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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache Directory Development: JUnit4 primer (page edited)
Date Fri, 30 May 2008 07:00:00 GMT
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#foldertab li a:visited { color: #ffffff; }

#foldertab li a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

#foldertab li a.current {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

#foldertab li a.current:link { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:visited { color: black; }
#foldertab li a.current:hover {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
}

/* alphabet list */
ul#squaretab {
margin-left: 0;
padding-left: 0;
white-space: nowrap;
font: bold 8px Verdana, sans-serif;
}

#squaretab li {
display: inline;
list-style-type: none;
}

#squaretab a {
padding: 2px 6px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

#squaretab a:link, #squaretab a:visited {
color: #fff;
background-color: #3c78b5;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab a:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background-color: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
text-decoration: none;
}

#squaretab li a#current {
background: white;
color: black;
}

.blogcalendar * {
    font-family:verdana, arial, sans-serif;
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
    line-height:140%;
    padding:2px;
}


table.blogcalendar {
    border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.blogcalendar th.calendarhead, a.calendarhead {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    text-transform:uppercase;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    color: #ffffff;
    letter-spacing: .3em;
    text-transform: uppercase;
}

.calendarhead:visited {color: white;}
.calendarhead:active {color: white;}
.calendarhead:hover {color: white;}

.blogcalendar th {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:bold;
    padding:2px;
    background-color:#f0f0f0;
}

.blogcalendar td {
    font-size:x-small;
    font-weight:normal;
}

.searchGroup { padding: 0 0 10px 0; background: #f0f0f0; }
.searchGroupHeading { font-size: 10px; font-weight: bold; color: #ffffff; background-color:
#3c78b5; padding: 2px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItem { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; }
.searchItemSelected { padding: 1px 4px 1px 4px; font-weight: bold; background: #ddd; }

/* permissions page styles */
.permissionHeading {
    border-bottom: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 1px 0; border-style: solid; font-size: 16px; text-align:
left;
}
.permissionTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #3c78b5; color: #ffffff; font-size:
10px;
}
.permissionSuperTab {
    border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid; background: #003366; color: #ffffff;
}
.permissionCell {
    border-left: #bbb; border-width: 0 0 0 1px; border-style: solid;
}

/* warning panel */
.warningPanel { background: #FFFFCE; border:#F0C000 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px;
}
/* alert panel */
.alertPanel { background: #FFCCCC; border:#C00 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }
/* info panel */
.infoPanel { background: #D8E4F1; border:#3c78b5 1px solid; padding: 8px; margin: 10px; }

/* side menu highlighting (e.g. space content screen) */
.optionPadded { padding: 2px; }
.optionSelected { background-color: #ffffcc; padding: 2px; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin:
-1px; }
.optionSelected a { font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; color: black; }

/* information macros */
.noteMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #F0C000; background-color:
#FFFFCE; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.warningMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #c00; background-color:
#fcc; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.infoMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #3c78b5; background-color:
#D8E4F1; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.tipMacro { border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; border-color: #090; background-color:
#dfd; text-align:left; margin-top: 5px; margin-bottom: 5px}
.informationMacroPadding { padding: 5px 0 0 5px; }

table.infoMacro td, table.warningMacro td, table.tipMacro td, table.noteMacro td, table.sectionMacro
td {
    border: none;
}

table.sectionMacroWithBorder td.columnMacro { border-style: dashed; border-width: 1px; border-color:
#cccccc;}

.pagecontent
{
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: left;
}

/* styles for links in the top bar */
.topBarDiv a:link {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:visited {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:active {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv a:hover {color: #ffffff;}
.topBarDiv {color: #ffffff;}

.topBar {
    background-color: #003366;
}


/* styles for extended operations */
.greyLinks a:link {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:visited {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:active {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks a:hover {color: #666666; text-decoration:underline;}
.greyLinks {color: #666666; display:block; padding: 10px}

.logoSpaceLink {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:link {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:visited {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:active {color: #999999; text-decoration: none}
.logoSpaceLink a:hover {color: #003366; text-decoration: none}

/* basic panel (basicpanel.vmd) style */
.basicPanelContainer {border: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px; margin-bottom: 8px; width:
100%}
.basicPanelTitle {padding: 5px; margin: 0px; background-color: #f0f0f0; color: black; font-weight:
bold;}
.basicPanelBody {padding: 5px; margin: 0px}

.separatorLinks a:link {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:visited {color: white}
.separatorLinks a:active {color: white}

.greynavbar {background-color: #f0f0f0; border-top: 1px solid #3c78b5; margin-top: 2px}

div.headerField {
    float: left;
    width: auto;
    height: 100%;
}

.headerFloat {
    margin-left: auto;
    width: 50%;
}

.headerFloatLeft {
    float: left;
    margin-right: 20px;
    margin-bottom: 10px;
}

