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From Arina Yelchiyeva <arina.yelchiy...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: Dynamic UDFs support
Date Mon, 25 Jul 2016 13:55:39 GMT
Taking into account all previous comments and discussion we had with Parth
and Paul, please find below my design notes (I am going to prepare proper
design document, just want to see if all agree with raw version).
I propose will use lazy-init to dynamically loaded UDFs, in such case when
user issues CREATE UDF command, foreman will only validate jar and update
ZK function registry, and only if function is needed it will be loaded to
appropriate drillbit (during planning stage or fragment execution). We
might add listeners (as Paul proposed) to pre-load UDFs but I didn't
include it to current release to simplify solution but we might re-consider
I have looked at issue with class loading and unloading and if we ship each
jar with its own classloader, DELETE functionality can be introduced in
current release, at least marked as experimental or for developers use
only, to ease UDF development process.

Any comments are welcomed.


1. DFS staging area where user copies jar to be loaded

2. DFS udf area (former registration area) where all validated jars are

3. ZK function registry - contains list of all dynamically loaded UDFs and
their jars. UDF name will be represented as combination of name and input

4. Lazy-init - all dynamically loaded UDFs will be loaded to drillbit upon
request, i.e. if drillbits receives query or fragment that contains such UDF

5. Currently only CREATE and DELETE statements are supported

*Adding UDFs*

1. User copies source and binary (hereinafter jar) to DFS staging area
2. User issues CREATE UDF command
3. Foreman receives request to create UDF:
a) checks if jar is present in staging area
b) copies jar to temporary DFS location
c) validates UDFs present in jar locally:
1) copies jar to temporary local fs
2) scans jar using temporary classloader
3) checks if there are any duplicates in local function registry
4) returns list of UDFs to be registered
d) validates UDFs present in jar in ZK:
1) takes list of dynamically loaded UDFs from ZK
2) checks if there are no duplicates either by jar name or among UDFs
3) moves jar from DFS temporary area to DFS udf area
4) updates ZK with list of new dynamic UDFs
5) removes jar from staging area
6) returns confirmation to user that UDFs were registered


1. User issues query with dynamically loaded UDF.

2. During planning stage or fragment execution, if UDF is not present in
local function registry,  drillbit:

a) checks if such UDF is present in ZK function registry

b) if present, loads UDF using jar name, otherwise return an error

c) proceeds planning stage or fragment execution

*New drillbit registration / Drillbit re-start*

Local udf directory is re-created, to clean up previously loaded jars if any

*Delete UDF*

Each jar that going to be loaded dynamically will have its own classloader
which will solve problem with loading and unloading classes with the same

1. User issues DELETE command (delete will operate on jar name level)

2. Foreman receives DELETE request:

a) checks if such jar is present in ZK function registry

b) creates ephemeral znode /udf/delete/jar_name

c) removes record in ZK function registry

d) removes jar from DFS udf area

e) removes ephemeral znode from /udf/delete/jar_name

f) returns confirmation to user that UDFs were deleted

3. Drillbits are subscribed to /udf/delete znode, when new znode with jar
name appears, drillbit:

a) removes all UDFs associated with jar name from local function registry

b) removes jar from local udf directory


1. When user runs DELETE command, some queries that are using deleted UDFs
may fail during fragment execution if by that time UDF has been deleted
from local registry. Ideally, before submitting DELETE command, user needs
to make sure, no one is running queries using UDFs from that particular jar.

2. We encourage users not to delete any jars from DFS udf area manually, as
it may lead to inconsistency between ZK function registry and DFS udf area.

3. CREATE statement is not atomic in part when we copy validated jar to DFS
udf area and updating ZK function registry with list of new UDFs. In case
of failure between these two steps, some unused jars may be left in DFS udf
area but they won’t harm current process. LIST JARS command can be
introduced to show used jars.

Kind regards

On Fri, Jul 22, 2016 at 7:15 PM Keys Botzum <kbotzum@maprtech.com> wrote:

