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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Directory SandBox: 2. Groovy LDAP User Guide (page edited)
Date Tue, 17 Feb 2009 09:31:00 GMT
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</head>
<body>

<div id="PageContent">
<table class="pagecontent" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"><tr>
<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX">DIRxSBOX</a>
:
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/2.+Groovy+LDAP+User+Guide">2.
Groovy LDAP User Guide</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/2.+Groovy+LDAP+User+Guide">2.
Groovy LDAP User Guide</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~szoerner">Stefan
Zoerner</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Feb 17, 2009)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=60710&originalVersion=19&revisedVersion=20">(View
changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
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/*]]>*/</style><div class="Scrollbar"><table class='ScrollbarTable'><tr><td
class='ScrollbarPrevIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/1.+Download+Groovy+LDAP"><img
border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/back_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td><td
width='33%' class='ScrollbarPrevName'><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/1.+Download+Groovy+LDAP">1.
Download Groovy LDAP</a>&nbsp;</td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarParent'><sup><a
href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/Groovy+LDAP"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/up_16.gif'
width='8' height='8'></a></sup><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/Groovy+LDAP">Groovy
LDAP</a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarNextName'>&nbsp;<a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/3.+Groovy+LDAP+Implementation">3.
Groovy LDAP Implementation</a></td><td class='ScrollbarNextIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/3.+Groovy+LDAP+Implementation"><img
border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/forwd_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td></tr></table></div>

<h1><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-GroovyLDAPUserGuide"></a>Groovy LDAP
User Guide</h1>

<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='noteMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col
width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/warning.gif"
width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td><b class="strong">Work
in progress</b><br />
<p>This guide is work in progress and is written at the same time as Groovy LDAP integration
developes. The API may change. Feedback highly welcome.</p></td></tr></table>

<div>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-Prerequisites'>Prerequisites</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-Installation'>Installation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-ConnectiontoanLDAPserver'>Connection to
an LDAP server</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-BasicLDAPoperations'>Basic LDAP operations</a>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPaddoperation'>LDAP add operation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPdeleteoperation'>LDAP delete operation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPsearchoperation'>LDAP search operation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPcompareoperation'>LDAP compare operation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPmodifyoperation'>LDAP modify operation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPmodifyDNoperation'>LDAP modifyDN operation</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPextendedoperation'>LDAP extended operation</a></li>
</ul></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-AdditionstotheoriginalLDAPAPI'>Additions
to the original LDAP API</a>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAP.exists%28...%29%3ACheckingwhetheranentryexist'>LDAP.exists(...):
Checking whether an entry exist</a></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAP.read%28...%29%3AReadinganentrybyitsdistinguishedname'>LDAP.read(...):
Reading an entry by its distinguished name </a></li>
</ul></li>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPtheGroovyway'>LDAP the Groovy way</a>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-Performingsearcheswithclosures'>Performing
searches with closures</a></li>
</ul></li>
</ul></div>

<h2><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-Prerequisites"></a>Prerequisites</h2>

<ul>
	<li>Java SE 5 (JDK 1.5)</li>
	<li>Groovy 1.0</li>
</ul>


<h2><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-Installation"></a>Installation</h2>

<p>You only have to add the jar file <em>groovy-ldap.jar</em> with the <em>Groovy
LDAP</em> classes to the class path. If you plan to write Groovy scripts whoich use
the functionality, an easy option is to copy the library into the <em>lib</em>
folder of your Groovy installation.</p>

<p>That's it.</p>

<h2><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-ConnectiontoanLDAPserver"></a>Connection
to an LDAP server</h2>

<p>Main entry point is the class <em>LDAP</em> from the <em>org.apache.directory.groovyldap</em>
package (contained in <em>groovy-ldap.jar</em>). You obtain an instance via a
call to a static method <em>newInstance</em>, like this:</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.LDAP

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389/')
...</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The argument used here is the LDAP URL of your directory server and contains hostname
and port. This method as shown above is for anonymous binds. A variant of it expects the bind
name of a user and his/her credentials:</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">...
ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389/', 'uid=admin,ou=system', '******')
...</pre>
</div></div>