#headerRow {
    padding: 10px;
}

div.license-personal {
   background-color: #003366;
   color: #ffffff;
}

div.license-personal a {
   color: #ffffff;
}

.greyFormBox {
    border: 1px solid #cccccc;
    padding: 5px;
}

/* IE automatically adds a margin before and after form tags. Use this style to remove that
*/
.marginlessForm {
    margin: 0px;
}

.openPageHighlight {
    background-color: #ffffcc;
    padding: 2px;
    border: 1px solid #ddd;
}

.editPageInsertLinks, .editPageInsertLinks a
{
    color: #666666;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 10px;
}

/* Style for label heatmap. */
.top10 a {
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 2em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top25 a {
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 1.6em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top50 a {
    font-size: 1.4em;
    color: #003366;
}
.top100 a {
    font-size: 1.2em;
    color: #003366;
}

.heatmap {
    list-style:none;
    width: 95%;
    margin: 0px auto;
}

.heatmap a {
    text-decoration:none;
}

.heatmap a:hover {
    text-decoration:underline;
}

.heatmap li {
    display: inline;
}

.minitab {
padding: 3px 0px 3px 8px;
margin-left: 0;
margin-top: 1px;
margin-bottom: 0px;
border-bottom: 1px solid #3c78b5;
font: bold 9px Verdana, sans-serif;
text-decoration: none;
float:none;
}
.selectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: #000000;
text-decoration: none;
}
.unselectedminitab {
padding: 3px 0.5em;
margin-left: 3px;
margin-top: 1px;
border: 1px solid #3c78b5;
border-bottom: none;
background: #3c78b5;
color: #ffffff;
text-decoration: none;
}

a.unselectedminitab:hover {
color: #ffffff;
background: #003366;
border-color: #003366;
}

a.unselectedminitab:link { color: white; }
a.unselectedminitab:visited { color: white; }

a.selectedminitab:link { color: black; }
a.selectedminitab:visited { color: black; }

.linkerror { background-color: #fcc;}

a.labelOperationLink:link {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:active {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:visited {text-decoration: underline}
a.labelOperationLink:hover {text-decoration: underline}

a.newLabel:link {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:active {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:visited {background-color: #ddffdd}
a.newLabel:hover {background-color: #ddffdd}

ul.square {list-style-type: square}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
}


.inline-control-link a:link {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:active {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:visited {text-decoration: none}
.inline-control-link a:hover {text-decoration: none}

.inline-control-link {
    background: #ffc;
    font-size: 9px;
    color: #666;
    padding: 2px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
    cursor: pointer;
}

div.auto_complete {
    width: 350px;
    background: #fff;
}
div.auto_complete ul {
    border: 1px solid #888;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    width: 100%;
    list-style-type: none;
}
div.auto_complete ul li {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 3px;
}
div.auto_complete ul li.selected {
    background-color: #ffb;
}
div.auto_complete ul strong.highlight {
    color: #800;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
}

/******* Edit Page Styles *******/
.toogleFormDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 5px;
}

.toogleInfoDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    display:none;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 10px;
}

.inputSection{
    margin-bottom:20px;
}

#editBox{
   border:1px solid lightgray;
   background-color:#F0F0F0;
}

/******* Left Navigation Theme Styles ********/
.leftnav li a {
    text-decoration:none;
    color:white;
    margin:0px;
    display:block;
    padding:2px;
    padding-left:5px;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    border-top:1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.leftnav li a:active {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:visited {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:hover {background-color: #003366; color:white;}

/* Added by Shaun during i18n */
.replaced
{
    background-color: #33CC66;
}

.topPadding
{
    margin-top: 20px;
}

/* new form style */
.form-block {
    padding: 6px;
}
.form-error-block {
    padding: 6px;
    background: #fcc;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-element-large {
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-element-small {
    font-size: 12px;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
    color: #003366;
}

.form-header {
    background: lightyellow;
    border-top: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #f0f0f0 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
    padding: 0 12px 0 12px;
}
.form-header p, .form-block p, .form-error-block p {
    line-height: normal;
    margin: 12px 0 12px 0;
}
.form-example {
    color: #888;
    font-size: 11px;
}
.form-divider {
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
.form-buttons {
    margin-top: 6px;
    border-top: #ccc 1px solid;
    border-bottom: #ccc 1px solid;
    background: #f0f0f0;
    padding: 10px;
    text-align: center;
}
.form-buttons input {
    width: 100px;
}
.form-block .error {
    padding: 6px;
    margin-bottom: 6px;
}
    -->
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<div id="PageContent">
<table class="pagecontent" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"><tr>
<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxDEV">DIRxDEV</a>
:
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxDEV/JUnit4+primer">JUnit4
primer</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/DIRxDEV/JUnit4+primer">JUnit4
primer</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~elecharny">Emmanuel
Lécharny</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(May 29, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=67729&originalVersion=3&revisedVersion=4">(View
changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><h1><a name="JUnit4primer-Introduction"></a>Introduction</h1>

<p>This page is a Junit 4 primer&nbsp; for those who are writing new tests in the
project, or who are transforming old JUnit 3.8 tests to JUnit 4.4</p>

