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From "ASF GitHub Bot (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (FLINK-4116) Document metrics
Date Wed, 29 Jun 2016 16:41:43 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/FLINK-4116?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=15355469#comment-15355469
] 

ASF GitHub Bot commented on FLINK-4116:
---------------------------------------

Github user tillrohrmann commented on a diff in the pull request:

    https://github.com/apache/flink/pull/2158#discussion_r68981623
  
    --- Diff: docs/apis/common/index.md ---
    @@ -1350,3 +1350,397 @@ You may specify program arguments before the job is executed.
The plan visualiza
     the execution plan before executing the Flink job.
     
     {% top %}
    +
    +Metrics
    +-------------------
    +
    +Flink exposes a metric system that allows gathering and exposing metrics to external
systems.
    +
    +### Registering metrics
    +
    +You can access the metric system from any user function that extends [RichFunction]({{
site.baseurl }}/apis/common/index.html#rich-functions) by calling `getRuntimeContext().getMetricGroup()`.
    +This method returns a `MetricGroup` object on which you can create and register new metrics.
    +
    +### Metric types
    +
    +Flink supports `Counters`, `Gauges` and `Histograms`.
    +
    +#### Counter
    +
    +A `Counter` is used to count something. The current value can be in- or decremented using
`inc()/inc(long n)` or `dec()/dec(long n)`.
    +You can create and register a `Counter` by calling `counter(String name)` on a MetricGroup.
    +
    +{% highlight java %}
    +
    +public class MyMapper extends RichMapFunction<String, Integer> {
    +  private Counter counter;
    +
    +  @Override
    +  public void open(Configuration config) {
    +    // create and register a counter
    +    this.counter = getRuntimeContext().getMetricGroup().counter("myCounter");
    +    ...
    +  }
    +
    +  @public Integer map(String value) throws Exception {
    +    // increment counter
    +    this.counter.inc();
    +    ...
    +  }
    +}
    +
    +{% endhighlight %}
    +
    +Alternatively you can also use your own `Counter` implementation:
    +
    +{% highlight java %}
    +
    +public class MyMapper extends RichMapFunction<String, Integer> {
    +  ...
    +
    +  @Override
    +  public void open(Configuration config) {
    +    // register a custom counter
    +    this.counter = getRuntimeContext().getmetricGroup().counter("myCustomCounter", new
CustomCounter());
    +    ...
    +  }
    +  ...
    +}
    +
    +{% endhighlight %}
    +
    +#### Gauge
    +
    +A `Gauge` provides a value of any type on demand. In order to use a `Gauge` you must
first create a class that implements the `org.apache.flink.metrics.Gauge` interface.
    +There is not restriction for the type of the returned value.
    +You can register a gauge by calling `gauge(String name, Gauge gauge)` on a MetricGroup.
    +
    +{% highlight java %}
    +
    +public class MyMapper extends RichMapFunction<String, Integer> {
    +  private int valueToExpose;
    +
    +  @Override
    +  public void open(Configuration config) {
    +    // register the gauge
    +    getRuntimeContext().getmetricGroup().gauge("MyGauge", new Gauge<Integer>()
{
    +      @Override
    +      public Integer getValue() {
    +        return valueToExpose;
    +      }});
    +    ...
    +  }
    +  ...
    +}
    +
    +{% endhighlight %}
    +
    +#### Histogram
    +
    +A Histogram measure the distribution of long values.
    +You can register one by calling histogram(String name, Histogram histogram) on a MetricGroup.
    +
    +{% highlight java %}
    +public class MyMapper extends RichMapFunction<Long, Integer> {
    +  private Histogram histogram;
    +
    +  @Override
    +  public void open(Configuration config) {
    +    // create and register a counter
    +    this.histogram = getRuntimeContext().getMetricGroup().histogram("myHistogram", new
MyHistogram());
    +    ...
    +  }
    +
    +  @public Integer map(Long value) throws Exception {
    +    this.histogram.update(value);
    +    ...
    +  }
    +}
