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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Directory Server v1.5: 5.6. DNS Protocol Provider (page edited)
Date Wed, 19 Nov 2008 22:28:03 GMT
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<head>
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/*
** when this stylesheet is used for the Tiny MCE Wysiwyg editor's edit area, we can't
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HR {
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}
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}
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div.padded { padding: 4px; }
div.thickPadded { padding: 10px; }
h3.macrolibrariestitle {
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div.centered { text-align: center; margin: 10px; }
div.centered table {margin: 0px auto; text-align: left; }

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}

.grid {
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}
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}
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}
.gridHover {
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}

td.infocell {
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}
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}

label {
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}

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}

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table.confluenceTable
{
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}

/* Added as a temporary fix for CONF-4223. The table elements appear to be inheriting the
border: none attribute from the sectionMacro class */
table.confluenceTable td.confluenceTd
{
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    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
}

/* Added as a temporary fix for CONF-4223. The table elements appear to be inheriting the
border: none attribute from the sectionMacro class */
table.confluenceTable th.confluenceTh
{
    border-width: 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
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    text-align: center;
}

td.confluenceTd
{
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}

th.confluenceTh
{
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    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #ccc;
    padding: 3px 4px 3px 4px;
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    text-align: center;
}

DIV.small {
	font-size: 9px;
}

H1.pagename {
	margin-top: 0px;
}

IMG.inline  {}

.loginform {
    margin: 5px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
}

/* The text how the "This is a preview" comment should be shown. */
.previewnote { text-align: center;
                font-size: 11px;
                    color: red; }

/* How the preview content should be shown */
.previewcontent { background: #E0E0E0; }

/* How the system messages should be shown (DisplayMessage.jsp) */
.messagecontent { background: #E0E0E0; }

/* How the "This page has been modified..." -comment should be shown. */
.conflictnote { }

.createlink {
    color: maroon;
}
a.createlink {
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}
.templateparameter {
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    color: darkblue;
}

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}
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}
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}
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}
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}
.diffremovedchars {
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    font-weight:bolder;
}

.greybackground {
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}

.greybox {
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	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.borderedGreyBox {
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    background-color: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
}

.greyboxfilled {
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.navBackgroundBox {
    padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px;
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	font-weight: bold;
	font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
	color: white;
    background: #3c78b5;
    text-decoration: none;
}

.previewBoxTop {
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
    border-width: 1px 1px 0px 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #3c78b5;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 5px 0px 0px 0px;
    text-align: center;
}
.previewContent {
    background-color: #fff;
 	border-color: #3c78b5;
	border-width: 0px 1px 0px 1px;
	border-style: solid;
	padding: 10px;
	margin: 0px;
}
.previewBoxBottom {
	background-color: #f0f0f0;
    border-width: 0px 1px 1px 1px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: #3c78b5;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 0px 0px 5px 0px;
    text-align: center;
}

.functionbox {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.functionbox-greyborder {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;
 	border: 1px solid #ddd;
	padding: 3px;
	margin: 1px 1px 10px 1px;
}

.search-highlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
}

/* normal (white) background */
.rowNormal {
    background-color: #ffffff;
 }

/* alternate (pale yellow) background */
.rowAlternate {
    background-color: #f7f7f7;
}

/* used in the list attachments table */
.rowAlternateNoBottomColor {
    background-color: #f7f7f7;
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomNoColor {
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomColor td {
    border-bottom: 0px;
}

.rowAlternateNoBottomNoColor td {
    border-bottom: 0px;
}

/* row highlight (grey) background */
.rowHighlight {
    background-color: #f0f0f0;

}

TD.greenbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #00df00; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px;
}
TD.redbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #df0000; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px; }
TD.darkredbar {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #af0000; BORDER: 1px solid #9c9c9c; PADDING: 0px;
}

TR.testpassed {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #ddffdd; PADDING: 0px; }
TR.testfailed {FONT-SIZE: 2px; BACKGROUND: #ffdddd; PADDING: 0px; }

.toolbar  {
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    border-collapse: collapse;
}

.toolbar td  {
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    padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
    color: #ccc;
}

td.noformatting {
    border-width: 0px;
    border-style: none;
    text-align: center;
	padding: 0px;
}

