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From paul-rogers <...@git.apache.org>
Subject [GitHub] drill pull request #928: DRILL-5716: Queue-driven memory allocation
Date Fri, 01 Sep 2017 21:51:03 GMT
Github user paul-rogers commented on a diff in the pull request:

    https://github.com/apache/drill/pull/928#discussion_r136669083
  
    --- Diff: exec/java-exec/src/main/java/org/apache/drill/exec/work/foreman/rm/DistributedQueryQueue.java
---
    @@ -0,0 +1,272 @@
    +/*
    + * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
    + * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
    + * distributed with this work for additional information
    + * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
    + * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
    + * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
    + * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
    + *
    + * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
    + *
    + * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
    + * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
    + * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
    + * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
    + * limitations under the License.
    + */
    +package org.apache.drill.exec.work.foreman.rm;
    +
    +import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
    +
    +import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;
    +
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.ExecConstants;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.coord.ClusterCoordinator;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.coord.DistributedSemaphore;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.coord.DistributedSemaphore.DistributedLease;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.proto.UserBitShared.QueryId;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.proto.helper.QueryIdHelper;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.server.DrillbitContext;
    +import org.apache.drill.exec.server.options.SystemOptionManager;
    +
    +/**
    + * Distributed query queue which uses a Zookeeper distributed semaphore to
    + * control queuing across the cluster. The distributed queue is actually two
    + * queues: one for "small" queries, another for "large" queries. Query size is
    + * determined by the Planner's estimate of query cost.
    + * <p>
    + * This queue is configured using system options:
    + * <dl>
    + * <dt><tt>exec.queue.enable</tt>
    + * <dt>
    + * <dd>Set to true to enable the distributed queue.</dd>
    + * <dt><tt>exec.queue.large</tt>
    + * <dt>
    + * <dd>The maximum number of large queries to admit. Additional
    + * queries wait in the queue.</dd>
    + * <dt><tt>exec.queue.small</tt>
    + * <dt>
    + * <dd>The maximum number of small queries to admit. Additional
    + * queries wait in the queue.</dd>
    + * <dt><tt>exec.queue.threshold</tt>
    + * <dt>
    + * <dd>The cost threshold. Queries below this size are small, at
    + * or above this size are large..</dd>
    + * <dt><tt>exec.queue.timeout_millis</tt>
    + * <dt>
    + * <dd>The maximum time (in milliseconds) a query will wait in the
    + * queue before failing.</dd>
    + * </dl>
    + * <p>
    + * The above values are refreshed every five seconds. This aids performance
    + * a bit in systems with very high query arrival rates.
    + */
    +
    +public class DistributedQueryQueue implements QueryQueue {
    +  private static final org.slf4j.Logger logger = org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getLogger(DistributedQueryQueue.class);
    +
    +  private class DistributedQueueLease implements QueueLease {
    +    private final QueryId queryId;
    +    private DistributedLease lease;
    +    private final String queueName;
    +    private long queryMemory;
    +
    +    public DistributedQueueLease(QueryId queryId, String queueName, DistributedLease
lease, long queryMemory) {
    +      this.queryId = queryId;
    +      this.queueName = queueName;
    +      this.lease = lease;
    +      this.queryMemory = queryMemory;
    +    }
    +
    +    @Override
    +    public String toString() {
    +      return String.format("Lease for %s queue to query %s",
    +          queueName, QueryIdHelper.getQueryId(queryId));
    +    }
    +
    +    @Override
    +    public long queryMemoryPerNode() { return queryMemory; }
    +
    +    @Override
    +    public void release() {
    +      DistributedQueryQueue.this.release(this);
    +    }
    +
    +    @Override
    +    public String queueName() { return queueName; }
    +  }
    +
    +  /**
    +   * Exposes a snapshot of internal state information for use in status
    +   * reporting, such as in the UI.
    +   */
    +
    +  @XmlRootElement
    +  public static class ZKQueueInfo {
    +    public final int smallQueueSize;
    +    public final int largeQueueSize;
    +    public final double queueThreshold;
    +    public final long memoryPerNode;
    +    public final long memoryPerSmallQuery;
