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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Directory Server v1.5: 6.1 How to write a simple custom partition for ApacheDS (page edited)
Date Fri, 05 Dec 2008 17:00:03 GMT
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        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11">DIRxSRVx11</a> :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/6.1+How+to+write+a+simple+custom+partition+for+ApacheDS">6.1 How to write a simple custom partition for ApacheDS</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/6.1+How+to+write+a+simple+custom+partition+for+ApacheDS">6.1 How to write a simple custom partition for ApacheDS</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~elecharny">Emmanuel Lécharny</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Dec 05, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=103569&originalVersion=5&revisedVersion=6">(View changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><style type='text/css'>/*<![CDATA[*/
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/*]]>*/</style><div class="Scrollbar"><table class='ScrollbarTable'><tr><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarPrevName'>&nbsp;</td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarParent'><sup><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/6.+Extending+the+server"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/up_16.gif' width='8' height='8'></a></sup><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/6.+Extending+the+server">6. Extending the server</a></td><td width='33%' class='ScrollbarNextName'>&nbsp;<a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/6.2.+Implementing+an+Interceptor">6.2. Implementing an Interceptor</a></td><td class='ScrollbarNextIcon'><a href="/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/6.2.+Implementing+an+Interceptor"><img border='0' align='middle' src='/confluence/images/icons/forwd_16.gif' width='16' height='16'></a></td></tr></table></div>
<table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px' class='noteMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/warning.gif" width="16" height="16" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td><b class="strong">Be Careful</b><br />
<p>Work in progress. Any feedback highly appreciated!</p></td></tr></table>

<h1><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-WritingasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS"></a>Writing a simple custom partition for ApacheDS</h1>

<p>On the mailing list, people ask regularly on how to write a custom partition. If you simply plan to add another suffix to ApacheDS (besides dc=example,dc=com, for instance) in order to store data, it is not necessary to write any code. You can simply add some lines to the configuration. The following is for developers who plan to implement another storage mechanism than the provided default.</p>

<div>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Whatexactlyisapartition%3F'>What exactly is a partition?</a></li>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Helloworld.Aminimalpartition'>Hello world. A minimal partition</a>
<ul>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Thesources'>The sources</a></li>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-ImplementingtheclassHelloWorldPartition'>Implementing the class HelloWorldPartition </a></li>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Usingthepartition'>Using the partition</a></li>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Verification'>Verification</a></li>
</ul></li>
  <li><a href='#6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Tobecontinued'>To be continued</a></li>
</ul></div>

<h2><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Whatexactlyisapartition%3F"></a>What exactly is a partition?</h2>

<p>Within ApacheDS, a partition is a physically distinct store for a subset of the entries contained within the server. A partition can be implemented using any storage mechanism or can even be backed in memory. The default storage mechanism for a partition is <span class="nobr"><a href="http://jdbm.sourceforge.net" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">JDBM<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>.</p>

<p>Implementing your own partition is basically implementing the <em>Partition</em> interface from the <em>org.apache.directory.server.core.partition</em> package.  Please note that this is not an easy task. Nevertheless I try to give you a starting point with some simple examples.</p>

<h2><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Helloworld.Aminimalpartition"></a>Hello world. A minimal partition</h2>

<p>Let's start with a minimal partition, the <span class="nobr"><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hello_world_program" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">hello world<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>. Minimal means here, that it is possible to add it to ApacheDS and see it with an LDAP browser. The partition ...</p>

<ul>
	<li>correctly implements the <em>Partition</em> interface</li>
	<li>is pluggable in the server (embedded and declarative in the configuration)</li>
	<li>is visible for clients like <em>ldapsearch</em> or Apache Directory Studio</li>
	<li>contains one entry, which contains the famous "hello, world" message in an attribute value</li>
	<li>does not support any modification operations like delete, add etc.</li>
	<li>does not take account of filters in search requests, ...</li>
</ul>


<h3><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Thesources"></a>The sources</h3>

<p>Currently, the sources are checked in here</p>
<ul>
	<li><span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/directory/sandbox/szoerner/helloWorldPartition" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/directory/sandbox/szoerner/helloWorldPartition<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></li>
</ul>


<p>In order to build it, simply check it out and type "mvn install". </p>

<h3><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-ImplementingtheclassHelloWorldPartition"></a>Implementing the class HelloWorldPartition </h3>

<p>The following UML class diagram depicts the structure of the little example.</p>