<p>JUnit 4.4 does not bring a hell of new features, but at least one is very interesting
: the possibility to have class wide initialization (a global setup and teardown per test
class). This will save us a lot of time when running integration tests where the server was
launched for each single test.</p>

<h1><a name="JUnit4primer-Howto"></a>Howto</h1>

<p>Writing a JUnit4 testcase is very simple. The first thing to do is to enable JUnit4
in eclipse, which should be the default in Eclipse-3.3.1.</p>

<p>As we are now using the JUnit-4.4.jar in all our projects, you don't have anything
to do with old tests (JUnit 3.8 tests run well with this new version). Let's see how we define
a new test.</p>

<h2><a name="JUnit4primer-CreatingtheTestCase%26nbsp%3B"></a>Creating the
TestCase&nbsp;</h2>

<p>First, create a new TestCase, with comments. No need to extends TestCase anymore.
You don't have to postfix the class with 'Test', but it would be better to do so, for clarity.</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">package</span> org.apache.directory.shared.ldap.common;

/**
 * A test <span class="code-keyword">for</span> StringValue
 *
 * @author &lt;a href=<span class="code-quote">"mailto:dev@directory.apache.org"</span>&gt;Apache
Directory Project&lt;/a&gt;
 * @version $Rev$, $Date$
 */
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class StringValueTest
{
...</pre>
</div></div>

<h2><a name="JUnit4primer-Afirsttest"></a>A first test</h2>
<p>Create your first test by adding an @Test annotation in front of the test :</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.junit.Test;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> <span class="code-keyword">static</span>
org.junit.Assert.assertNull;

...    
    /**
     * Test a <span class="code-keyword">null</span> value
     */
    @Test <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void testNullValue()
    {
        StringValue value = <span class="code-keyword">new</span> StringValue();

        assertNull( value.getValue() );
    }
...</pre>
</div></div> 

<p>As a result, a new Import should be created : import org.junit.Test; Also note that
the test name don't have to start with 'test', but this is better to do so, still for clarity.As
you are using an assertNull assertion, you will get an error if you don't add a static import
:  import static org.junit.Assert.assertNull;(Static imports are for importing static methods
directly without having to prefix the method with Assert here. This is a novelty brought by
Java 5) This is it. You can  now run your first test ! </p>

<h2><a name="JUnit4primer-Onestepfurther"></a>One step further</h2>

<p>Now, let's suppose you need to initialize some data and clear them up at the end
of each test. This is very easy. Just define your setup and teardown methods (they can have
other names, but keep it simple) :</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">...
    @Before
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void setUp()
    {
        <span class="code-comment">// Init code here ...
</span>    }
...
    @After
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void tearDown()
    {
        <span class="code-comment">// teardown code here ...
</span>    } 
....</pre>
</div></div> 

<p>These two methods will be called by every single test.</p>

<p>Of course, you will have to add some new imports :</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">...
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.junit.Before;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.junit.After;
...</pre>
</div></div>

<h2><a name="JUnit4primer-%22OnesmallstepforJUnit%2Cagiantleapfortesters...%22"></a>"One
small step for JUnit, a giant leap for testers..."</h2>

<p>JUnit4 brings a very long waited new feature : you can launch a single setup and
teardown for the whole test class. Again, it's really easy :</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">...
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.junit.BeforeClass;
<span class="code-keyword">import</span> org.junit.AfterClass;

...
    @BeforeClass
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> <span class="code-keyword">static</span>
void globalSetUp()
    {
        <span class="code-comment">// Init code here ...
</span>    }
...
    @AfterClass
    <span class="code-keyword">public</span> <span class="code-keyword">static</span>
void globalTearDown()
    {
        <span class="code-comment">// teardown code here ...
</span>    } 
....</pre>
</div></div> 

<p>The methods name are not important, as soon as you have the annotations.</p>

<h2><a name="JUnit4primer-Last%2Cnotleast"></a>Last, not least</h2>
<p>You can also tests failing tests more easily, by using parameters for the @test annotation
:</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">@Test ( expected = IndexOutOfBoundsException.class ) <span
class="code-keyword">public</span> void outOfBounds() 
    {
        <span class="code-keyword">new</span> ArrayList&lt;<span class="code-object">Object</span>&gt;().get(1);
    }</pre>
</div></div>

<p>or</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">@Test ( timeout = 1000 ) <span class="code-keyword">public</span>
void infinity() 
    {
        <span class="code-keyword">for</span> (;;)
        {
        }
    }</pre>
</div></div>

<p>To disable a test without commenting it, just add the <b>@Ignore</b>
annotation in front of the test :</p>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java">@Ignore(<span class="code-quote">"Emmanuel has committed
a stupid infinite loop in <span class="code-keyword">this</span> test ..."</span>)
@Test <span class="code-keyword">public</span> void infinity() 
    {
        <span class="code-keyword">for</span> (;;)
        {
        }
    }</pre>
</div></div>

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