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From Emmanuel Lecharny <>
Subject Some thoughts about the SchemaObjects
Date Thu, 02 Feb 2012 20:10:35 GMT
Hi guys,

today, we had a long discussion with Pierre-Arnaud about AT, schema and 
pathetic state of the planet. The last problem, we can't solve...

For the former issues, which has been raised when we started to try to 
extend the API to allow a user to add new Schema elements locally, we 
think that we must modify the current data structure for schema objects.

Here are a few brain dump and some examples :

First, the SchemaManager will only manage immutable SchemaObjects (ie, 
here, AttributeType), as there is no reason to allow someone to pull a 
SchemaObject from the SchemaManager and to modify it on the fly. That 
would be destructive for the sc hemaManager user, as it may impact other 

Now, for Studio, being able to pull an AT from teh SM, modify this AT 
and inject it back to the SM is useful.

We then discussed about Mutable and Immutable schema objects, and how 
they can help us solving this issue.

If a user want to modify an existing SchemaObject pulled from the 
SchemaManager must first make it mutable :

AttributeType attributeType = schemaManager.getAttributeType( "" );
MutableAttributeType mat = new MutableAttributeType( attributeType );

In this case, the resulting instance is a copy of the initial immutable 

In order to be able to implement such a proposal, the following 
hierarchy could be enough :

          o                                     ^
          |                                     |
{AbstractSchemaObject}                         |
          ^                                     |
          |                                     |

where (III) are interfaces, {AAA} are abstract classes and [CCC] are 
normal classes.

The base implementation is :

o (SchemaObject) expose all the SO getters.
o (MutableSchemaObject) interface expose the SO setters.
o {AbstractSchemaObject} implements the the SO getters
o [AttributeType] implements the AttributeType getters
o [MutableAttributeType] implements the AttributeType setters

(see an exemple at the end of this mail)

With those classes and interface, it's possible to hide the setters for 
a user manipulating an AT he got from the SchemaManager, but this user 
has the possibility to modify this AT by wrapping it into a new MutableAT.

In order to create new SchemaObject, a user can :

1) create a MutableSchemaObject, and get its immutable copy :

MutableAttributeType mutableAT = new MutableAttributeType();
mutableAT.setXXX( yyy );
AttributeType attributeType = new AttributeType( mutableAT );

2) create a new AttributeType using the RFC notation :

AttributeType attributeType = new AttributeType( "( NAME 
'attributeCertificateAttribute' DESC 'attribute certificate use ;binary' 
SYNTAX )" );

In any case, everything stored in the SchemaManager must be immutable.

public interface SchemaObject
     int getValue();

public abstract class AbstractSchemaObject implements SchemaObject
     // Protected to hide it from the user but modifiable by a MutableAT 
     protected int value;

     protected AbstractSchemaObject( int value )
         this.value = value;

     public int getValue()
         return value;

public class AttributeType extends AbstractSchemaObject
     // This is protected to be modifable by a MutableAT instance
     protected String descr;

     public AttributeType()
         super( 1 );
         descr = "Test";

     // A constructor creating an immutable AT from a MutableAT
     public AttributeType( MutableAttributeType attributeType )
         super( attributeType.getValue() );

         descr = attributeType.getDescr();

     public String getDescr()
         return descr;

public interface MutableSchemaObject
     void setValue( int value );

public class MutableAttributeType extends AttributeType implements 
     public MutableAttributeType()

     // A constructor creating a MutableAT from an AT
     public MutableAttributeType( AttributeType attributeType )

         value = attributeType.getValue();
         descr = attributeType.getDescr();

     public void setValue( int value )
         this.value = value;

     public void setDescr( String descr )
         this.descr = descr;

Thoughts ?

Emmanuel L├ęcharny

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