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From Kristian Waagan <Kristian.Waa...@Sun.COM>
Subject Re: Hibernate + Derby - Unable to determine stream header for hibernate type 'text'
Date Tue, 30 Jun 2009 13:36:29 GMT
Peter Ondruška wrote:
> Dear Kristian,
> Regarding your remark about effectiveness of very small CLOB vs
> VARCHAR should I just use VARCHAR to store 100 to 2000 character data
> instead of CLOB? I do not want to index this column and storage size
> and access speed (read only) are important.
Hi Peter,

It is hard to be sure without knowing the application, but based on what 
you are saying in your mail I would say you should use VARCHAR instead 
of CLOB for such small values.

In the scenario above you would run through a less complicated code 
path, and also save three bytes for the header per value. The former 
should make your accesses somewhat faster.

In a different thread I wrote that a single record select test got a 
(normalized) throughput of 1.00 using VARCHAR and 0.77 using CLOB when 
the value was 100 characters long.

If I get some free cycles, I may run the same test with the maximum 
length allowed for the VARCHAR data type and see if the difference 
changes. At least in 10.4, the result would depend on the value itself 
as well (the bytes per char encoding ratio).

> Thanks,
> Peter
> 2009/6/19, Kristian Waagan <Kristian.Waagan@sun.com>:
>> kashyup wrote:
>>> Hello all,
>>> We have just started to look into Derby as our embedded DB for a desktop
>>> app
>>> version.
>>> Env: Hibernate 3.2 and Derby 10.5.1
>>> I have defined a java string field of type 'text' in Hibernate Mapping
>>> (works great on Postgres 8.1 and Oracle 10g)
>>> I use Hibernate SessionFactory to generate Table schema, which is done
>>> without any error.
>>> But, when I try to save records in tables via Hibernate Session, I get the
>>> following exception:
>>> Note: If I change hibernate mapping to type 'string', then I dont get this
>>> error:
>>> java.lang.IllegalStateException: No context, unable to determine which
>>> stream header format to generate
>>> 	at
>>> org.apache.derby.iapi.types.ClobStreamHeaderGenerator.determineMode(Unknown
>>> Source)
>>> 	at
>>> org.apache.derby.iapi.types.ClobStreamHeaderGenerator.expectsCharCount(Unknown
>>> Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.iapi.types.ReaderToUTF8Stream.fillBuffer(Unknown
>>> Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.iapi.types.ReaderToUTF8Stream.read(Unknown Source)
>>> 	at java.io.DataInputStream.read(Unknown Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.iapi.types.SQLClob.readExternal(Unknown Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.iapi.types.SQLChar.getString(Unknown Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.iapi.types.SQLClob.getClone(Unknown Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericParameter.getClone(Unknown Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericParameterValueSet.<init>(Unknown
>>> Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericParameterValueSet.getClone(Unknown
>>> Source)
>>> 	at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.addBatch(Unknown
>>> Source)
>>> 	at org.hibernate.jdbc.BatchingBatcher.addToBatch(BatchingBatcher.java:31)
>>> 	at
>>> org.hibernate.persister.entity.AbstractEntityPersister.insert(AbstractEntityPersister.java:2252)
>>> 	at
>>> org.hibernate.persister.entity.AbstractEntityPersister.insert(AbstractEntityPersister.java:2665)
>>> Also, I need to save it as type 'text' even though it gets saved as
>>> CLOB(255), as the CLOB column size can later be altered.
>>> What could be the cause? or changes needed?
>> Hello,
>> You have discovered / triggered a bug in the new Clob handling code
>> introduced in 10.5.1.
>> I logged DERBY-4278 [1], and have started working on a fix (the
>> regression tests are running, patch needs review).
>> Regarding workarounds, I'm afraid all I can think of is using the client
>> driver instead of the embedded driver, avoid batching for inserts with
>> Clobs, change the data type, or downgrade to 10.4. Another option is to
>> build Derby with the patch and test it out :)
>> I observe that you are using very small Clobs (255 characters). Clobs
>> are in general less effective than using for instance VARCHAR.
>> Is your concern about altering the column size related to Derby,
>> Hibernate or something else?
>> Regards,
>> --
>> Kristian
>> [1] https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-4278
>>> thanks all

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