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From "Knut Anders Hatlen (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-4) "order by" is not supported for "insert ... select"
Date Tue, 03 Nov 2009 21:47:32 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-4?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12773221#action_12773221

Knut Anders Hatlen commented on DERBY-4:

Just to be clear, by the following

> and probably also forbid ORDER BY on VALUES at all

I take it you mean that it should be prohibited in an INSERT context,
and not generally for all VALUES clauses?

That is, this will be disallowed:

INSERT INTO T VALUES ('a','b'),('b','a') ORDER BY 2

Whereas this will still be allowed:

VALUES ('a','b'),('b','a') ORDER BY 2

If this is what you suggest, +1.

> Also, DEFAULT should be allowed only in simple VALUES clause, see
> DERBY-4426, ensuring it could never be the subject of sorting (e.g. in
> a UNION).

+1. I believe the current behaviour is just an unintended side-effect
of the implementation overloading UnionNode to represent both proper
UNIONs and multi-row VALUES clauses. Supporting this non-standard
extension of the syntax doesn't make much sense if it makes it harder
to get a consistent implementation of the syntax that the standard
actually defines. Also, I cannot imagine that "INSERT INTO ... VALUES
1 UNION VALUES DEFAULT" is widely used, if at all.

> "order by" is not supported for "insert ... select"
> ---------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: DERBY-4
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-4
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: SQL
>            Reporter: Christian d'Heureuse
>            Priority: Minor
>         Attachments: derby-4_dhw.diff, derby-4_dhw.stat, insertOrderBy.diff, insertOrderBy_v2.diff,
insertOrderBy_v3.diff, samples.ij, samples.ij
> When filling a table with "insert ... select ...", "order by" cannot be specified.
> There is not method to copy a table sorted into another table (except using export/import).
This would be useful to optimize performance for big tables, or to create identity values
that are ascending (related to another column).
> Example:
> create table temp1 (
>    s varchar(10));
> insert into temp1 values 'x','a','c','b','a';
> create table temp2 (
>    i integer not null
>       generated always as identity
>       primary key,
>    s varchar(10));
> insert into temp2 (s)
>    select s from temp1 order by s;
> --> Error: "order by" is not allowed.
> -- trying to use "group by" instead of "oder by":
> insert into temp2 (s)
>    select s from temp1 group by s;
> select * from temp2;
> --> "group by" did not sort the table.

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