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From "Brett Wooldridge (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Reopened] (DERBY-3108) Iteratively creating and closing client connection yields java.net.BindException: Address already in use: connect after many connections
Date Thu, 08 Nov 2012 05:24:12 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-3108?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

Brett Wooldridge reopened DERBY-3108:

    Bug behavior facts: Performance

I'm not sure why this issue was closed all those years ago.  While the reasoning given for
closing is accurate, the problem can also be easily mitigated by a simple code change.

That simple change is to simply call setReuseAddress(true) on the client's socket.  The JavaDoc
for the setReuseAddress() method states:

Enable/disable the SO_REUSEADDR socket option.

When a TCP connection is closed the connection may remain in a timeout state for a period
of time after the connection is closed (typically known as the TIME_WAIT state or 2MSL wait
state). For applications using a well known socket address or port it may not be possible
to bind a socket to the required SocketAddress if there is a connection in the timeout state
involving the socket address or port.

Enabling SO_REUSEADDR prior to binding the socket using bind(SocketAddress) allows the socket
to be bound even though a previous connection is in a timeout state. 

In NetAgent.java there is code like this

        // Set TCP/IP Socket Properties
        try {
            if (exceptionOpeningSocket_ == null) {
                socket_.setTcpNoDelay(true); // disables nagles algorithm
                socket_.setKeepAlive(true); // PROTOCOL Manual: TCP/IP connection allocation
rule #2
                socket_.setSoTimeout(loginTimeout * 1000);
        } catch (java.net.SocketException e) {

Simply adding socket_.setReuseAddress(true) will basically fix this issue.  My company recently
ran into this issue, and Googling turned up this closed bug.

> Iteratively creating and closing client connection yields java.net.BindException: Address
already in use: connect after many connections
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: DERBY-3108
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-3108
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Network Client, Network Server
>    Affects Versions:
>            Reporter: Kathey Marsden
>         Attachments: ConnLoop.java
> The attached program ConnLoop just creates client connections, uses them and then closes
them. After about 3000 connections I get the following error.  Also the memory usage seems
to be increasing rapidly.  This may be the cause of DERBY-2344.
> [C:/kmarsden/repro/DERBY-2344] java ConnLoop
> Apache Derby Network Server - alpha - (578868M) started and ready to accept
connections on port 1527 at 2007-10
> -05 15:56:57.500 GMT
> 0:total memory: 5435392 free: 2749776 Fri Oct 05 08:57:09 PDT 2007
> 1000:total memory: 13701120 free: 10586720 Fri Oct 05 08:57:40 PDT 2007
> 2000:total memory: 20738048 free: 12805336 Fri Oct 05 08:58:09 PDT 2007
> 3000:total memory: 24006656 free: 11053832 Fri Oct 05 08:58:40 PDT 2007
> Exception in thread "main" java.sql.SQLNonTransientConnectionException: java.net.BindException
: Error connecting to ser
> ver localhost on port 1527 with message Address already in use: connect.
>         at org.apache.derby.client.am.SQLExceptionFactory40.getSQLException(SQLExceptionFactory40.java:70)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.am.SqlException.getSQLException(SqlException.java:362)
>         at org.apache.derby.jdbc.ClientDriver.connect(ClientDriver.java:149)
>         at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:582)
>         at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:207)
>         at ConnLoop.main(ConnLoop.java:18)
> Caused by: org.apache.derby.client.am.DisconnectException: java.net.BindException : Error
connecting to server localhost
>  on port 1527 with message Address already in use: connect.
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.NetAgent.<init>(NetAgent.java:129)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.NetConnection.newAgent_(NetConnection.java:1086)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.am.Connection.<init>(Connection.java:349)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.NetConnection.<init>(NetConnection.java:209)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.NetConnection40.<init>(NetConnection40.java:77)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.ClientJDBCObjectFactoryImpl40.newNetConnection(ClientJDBCObjectFactoryImpl40.java
> :209)
>         at org.apache.derby.jdbc.ClientDriver.connect(ClientDriver.java:140)
>         ... 3 more
> Caused by: java.net.BindException: Address already in use: connect
>         at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(Native Method)
>         at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.doConnect(PlainSocketImpl.java:333)
>         at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(PlainSocketImpl.java:195)
>         at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connect(PlainSocketImpl.java:182)
>         at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(SocksSocketImpl.java:366)
>         at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:519)
>         at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:469)
>         at java.net.Socket.<init>(Socket.java:366)
>         at java.net.Socket.<init>(Socket.java:179)
>         at javax.net.DefaultSocketFactory.createSocket(SocketFactory.java:196)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.OpenSocketAction.run(OpenSocketAction.java:62)
>         at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
>         at org.apache.derby.client.net.NetAgent.<init>(NetAgent.java:127)
>         ... 9 more
> [C:/kmarsden/repro/DERBY-2344]

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