.commentblock {
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}

/*
 * Divs displaying the license information, if necessary.
 */
.license-eval, .license-none, .license-nonprofit {
    border-top: 1px solid #bbbbbb;
    text-align: center;
    font-size: 10px;
    font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}

.license-eval, .license-none {
    background-color: #ffcccc;
}

.license-eval b, .license-none b {
    color: #990000
}

.license-nonprofit {
    background-color: #ffffff;
}

/*
 * The shadow at the bottom of the page between the main content and the
 * "powered by" section.
 */
.bottomshadow {
    height: 12px;
    background-image: url("$req.contextPath/images/border/border_bottom.gif");
    background-repeat: repeat-x;
}

/*
 * Styling of the operations box
 */
.navmenu .operations li, .navmenu .operations ul {
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    margin-left: 0;
    padding-left: 0;
}

.navmenu .operations ul {
    margin-bottom: 9px;
}

.navmenu .label {
    font-weight: inherit;
}

/*
 * Styling of ops as a toolbar
 */
.toolbar div {
    display: none;
}

.toolbar .label {
    display: none;
}

.toolbar .operations {
    display: block;
}

.toolbar .operations ul {
    display: inline;
    list-style: none;
    margin-left: 10px;
    padding-left: 0;
}

.toolbar .operations li {
    list-style: none;
    display: inline;
}

/* list page navigational tabs */
#foldertab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 11px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#foldertab li {
list-style: none;
margin: 0;
display: inline;
}

#foldertab li a {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
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<div id="PageContent">
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<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11">DIRxSRVx11</a>
:
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/5.6.+DNS+Protocol+Provider">5.6.
DNS Protocol Provider</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxSRVx11/5.6.+DNS+Protocol+Provider">5.6.
DNS Protocol Provider</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~elecharny">Emmanuel
Lécharny</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Nov 19, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=55266&originalVersion=3&revisedVersion=4">(View
changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><table cellpadding='5' width='85%' cellspacing='8px'
class='noteMacro' border="0" align='center'><colgroup><col width='24'><col></colgroup><tr><td
valign='top'><img src="/confluence/images/icons/emoticons/warning.gif" width="16" height="16"
align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"></td><td><b class="strong">Work in
progress</b><br />
<p>This site is in the process of being reviewed and updated.</p></td></tr></table>
<h3><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-Introduction"></a>Introduction</h3>

<p>The ApacheDS Domain Name Service (DNS) provider implements <span class="nobr"><a
href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1034.html" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">RFC
1034<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7"
width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span> and
<span class="nobr"><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1034.html" title="Visit page
outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">RFC 1035<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif"
height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>
to service DNS Protocol requests.</p>

<p>The DNS provider plugins into the Apache Directory server. As a plugin, the DNS provider
uses the network layer (MINA) for front-end services and the Apache Directory read-optimized
backing store via JNDI for a persistent store.</p>

<p>The ApacheDS DNS provider, in conjunction with MINA and the ApacheDS LDAP JNDI store,
provides an easy-to-use yet fully-featured name resolution service. As implemented within
the Apache Directory, it will provide:</p>

<ul>
	<li>Domain name service (RFC 1034, 1035)</li>
	<li>Service location support (SRV) (RFC 2782)</li>
	<li>Certificate support (CERT) (RFC 2782)</li>
	<li>Security Extensions (DNSSEC) (RFC 2535)</li>
	<li>Secure query and dynamic update support (GSS-TSIG) (RFC 3645)</li>
	<li>LDAP/JMX management</li>
	<li>UDP and TCP Support (MINA)</li>
	<li>Easy POJO embeddability for containers such as Geronimo, JBoss, and OSGi</li>
</ul>


<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-BasicTesting"></a>Basic Testing</h5>
<p>On Linux, a typical invocation of dig looks like:</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">dig @server name type</pre>
</div></div>
<p>If no type argument is supplied, dig will perform a lookup for an A record.  For
example:</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">bash-2.05b# dig @localhost www.example.com</pre>
</div></div>

