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From "Paul Rogers (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (DRILL-5360) Timestamp type documented as UTC, implemented as local time
Date Thu, 16 Mar 2017 21:47:41 GMT
Paul Rogers created DRILL-5360:
----------------------------------

             Summary: Timestamp type documented as UTC, implemented as local time
                 Key: DRILL-5360
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DRILL-5360
             Project: Apache Drill
          Issue Type: Bug
    Affects Versions: 1.10.0
            Reporter: Paul Rogers


The Drill documentation implies that the {{Timestamp}} type is in UTC:

bq. JDBC timestamp in year, month, date hour, minute, second, and optional milliseconds format:
yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS. ... TIMESTAMP literals: Drill stores values in Coordinated Universal
Time (UTC). Drill supports time functions in the range 1971 to 2037. ... Drill does not support
TIMESTAMP with time zone.

The above is ambiguous. The first part talks about JDBC timestamps. From the JDK Javadoc:

bq. Timestamp: A thin wrapper around java.util.Date. ... Date class is intended to reflect
coordinated universal time (UTC)...

So, a JDBC timestamp is intended to represent time in UTC. (The "indented to reflect" statement
leaves open the possibility of misusing {{Date}} to represent times in other time zones. This
was common practice in early Java development and was the reason for the eventual development
of the Joda, then Java 8 date/time classes.)

The Drill documentation implies that timestamp *literals* are in UTC, but a careful read of
the documentation does allow an interpretation that the internal representation can be other
than UTC. If this is true, then we would also rely on a liberal reading of the Java `Timestamp`
class to also not be UTC. (Or, we rely on the Drill JDBC driver to convert from the (unknown)
server time zone to a UTC value returned by the Drill JDBC client.)

Still, a superficial reading (and common practice) would suggest that a Drill Timestamp should
be in UTC.

However, a test on a Mac, with an embedded Drillbit (run in the Pacific time zone, with Daylight
Savings Time in effect) shows that the Timestamp binary value is actual local time:

{code}
      long before = System.currentTimeMillis();
      long value = getDateValue(client, "SELECT NOW() FROM (VALUES(1))" );
      double hrsDiff = (value - before) / (1000.00 * 60 * 60);
      System.out.println("Hours: " + hrsDiff);
{code}

The above gets the actual UTC time from Java. Then, it runs a query that gets Drill's idea
of the current time using the {{NOW()}} function. (The {{getDateValue}} function uses the
new test framework to access the actual {{long}} value from the returned value vector.) Finally,
we compute the difference between the two times, converted to hours. Output:

{code}
Hours: -6.9999975
{code}

As it turns out, this is the difference between UTC and PDT. So, the time is in local time,
not UTC.

Since the documentation and implementation are both ambiguous, it is hard to know the intent
of the Drill Timestamp. Clearly, common practice is to use UTC. But, there is wiggle-room.

If the Timestamp value is supposed to be local time, then Drill should provide a function
to return the server's time zone offset (in ms) from UTC so that the client can to the needed
local-to-UTC conversion to get a true timestamp.

On the other hand, if the Timestamp is supposed to be UTC (per common practice), then {{NOW()}}
should not report local time, it should return UTC.

Further, if {{NOW()}} returns local time, but Timestamp literals are UTC, then it is hard
to see how any query can be rationally written if one timestamp value is local, but a literal
is UTC.

So, job #1 is to define the Timestamp semantics. Then, use that to figure out where the bug
lies to make implementation consistent with documentation (or visa-versa.)



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