    +{% endhighlight %}
    +
    +Flink only provides an interface for Histograms, but offers a Wrapper that allows usage
of Codahale/DropWizard Histograms. (org.apache.flink.dropwizard.metrics.DropWizardHistogramWrapper)
    +This wrapper is contained in the `flink-metrics-dropwizard` module.
    +
    +### Scope
    +
    +Every registered metric has an automatically assigned scope which represents the entities
it is tied to. By default a metric that is registered in a user function will be scoped to
the operator in which the function runs, the task/job it belongs to and the taskManager/host
it is executed on. This is referred to as the "system scope".
    +
    +You can define an additonal "user scope" by calling the either `MetricGroup#addGroup(String
name)` or `MetricGroup#addGroup(int name)`.
    +
    +{% highlight java %}
    +
    +counter = getRuntimeContext().getMetricGroup().addGroup("MyMetrics").counter("myCounter");
    +
    +{% endhighlight %}
    +
    +The name under which a metric is exported is based on both scopes and the name passed
in the `counter()` call. The order is always \<system_scope>\<user_scope>\<name>.
    +
    +The system scope allows the reported name to contain contextual information like the
name of job it was registered in without requiring the user to pass this information manually.
    +
    +How the system scope affects the reported name for a metric can be modified by setting
the following keys in the flink-conf.yaml. 
    +Each of these keys expect a format string that may contain constants (e.g. "taskmanager")
and variables (e.g. "\<task_id>") which will be replaced at runtime.
    +
    +- `metrics.scope.jm`
    +  - Default: \<host>.jobmanager
    +  - Applied to all metrics that were scoped to a jobmanager.
    +- `metrics.scope.jm.job`
    +  - Default: \<host>.jobmanager.\<job_name>
    +  - Applied to all metrics that were scoped to a jobmanager and job.
    +- `metrics.scope.tm`
    +  - Default: \<host>.taskmanager.\<tm_id>
    +  - Applied to all metrics that were scoped to a taskmanager.
    +- `metrics.scope.tm.job`
    +  - Default: \<host>.taskmanager.\<tm_id>.\<job_name>
    +  - Applied to all metrics that were scoped to a taskmanager and job.
    +- `metrics.scope.tm.task`
    +  - Default: \<host>.taskmanager.\<tm_id>.\<job_name>.\<task_name>.\<subtask_index>
    +   - Applied to all metrics that were scoped to a task.
    +- `metrics.scope.tm.operator`
    +  - Default: \<host>.taskmanager.\<tm_id>.\<job_name>.\<operator_name>.\<subtask_index>
    +  - Applied to all metrics that were scoped to an operator.
    +
    +Note that for metrics for which multiple formats may apply (like jm and jm.job) the most
specific format takes precedence,
    +in this case jm.job.
    +
    +The hierarchical orders are as follows:
    +
    +jm < jm.job 
    +
    +tm < tm.job < tm.task < tm.operator
    +
    +This hierarchy also defines which variables may be accessed. The `tm.operator` format
may contain variables for jobs, whereas `tm.job` may not contain
    +variables for operators. There is no restriction on order of variables.
    +
    +There is no restriction on the order of variables.
    +
    +The default scope for operator metrics will result in a metric name akin to `localhost.taskmanager.1234.MyJob.MyOperator.0`
    +
    +If you also want to include the task name, but omit the taskmanager information you can
specify the following format:
    +
    +`metrics.scope.tm.operator: \<host>.\<job_name>.\<task_name>.\<operator_name>.\<subtask_index>`
    --- End diff --
    
    Do we need the `\` in front of the variables? They are also shown in the rendered html
document.


> Document metrics
> ----------------
>
>                 Key: FLINK-4116
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/FLINK-4116
>             Project: Flink
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Documentation, Metrics
>    Affects Versions: 1.1.0
>            Reporter: Chesnay Schepler
>            Assignee: Chesnay Schepler
>             Fix For: 1.1.0
>
>
> The metric system is currently not documented, which should be fixed before the 1.1 release.



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