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From "Dag H. Wanvik (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Closed] (DERBY-6132) FETCH NEXT extremely slow when used with DISTINCT queries
Date Mon, 01 Apr 2013 03:09:15 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-6132?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel
]

Dag H. Wanvik closed DERBY-6132.
--------------------------------

    Resolution: Duplicate
    
> FETCH NEXT extremely slow when used with DISTINCT queries
> ---------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-6132
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-6132
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Store
>    Affects Versions: 10.9.1.0
>         Environment: Debian Linux
>            Reporter: Tony Brusseau
>
> I tried an expensive count query that counted almost 300k rows from a table with >
15 million rows. It took 5.8 seconds. I then tried optimizing the count  query to only fetch
the first 129 results (because I only care if there are more than 128 results) and the query
took 5.9 seconds...even longer! In both cases the query plan finds all 300k rows before returning
results which severely limits the utility of the FETCH NEXT command. 
> SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT a.term_id) FROM kb.gaf_assertion_term a, kb.formula_entries fe

> WHERE (fe.formula_id = a.formula_id) AND (fe.arg_term =  1407374883553721) AND (fe.formula_type
= 1) 
> AND (fe.arg_num > -1)
> Execution finished after 5.787 s, 0 error(s) occurred.
> 284960 result
> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM (SELECT DISTINCT a.term_id FROM kb.gaf_assertion_term a, kb.formula_entries
fe 
> WHERE (fe.formula_id = a.formula_id) AND (fe.arg_term =  1407374883553721) AND (fe.formula_type
= 1) 
> AND (fe.arg_num > -1) FETCH NEXT 129 ROWS ONLY) x
> Execution finished after 5.855 s, 0 error(s) occurred.
> 129 result
> *******************************************************************************************
> QUERY PLAN: WITH FETCH NEXT
> Fri Mar 29 17:30:28 CDT 2013 Thread[DRDAConnThread_3,5,main] (XID = 76255884), (SESSIONID
= 1), SELECT COUNT(*) FROM (SELECT DISTINCT a.term_id FROM kb.gaf_assertion_term a, kb.formula_entries
fe 
> WHERE (fe.formula_id = a.formula_id) AND (fe.arg_term =  1407374883553721) AND (fe.formula_type
= 1) 
> AND (fe.arg_num > -1) FETCH NEXT 129 ROWS ONLY) x ******* Project-Restrict ResultSet
(12):
> Number of opens = 1
> Rows seen = 1
> Rows filtered = 0
> restriction = false
> projection = true
> 	constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	optimizer estimated row count: 1.00
> 	optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> Source result set:
> 	Scalar Aggregate ResultSet:
> 	Number of opens = 1
> 	Rows input = 129
> 		constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 		optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 	Index Key Optimization = false
> 	Source result set:
> 		Project-Restrict ResultSet (11):
> 		Number of opens = 1
> 		Rows seen = 129
> 		Rows filtered = 0
> 		restriction = false
> 		projection = true
> 			constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 			optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 		Source result set:
> 			Row Count (2):
> 			Number of opens = 1
> 			Rows seen = 129
> 			Rows filtered = 0
> 				constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 				optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 			Source result set:
> 				Sort ResultSet:
> 				Number of opens = 1
> 				Rows input = 284973
> 				Rows returned = 129
> 				Eliminate duplicates = true
> 				In sorted order = false
> 				Sort information: 
> 					Number of rows input=284973
> 					Number of rows output=284960
> 					Sort type=internal
> 					constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 					optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 				Source result set:
> 					Project-Restrict ResultSet (10):
> 					Number of opens = 1
> 					Rows seen = 284973
> 					Rows filtered = 0
> 					restriction = false
> 					projection = true
> 						constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 						optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 					Source result set:
> 						Nested Loop Join ResultSet:
> 						Number of opens = 1
> 						Rows seen from the left = 284688
> 						Rows seen from the right = 284973
> 						Rows filtered = 0
> 						Rows returned = 284973
> 							constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 							optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 						Left result set:
> 							Project-Restrict ResultSet (7):
> 							Number of opens = 1
> 							Rows seen = 284688
> 							Rows filtered = 0
> 							restriction = true
> 							projection = true
> 								constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 								optimizer estimated cost: 554694.34
> 							Source result set:
> 								Index Row to Base Row ResultSet for FORMULA_ENTRIES:
> 								Number of opens = 1
> 								Rows seen = 284688
> 								Columns accessed from heap = {1, 4}
> 									constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 									optimizer estimated cost: 554694.34
> 									Index Scan ResultSet for FORMULA_ENTRIES using index KB_FORMULA_ENTRIES_FORMULA_TERM_TYPE
at read committed isolation level using share row locking chosen by the optimizer
> 									Number of opens = 1
> 									Rows seen = 284688
> 									Rows filtered = 0
> 									Fetch Size = 1
> 										constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 										open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 										next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 										close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 										next time in milliseconds/row = 0
> 									scan information:
> 										Bit set of columns fetched=All
> 										Number of columns fetched=3
> 										Number of deleted rows visited=0
> 										Number of pages visited=277
> 										Number of rows qualified=284688
> 										Number of rows visited=284689
> 										Scan type=btree
> 										Tree height=3
> 										start position:
> 											>= on first 2 column(s).
> 											Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 											0 1 
> 										stop position:
> 											> on first 2 column(s).
> 											Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 											0 1 
> 										qualifiers:
> 											None
> 										optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 										optimizer estimated cost: 554694.34
> 						Right result set:
> 							Index Row to Base Row ResultSet for GAF_ASSERTION_TERM:
> 							Number of opens = 284688
> 							Rows seen = 284973
> 							Columns accessed from heap = {0}
> 								constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 								optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 								optimizer estimated cost: 650428.30
> 								Index Scan ResultSet for GAF_ASSERTION_TERM using constraint KB_GAF_ASSERTION_TERM_FORMULA_MT_UNIQUE
at read committed isolation level using share row locking chosen by the optimizer
> 								Number of opens = 284688
> 								Rows seen = 284973
> 								Rows filtered = 0
> 								Fetch Size = 1
> 									constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 									next time in milliseconds/row = 0
> 								scan information:
> 									Bit set of columns fetched={0, 2}
> 									Number of columns fetched=2
> 									Number of deleted rows visited=0
> 									Number of pages visited=854700
> 									Number of rows qualified=284973
> 									Number of rows visited=569661
> 									Scan type=btree
> 									Tree height=3
> 									start position:
> 										>= on first 1 column(s).
> 										Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 										0 
> 									stop position:
> 										> on first 1 column(s).
> 										Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 										0 
> 									qualifiers:
> 										None
> 									optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 									optimizer estimated cost: 650428.30
> *******************************************************************************************
> QUERY PLAN: WITHOUT FETCH NEXT
> Fri Mar 29 17:28:15 CDT 2013 Thread[DRDAConnThread_3,5,main] (XID = 76255878), (SESSIONID
= 1), SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT a.term_id) FROM kb.gaf_assertion_term a, kb.formula_entries fe

