Adsense Search</b> and <b>Google Maps</b>
are two good examples for RESTful services implemented by Google</li>
	<li>Amazon</li>
	<li>EBay</li>
	<li>del.ico.us</li>
</ul>


<p>Many other companies admire REST Serviced and the list will be pretty big if each
and every company is listed.</p>

<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='tipMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col
width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/check.gif"
width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td>
<p>If you want to know when to use REST sevices and when to use SOAP, you can refer
to the following link for a better understanding <span class="nobr"><a href="http://java.sun.com/developer/technicalArticles/WebServices/restful/"
title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">http://java.sun.com/developer/technicalArticles/WebServices/restful/<sup><img
class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle"
alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></p></td></tr></table>

<h1><a name="RESTfulWebServices-Future"></a>Future</h1>
<p>RESTful Web Services have been recently introduced when compared to SOAP services
which are sufficiently established. In addition, the future holds the possibility of describing
RESTful web services for tools to consume, which will further simplify the developer's experience.</p></div>


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