<p><img src="/confluence/download/attachments/103569/helloWorld_UML.png" align="absmiddle" border="0" /></p>

<p>In order to be a partition, class <em>HelloWorldPartition</em> implements the corresponding interface from <em>org.apache.directory.server.core.partition</em>. It has an association to it's only entry (which will hold the "hello, world" method). This entry is created in the <em>init</em> life cycle method of the partition, which looks like this:</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">...
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> void init(DirectoryService core) <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {
                        
  <span class="code-comment">// Create LDAP DN
</span>  suffixDn = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> LdapDN(suffix);
  suffixDn.normalize(core.getRegistries().getAttributeTypeRegistry().getNormalizerMapping());
  Rdn rdn = suffixDn.getRdn();
        
  <span class="code-comment">// Create the only entry in <span class="code-keyword">this</span> partition
</span>  ServerEntry entry = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> DefaultServerEntry(core
          .getRegistries(), <span class="code-keyword">this</span>.suffixDn);
  entry.put(SchemaConstants.OBJECT_CLASS_AT, SchemaConstants.TOP_OC,
                SchemaConstants.ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT_OC);        
  entry.put(SchemaConstants.OU_AT, rdn.getUpValue().toString());
  entry.put(<span class="code-quote">"description"</span>, <span class="code-quote">"hello, world"</span>, <span class="code-quote">"a minimal partition"</span>);
        
  <span class="code-keyword">this</span>.helloEntry = entry;
}
...</pre>
</div></div>

<p>We assume that the suffix starts with "ou=" in order to create an entry of object class organizational unit. If someone tries to set a suffix which starts with another attribute for the RDN, the <em>setSuffix</em> will throw an exception.</p>

<p>The <em>Partition</em> interface requires to implement many methods for all the operations a partition should support (adding, deleting, modifying entries ...). Due to the fact, that this is a read only partition, the implementation in our case is minimalistic. Here is the <em>delete</em> method as an example.</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">...
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> void delete(DeleteOperationContext opContext)
        <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> LdapOperationNotSupportedException {
    <span class="code-keyword">throw</span> <span class="code-keyword">new</span> LdapOperationNotSupportedException(
            MODIFICATION_NOT_ALLOWED_MSG, ResultCodeEnum.UNWILLING_TO_PERFORM);
}
...</pre>
</div></div>

<p>Although this example should be minimal, some methods need more attention. At least if we want to see the partitiion in an LDAP and not only in the error logs ...</p>

<p>The important methods are <em>hasEntry</em>, <em>lookup</em> and <em>search</em>. The following code is the search method. Please note that it ignores search scopes other than <em>BASE</em> and search filters completely in order to have simple code.</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">public</span> EntryFilteringCursor search(SearchOperationContext ctx)
        <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {

    <span class="code-keyword">if</span> (ctx.getDn().equals(<span class="code-keyword">this</span>.suffixDn)) {
        <span class="code-keyword">switch</span> (ctx.getScope()) {
        <span class="code-keyword">case</span> OBJECT:
            <span class="code-comment">// <span class="code-keyword">return</span> a result with the only entry we have
</span>            <span class="code-keyword">return</span> <span class="code-keyword">new</span> BaseEntryFilteringCursor(
                    <span class="code-keyword">new</span> SingletonCursor&lt;ServerEntry&gt;(<span class="code-keyword">this</span>.helloEntry), ctx);
        }
    }

    <span class="code-comment">// <span class="code-keyword">return</span> an empty result
</span>    <span class="code-keyword">return</span> <span class="code-keyword">new</span> BaseEntryFilteringCursor(<span class="code-keyword">new</span> EmptyCursor&lt;ServerEntry&gt;(), ctx);
}</pre>
</div></div>

<p>For the other methods, take a look in the <span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/directory/sandbox/szoerner/helloWorldPartition/src/main/java/org/apache/directory/samples/partition/hello/HelloWorldPartition.java" title="svn.apache.org" rel="nofollow">source code<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>. </p>

<h3><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Usingthepartition"></a>Using the partition</h3>

<h4><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Embeddedmode"></a>Embedded mode</h4>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">package</span> org.apache.directory.samples.partition.hello;

<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.apache.directory.server.core.DefaultDirectoryService;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.apache.directory.server.core.DirectoryService;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.apache.directory.server.ldap.LdapService;


<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.apache.directory.server.protocol.shared.SocketAcceptor;