> WHERE (fe.formula_id = a.formula_id) AND (fe.arg_term =  1407374883553721) AND (fe.formula_type
= 1) 
> AND (fe.arg_num > -1) ******* Project-Restrict ResultSet (9):
> Number of opens = 1
> Rows seen = 1
> Rows filtered = 0
> restriction = false
> projection = true
> 	constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 	optimizer estimated row count: 1.00
> 	optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> Source result set:
> 	Distinct Scalar Aggregate ResultSet:
> 	Number of opens = 1
> 	Rows input = 284973
> 		constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 		optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 		optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 	Source result set:
> 		Project-Restrict ResultSet (8):
> 		Number of opens = 1
> 		Rows seen = 284973
> 		Rows filtered = 0
> 		restriction = false
> 		projection = true
> 			constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 			optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 			optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 		Source result set:
> 			Nested Loop Join ResultSet:
> 			Number of opens = 1
> 			Rows seen from the left = 284688
> 			Rows seen from the right = 284973
> 			Rows filtered = 0
> 			Rows returned = 284973
> 				constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 				optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 				optimizer estimated cost: 1205122.64
> 			Left result set:
> 				Project-Restrict ResultSet (5):
> 				Number of opens = 1
> 				Rows seen = 284688
> 				Rows filtered = 0
> 				restriction = true
> 				projection = true
> 					constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					restriction time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					projection time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 					optimizer estimated cost: 554694.34
> 				Source result set:
> 					Index Row to Base Row ResultSet for FORMULA_ENTRIES:
> 					Number of opens = 1
> 					Rows seen = 284688
> 					Columns accessed from heap = {1, 3, 4, 5}
> 						constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 						optimizer estimated cost: 554694.34
> 						Index Scan ResultSet for FORMULA_ENTRIES using index KB_FORMULA_ENTRIES_FORMULA_TERM_TYPE
at read committed isolation level using instantaneous share row locking chosen by the optimizer
> 						Number of opens = 1
> 						Rows seen = 284688
> 						Rows filtered = 0
> 						Fetch Size = 16
> 							constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 							next time in milliseconds/row = 0
> 						scan information:
> 							Bit set of columns fetched=All
> 							Number of columns fetched=3
> 							Number of deleted rows visited=0
> 							Number of pages visited=277
> 							Number of rows qualified=284688
> 							Number of rows visited=284689
> 							Scan type=btree
> 							Tree height=3
> 							start position:
> 								>= on first 2 column(s).
> 								Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 								0 1 
> 							stop position:
> 								> on first 2 column(s).
> 								Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 								0 1 
> 							qualifiers:
> 								None
> 							optimizer estimated row count: 91812.27
> 							optimizer estimated cost: 554694.34
> 			Right result set:
> 				Index Row to Base Row ResultSet for GAF_ASSERTION_TERM:
> 				Number of opens = 284688
> 				Rows seen = 284973
> 				Columns accessed from heap = {0, 6}
> 					constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 					optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 					optimizer estimated cost: 650428.30
> 					Index Scan ResultSet for GAF_ASSERTION_TERM using constraint KB_GAF_ASSERTION_TERM_FORMULA_MT_UNIQUE
at read committed isolation level using instantaneous share row locking chosen by the optimizer
> 					Number of opens = 284688
> 					Rows seen = 284973
> 					Rows filtered = 0
> 					Fetch Size = 16
> 						constructor time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						open time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						next time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						close time (milliseconds) = 0
> 						next time in milliseconds/row = 0
> 					scan information:
> 						Bit set of columns fetched={0, 2}
> 						Number of columns fetched=2
> 						Number of deleted rows visited=0
> 						Number of pages visited=854700
> 						Number of rows qualified=284973
> 						Number of rows visited=569661
> 						Scan type=btree
> 						Tree height=3
> 						start position:
> 							>= on first 1 column(s).
> 							Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 							0 
> 						stop position:
> 							> on first 1 column(s).
> 							Ordered null semantics on the following columns: 
> 							0 
> 						qualifiers:
> 							None
> 						optimizer estimated row count: 97588.77
> 						optimizer estimated cost: 650428.30

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