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From "Knut Anders Hatlen (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (DERBY-4137) OOM issue using XA with timeouts
Date Wed, 22 Jun 2011 08:56:47 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-4137?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13053134#comment-13053134
] 

Knut Anders Hatlen commented on DERBY-4137:
-------------------------------------------

When backporting this issue, include the change in DERBY-5291 to disable the test on Java
ME.

> OOM issue using XA with timeouts
> --------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-4137
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-4137
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: JDBC
>    Affects Versions: 10.4.2.0
>            Reporter: Ronald Tschalaer
>            Assignee: Kristian Waagan
>              Labels: derby_triage10_5_2
>             Fix For: 10.9.0.0
>
>         Attachments: derby-4137-1a-purge_on_cancel.diff, derby-4137-1a-purge_on_cancel.stat,
derby-4137-1b-purge_on_cancel.diff, derby-4137-2a-reduce_memory_footprint.diff
>
>
> When using JTA for transaction control and a transaction timeout is set,
> EmbedXAResource ends up calling XATransactionState.scheduleTimeoutTask() which
> in turn registers a timeoutTask with java.util.Timer. In the normal case where
> the transaction finishes before the timeout, XATransactionState.xa_finalize()
> then calls timeoutTask.cancel(). So far this so good. The problem, however, is
> that java.util.TimerTask.cancel() does not actually remove the task from the
> timer queue, meaning that a strong reference to the timeoutTask is kept (and
> through that to XATransactionState, the EmbedConnection, etc). The reference
> is not removed until the time at which the timeout would have fired, which can
> be a long time. Under load this can quickly lead to an OOM situation.
> A simple fix is to call Timer.purge() every so often. While the javadocs talk
> about purge() being rarely needed and that it's not extremely cheap, I've
> found that calling it after every cancel() is the best approach, for several
> reasons: 1) the scenario here is that almost all tasks are cancelled, and
> hence this somewhat fits the Timer.purge() description of an "application that
> cancels a large number of tasks"; 2) there usually isn't a very large number
> of simultaneous transactions, and hence purge() is actually quite cheap; 3)
> this ensures the strong reference is immediately removed, allowing the GC to
> do a better job. Interestingly enough, I've had this exact same issue on a
> different type of db, and I had tested the purge() there and found it to be in
> the sub-microsecond range for 100 transactions (or similar - I don't recall
> the exact data), i.e. completely negligible.
> In short, my suggestion is to change xa_finalize as follows:
>     synchronized void xa_finalize() {
>         if (timeoutTask != null) {
>             timeoutTask.cancel();
>             Monitor.getMonitor().getTimerFactory().
>                     getCancellationTimer().purge();
>         }
>         isFinished = true;
>     }
> As a temporary workaround, applications can do this themselves, i.e.
> add something like the following whenever they close a Connection:
>   import org.apache.derby.iapi.services.monitor.Monitor;
>   Monitor.getMonitor().getTimerFactory().getCancellationTimer().purge();

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