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From "Rick Hillegas (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (DERBY-5548) Implement a GRANT/REVOKE scheme for authorizing system-wide operations
Date Mon, 21 May 2012 15:36:41 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-5548?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13280218#comment-13280218
] 

Rick Hillegas commented on DERBY-5548:
--------------------------------------

Hi Dag, some responses follow:

DW> - Would the statement "grant create_database on derby to dbo_role" need to issued by
the DBO in a normal connection to the $authorizationDB (and the role "dbo_role" created there
too)?

That seems right to me. It's simple and easy to figure out.

DW> - When authorizing, say, CREATE_DATABASE, what would be the current role used in the
connection to $authorizationDB? One specified on the URL used to perform the create action?

Right. This is a weak part of the proposal. In the SQL world, it is expected that you will
declare what role you are assuming. Right now, this proposal supposes that you enjoy the union
of all roles you could possibly assume.

As you suggest, we could add a new connection url attribute, viz., the role you would assume
when trying to perform the system-wide operation. Something like this:

connect 'jdbc:derby:;shutdown=true;user=fred;password=fredpassword;role=sysadmin_role';

If we introduced a role attribute, we might want to generalize it. E.g., if you specified
the role attribute when connecting to a database, then Derby would set your role accordingly.

DW>   I guess this implies that we get two kinds of roles as well, roles used to authorize
db local operations and roles used to authorize system level operations? 

It may be cleaner to encourage applications to segregate the two kinds of roles as you suggest.
However, for a single-db application, it might be useful to create an admin role which has
system-wide privileges granted to it as well as some or all dbo privileges.

Thanks,
-Rick
                
> Implement a GRANT/REVOKE scheme for authorizing system-wide operations
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-5548
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-5548
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: SQL
>            Reporter: Rick Hillegas
>
> This is an alternative proposal for how we could authorize system-wide operations. Those
operations are:
> o Database creation
> o Database restoration
> o Engine shutdown
> o Server shutdown
> o Server startup
> Currently, any valid Derby user can execute all of those operations. This leaves Derby-powered
applications vulnerable to resource-exhaustion and denial-of-service attacks. There is no
reason that a data-entry clerk should have the power to bring down an enterprise-wide application.
> DERBY-2109 describes our first attempt to implement authorization for system-wide operations.
The work on that issue was never completed. Under the DERBY-2109 scheme, system-wide operations
are authorized by entries in the application's Java security policy. That scheme has some
shortcomings:
> 1) Configuring Java security policy files is tricky. It is easy to make mistakes. Furthermore,
the policy file reader does not give you much assistance in tracking down and correcting those
mistakes.
> 2) The scheme only grants privileges to individual users. You can't grant system-wide
privileges to roles.
> The following alternative scheme builds on the idea of a Credentials DB, introduced by
the work on DERBY-866. Thanks to Dag for helping puzzle through these issues.
> -------------------------------------------------
> A system-wide Credentials DB could be used to store system-wide privileges in addition
to system-wide credentials. 2 variants of this proposal have been considered:
> i) We could introduce some new privileges, extensions to the SQL Standard privilege set.
The DBO of the Credentials DB could grant and revoke these privileges to/from users/roles:
>    DERBY_CREATE_DATABASE
>    DERBY_RESTORE_DATABASE
>    DERBY_SHUTDOWN_ENGINE
>    DERBY_SHUTDOWN_SERVER
>    DERBY_STARTUP_SERVER
> ii) Alternatively, we could introduce some new system routines to represent the system-wide
operations. Privilege to perform the operations would depend on whether a user/role had been
granted EXECUTE privilege on the corresponding routines:
>    syscs_util.syscs_create_database()
>    syscs_util.syscs_restore_database()
>    syscs_util.syscs_shutdown_engine()
>    syscs_util.syscs_shutdown_server()
>    syscs_util.syscs_startup_server()
> A new Derby property would configure whether this authorization scheme should be used.
This property would be set at the system level, that is, on the JVM properties or in derby.properties:
>   -Dderby.system.authorization=NATIVE
> If we implemented this scheme in the 10.9 timeframe, then we could default it to being
on whenever NATIVE authentication was on at the system level. For instance, for an application
with one database, myDB, NATIVE authentication and authorization would both be switched on
by setting one knob:
>   -Dderby.authentication.provider=NATIVE:myDB
> We could also introduce a new attribute on the connection URL:
>   role=roleName
> Here for instance would be the processing flow when a user tried to connect with the
following URL:
>   jdbc:derby:;shutdown=true;user=alice;password=alicepassword;role=sysadmin
> a) A connection would be opened to the Credentials DB using alice's credentials.
> b) On that connection, an attempt would be made to "set role sysadmin". If that failed,
the shutdown would error out.
> c) If the role change succeeded, Derby would verify whether alice or the sysadmin role
had been granted privilege to shutdown the engine. If not, the shutdown would error out.
> d) If the privilege had been granted, then orderly shutdown would be performed.
> It should be possible to make this authorization scheme work regardless of the authentication
scheme being used. That is, it could work regardless of whether you were using LDAP, custom,
or NATIVE authentication.
> A key advantage of this scheme is that it would be easy to administer using familiar
GRANT/REVOKE commands.

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