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From "Pedro M. Zamboni (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (FREEMARKER-21) Reference to the object in condition - avoid repeating the same in #if and ${...}
Date Mon, 13 Feb 2017 17:26:42 GMT


Pedro M. Zamboni commented on FREEMARKER-21:

bq. \[…] I know pretty much all the unspeakable horrors of FM2, but that it throws an exception
there \[…] is not among them \[…]

Okay, maybe I’m just not “thinking Freemarker” enough yet, then 😜.

However, I do still have an idea about how to better handle absent values in Freemarker.

bq. \[…] {{(...)!exp}} is basically an {{InvalidReferenceException}} exception handler facility

That’s really interesting. It seems that it is, indeed, able to handle exceptions that happened
anywhere in the execution of the left‐hand‐side. For example, the following _does_ output

<#function foo>
    <#return "Hello!">


Makes me wonder how {{has_content}} works. Since {{absent}} would throw an exception (if there
is no variable named “{{absent}}”), the {{has_content}} part in {{absent?has_content}}
would never have a chance to execute.

bq. \[…] and that's something I do want to change in FM3 \[…]

I think I have a solution that you might like. It doesn’t allow you to dangerous things
(such as outputting an absent value or storing it in a variable), but it would also mean that
{{!}} and {{??}} would not be able to handle exceptions that might have happened deep inside
the function call stack (for that you should be using {{attempt}}/{{recover}} anyway).

I’d love to post the suggestion here, but…

bq. FM3 related stuff should be discussed on the dev list.

So I’ll post it there.

Thanks for your attention 😃!

> Reference to the object in condition - avoid repeating the same in #if and ${...}
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: FREEMARKER-21
>                 URL:
>             Project: Apache Freemarker
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: engine
>            Reporter: Ondra Žižka
> Repeating stuff is annoying, especially in programming.
> Therefore this is annoying:
> {code}
> <#if someVariable.someMethod.someProperty??>
> <div>${someVariable.someMethod.someProperty}</div>
> </#if>
> {code}
> This would be better:
> {code}
> <#if someVariable.someMethod.someProperty?? as value>
> <div>${value}</div>
> </#if>
> {code}
> Not talking about the fact that it could only be evaluated once.

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