<p>Please note that <em>Groovy LDAP</em> uses JNDI and its configuration
facilities. This means that if you provide a <em>jndi.properties</em> file in
your class path, Groovy LDAP will take these parameters into account. This enables you to
keep your user name and password outside of the script code, for instance.</p>

<p>Like with JNDI with its <em>InitialContext</em>, calling newInstance
will <em>not</em> connect to the LDAP server immediately. This means that an authentication
will likely occur later (with the first operation).</p>

<h2><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-BasicLDAPoperations"></a>Basic LDAP operations</h2>

<p>Groovy LDAP basically supports the operations provided by the native LDAP protocol,
with some exceptions:</p>

<ul>
	<li>It is not necessary to connect explicitly to the server or to <em>bind</em>/<em>unbind</em>.
Groovy LDAP performs these operations automatically.</li>
	<li>LDAP controls are not supported yet</li>
	<li>No asynchronous calls are supported yet. Consequently, no <em>abandon</em>
operation is available in the API</li>
</ul>


<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPaddoperation"></a>LDAP add operation</h3>

<p>The <em>add</em> operation is used to create a new entry within the directory.</p>

<p>One option in Groovy LDAP is to define the attribute values of the new entry as a
Map. One <em>add</em> operation takes the distinguished name (DN) of the new entry
(as a String) and the attributes map as parameters. Here is an example:</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.LDAP

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389', 'uid=admin,ou=system' ,'******')

assert ! ldap.exists('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')

// define the attributes as a map
attrs = [
  objectclass: ['top', 'person'],              
  sn: 'Nova',
  cn: 'Heather Nova'
]
ldap.add('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com', attrs)

assert ldap.exists('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')</pre>
</div></div>

<p>In the <em>assert</em> expressions, the <em>exists</em> method
of Groovy LDAP is used. It checks whether an entry with this DN already exists (see below).
</p>

<p>If no error occurs, the script adds the following entry to the directory</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">dn: cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com
cn: Heather Nova
sn: Nova
objectClass: person
objectClass: top</pre>
</div></div>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPdeleteoperation"></a>LDAP delete
operation</h3>

<p>The <em>delete</em> operation is used to delete an existing entry within
the directory. As in the original LDAP protocol, only the deletion of leaf entries is allowed.
Deletion of a subtree of entries (for instance with the <em>Tree Delete Control</em>)
is not supported yet.</p>

<p>Here is an example script which uses the <em>delete</em> method from
Groovy LDAP.</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.LDAP

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389', 'uid=admin,ou=system' ,'******')

assert ldap.exists('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')

// delete the entry with the given DN
ldap.delete('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')

assert !ldap.exists('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')</pre>
</div></div>

<p>Note that if the given entry does not exist, calling <em>delete</em>
throws a javax.naming.NameNotFoundException. This is different to JNDI, where no error will
occur in this case. The behavior here imitates the original LDAP delete operation. In the
example script, this will not occur due to the <em>assert</em> statements.</p>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPsearchoperation"></a>LDAP search
operation</h3>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.*

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389/')

// search op
results = ldap.search('(objectClass=*)', 'dc=example,dc=com', SearchScope.ONE )
println "${results.size} entries found:"
for (entry in results) {
  println entry.dn
}</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The output looks like</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">3 entries found:
cn=Tori Amos,dc=example,dc=com
cn=Kate Bush,dc=example,dc=com
cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com</pre>
</div></div>

<p>Learn more about options on how to search within a directory in the <a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSBOX/5.+Groovy+LDAP+Reference"
title="5. Groovy LDAP Reference">Reference</a></p>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPcompareoperation"></a>LDAP compare
operation</h3>

<p>The <em>compare</em> operation is used to check attribute value assertions.</p>

<p>The following script adds an entry and uses <em>compare</em> several
times to demonstrate the different matching rules for attribute type <em>cn</em>
(case insensitive) and <em>userPassword</em> (case sensitive). </p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.LDAP

