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From Galvin Hsiu <gk...@yahoo.com>
Subject PATCH for deadlocking issues with LoadedObjectsRegistry use of WeakHashMap
Date Thu, 26 Jun 2003 06:43:18 GMT
Hi Thomas,

Both Joe Elliott and I did encounter this issue and
investigated it at length by examining the source code
to the WeakHashMap.  What we discovered was a resource
contention issue in the WeakHashMap implementation on
JDK 1.4.1_03 (not sure if this was fixed in the 
previous JDK versions or versions after) - but
whenever puts are getting called concurrently on the
same WeakHashMap, the while loop in the put function
call of the Map interface gets stuck since the said
iterator is modified by another thread.  Let me know
if you want further explanation and I will try to post
up the said code snippet.

The patch is as follows - synchronize using the weak
hash map on puts, remove and clears, but not on the
gets. These critical sections will ensure only 1
thread can modify this weak hash map at a time; I
personally think the performance impact on this is
minimal since the LoadedObjectRegistry seems to be
utilized PRIMARILY (aka explicit lookups) for the
frameworks utilizing the OTM layer (JDO, ODMG) as
opposed to the PB layer, which we are using right now.
Regardless, I'd rather trade a little performance hit
as opposed to ballooning CPU usage / thrashing due to
this interesting bug.

// BEGIN PATCHED FILE

package org.apache.ojb.broker.core;

/*
====================================================================
 * The Apache Software License, Version 1.1
 *
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All rights
 * reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms,
with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the
following conditions
 * are met:
 *
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 *
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provided with the
 *    distribution.
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 * 3. The end-user documentation included with the
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acknowledgment:
 *       "This product includes software developed by
the
 *        Apache Software Foundation
(http://www.apache.org/)."
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the software itself,
 *    if and wherever such third-party acknowledgments
normally appear.
 *
 * 4. The names "Apache" and "Apache Software
Foundation" and
 *    "Apache ObjectRelationalBridge" must not be used
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 *    written permission, please contact
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import java.util.WeakHashMap;

/**
 * This is a helper class which registers all objects
loaded
 * from database. It is used by ODMG layer to
determine the state of
 * objects: if an object was not loaded from database
then it is new.
 * Note: objects remain registered even after they are
deleted. This
 * is necessary to prevent creation of deleted objects
by another
 * thread, see <a
href="http://archives.apache.org/eyebrowse/ReadMsg?listId=106&msgNo=1382">this<a>
 * for details.
 *
 * @author <a href="mailto:olegnitz@apache.org">Oleg
Nitz<a>
 * @version $Id: LoadedObjectsRegistry.java,v 1.1
2003/04/26 23:18:25 arminw Exp $
 */
public class LoadedObjectsRegistry
{
    private static WeakHashMap registry = new
WeakHashMap();

    private static final Object DUMMY = new Object();

    public static void register(Object object)
    {
        // Patch: critical section on the put of the
registry
        synchronized(registry)
        {
        registry.put(object, DUMMY);
        }
    }

    public static boolean isRegistered(Object object)
    {
        return (registry.get(object) != null);
    }

    public static void clear()
    {
        // Patch: critical section on the clear of the
registry
        synchronized(registry)
        {
        registry.clear();
        }
    }

    public static void remove(Object object)
    {
        if(object != null)
        {
        // Patch: critical section on the remove of
the registry
            synchronized(registry)
            {
            registry.remove(object);
            }
        }
    }
}



Hi Joseph,

To include your changes into the codebase please post
your patch (or 
patched files).
YOu can post it as a zipped file either to the list or
directly to me.
Of course we want to get OJB free of such issues!

cheers,
Thomas

Joseph Elliott wrote:
> has anybody else encountered deadlocking issues
under load with the ojb
> library?  we started seeing frequent situations with
pegged cpu usage and
> stuck threads testing a large web application
(running under tomcat on duel
> cpu linux boxes)  a thread dump showed numerous
threads all stuck in the
> WeakHashMap.put's called from
LoadedObjectsRegistry.java
> 
> adding synchronize blocks around the
LoadedObjectsRegistry.java put and
> clear calls has seemed to have stabilized things. 
does any body have any
> opinions about the performance impact of this and if
there are any other
> alternatives to making the system safe under highly
concurrent usage?
> 
> we're currently working with a patched version of
ojb for our application,
> but it would be nice if this could be addressed in
the official code base
> for the next rc.
> 
> thanks much,
>  - joe





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