<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class Main {

    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> <span class="code-keyword">static</span> void main(<span class="code-object">String</span>[] args) <span class="code-keyword">throws</span> Exception {
        DirectoryService directoryService;

        SocketAcceptor socketAcceptor;
        LdapService ldapService;

        directoryService = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> DefaultDirectoryService();
        directoryService.setShutdownHookEnabled(<span class="code-keyword">true</span>);

        socketAcceptor = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> SocketAcceptor(<span class="code-keyword">null</span>);
        ldapService = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> LdapService();
        ldapService.setSocketAcceptor(socketAcceptor);
        ldapService.setDirectoryService(directoryService);
        ldapService.setIpPort(10389);

        HelloWorldPartition helloPartition = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> HelloWorldPartition();
        helloPartition.setSuffix(<span class="code-quote">"ou=helloWorld"</span>);
        helloPartition.init(directoryService);
        
        directoryService.addPartition(helloPartition);       
        
        directoryService.startup();
        ldapService.start();
    }
}</pre>
</div></div>

<h4><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Addingittoaserver.xmlfile"></a>Adding it to a server.xml file</h4>

<p>In order to use the partition in a standard installation of ApacheDS, simply add it to the <em>server.xml</em> configuration. Provide a "native" Spring bean like this. </p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeHeader"><b>server.xml</b></div><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml">&lt;spring:beans <span class="code-keyword">xmlns:spring</span>=<span class="code-quote">"http://xbean.apache.org/schemas/spring/1.0"</span> 
			  <span class="code-keyword">xmlns:s</span>=<span class="code-quote">"http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"</span>
			  xmlns=<span class="code-quote">"http://apacheds.org/config/1.0"</span>&gt;

  ...
   <span class="code-tag">&lt;defaultDirectoryService ...&gt;</span>
     ...
     <span class="code-tag">&lt;partitions&gt;</span>
     ...
      &lt;s:bean 
          id=<span class="code-quote">"helloPartition"</span> 
          class=<span class="code-quote">"org.apache.directory.samples.partition.hello.HelloWorldPartition"</span>&gt;
        <span class="code-tag">&lt;s:property name=<span class="code-quote">"suffix"</span> value=<span class="code-quote">"ou=helloWorld"</span> /&gt;</span>
      <span class="code-tag">&lt;/s:bean&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;/partitions&gt;</span>
   ...
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/defaultDirectoryService&gt;</span>
...</pre>
</div></div>

<p>Note that the class <em>HelloWorldPartition</em> has to be in the class path of the server. Withgout, starting the server leads to a <em>ClassNotFoundException</em>. You can copy the jar file which results from the build to the lib directory and adjust the command line parameters in the <em>apacheds.sh</em> script. </p>

<h3><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Verification"></a>Verification</h3>

<p>After adding the HelloWorldPartition to the directory service like above (embedded or via configuration in <em>server.xml</em>), you can browse it with an LDAP browser like the one from Apache Directory Studio. Here are some screen shots.</p>

<p><img src="/confluence/download/attachments/103569/helloWorldLDAPBrowser.png" align="absmiddle" border="0" /></p>

<p><img src="/confluence/download/attachments/103569/helloWorldEntryEditor.png" align="absmiddle" border="0" /></p>

<p>Of course using a command line tool works as well ...</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-none">$ ldapsearch -h localhost -p 10389 -D "uid=admin,ou=system" -w secret \\
    -b "" -s base "(objectclass=*)" namingContexts
version: 1
dn:
namingContexts: ou=system
namingContexts: ou=helloWorld
namingContexts: ou=schema
$
$ ldapsearch -h localhost -p 10389 -D "uid=admin,ou=system" -w secret \\
    -b "ou=helloWorld" -s base "(objectclass=*)"

version: 1
dn: ou=helloWorld
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
description: hello, world
description: a minimal partition
ou: helloWorld
$</pre>
</div></div>

<h2><a name="6.1HowtowriteasimplecustompartitionforApacheDS-Tobecontinued"></a>To be continued</h2>

<p>We plan to add more sophistic examples on this topic in the near feature. Stay tuned on the mailing lists.</p>

<p>Here is an older example on the topic:<br/>
<span class="nobr"><a href="http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/directory/sandbox/akarasulu/custom-partition" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/directory/sandbox/akarasulu/custom-partition<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></p>

<p>It is outdated, but may still inspire you.</p>

</div>


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