    +    public final long memoryPerLargeQuery;
    +
    +    public ZKQueueInfo(DistributedQueryQueue queue) {
    +      smallQueueSize = queue.smallQueueSize;
    +      largeQueueSize = queue.largeQueueSize;
    +      queueThreshold = queue.queueThreshold;
    +      memoryPerNode = queue.memoryPerNode;
    +      memoryPerSmallQuery = queue.memoryPerSmallQuery;
    +      memoryPerLargeQuery = queue.memoryPerLargeQuery;
    +    }
    +  }
    +
    +  private long memoryPerNode;
    +  private int largeQueueSize;
    +  private int smallQueueSize;
    +  private SystemOptionManager optionManager;
    +  private ClusterCoordinator clusterCoordinator;
    +  private long queueThreshold;
    +  private long queueTimeout;
    +  private long refreshTime;
    +  private long memoryPerSmallQuery;
    +  private long memoryPerLargeQuery;
    +  private double largeToSmallRatio;
    +
    +  public DistributedQueryQueue(DrillbitContext context) {
    +    optionManager = context.getOptionManager();
    +    clusterCoordinator = context.getClusterCoordinator();
    +  }
    +
    +  @Override
    +  public void setMemoryPerNode(long memoryPerNode) {
    +    this.memoryPerNode = memoryPerNode;
    +    refreshConfig();
    +  }
    +
    +  private void assignMemory() {
    +
    +    // Divide up memory between queues using admission rate
    +    // to give more memory to larger queries and less to
    +    // smaller queries. We assume that large queries are
    +    // larger than small queries by a factor of
    +    // largeToSmallRatio.
    +
    +    double totalUnits = largeToSmallRatio * largeQueueSize + smallQueueSize;
    +    double memoryUnit = memoryPerNode / totalUnits;
    +    memoryPerLargeQuery = Math.round(memoryUnit * largeToSmallRatio);
    +    memoryPerSmallQuery = Math.round(memoryUnit);
    +
    +    logger.debug("Distributed queue memory config: total memory = {}, large/small memory
ratio = {}",
    +                 memoryPerNode, largeToSmallRatio);
    +    logger.debug("Small queue: {} slots, {} bytes per slot", smallQueueSize, memoryPerSmallQuery);
    +    logger.debug("Large queue: {} slots, {} bytes per slot", largeQueueSize, memoryPerLargeQuery);
    +  }
    +
    +  @Override
    +  public long getDefaultMemoryPerNode(double cost) {
    +    return (cost < queueThreshold) ? memoryPerSmallQuery : memoryPerLargeQuery;
    +  }
    +
    +  /**
    +   * This limits the number of "small" and "large" queries that a Drill cluster will
run
    +   * simultaneously, if queuing is enabled. If the query is unable to run, this will
block
    +   * until it can. Beware that this is called under run(), and so will consume a Thread
    +   * while it waits for the required distributed semaphore.
    +   *
    +   * @param queryId query identifier
    +   * @param totalCost the query plan
    +   * @throws QueryQueueException
    +   * @throws QueueTimeoutException
    +   */
    +
    +  @SuppressWarnings("resource")
    +  @Override
    +  public QueueLease enqueue(QueryId queryId, double cost) throws QueryQueueException,
QueueTimeoutException {
    +    final String queueName;
    +    DistributedLease lease = null;
    +    long queryMemory;
    +    final DistributedSemaphore distributedSemaphore;
    +    try {
    +
    +      // Only the refresh and queue computation is synchronized.
    +
    +      synchronized(this) {
    +        refreshConfig();
    +
    +        // get the appropriate semaphore
    +        if (cost >= queueThreshold) {
    +          distributedSemaphore = clusterCoordinator.getSemaphore("query.large", largeQueueSize);
    +          queueName = "large";
    +          queryMemory = memoryPerLargeQuery;
    +        } else {
    +          distributedSemaphore = clusterCoordinator.getSemaphore("query.small", smallQueueSize);
    +          queueName = "small";
    +          queryMemory = memoryPerSmallQuery;
    +        }
    +      }
    +      logger.debug("Query {} with cost {} placed into the {} queue.",
    +                   QueryIdHelper.getQueryId(queryId), cost, queueName);
    +
    +      lease = distributedSemaphore.acquire(queueTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
    --- End diff --
    
    Don't turn on queueing for high concurrency. This option should never be used for versions
of Drill designed for very high query rates.
    
    In such a high-concurrency scenario, the app using Drill might consider the in-process
queue based on Java concurrency objects. This would be particularly useful if the high-concurrency
case ran the query only in the Foreman Drillbit. Of course, if the goal is very high concurrency,
then queueing is not very useful as its whole point is to limit concurrency (to avoid overloading
memory and CPU.)
    
    In testing, the ZK queueing overhead turned out to be (surprisingly) quite negligible
for a normal, fully-distributed query. Probably the cost of one additional network request
is trivial compared to the number of network hops needed to get a distributed query running
across Drillbits.


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