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From "Jarek Gawor" <>
Subject Re: using Resource Bundles for message strings
Date Tue, 26 Feb 2008 20:33:20 GMT
Some thoughts:

1) Each module or plugin should have its own resource file.

2) Messages should be formatted using java.text.MessageFormat. The
substitution arguments should be arbitrary objects (not just strings)
and should be passed using varargs.

3) As soon as we encode the module or group id into the key or
whatever, it will become invalid or inaccurate. It's a maintenance
mess in my opinion. I think the key should just be a simple string
without any additional encoded information. We can inject some extra
info as the message is displayed but the key should be very simple.


On Tue, Feb 26, 2008 at 10:30 AM, B.J. Reed <> wrote:
> I have written a patch to get Geronimo messages from a common set of
>  resource bundles.  Included in the patch is the
>,, and the
>  start of the file.
>  The patch should be unzipped into the
>  trunk/framework/modules/geronimo-common directory.  Please take a look
>  and provide suggestions/comments/etc.  I would like to really begin
>  moving messages into this common file - probably a module at a time.
>  Questions/Answers
>  1) How do I use the new class in the Geronimo code?  So that we don't
>  load the list of messages and keys multiple times, the
>  GeronimoMessageBundle is a singleton.  Simply make a call to
>  GeronimoMessageBundle.getInstance() and then make the appropriate
>  getMessage call.  For starters, I have made the message key the message
>  number that will show up as part of the message.  Also provided is a way
>  to substitute parts of the message with substitution strings.
>  2) Is there a numbering standard for the key?  The standard that I have
>  started for the message key is as follows:
>  mmmmlxxxx
>     mmmm - 4 char module name abbreviation
>     l - one char level (E - error, W - warning, I - information
>     xxxx - 4 digit error number
>  Since I haven't gotten very far...if there is a better suggestion, then
>  it will be easier to change this sooner rather than later.
>  3)  Tell me more about the string substitutions.  To make messages more
>  flexible, placeholders can be put in the messages that look like {0} {1}
>  etc.  An ArrayList can be passed in to the getMessage method that will
>  be used to replace the placeholders.  This way, if a language needs the
>  replacements in a different order, the code will not need to be changed.
>  4)  How do I add a language?  At this time, the
> is included in the geronimo-common.jar.
>  The easiest thing that I have found is to copy the .properties file to
>  an apprpriate locale named file  ( (for
>  German) or for German in
>  Switzerland).  Re-create the geronimo-common.jar file.  Right now, the
>  machine locale is used.  After we have several translations, we may want
>  to add something to the Admin Console to allow an administrator to set
>  the locale.
>  5)  Is there a way to have the .properties file(s) outside of the jar?
>  I'm sure there is, but I haven't stumbled across it yet.  That's
>  actually where I've been banging my head the last few days.
>  6)  I also envision that when we have all the messages in the common
>  file, that it will be very easy to have a troubleshooting section on our
>  website that gives more in depth knowledge about each message.
>  I will begin writing 2.2 documentation from the above questions.
>  This is just for message translation, so I believe that we'll need to
>  come up with other methods for the Admin Console and possibly the
>  Eclipse plugin if we want to have everything translatable.
>  -- B.J. Reed

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