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From Geoff hendrey <geoff_hend...@yahoo.com>
Subject Re: [jira] Commented: (DERBY-1748) Global case insensitive setting
Date Fri, 05 Dec 2008 16:45:50 GMT
Two questions:
1) does this mean that '=' and 'LIKE' comparisons can be case insensitive?
2) is it possible to switch between case-sensitive and case-insensitive comparisons on the

“The Americans would be less dangerous if they had a regular army.” 
– British General Frederick Haldimand, Boston, 1776

From: Knut Anders Hatlen (JIRA) <jira@apache.org>
To: geoff_hendrey@yahoo.com
Sent: Friday, December 5, 2008 7:48:44 AM
Subject: [jira] Commented: (DERBY-1748) Global case insensitive setting

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-1748?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12653836#action_12653836

Knut Anders Hatlen commented on DERBY-1748:

What Dan suggests in his comment (02/Nov/07) could be achieved with no changes in Derby if
you're using Java SE 6. Define your own java.text.spi.CollatorProvider which returns a Collator
on which you have called setStrength() and tell Derby to use that collator (territory=<your-custom-locale>;collation=TERRITORY_BASED;create=true).
I just posted an example here: http://blogs.sun.com/kah/entry/user_defined_collation_in_apache

> Global case insensitive setting
> -------------------------------
>                 Key: DERBY-1748
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-1748
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: SQL
>            Reporter: Terry
> By default MySQL is case insensitive in its string comparisons, as you can see from the
MySQL docs shown below. Similar functionality is available in Sybase iAnywhere and in SQLServer.
I'd like the same to be true for Derby.
> What, I wonder, are chances of that?
> I am aware that functions could be used to force comparisons in upper case but that subverts
the indexes and makes searches unacceptably long.
> If you were to ask people you might find that this is a feature whose abscence is causing
many to look elsewhere.
> thanks for all the great work,
> Terry
> The MySQL Docs say:
> -------- start quote
>  By default, MySQL searches are not case sensitive (although there are some character
sets that are never case insensitive, such as czech). This means that if you search with col_name
LIKE 'a%', you get all column values that start with A or a. If you want to make this search
case sensitive, make sure that one of the operands has a case sensitive or binary collation.
For example, if you are comparing a column and a string that both have the latin1 character
set, you can use the COLLATE operator to cause either operand to have the latin1_general_cs
or latin1_bin collation. For example:
> col_name COLLATE latin1_general_cs LIKE 'a%'
> col_name LIKE 'a%' COLLATE latin1_general_cs
> col_name COLLATE latin1_bin LIKE 'a%'
> col_name LIKE 'a%' COLLATE latin1_bin
> If you want a column always to be treated in case-sensitive fashion, declare it with
a case sensitive or binary collation. See Section 13.1.5, "CREATE TABLE Syntax". 
>     By default, the search is performed in case-insensitive fashion. In MySQL 4.1 and
up, you can make a full-text search by using a binary collation for the indexed columns. For
example, a column that has a character set of latin1 can be assigned a collation of latin1_bin
to make it case sensitive for full-text searches.
> --------------- end quote

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