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From Daniel A Keefe <dan.ke...@convergys.com>
Subject RE: problem with embedded driver
Date Tue, 19 Apr 2011 19:49:48 GMT

When you connect to the derby db via ij, the available db connections is NULL.


From: steve lescure [stevelescure@yahoo.com]
Sent: Tuesday, April 19, 2011 3:45 PM
To: derby-user@db.apache.org
Subject: problem with embedded driver

I create a java desktop application using Netbeans that uses the embedded derby driver.  it
works fine as long as i connect to the database manually within Netbeans.  If I don't, i get
a return code of 8000/4001 connection refused.

I created a project in Netbeans using the derby demo application too, so i could see if the
problem was my code or something else.  I have the same problem.  it only works if i right
click on the database in Netbeans and
choose "connect".

i seem to be missing something fundamental here.

can anybody help?

package ondemand;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Properties;

public class DemandDatabase {

    private String framework = "embedded";
    private String driver = "org.apache.derby.jdbc.EmbeddedDriver";
    private String protocol = "jdbc:derby:";

    public DemandDatabase() {
        System.out.println("in constructor ");

    public ArrayList go()
        System.out.println("about to load the driver in " + framework + " mode");
        Connection conn = null;

        ArrayList statements = new ArrayList();
        ArrayList jobnames = new ArrayList();

        Statement s = null;
        ResultSet rs = null;

        try {
            Properties props = new Properties(); // connection properties
            props.put("user", "nbuser");
            props.put("password", "nbuser");
            String dbName = "//localhost:1527/users"; // the name of the database
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(protocol + dbName
                    + ";create=false", props);
            System.out.println("Connected to database " + dbName);

            s = conn.createStatement();
            rs = s.executeQuery(
                    "SELECT JOBNAME, USERID FROM APP.JOBS");
            String txtJobname;
            String txtUserID;

            while (rs.next()) {
                txtJobname = rs.getString("JOBNAME");
                System.out.println("value of jobname is " + txtJobname);
                txtUserID = rs.getString("USERID");
                System.out.println("value of User ID is " + txtUserID);

            try {
                // the shutdown=true attribute shuts down Derby
            } catch (SQLException se) {
                if (((se.getErrorCode() == 50000)
                        && ("XJ015".equals(se.getSQLState())))) {
                    // we got the expected exception
                    System.out.println("Derby shut down normally");
                    // Note that for single database shutdown, the expected
                    // SQL state is "08006", and the error code is 45000.
                } else {
                    // if the error code or SQLState is different, we have
                    // an unexpected exception (shutdown failed)
                    System.out.println("Derby did not shut down normally");
        } catch (SQLException sqle) {
        } finally {
            // release all open resources to avoid unnecessary memory usage
            try {
                if (rs != null) {
                    rs = null;
            } catch (SQLException sqle) {

            // Statements and PreparedStatements
            int i = 0;
            while (!statements.isEmpty()) {
                // PreparedStatement extend Statement
                Statement st = (Statement) statements.remove(i);
                try {
                    if (st != null) {
                        st = null;
                } catch (SQLException sqle) {
            try {
                if (conn != null) {
                    conn = null;
            } catch (SQLException sqle) {
        return jobnames;

    private void loadDriver() {
        try {
            System.out.println("Loaded the appropriate driver");
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException cnfe) {
            System.err.println("\nUnable to load the JDBC driver " + driver);
            System.err.println("Please check your CLASSPATH.");
        } catch (InstantiationException ie) {
                    "\nUnable to instantiate the JDBC driver " + driver);
        } catch (IllegalAccessException iae) {
                    "\nNot allowed to access the JDBC driver " + driver);

    private void reportFailure(String message) {
        System.err.println("\nData verification failed:");
        System.err.println('\t' + message);

    public static void printSQLException(SQLException e) {
        // Unwraps the entire exception chain to unveil the real cause of the
        // Exception.
        while (e != null) {
            System.err.println("\n----- SQLException -----");
            System.err.println("  SQL State:  " + e.getSQLState());
            System.err.println("  Error Code: " + e.getErrorCode());
            System.err.println("  Message:    " + e.getMessage());
            // for stack traces, refer to derby.log or uncomment this:
            e = e.getNextException();

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