Emmanuel had a few questions on IRC about all the different test frameworks and what their differentiations are. He asked me to summarize and post them to the dev list.
We have the following modules that have some kind of test harness code:
The core-unit and server-unit modules both used the older JUnit 3.8.x to run integration tests (long running tests that started up large systems).
The core-unit tests the DirectoryService (core). The module contained an abstract JUnit test case which started up a DirectoryService and provided some utility methods for configuring it. This is in the src/main/java area. In the src/test/java area were located a bunch of tests using this abstract test case. The abstract test case was more for integration testing rathre than unit testing since it created, started, stopped and destroyed a DirectoryService for each test method. This took forever.
The server-unit module is similar to core-unit except it starts up an LdapServer which has a DirectoryService. Here the networking is enabled and tests are performed over the wire unlike the core which performs tests directly against the DirectoryService API without going through the network. Again a special AbstractServerTestCase was used to create, start, stop, and delete an LdapServer for each test method. Very slow!
About 8-12 months ago we created the ChangeLog service and added a feature to ApacheDS which enabled server snapshoting and rollbacks. This feature was first created with a trivial implementation to rollback changes during tests so the slow create, start, stop, destroy cycle for each test method can be replaced with a faster, create (tag, revert)*, destroy cycle for suites. The server did not need to be stopped, destroyed, recreated and restarted for each test anymore. A sweet framework was devised to automatically startup a DirectoryService and inject it into your test. The DirectoryService was managed by the framework for you and you can just operate on it. Annotations were also provided to enable you to be able to inject LDIFs as strings or via files referrenced in the annotations without having to write code. It really was nice and turned 12 minutes of core tests into less than 2 mintues of core tests on my workstation.
Then just a few days ago I finally whipped together a server-integ module which does the same thing but it manages the LdapServer for you in addition to the directoryService the LdapServer contains. The ldapServer is injected into your test class as a static public member. You just use that and it is reverted to a clean state as if the server was first started. All the same annotations are available.
These are the distinctions between these 4 modules. Hope that clarifies things.
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