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389', 'uid=admin,ou=system' ,'******')

assert ! ldap.exists('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')

// define an entry for compare ops
attrs = [
  objectclass: ['top', 'person'],              
  sn: 'Nova',
  cn: 'Heather Nova',
  userPassword: 'secret'
]
ldap.add('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com', attrs)

assert ldap.exists('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')

assert ldap.compare('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com', [cn: 'Heather Nova'] )
assert ldap.compare('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com', [cn: 'HEATHER NOVA'] )

assert ldap.compare('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com', [userPassword: 'secret'] )
assert ! ldap.compare('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com', [userPassword: 'SECRET'] )

ldap.delete('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')</pre>
</div></div>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPmodifyoperation"></a>LDAP modify
operation</h3>

<p>I am not perfectly happy with the syntax for modify yet. Here are two calls that
perform modifications against the entry added above:</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.*

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389', 'uid=admin,ou=system' ,'secret')

dn = 'cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com'

// Adding a single attribute
//
descr = [ description: 'a singer-songwriter' ]
ldap.modify(dn, 'ADD', descr)

// performing two operations atomically
//
mods = [ 
    [ 'REPLACE', [description: 'a singer-songwriter, born in Bermuda'] ],
    [ 'ADD', [userPassword: 'secret'] ]
]
ldap.modify(dn, mods)</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The second call uses a list <em>mods</em> of modifications as an argument;
each modification consists of a list of two elements (a pair): the modification type and a
map with the attribute(s). </p>

<p>Afterwards, the entry looks like this in the directory</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">dn: cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com
cn: Heather Nova
sn: Nova
objectClass: person
objectClass: top
userpassword: secret
description: a singer-songwriter, born in Bermuda</pre>
</div></div>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPmodifyDNoperation"></a>LDAP modifyDN
operation</h3>

<p>Not implemented yet.</p>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPextendedoperation"></a>LDAP extended
operation</h3>

<p>Not implemented yet.</p>

<h2><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-AdditionstotheoriginalLDAPAPI"></a>Additions
to the original LDAP API</h2>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAP.exists%28...%29%3ACheckingwhetheranentryexist"></a>LDAP.exists(...):
Checking whether an entry exist</h3>

<p>implemented, but not documented yet</p>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAP.read%28...%29%3AReadinganentrybyitsdistinguishedname"></a>LDAP.read(...):
Reading an entry by its distinguished name </h3>

<p>I have included a <em>read</em> operation as in the Netscape API &#8211;
note that there is nothing like that in LDAP (you have to perform a search for it). Nevertheless,
it is quite handy to have it. In this example I have use an anonymous LDAP connection. My
LDAP server allows me to read entries without user and password (which is quite common). </p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.LDAP

ldap = LDAP.newInstance("ldap://zanzibar:10389")

// Simple entry lookup via dn
heather = ldap.read('cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com')

print """
DN: ${heather.dn}
Common name: ${heather.cn}
Object classes: ${heather.objectclass}
"""</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The output (if this entry exists) is</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">DN: cn=Heather Nova,dc=example,dc=com
Common name: Heather Nova
Object classes: ["person", "top"]</pre>
</div></div>

<h2><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-LDAPtheGroovyway"></a>LDAP the Groovy
way</h2>

<h3><a name="2.GroovyLDAPUserGuide-Performingsearcheswithclosures"></a>Performing
searches with closures</h3>

<p>There is a search variant in the <em>LDAP</em> class comparable to <em>eachRow</em>
in GSQL. It takes a closure as parameter. I have added the search base to the ldap URL. There
is also a variant which takes the base and a scope (defaults to subtree). </p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">import org.apache.directory.groovyldap.LDAP

ldap = LDAP.newInstance('ldap://zanzibar:10389/dc=example,dc=com')

ldap.eachEntry ('(objectClass=person)') { person -&gt;  
    println person.cn
}</pre>
</div></div>

<p>The output looks like</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">Tori Amos
Kate Bush
Heather Nova</pre>
</div></div>
</div>


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