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From "John I. Moore, Jr." <softmo...@att.net>
Subject RE: Configuring a Server Policy for Derby on Windows
Date Fri, 31 Jan 2014 16:43:56 GMT
One final point of clarification to my original email:

While the file specifications appear to work with zero, one, or three slashes,

based on the Wikipedia link supplied by Dag below and this MSDN link,


it appears that three slashes is the "proper" form for files on the localhost,

which, I suspect, is the most common case.




John I. Moore, Jr.

SoftMoore Consulting


From: dag wanvik [mailto:dag.wanvik@oracle.com] 
Sent: Thursday, January 30, 2014 10:48 AM
To: derby-user@db.apache.org; CAMILLA.HAASE
Subject: Re: Configuring a Server Policy for Derby on Windows


The slashes in a file URL is explained in this Wikipedia entry:


file:// <file:///\\> host/path

Things to notice:

* "If host is omitted, it is taken to be "localhost", the machine from which the URL is
being interpreted. Note that when omitting host you do not omit the slash (
<file:///\\foo.txt> "file:///foo.txt" is okay, while  <file:///\\foo.txt> "file://foo.txt"
is not, although some interpreters manage to handle the latter)."

* "The double slash // should always appear in a file URL according to the specification,
but in practice many Web browsers <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_browser>  allow
you to
omit it)"

* "the URI as understood by the Windows Shell API is e.g.  <file:///c:\WINDOWS\clock.avi>

So, three slashes is OK: it means the host is omitted (default).
Zero and one slash would indicate that the "//host" part is omitted, cf the lenience
allowed mentioned above.

Just a double slash followed by the file path (e.g. //C:/....), would be wrong, since "C:"
is not a host name.

So, our docs are wrong here.


On 30.01.2014 16:00, Myrna van Lunteren wrote:

Hi John,

Thanks for the write-up!


I'm sorry you had to struggle through the url file: syntax  - I did too, and updated
DERBY-6438 with my findings.

We should probably fix the documentation.




On Thu, Jan 30, 2014 at 6:27 AM, John I. Moore, Jr. <softmoore@att.net> wrote:

I am sending this email to the Derby user list with the hope that I can save someone time
and frustration when trying to run the Derby network server on Windows with the latest
version of Java (currently 1.7.0_51).  With the latest version of Java, it is no longer
possible to use the batch file "startNetworkServer.bat" to start the network server.  If
you run derby under Linux or some variation of Unix, or if you are already familiar with
how to use a server policy file with Derby, you can probably ignore this message.  (Note
to Derby developers:  You might want to add some of the descriptions below to the
appropriate pages in the Derby documentation, especially

To run the Derby network server on Windows, you will need to download a copy of the server
policy file 1010_server.policy from https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-6438 and
edit it for your use or define appropriate system properties when starting the Derby
network server.  I will give an example for editing the file.

When editing the file, replace "${derby.install.url}" with the full path name for the
Derby jar files in the four sections that start with "grant codebase".  The syntax is a
little tricky.  For example, assume that derby has been installed in
C:\Java\db-derby-  You use a "file:" specification, but you need to use
forward slashes, not back slashes.  Also, the file specification can contain zero, one, or
three forward slashes, but not two.  Thus, any of the following will work

     grant codeBase  <file:///C:\Java\db-derby-\lib\derby.jar>

     grant codeBase  <file:///C:\Java\db-derby-\lib\derby.jar>

     grant codeBase "file:///C:/Java/db-derby-
<file:///C:\Java\db-derby-\lib\derby.jar> "

but not

     grant codeBase "file://C:/Java/db-derby-
<file:///C:\Java\db-derby-\lib\derby.jar> "

This is an important point since the sample files in the Derby Developer's Guide seem to
imply that two slashes are acceptable - see
http://db.apache.org/derby/docs/10.10/devguide/cdevcsecure871387.html.  If you use two
slashes in you file specification, you will get an error message similar to the following:

Thu Jan 30 09:09:33 EST 2014 : access denied ("java.util.PropertyPermission"
"derby.__serverStartedFromCmdLine" "write")

java.security.AccessControlException: access denied ("java.util.PropertyPermission"
"derby.__serverStartedFromCmdLine" "write")

        at java.security.AccessControlContext.checkPermission(Unknown Source)

        at java.security.AccessController.checkPermission(Unknown Source)

        at java.lang.SecurityManager.checkPermission(Unknown Source)

        at java.lang.System.setProperty(Unknown Source)

        at org.apache.derby.drda.NetworkServerControl$1.run(Unknown Source)

        at org.apache.derby.drda.NetworkServerControl$1.run(Unknown Source)

        at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)

        at org.apache.derby.drda.NetworkServerControl.main(Unknown Source)

        at org.apache.derby.iapi.tools.run.main(Unknown Source)

You also need to replace "${derby.security.port}" with the appropriate port number (e.g.,
1527).   Alternatively, you can define "${derby.security.port}" in your call to start the
Derby network server, as in "-Dderby.security.port=1527".  Other policy file parameters
can be handled similarly, but these are the most important ones, and these changes are the
minimum needed to get the Derby network server started.

I saved the policy file in my DERBY_HOME directory as simply server.policy, and I edited
only the four "grant codebase" sections as described above.  I can then start the Derby
network server using a command similar to the following (which I placed in a batch file):

start java -Dderby.system.home=%DERBY_HOME% -Dderby.security.port=1527
-Djava.security.manager -Djava.security.policy=%DERBY_HOME%\server.policy -jar
%DERBY_HOME%\lib\derbyrun.jar server start

Alternatively, if your class path contains the appropriate Derby jar files (which can
ensure by running %DERBY_HOME%\bin\setNetworkServerCP.bat), you can start the Derby
network server using the following:

start java -Dderby.system.home=%DERBY_HOME% -Dderby.security.port=1527
-Djava.security.manager -Djava.security.policy=%DERBY_HOME%\server.policy
org.apache.derby.drda.NetworkServerControl start

I hope this helps.  I wasted a lot of time before I figured out that the two forward
slashes in the file specification was causing the problem.


John I. Moore, Jr.

SoftMoore Consulting


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