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From "Ivan Dubrov (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Created: (GERONIMO-724) Nested transactions do not work correctly
Date Thu, 07 Jul 2005 05:42:10 GMT
Nested transactions do not work correctly

         Key: GERONIMO-724
     Project: Geronimo
        Type: Bug
  Components: transaction manager  
    Versions: 1.0-M4    
 Environment: Geronimo snapshot built on the 2005/06/30
Embedded Derby
    Reporter: Ivan Dubrov
    Priority: Critical

I have the following code in my business logic EJB stateless bean:

// Create User entity and Account entity
UserLocal user = userHome.create(group, data);
AccountLocal account = accountHome.create(user);

This is the ejbCreate and ejbPostCreate for the Account EJB:

public Long ejbCreate(UserLocal user) {
    try {
        Long id = new Long(IdGeneratorUtil.getHome().create().generateId());
        return id;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new EJBException(e);
public void ejbPostCreate(UserLocal user) {
    setUser(user); // Set reference to the User entity

This is the snippet from the DDL, note that account references the USERS table:


The IdGenerator is the standard EJB pattern for generating identifiers - Entity with counter
behind Session. I have the following trasnactions attributes (TA):

All entities (User and Account) have TA = "Mandatory".
Business logic (that creates Users and Accounts) EJB has TA = "Required"
IdGenerator EJB have TA = "RequiresNew", so the identifier is generated in the nested transaction.

This should work, since creation of both entities is done in single transaction (that is suspended
several times when identifier generation is invoked). So, this transaction contains two database
inserts - for User and for Account. Since both rows should be commited at once, the reference
in the Account table is satisfied.

But I get the exception (sometimes, sometimes it just works)). Here is the snippet from it:

Caused by: SQL Exception: INSERT on table 'ACCOUNTS' caused a violation of foreign key constraint
'SQL050705051513661' for key (72).  The statement has been rolled back.
        at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.Util.generateCsSQLException(
        at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.TransactionResourceImpl.wrapInSQLException(

It looks like the row into the ACCOUNTS table is inserted (and commited) not in the same transaction
as row inserted into the USERS table, and even before the row inserted (and commited) into
the USERS.

If I change transaction attribute for the IdGenerator stateless bean from RequiresNew to Required
everything it alway works, so the problem seems like due to the nested transactions (maybe,

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