<h3><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-ApacheDSschemaforstoringDNSzonesinLDAP"></a>ApacheDS
schema for storing DNS zones in LDAP</h3>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-AbstractobjectClassusedtobuildallDNSrecordobjectclasses"></a>Abstract
objectClass used to build all DNS record objectclasses</h5>
<table class='confluenceTable'><tbody>
<tr>
<th class='confluenceTh'>objectclass</th>
<th class='confluenceTh'>apacheDnsAbstractRecord</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsName    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A sequence of labels representing a domain name or host name</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsType    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The type of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsClass   </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The class of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsTtl     </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>An integer denoting time to live</td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-Address%28A%29record"></a>Address (A)
record</h5>
<table class='confluenceTable'><tbody>
<tr>
<th class='confluenceTh'>objectclass</th>
<th class='confluenceTh'>apacheDnsAddressRecord</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsName    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A sequence of labels representing a domain name or host name</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsType    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The type of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsClass   </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The class of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsTtl     </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>An integer denoting time to live</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsIpAddress</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A 4 octet IP address</td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-Pointer%28PTR%29record"></a>Pointer
(PTR) record</h5>
<table class='confluenceTable'><tbody>
<tr>
<th class='confluenceTh'>objectclass</th>
<th class='confluenceTh'>apacheDnsPointerRecord</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsName    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A sequence of labels representing a domain name or host name</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsType    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The type of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsClass   </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The class of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsTtl     </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>An integer denoting time to live</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsDomainName</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A domain or sequence dotted labels</td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-NameServer%28NS%29record"></a>Name
Server (NS) record</h5>
<table class='confluenceTable'><tbody>
<tr>
<th class='confluenceTh'>objectclass</th>
<th class='confluenceTh'>apacheDnsNameServerRecord</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsName    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A sequence of labels representing a domain name or host name</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsType    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The type of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsClass   </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The class of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsTtl     </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>An integer denoting time to live</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsDomainName</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A domain or sequence dotted labels</td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-StartOfAuthority%28SOA%29record"></a>Start
Of Authority (SOA) record</h5>
<table class='confluenceTable'><tbody>
<tr>
<th class='confluenceTh'>objectclass</th>
<th class='confluenceTh'>apacheDnsStartOfAuthorityRecord</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsName    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A sequence of labels representing a domain name or host name</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsType    </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The type of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsClass   </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The class of a resource record</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsTtl     </td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>An integer denoting time to live</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaMName</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A domain of the server that was the primary source of data
for this zone</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaRName</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The domain which specifies the mailbox of the person responsible
for this zone</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaSerial</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The unsigned 32 bit ver num of the original copy of the zone</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaRefresh</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A 32 bit time interval before the zone should be refreshed</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaRetry</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A 32 bit time interval that should elapse before a failed refresh
should be retired</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaExpire</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>A 32 bit time value that specifies the upper limit on the time
interval that can elapse before the zone is no longer authoritative</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class='confluenceTd'>apacheDnsSoaMinimum</td>
<td class='confluenceTd'>The unsigned 32 bit minimum TTL field that should be exported
with any RR from this zone.</td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>

<h3><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-ConfiguringDNSZones"></a>Configuring
DNS Zones</h3>

<p><div align="center"><img src="/confluence/download/attachments/55266/zones.jpg"
border="0" /></div></p>

<h4><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-TheSTRUCTURAL%27dcObject%27objectClass"></a>The
STRUCTURAL 'dcObject' objectClass</h4>
<p>( 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.344 NAME 'dcObject' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST dc )</p>

<h4><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-AnexampleentryusingtheSTRUCTURALobjectClassdomain"></a>An
example entry using the STRUCTURAL objectClass domain</h4>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">dn: dc=tcp,dc=example,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: domain
dc: tcp
description: a placeholder entry used with SRV records</pre>
</div></div>

