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From "Dain Sundstrom (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Closed: (GERONIMO-90) Connection Management preview
Date Mon, 31 Oct 2005 19:58:57 GMT
     [ ]
Dain Sundstrom closed GERONIMO-90:

> Connection Management preview
> -----------------------------
>          Key: GERONIMO-90
>          URL:
>      Project: Geronimo
>         Type: Improvement
>   Components: core
>     Reporter: Gianny Damour
>  Attachments: patch-preview-conManager.jar
> Proposal for the Connection Management section of the JCA specifications.
> GeronimoConnectionManager:
> The ConnectionManager spi interface has been implemented and delegates the allocation
of connection handles to a pool of ManagedConnection. By now, the ConnectionManager is really
simple: it delegates directly to the pool. However, one needs to hook-in the Transaction and
Security services in the allocateConnection method. AFAIK, it should be a ?simple? task: a
ConnectionFactory MUST ? required by the specifications ? call allocateConnection in the same
thread than the application component requesting this connection. In other words, two ThreadLocal
(one related to our TM and one related to our Security Manager) should do the trick.
> Partition:
> The specifications do not define how connection pooling should be implemented. However,
some non-prescriptive guidelines have been provided. One of them is to partition this pool.
This is basically what I have decided to implement: The pool is partition on a per-ManagedConnectionFactory
basis. By now, it is further partitioned on an idle, active, factory, destroy basis. The general
idea of this design is to define distinct set of behavior depending on the kind of partition.
> Examples:
> The factory partition is in charge of creating/allocating new connection handles. When
its allocateConnection method is called, it decides if a new ManagedConnection should be created
or if an existing one can be re-used. 
> The XA partition (to be implemented) is in charge of creating/allocating new transacted
connection handles. When its allocateConnection is called, it enlists the ManagedConnection
with our TM and then gets a connection handle from this enlisted ManagedConnection.
> PartitionEventSupport, PartitionEvent and PartitionListener:
> Inter-partition events can be propagated via an AWT like event model. This mechanism
is used for example by the factory partition: It monitors the idle and destroy partitions
in order to decide how to serve a new allocation request. More accurately, if a ManagedConnection
is added to the idle partition, then a permit to try a matchManagedConnection is added. If
a ManagedConnection is added to the destroy partition, then a permit to create a new ManagedConnection
is added.
> PartitionRecycler and PartitionRecycling:
> Partitions may be recycled. For instance, if a ManagedConnection seats idle too long
time, then this ManagedConnection may be eligible for recycling (destroy in the case of idle
> LoggerFactory:
> The inner workings of ManagedConnectionFactory and ManagedConnection can be tracked via
a PrintWriter. LoggerFactory defines the contract to obtain a PrintWriter factory backed by
various output streams.
> Open issues:
> GeronimoConnectionManager MUST be Serializable. I believe that this requirement is to
support Serializable but not Referenceable ConnectionFactory. The current implementation is
a rather big instance (extends AbstractContainer) and should not. Moreover the connection
pool used by the implementation is declared as transient and should not (One needs to define
a mechanism ? I do not want a JMX lookup because this is definitively (?) not the right bus
to push allocation requests - to get an handle on the pool w/o having to reference it).
> A thorough code coverage/review MUST be done. The goal is to make sure that the implementation
is thread-safe. The implementation has been stressed with 10 concurrent clients, which open
and close 100 times a connection. During this stress, no concurrent modification exceptions
has been raised (it always breaks when you do not want).
> The current implementation uses dumb synchronization. One should consider the concurrent
API developed by Doug Lea. The stress test (20 concurrent clients, 100 requests) has been
executed in ~7500 ms on my box (P4 2GHz). However, it does not scale well based on the maximum
number of ManagedConnection, which is a pity for a pool. I have identified the issue: when
idle connections are available, the matchManagedConnection is invoked under synchronization
in order to reserve all the ManagedConnection passed to this method.

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