In most places where you use collect(), you should be able to use a broadcast variable to the same extend. This keeps the plan as one DAG, executed in one unit, so no re-computation will happen.

Intermediate result caching is actually a work that has been in progress for a while, but has stalled for a bit due to prioritization of some other issues. It will be resumed in the near future, definitely. Too many parts are already in place to not complete this feature...


On Sat, Sep 12, 2015 at 6:44 PM, Michele Bertoni <michele1.bertoni@mail.polimi.it> wrote:
ok, I think I got the point: I don’t have two execute but a collect in some branch
I will look for a way to remove it

What I am doing is to keep all the elements of A that as value equal to something in B, where B (at this point) is very small
Is it better to collect or a cogroup?

btw is something you expect to solve i further versions?


Il giorno 12/set/2015, alle ore 16:27, Stephan Ewen <sewen@apache.org> ha scritto:

Fabian has explained it well. All functions are executed lazily as one DAG, when "env.execute()" is called.

Beware that there are three exceptions:
  - count()
  - collect()
  - print()

These functions trigger an immediate program execution (they are "eager" functions). They will execute all that is needed for produce their result. Summing up:


One execution in this case (result "a" is reused by "b" and "c")

a = env.createInput() -> map() -> reduce() -> filter()

b = a.flatmap()
c = a.groupBy() -> reduce()




Two executions in this case ("a" is computed twice, once for "b" and once for "c")

a = env.createInput() -> map() -> reduce() -> filter()

b = a -> flatmap() -> count()
c = a -> groupBy() -> reduce().collect()



On Sat, Sep 12, 2015 at 11:31 AM, Fabian Hueske <fhueske@gmail.com> wrote:
Hi Michele,

Flink programs can have multiple sinks.
In your program, the intermediate result a will be streamed to both filters (b and c) at the same time and both sinks will be written at the same time.
So in this case, there is no need to materialize the intermediate result a.

If you call execute() after you defined b, the program will compute a and stream the result only to b.
If you call execute() again after you defined c, the program will compute a again and stream the result to c.

Flink programs can usually stream intermediate results without materializing them. There are a few cases where it needs to materialize intermediate results in order to avoid deadlocks, but these are fully transparently handled.
It is not possible (yet!) to share results across program executions, i.e., whenever you call execute().

I suppose, you call execute() between defining b and c. If you execute that call, a will be computed once and both b and c are computed at the same time.

Best, Fabian

2015-09-12 11:02 GMT+02:00 Michele Bertoni <michele1.bertoni@mail.polimi.it>:
Hi everybody, I have a question about internal optimization
is flink able to reuse intermediate result that are used twice in the graph?

a = readsource -> filter -> reduce -> something else even more complicated

b = a filter(something)
store b

c = a filter(something else)
store c

what happens to a? is it computed twice?

in my read function I have a some logging commands and I see the printed twice, but it sounds strange to me