<h4><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-TheAUXILIARY%27domain%27objectClass"></a>The
AUXILIARY 'domain' objectClass</h4>
<p>( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.13 NAME 'domain' SUP top STRUCTURAL<br/>
 MUST dc<br/>
 MAY ( userPassword $ searchGuide $ seeAlso $ businessCategory $<br/>
 x121Address $ registeredAddress $ destinationIndicator $<br/>
 preferredDeliveryMethod $ telexNumber $ teletexTerminalIdentifier $<br/>
 telephoneNumber $ internationaliSDNNumber $ facsimileTelephoneNumber $<br/>
 street $ postOfficeBox $ postalCode $ postalAddress $<br/>
 physicalDeliveryOfficeName $ st $ l $ description $ o $<br/>
 associatedName ) )</p>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-AnexampleentryusingtheAUXILIARYobjectClassdcObject"></a>An
example entry using the AUXILIARY objectClass dcObject</h5>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">dn: dc=example,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: organization
objectClass: dcObject
dc: example
o: Example Inc.</pre>
</div></div>

<h4><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-Resources"></a>Resources</h4>
<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li><span class="nobr"><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2247.html" title="Visit
page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">RFC 2247 - Using Domains in LDAP/X.500 Distinguished
Names<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7"
width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></li>
</ul>


<h3><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-DNSBestPractices"></a>DNS Best Practices</h3>

<h4><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-DNSTestingTool"></a>DNS Testing Tool</h4>
<p>Useful tool for testing DNS configuration: <span class="nobr"><a href="http://www.dnsreport.com/"
title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">www.dnsreport.com<sup><img
class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle"
alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></p>

<p>There are other tools available from the same people, at <span class="nobr"><a
href="http://www.dnsstuff.com/" title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">www.dnsstuff.com<sup><img
class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle"
alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>, but I have not tested any of them.</p>

<ol>
	<li>MX - Change MX records from CNAME's to A records. This is supposed to improve lookup
speed and MX pointing to CNAME's is an RFC violation.</li>
	<li>SOA - Change SOA values to come in line with recommended values, per dnsreports.com.</li>
	<li>PTR - Add PTR records for server1.example.com. This is to address an error being
generated by AOL and Hotmail, which use reverse lookups on mail servers to weed out spam.
Mail on the example.com mailing lists has increasingly been bounced by AOL and Hotmail as
spam and header inspection points to lack of PTR record. Setting PTR records at the hosting
provider is a relatively new feature, probably added to address this problem.</li>
</ol>


<h3><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-Notes"></a>Notes</h3>
<h4><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-AZoneisaPrunedSubtree"></a>A Zone is
a Pruned Subtree</h4>
<p>4.2 Zone "pruned subtree."<br/>
Subtree of 1..n nodes/domainNames<br/>
Zones are split by org control<br/>
A zone is a set of types.<br/>
Highest node contains SOA.  SOA is 1..1 with highest node.<br/>
Below SOA is authoritative.<br/>
Highest node contains 1..n NS.<br/>
Authoritative NS only at top of zone.<br/>
A domain name id's a node.<br/>
A node is a set of RR's.</p>

<p>NS in leaf is:</p>
<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li>non-authoritative</li>
	<li>referral</li>
	<li>aka "delegation NS RR"</li>
</ul>


<p>A in leaf is:</p>
<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li>non-authoritative</li>
	<li>aka "glue RR"</li>
</ul>


<p>Iterative - server refers client (preferred, required)<br/>
Recursive - server persues query for client (optional)<br/>
Cache - in-memory partition non-authoritative<br/>
Authority - points to authority</p>

<p>Non-recursive 4.3.1</p>
<ol>
	<li>error</li>
	<li>answer</li>
	<li>referral</li>
</ol>


<p>Unit tests for all 6.2.*<br/>
Key algorithm 4.3.1 &amp; 4.3.2</p>

<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-SenderPermittedFrom"></a>Sender Permitted
From</h5>
<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li><span class="nobr"><a href="http://spf.pobox.com/" title="Visit page outside
Confluence" rel="nofollow">Sender Permitted From<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif"
height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>
is a DNS-based method for preventing SMTP spoofing.</li>
</ul>


<h5><a name="5.6.DNSProtocolProvider-SecretKeyTransactionAuthenticationforDNS%28TSIG%29"></a>Secret
Key Transaction Authentication for DNS (TSIG)</h5>
<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li><span class="nobr"><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2845.html" title="Visit
page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">RFC 2845<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif"
height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></li>
</ul>
</div>


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