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From "Yoel Spotts (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (DERBY-6333) NPE in DRDAConnThread.java
Date Wed, 04 Sep 2013 17:58:51 GMT
Yoel Spotts created DERBY-6333:
----------------------------------

             Summary: NPE in DRDAConnThread.java
                 Key: DERBY-6333
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-6333
             Project: Derby
          Issue Type: Bug
    Affects Versions: 10.10.1.1
         Environment: Windows
            Reporter: Yoel Spotts


I’m using derby 10.10.1.1 on windows and am encountering an issue when shutting down derby.
After tracking down the problem, there seems to be a bug in the DRDAConnThread.java.

The issue manifests itself when shutting down derby – under certain circumstances, a NullPointerException
is thrown. Even worse – the exception is “hidden” since the handling of the exception
itself throws an exception. This issue is not consistent in our tests and presents unpredictably
– most likely a timing issue. While I don’t have a firm grasp of the exact circumstances
that cause the exception to be thrown, I believe it is clear that the handling of an exception
is less than ideal and leads to this exception. Tracing through the code in DRDAConnThread.java
will provide the best explanation:

1)	Code enters parseSECCHK (line 3117) to perform security check on a new session
2)	All security checks pass and control continues to line 3357 to the call
database.getConnection().resetFromPool();
3)	That method call generates an exception as derby is shutting down as follows:
java.sql.SQLNonTransientConnectionException: No current connection.
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.getSQLException(SQLExceptionFactory40.java:77)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.Util.newEmbedSQLException(Util.java:148)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.Util.newEmbedSQLException(Util.java:164)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.Util.noCurrentConnection(Util.java:333)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedConnection.checkIfClosed(EmbedConnection.java:2375)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedConnection.setupContextStack(EmbedConnection.java:2588)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedConnection.resetFromPool(EmbedConnection.java:2983)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.drda.DRDAConnThread.parseSECCHK(DRDAConnThread.java:3357)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.drda.DRDAConnThread.parseDRDAConnection(DRDAConnThread.java:1198)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.drda.DRDAConnThread.processCommands(DRDAConnThread.java:998)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.drda.DRDAConnThread.run(DRDAConnThread.java:295)
Caused by: java.sql.SQLException: No current connection.
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory.getSQLException(SQLExceptionFactory.java:42)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.wrapArgsForTransportAcrossDRDA(SQLExceptionFactory40.java:125)
                at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.SQLExceptionFactory40.getSQLException(SQLExceptionFactory40.java:71)
                ... 10 more
4)	This gets caught in line 3365 and calls handleException
5)	handleException attempts to inform the client of the exception and then calls closeSession
and close on lines 8759 and 8760. 
6)	closeSession() sets the session member variable to null. This is the crux of the issue
7)	After handleException is called, control returns to parseSECCHK() and continues to line
3374 (as all security checks passed). 
8)	This line attempts to deference a member of session which has just been set to null by
closeSession (in step 6) !!
9)	This will throw a NullPointerException which is passed up the stack and eventually caught
and handled on line 320
10)	This handling calls handleException(e)
11)	handleException then calls sendUnexpectedException which attempts to dereference session
once again on line 8794, which of course throws a NullPointerException.
12)	This NPE is never caught, thus handled by the uncaughtExceptionHandler which by default
terminates the thread (note that this causes the above exception to step 3 to be “hidden”
as only this exception is bubbled to the uncaughtExceptionHandler)
13)	However, we have set a default uncaughtExceptionHandler in our application which terminates
on an uncaught exception. This is undesirable in this situation since we are only trying to
terminate an embedded derby instance, but do not wish our application to terminate. However,
this default behavior makes sense as an uncaught exception usually indicates a serious error.

Thus, it seems that the handling of an exception thrown by resetFromPool() needs work. I’m
not sure what the “correct” behavior should be but throwing a DRDAProtocolException.newDisconnectException
after handleException does “fix” the issue. 


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