> No disagreement on deferral but I raised my initial concern precisely
> because I'm concerned about the practicality of the "restart the cluster"
> option. I  sighted my concerns about laptops and development clusters.  I
> was wondering if there might be some small things Drill could do to help.
> If there is nothing that can be done to make this easier, so be it, but I
> think that's going to be a big impedance.
> Keys
> _______________________________
> Keys Botzum
> Senior Principal Technologist
> kbotzum@maprtech.com <mailto:kbotzum@maprtech.com>
> 443-718-0098
> MapR Technologies
> http://www.mapr.com <http://www.mapr.com/>
> > On Jul 22, 2016, at 1:37 AM, Neeraja Rentachintala <
> nrentachintala@maprtech.com> wrote:
> >
> > It seems like we are reaching a conclusion here in terms of starting
> with a
> > simpler implementation i.e being able to deploy UDFs dynamically without
> > Drillbit restarts based off a jars in DFS location.  Dropping functions
> > dynamically is out of scope for version 1 of this feature (we assume
> > development of UDFs is happening on user laptop or a dev cluster where
> its
> > ok to have restart).
> >
> > -Neeraja
> >
> > On Thu, Jul 21, 2016 at 11:56 AM, Keys Botzum <kbotzum@maprtech.com>
> wrote:
> >
> >> Recognize the difficulty. Not suggesting this be addressed in first
> >> version. Just suggesting some thought about how a real user will
> >> workaround. Maybe some doc and/or small changes can make this easier.
> >>
> >> Keys
> >> _______________________________
> >> Keys Botzum
> >> Senior Principal Technologist
> >> kbotzum@maprtech.com
> >> 443-718-0098
> >> MapR Technologies
> >> http://www.mapr.com
> >> On Jul 21, 2016 1:45 PM, "Paul Rogers" <progers@maprtech.com> wrote:
> >>
> >>> Hi All,
> >>>
> >>> Adding a dynamic DROP would, of course, be a great addition! The reason
> >>> for suggesting we skip that was to control project scope.
> >>>
> >>> Dynamic DROP requires a synchronization step. Here’s the scenario:
> >>>
> >>> * Foreman A starts a query using UDF U.
> >>> * Foreman B receives a request to drop UDF U, followed by a request to
> >> add
> >>> a new version of U, U’.
> >>>
> >>> How do we drop a function that may be in use? There are some tricky
> bits
> >>> to work out, which seemed too overwhelming to consider all in one go.
> >>>
> >>> Clearly just dropping U and adding a new version of U with the same
> name
> >>> leads to issues if not synchronized. If a Drillbit D is running a query
> >>> with U when it receives notice to drop U, should D complete the query
> or
> >>> fail it? If the query completes, then how does D deal with the request
> to
> >>> register U’, which has the same name?
> >>>
> >>> Do we globally synchronize function deletion? (The foreman B that
> >> receives
> >>> the drop request waits for all queries using U to finish.) But, how do
> we
> >>> know which queries use U?
> >>>
> >>> An eventually consistent approach is to track the age of the oldest
> >>> running query. Suppose B drops U at time T. Any query received after T
> >> that
> >>> uses U will fail in planning. A new U’ can’t be registered until all
> >>> queries that started before T complete.
> >>>
> >>> The primary challenge we face in both the CREATE and DROP cases is that
> >>> Drill is distributed with little central coordination. That’s great for
> >>> scale, but makes it hard to design features that require coordination.
> >> Some
> >>> other tools solve this problem with a data dictionary (or “metastore").
> >>> Alas, Drill does not have such a concept. So a seemingly simple feature
> >>> like dynamic UDF becomes a major design challenge to get right.
> >>>
> >>> Thanks,
> >>>
> >>> - Paul
> >>>
> >>>> On Jul 21, 2016, at 7:21 AM, Neeraja Rentachintala <
> >>> nrentachintala@maprtech.com> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>> The whole point of this feature is to avoid Drill cluster restarts as
> >> the
> >>>> name indicates 'Dynamic' UDFs.
> >>>> So any design that requires restarts I would think would beat the
> >>> purpose.
> >>>>
> >>>> I also think this is an example of a feature we start with a simple
> >>> design
> >>>> to serve the purpose, take feedback on how it is being deployed/used
> in
> >>>> real user situations and improve it in subsequent releases.
> >>>>
> >>>> -thanks
> >>>> Neeraja
> >>>>
> >>>> On Thu, Jul 21, 2016 at 6:32 AM, Keys Botzum <kbotzum@maprtech.com>
> >>> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>> I think there are a lot of great ideas here. My one concern is the
> >> lack
> >>> of
> >>>>> unload and thus presumably replace functionality. I'm just thinking
> >>> about
> >>>>> typical actual usage.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> In a typical development cycle someone writes something, tries it,
> >>> learns,
> >>>>> changes it, and tries again. Assuming I understand the design that
> >>> change
> >>>>> step requires a full Drill cluster restart. That is going to be
> >>>>> disruptive and will make UDF work nearly impossible without a
> >> dedicated
> >>>>> "private" cluster for Drill. I realize that people should have access
> >> to
> >>>>> the data they need and Drill in a development cluster but even then
> >>>>> restarts can be hard since development clusters are often shared
> and
> >>>>> that's assuming such a cluster exists. I realize of course Drill
> >> be
> >>> run
> >>>>> as a standalone Drillbit but I'm not convinced that desktops will
> have
> >>>>> adequate access to the needed data.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Having dealt with Java classloading over the years, I'm not claiming
> >>> class
> >>>>> replacement is an easy thing so I'll defer to others on the priority
> >> of
> >>>>> that, but I'm wondering if there isn't some way to make UDF
> >>> experimentation
> >>>>> a bit easier/practical.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Given the above, let me toss out some possibly naive ideas that
> >>> are
> >>>>> workable:
> >>>>> * can I easily run a standalone Drillbit on a Hadoop cluster node
> that
> >>> is
> >>>>> already running Drill servers? I'm sure this can be done, but is
> >>> easy?
> >>>>> Could we perhaps make this clearer as an explicit kind of thing?
> >>>>> * is there a way that when I deploy a UDF I can constrain the #
> >> bits
> >>> it
> >>>>> is loaded into and perhaps even specify the bits?
> >>>>> * Obvious correlarary is I'd want my query to run on those bits
and a
> >>>>> not too disruptive way to restart just those bits
> >>>>>
> >>>>> The above may be obvious to Drill experts. If it is then perhaps
> >> UDF
> >>>>> docs could just point out how to easily develop UDFs in an iterative
> >>>>> fashion.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Keys
> >>>>> _______________________________
> >>>>> Keys Botzum
> >>>>> Senior Principal Technologist
> >>>>> kbotzum@maprtech.com <mailto:kbotzum@maprtech.com>
> >>>>> 443-718-0098
> >>>>> MapR Technologies
> >>>>> http://www.mapr.com <http://www.mapr.com/>
> >>>
> >>

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